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II. 353. Within asserted limits of
New York, 353.
Vessels, entry and clearance of, II.
324. Payment of duties by, 324.
Veto, an essential power, II. 57. Bill
may be passed notwithstanding, 264.
Of President qualified, 265. Of king
of England absolute, 265; how sig-
nified, 265; in disuse since William
the Third, 266. History of, in Con-
stitutional Convention, 267. Mean-
ing of "two thirds" in provisions_re-
specting, 267. Power of, proposed to
be given to Council of Revision, 438.
Vice-President, ex officio President of
Senate, II. 264. Has only casting vote
in Senate, 264, 396. Choice of, em-
barrassments respecting, 390. Rea-
sons for having, 395. Ultimate elec-
tion of, by Senate, 396, 401. When
to act as President, 400. Changes in
appointment of, 400. Qualifications
for, 401.

Virginia, a provincial government, I. 4.
Advises a Continental Congress, 11.
Elects delegates, 12. Constitution
of, formed, 120. Effect of claim of,
to Western Lands, 132. Ced the
Northwestern Territory, 137, 295.
Repeals her act granting imposts,
175. Stop-law of, 253. Action of,
concerning Western posts, 258. Op-
poses the surrender of the Mississippi,
315. Action of, leading to a general
commercial convention, 340, 343.
Appoints and instructs delegates to
the Convention, 367. Measures of,
respecting commerce, 423. First to
declare for Union, II. 12. Plan of
government proposed by, 89; Ham-
ilton's doubts respecting, 99; incon-
sistency in, 101, 103; reported to
Convention, 109; vote on, 109;
chasm in, 133. Opposed to election
of Senators by State legislatures,
135; to equality of suffrage in House
of Representatives, 138; to equality
of States in Senate, 141, 148, 165,
217. Had ten Representatives in
first House, 149. In favor of census
of free inhabitants, 153; of executive
holding office during "good behav-
ior," 173. Vote of, respecting citi-
zenship as qualification for office,
209; money bills, 216, 218. Opposed
to cach State having one vote in Sen-
ate, 227; to impeachments being tried
by Senate, 262; to taxing exports,
296. Vote of, respecting slave-trade,


Cession by, in 1784, 342.
Strong opposition to Constitution
in, 504. Statesmen of, 504. Char-
acter of people of, 504. Great influ-
ence of Washington in, 505. Effect
of action of New Hampshire on, 510.
Convention of, meets at Richmond,
510, 549; parties in, nearly balanced,
529, 568; anxiety respecting action
of, 542, 549; eminence of members
of, 551; responsibility resting on, 551;
discussion on Constitution in, 554.
Had ratified Constitution before news
from New Hampshire, 578. Con-
vention of, final propositions of
friends of Constitution in, 579. Rat-
ification of Constitution by, how
finally effected, 579. Form of
amendments and Bill of Rights pro-
posed by, 581. Address prepared by
opponents of Constitution in, 582.
Adoption of Constitution by, rejoic-
ings at, 582.

Virginia and Maryland, efforts of, to
regulate the trade of the Potomac and
the Chesapeake, I. 341.
Virginia Reservation, note on, I. 296.
Voters, qualifications of, in different
States, II. 198.


War, power to declare, proposed to
be given to two branches of Con-
gress, II. 231. To be declared by
Congress, 332, 413. When States
may engage in, 371. Ships of, not
to be kept by States in time of
peace, 371. And peace, power of
President to make, 411. To be
prosecuted by President, 413.
WASHINGTON, appointed and com-
missioned commander-in-chief, I. 33.
Arrives at Cambridge, 33. Mode of
his appointment as commander-in-
chief, 41. Previous history and char-
acter of, 41. Embarrassments of, in
the early part of the war, 55. Opin-
ions and actions of, respecting Tories,
65. Urges Congress to establish prize
court, 75. On the necessity for a
standing army, 91. Leaves Boston
for New York, 91. Compelled to
abandon New York, 91. Retreats
through New Jersey, 96. Complains
of his situation, 96. Asks for extra-
ordinary powers, 100. Dictatorial
powers conferred on, 100; apology

