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MY HEART IS IN SCOTLAND
The groves which we wooed in, the glens with their streams,
Now where are love's twilight walks? where the soft sigh,
My heart is in Scotland wherever I go.' pp. 195-6. We must transcribe another of still higher merit, but it will, e fear, stand in need of the Glossary. • A WEARY BODIE'S BLYTHE WHAN THE SUN
• The Saturday suo gangs ay sweetest down,
Tho' the roses which blumed there are smit i the leaf;
Wi' nae shoots the pride o' the forest to be?' pp. 181-3. • Bonie Lady Ann' is a beautiful ballad. But we have no more room. Otherwise we should be tempted to select some stanzas from the Mermaid tale, as well as to say something about the strange Legend of Richard Faulder, in which Mr. Cunningham seems to have taken Coleridge's 'Ancient Mariner for his model. One simple strain from the harp of Burns, which our Author better knows how to touch than any living bard, were worth, however, pages of such rhapsodies. In that style of thing, the Ettrick Shepherd can beat him.
Art. VII. A View of the Restoration of the Helvetic Confederacy;
being a Sequel to the History of that Republic. By Joseph
Planta, Esq. 8vo. 58, 6d. London. 1821.
known as a meritorious work, of which the second edition has been for some time before the public. Without any claim to originality, profound research, or fine writing, it furnishes a convenient and agreeable narrative of an important and eventful portion of European History; and, in conjunction with the general and descriptive information communicated in Mr. Coxe's Letters, it has served as a ready text-book to all the common-place writers on Switzerland. Circumstances of a most important character, have, however, occurred since the date of its last publication; and it became desirable that they should be put together in a distinct and compendious form, for the purpose of completing the Swiss annals down to the ever memorable period of the Holy Alliance. The interference of Napoleon under the imposing title of a Mediator, in the affairs of the unsettled and wrangling republics, the subsequent transactions until the violation of the Helvetic territory by the antagonists of France, and the proceedings connected with the • Federal Compact' which was settled under the arbitration of the Allied Powers, and now serves as the political code of the twenty-two Cantons, comprise altogether a series of events sufficiently important to invite the labour of the historian. Mr. Planta has performed his task very briefly, though with sufficient clearness; and this • View forms an indispensable appendage to the preceding volumes. But while we give to Mr. P. the just praise due to respectable execution, we regret our inability to compliment him on the score of impartiality. Here he fails most completely. The acts of Napoleon, whom Mr. Planta has the miserable affectation always to call Bonaparte, are invariably spoken of either slightingly or with censure, while the measures of the Allied Powers are eulogized with all the complacent admiration of a devoted fautor of legitimacy. We confess ourselves unable to perceive the fairness of this dealing: Without feeling any disposition to extenuate the aggressions of the French ruler, and without admitting the right of any State whatever to interfere in the internal concerns of another, we can have no hesitation in attributing to the policy of Napoleon, a far greater share of liberality, were it only for the vigour with which he swept away the restrictions and disqualifications imposed and perpetuated by monkish bigotry. He was the firm asserter of religious liberty, and for this, if for nothing more than this, he claims from us an honour
able mention which we fear must be withheld from the monarchs by whom he was subdued. We cannot infer from the Act of Confederation, that any provision has been made for the maintenance of the rights of conscience, while the rights of 'convents and chapters' are formally guaranteed. Mr. Planta has, however, fairly stated the advantageous results of the arbitrary Mediation of Napoleon. - Men of distinguished talents turned their minds to the improvement of the state of society, and gradually produced effects which eould not have been obtained under a lenient but unsteady sway. A country, never wealthy, of a difficult and unproductive culture, exposed to incessant and violent convulsions of nature, and now exhausted by long and desolating warfare, offered abundant opportunities for the salutary establishment or emendation of public institutions, for the cultivation of both intellectual and physical tuition. Education being the principal source of the moral pre-eminence