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No one

to study the laws of the land, and is the most learned of

any

of the house in those of the stage, Aristotle and Longinus are much better understood by him than Littleton or Coke. The father sends up every post questions relating to marriage-articles, leales, and tenures, in the neighbourhood; all which questions he agrees with an attorney to answer and take care of in the lump. He is studying the passions themfelves when he should be enquiring into the debates among men which arise from them. He knows the argument of each of the orations of Demosthenes and Tully, but not one case in the reports of our own courts. ever took him for a fool, but none except his intimate friends, know he has a great deal of wit. This turn makes him at once both disinterested and agreeable. As few of his thoughts are drawn from business, they are most of them fit for conversation. His taste of books is a little too just for the age he lives in ; he has read all, but approves of very few. His familiarity with the customs, manners, actions, and writings of the ancients, makes him a very delicate observer of what occurs to him in the present world. He is an excellent critic, and the time of the play is his hour of business ; exactly at five he passes through New-Inn, crosses through Ruffel-Court, and takes a turn at Will’s till the play begins; he has his shoes rubbed and his periwig powdered at the barber's as you go into the Rose *. It is for the • See N° 1. Note.

good

good of the audience when he is at a play, for the actors have an ambition to please him.

The person of next consideration is Sir ANDREW FREEPORT, a merchant of great eminence in the city of London. A person of indefatigable industry, strong reason, and great experience. His notions of trade are noble and generous, and (as every rich man has usually some fly way of jesting, which would make no great figure were he not a rich man) he calls the sea the BRITISH COMMON, He is acquainted with commerce in all its parts, and will tell you that it is a stupid and barbarous way to extend dominion by arms; for true power is to be got by arts and industry. He will often argue, that if this part of our trade were well cultivated, we Mhould gain one nation; and if another, from another. I have heard him prove, that diligence makes more lasting acquisitions than valour, and that floth has ruined more nations than the sword. He abounds in several frugal maxims, amongst which the greatest favourite is, ' A penny

saved is a penny got.' A general trader of good sense is pleasanter company than a general scholar; and Sir ANDREW having a natural unaffected eloquence, the perfpicuity of his discourse gives the same pleasure that wit would in another man.

He has made his fortunes himself; and says that England may be richer than other kingdoms, by as plain methods as he himself is richer than other men ; though at the same time I can say this of hin, that there is not a

point in the compass, but blows home a ship in which he is an owner.

Next to Sir ANDREW in the club-room sits Captain SENTRY*, a gentleman of great courage, good understanding, but invincible modesty. He is one of those that deserve very well, but are very aukward at putting their talents within the observation of such as should take notice of them. He was some years a captain, and behaved himself with great gallantry in several engagements and at several sieges; but having a small estate of his own, and being next heir to Sir Roger, he has quitted a way of life in which no man can rise suitably to his merit, who is not something of a courtier, as well as a soldier. I have heard him often lament, that in a profession where merit is placed in so conspicuous a view, impudence should get the better of modesty. When he has talked to this purpose, I never heard him make a sour expression, but frankly confess that he left the world, because he was not fit for it. A strict honesty and an even regular behaviour, are in themselves obstacles to him that must press through crowds, who endeavour at the same end with himself, the favour of a commander. He will however in his way of talk excuse generals, for not dis

* It has been said, that the real person alluded to under this name was C. Kempenfelt, father of the admiral Kempenfelt who deplorably lost his life, when the Royal George of 100 guns funk at Spithead, Aug. 29, 1782. But the scale of the present edition, admits not of stating objections here, or questioning the probability of this opinion.

posing good of the audience when he is at a play, for the actors have an ambition to please him.

The person of next consideration is Sir ANDREW FREEPORT, a merchant of great eminence in the city of London. A person of indefatigable industry, strong reason, and great experience. His notions of trade are noble and generous, and (as every rich man has usually some fly way of jesting, which would make no great figure were he not a rich man) he calls the sea the BRITISH COMMON, He is acquainted with commerce in all its parts, and will tell you that it is a stupid and barbarous way to extend dominion by arms; for true power is to be got by arts and industry. He will often argue, that if this part of our trade were well cultivated, we thould gain from one nation; and if another, from another. I have heard him prove, that diligence makes more lasting acquifitions than valour, and that foth has ruined more nations than the sword. He abounds in several frugal maxims, amongst which the greatest favourite is, 'A

penny

saved is a penny got.' A general trader of good sense is pleasanter company than a general scholar; and Sir ANDREw having a natural unaffected eloquence, the perfpicuity of his discourse gives the same pleasure that wit would in another man.

He has made his fortunes himself; and says that England may be richer than other kingdoms, by as plain methods as he himself is richer than other men; though at the same tine I can say this of hin, that there is not a

point in the compass, but blows home a ship in which he is an owner.

Next to Sir ANDREW in the club-room sits Captain Sentry*, a gentleman of great courage, good understanding, but invincible modesty. He is one of those that deserve very well, but are very aukward at putting their talents within the observation of such as should take notice of them. He was some years a captain, and behaved himself with great gallantry in several engagements and at several sieges; but having a small estate of his own, and being next heir to Sir Roger, he has quitted a way of life in which no man can rise suitably to his merit, who is not something of a courtier, as well as a soldier. I have heard him often lament, that in a profession where merit is placed in so confpicuous a view, impudence should get the better of modesty. When he has talked to this purpose, I never heard him make a four expression, but frankly confess that he left the world, because he was not fit for it. A strict honesty and an even regular behaviour, are in themselves obstacles to him that must press through crowds, who endeavour at the same end with himself, the favour of a commander. He will however in his way of talk excuse generals, for not dis

* It has been said, that the real person alluded to under this name was C. Kempenfelt, father of the admiral Kempenfelt who deplorably lost his life, when the Royal George of 100 guns funk at Spithead, Aug. 29, 1782. But the scale of the present edition, admits not of stating objections here, or questioning the probability of this opinion.

posing

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