for, 101. Requires oath of allegiance
to United States, 106. Proclamation
by, at Morristown, in 1777, 106.
Powers conferred on, in 1776, jeal-
ousy respecting, 106. Opinion of,
respecting an oath of allegiance, 108.
Third effort of, to raise a new ar-
my, 109. Embarrassments of, 110.
Thwarted by the local authorities,
112. Adheres to a plan for the cam-
paign, 112. Anxious about the fall-
ing off of Congress, 127. Letters of,
to the States, in 1782, 157; to the
President of Congress, 158, 162. Sit-
uation of, 158. Warns Congress re-
specting the officers, 167. Painful
position of, 167. Proceedings of,
upon the Newburgh Addresses, 168.
On the want of a revenue power, 182.
Relations of, to the country during
the war, 200. Opinions of, at the
close of the war, 200. Address of, to
the States, on resigning, 201. On a
peace establishment, 218, 219. Re-
signs as commander-in-chief, 235.
Address to, 235. On the insurrec-
tion in Massachusetts, 274. Plans
communications with Western settle-
ments, 310. Opinions of, respecting
the navigation of the Mississippi, 311,
315. Opinions of, in 1785, on the
state of the country, 333. Connection
of, with the plan of a general Conven-
tion, 341. Pressed to attend the gen-
eral Convention, 365, 397. On the
idea of a monarchical government
for the United States, 370. At Mount
Vernon, 393. Views of, on public
affairs, 394. Declines to attend the
general Convention, 399; reconsid-
ers and attends, 399. Reception of,
at Philadelphia, 401. Placed in the
chair of the Convention, 401. Opin-
ions of, 401. Character of, as a states-
man, 404. Meets the Alexandria
commissioners at Mount Vernon,
425. Failure of civil power to sus-
tain, II. 14. Difficulty experienced
by, as President, in preserving neu-
trality and excluding foreign influ-
ence, 82. In Convention, confined
himself to duties of presiding officer,
213. Suggestion of, respecting ratio
of representation in Congress, adopt-
ed, 213. In favor of tax on exports,
284. Early nominated for President,
391. Received no pay as command-
er-in-chief, 405. Practice of, respect-
ing cabinet, 409. Leading man in

Constitutional Convention, 476. Tra-
dition respecting words of, before
signing Constitution, 487. Views of,
respecting conseqnences of rejection
of Constitution, 487. Unbounded
confidence of people in, 498. Great
influence of, in Virginia, 505. Copies
of Constitution sent by, with expres-
sion of opinion, 509. Opinion of,
respecting action of Maryland on
Constitution, 542. Not a member
of Virginia convention, 551. Justi-
fies course of Federalists in New
York convention, 590. Administra-
tion of, topics appropriate to history
of, 604.
Washington, City of, an object of affec-
tion and pride, II. 277. See Seat of
WEBSTER, DANIEL, compared with
Hamilton, I. 419.
WEBSTER, NOAH, recommends a new
government, I. 350.
WEBSTER, PELATIAH, recommends a
general Convention, I. 350.
Weights and Measures, standard of,
fixed by Congress, II. 328.
West Florida, secret article respecting,
in the Treaty of Peace, I. 312.
West Point, academy at, suggested, I.


Western Lands, claims of the States to,
I. 131. Conflicting interests of the
States concerning, 132. Surrender
of claim to, by New York, 133. Ces-
sions of, urged by Congress in 1780,
134. Motives of the cession of, 137.
Surrender of claim to, by Virginia,
137. Become the bond of the Union,
140. Power of Congress over, under
the Confederation, 141.
Western Posts. See Military Posts.
Western Settlements, position of, after
the peace, I. 309. Connection of,
with the Atlantic coast, 310. Alarm
of, about the Mississippi, 318.
Western States, prospective charac-
ter of, II. 300. Vast resources of,

Western Territory, controversy respect-
ing, before the adoption of Articles
of Confederation, I. 291. Cessions
of, invited, 292; Congress declares
certain trusts respecting, 293. States
to be formed in, 293. Power of Con-
gress to deal with, 293. Cession of,
by New York, 293; by Virginia, 295.
Further legislation respecting, and
further trusts declared, 296. Admis-

sion of States from, 298. Further
cessions of, urged, 299. Proposition
by Rufus King to exclude slavery
from, 299. Cession of, by Massa-
chusetts, 299; by Connecticut, 300.
Ordinance for disposing of lands in,
300. Cessions of, by Virginia, mod-
ified, 300; by South Carolina, 301;
by North Carolina, 301; by Georgia,
301. See Northwestern Territory.
West Indies, trade with, II. 309.
Whale Fishery in Massachusetts before
the Revolution, I. 135.
Williamsburg, convention at, I. 12.
WILLIAMSON, HUGH, views of, re-
specting rule of suffrage for House
of Representatives, II. 135; money
bills, 218.

WILSON, JAMES, birth and career of, I.
462. Sent to the Constitutional Con-
vention, 462. Services of, 462. Made
a justice of the Supreme Court of the

United States, 465. Death of, 465.
His defence of the Constitution, 465.
In favor of larger House of Repre-
sentatives, II. 213; tax on exports,
284. One of the ablest framers of
the Constitution, 520. Position and
arguments of, in Pennsylvania con-
vention, 521. Views of, respecting
Bill of Rights, 522.
WOLCOTT, OLIVER, influence of, in
Connecticut convention, II. 529.



Yeas and Nays, one fifth of members
present in either House of Congress
may require, II. 263. To be taken
on passing bill over veto, 265.
Yorktown, Revolutionary Congress
assembles at, I. 113.

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