of a people, particular attention was paid to the improvement of the public seminaries and colleges in the principal towns and districts. "Zuric especially distinguished itself in this respect, and the foundations at Basle, Berne, and Arau, were not much behindhand in the laudable exertions of their magistrates. An institution for clerical education was founded at Lucern. But we must here more particularly bestow our meed of admiration on the private individuals, who have amply contributed to the furtherance of these beneficent objects. We must have leave to name the celebrated J. H. Pestalozzi, who so long ago as the year 1775 opened an asylum for the rescue from misery of fifty mendicant children, which, amid the sneers of scoffers and the impositions of villains, had arrived at a degree of exemplary utility, when it was forced to yield to the want of public aid and the calamities of war. It was now, in the year 1804, under the auspices of the Government of Berne, not only revived at Yverdun, but improved to such a degree as to afford an example for similar foundations in Spain, France, Prussia, and several other States. Nor may we omit the equally eminent name of Fellenberg, who, early impressed by the earnest exhortations of a pious and most benevolent mother,* would sooner, but for the inroads of the French Revolution, have put in practice the philanthropic principles he had imbibed in his early youth, and the many observations he collected during his extensive travels. No sooner did the prospect of tranquillity offer a probability of safety and protection, but he formed at Hofwyl, near Berne, the double establishments, one for intellectual, and the other for agricul
tural tuition and improvements, which have been visited and admired .by several sovereigns, and a great number of judicious travellers, who
have borne testimony to the excellence of their regulations.'
Mr. Planta has very judiciously printed the “ Federal Compact' without mutilation or abridgement.
* A grand-daughter of Admiral Van Tromp. VOL. XVIII. N. S.
Art. VIII. An Abridgement of the Prophecies, as connected with Profane History, both Ancient and Modern. In Question and An
Selected from the best Authors. By Mrs. Smith. pp. viii. 298. Price 78. 6d. London. 1822. TH THIS is an excellent epitome of ancient history as connected
with the fulfilment of prophecy; a subject with which it is highly important that young persons should be thoroughly familiarized. It is thrown into the form of question and answer, not so much, we presume, for the purpose of catechetical examination, as with a view to fix the attention, the answers being much too long to commit to memory. If we have any fault to find with the style of the work, it is that, though unaffected, it is scarcely simple enough at times for young readers. But we cannot too warmly commend the design of the publication, nor refuse our praise to the general competency of the execution. The Contents are distributed into thirteen sections : 1. Remarks on Prophecy in general, and the figurative Language of Scripture. 2. Prophecies in the Antediluvian Age. 3. Prophecies relating to Ishmael. 4. Prophecies concerning Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Esau. 5. Jacob's Prophecies. 6. The Prophecies of Moses. 7. Prophecies concerning Nineveh. 8. Prophecies concerning Babylon. 9. Prophecies concerning Tyre. 10. Prophecies concerning Egypt. 11. Nebuchadnezzar's Dream. 12. Prophecies which preceded the Birth of our Saviour. 13. Prophecies of our Saviour concerning Jerusalem.
We cannot be supposed to have examined the work very minutely, but sufficiently to satisfy ourselves of its substantial correctness. The following slight inaccuracies have caught our eye. At p. 9. 'Q. Had Noah any failings?' is not met or justified by the answer relating to a solitary event, for which an explanation may be assigned that exculpates the Patriarch. P. 11. That the Greeks were the descendants of Japhet, is very questionable: Sir W. Jones considered them as the undoubted progeny of Shem. But amid the obscurity which hangs over the origin of nations, all speculations on the subject are little better than arbitrary. P. 28. Saracen is not explained by saying that the Arabs came into Europe from Mauritania : the word is derived from Zahara the great desert. P. 50. The word Shiloh does not mean Saviour, but Sent. P. 70. The explanation given of the Jews worshipping. “ other gods,” is highly unsatisfactory, and even objectionable. The prophecy had assuredly no reference either to those times or to those countries, nor could it be said to have received its fulfilment in any such circumstance. We must caution our Author against