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fixes, &c. into a fire, prepared for the purpose, made the ass drink out of the sacrarnental cup, and were proceeding to conclude their diabolical profanations with the massacre of all the prisoners, to appease the ghost of CHALLIER, when a violent thunder-gust put an end to their meeting, and deferred the work of death for a few hours.

The pause was not long. The deputies, profiting by the impious frenzy with which they had inspired the soldiery and the mob, and by the consternation of the respectable inhabitants, continued their butchery with redoubled fury. Those, who led the unhappy sufferers to execution, were no longer ordered to confine themselves to such as were entered on the list of proscription, but were permitted to take whomsoever they themselves thought worthy of death! To have an enemy among the democrats, to be rich, or even thought rich, was a sufficient crime. The words noaleman, priest, lawyer, merchant, or even honest meil, were so many terms of proscription. Three times was the place of the guillotine changed; at every place holes were dug to receive the blood, and yet it ran in the gutters! The executioners were tired, and the deputies, enraged to see that their work went on so slowly, represented to the mob, that they were too merciful, that vengeance lingered in their hands, and that their enemies ought to perish in mass!

Accordingly, the next day, the execution in mass began. The prisoners were led out, from a hundred to three hundred at a time, into the out-skirts of the city, where they were fired upon, or stabbed*. One of these massacres


* See much more to the same purpose in Peter PORCUPINE's Bloody Buay, and in BARRUEL's History of the French Clergy. Carrier alone, deputy from the Convention, put to death at Nantz, and other places in the south of France, more than 40,000 persons, including men, women, and children.

Such men are to be considered in the light of Jesus, who are appointed to execute the Divine vengeance upon those

persons and places, which have incurred the displeasure of the ALMIGHTY. Nantz coultained the richest merchants in the kingdom, and carried on a very considerable trade in the blood of human creatures.

Bishop BURNET was in France at the time of the horrible tion of the Protestants under LEWIS XIV.

“ I do not think,” says he, “that in any age, there ever was such a violation of all that is sacred, either with relation to God or man; and



deserves particular notice. Two hundred and sixty-nine persons, taken indiscriminately among all classes and all ages, were led to Brottedux, and there tied to trees.

In this situation they were fired upon with grape shot. Numbers of these unfortunate prisoners had only their limbs broken by the artillery; these were dispatched with the sword or the musket. The greatest part of the bodies were thrown into the Rhone, some of them before they were quite dead. Two men, in particular, had strength enough to swiin to a sand-bank in the river. One would have thought, that, thus saved as it were by a miracle, the vengeance of their enemies would have pursued them no farther; but, no sooner were they perceived, than a party of the dragoons of Lorraine crossed the arm of the river, stabbed them, and left them a prey to the fowls of the air.

Among others who fell into the hands of the democrats, was Mons. CHAPUIS de Maubourg, one of the first engineers in Europe. They offered to spare his life, if he would serve in the armies of the Convention. They repeated this offer, with their carbines at his breast. “ No,” replied this gallant man, “ I have never fought but for my God and my King : despicable cowards ! fire away* !"

The what I saw and knew there from the first hand, hath so confirmed all the ideas that I had taken from books, of the cruelty of that religion, that I hope the impression that this hath made upon me, shall never end but with my life.--From the circumstances of it, it may be well termed, The Act of the WHOLE CLERGY of France.

Travels, Let. 5. p. 246, 247. If we would see other accounts of what may be expected from a successful invasion of this country by the French, we may be amply gratified by ANTHONY AUFRERE's, Esq. Warning to Britons against French Perfidy and Cruelty towards the Peasants of Suabia; by Peter Porcu. Pine's Democratic Principles Illustrated; and by Anecdotes of the conduct of the French in Franconia. To these may be added TURREAU’s History of the Vendean War; LAVATER's Remonstrance with the French Directory; and a work called, A Rapid View of the Overthrow of Switzerland.

* The dying behaviour of various of the victims, was very noble and animated. Where so many merit praise, it is difficult to select.

The King acquitted himself extremely well in the last trying scenes of his lite ; but he was a main support of the Beast; and though he died piously, he died a determined Catholic; not knowing that this was one of the main causes of his destruction.

It is but justice to his character to observe, what I believe is not generally known, that it was the late Queen of France's party which


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: The murder in mass did not rob the guillotine of its prey : there the blood flowed without intermission. Death itself was not a refuge from democratic fury. The bodies of the prisoners, who were dead of their wounds, and of those, who, not able to support the idea of an ignominious death, had given themselves the fatal blow, were carried to the scaffold, and there beheaded, receiving thousands of kicks forced on the King the treaty with America, in the view of depressing Great Britain. Louis considered it as an unfair measure, and threw away


when urged to sanction it with his signature. But in an evil hour for himself and his family, he relented, on repeated importu. nity: he signed the fatal instrument which involved both hemispheres in the horrors of war, and, in so doing, he remotely signed the warrant for his own execution. What a lesson is this to men of all ranks to be just and honourable in their dealings!

The princess of LAMBALIE was, after the royal family, one of the most illustrious victims of that bloody period. She was first confined in the Temple, and was afterwards sent to the prison of La Force, where the massacre began early in the morning. At three o'clock she was witness to the preparations making for her destruction. At seven she was dragged by the hair of the head into the court where the victims waited their final sentence. Here she continued, in a standing posture, to witness all the horrid proceedings till nine o'clock, when she lierself was called before the bloody tribunal. They asked her a few questions ; all which she answered with firmness. They charged her with certain crimes; all which she denied. Being in a very short time condemned, without any proof of guilt, she is dragged to the gate; and from the gate she is conducted through a double line of assassins to the place of execution, through a variety of insults and reproaches. By the side of a pile of dead bodies she is commanded to kneel, and ask pardon of the nation. Firmly she replied, “ I have not injured the nation, and will not ask pardon !"Your release is the price of your obedience. -" I expect no favour from " the hands of ruffians, who dare to call themselves the nation.”- Once more obey, kneel down, and ask pardon, if you wish to live.--"No:I " “ will not bend my knee-No: I will ask no pardon, no favour from you." Kneel down and ask pardon was re-echoed by a thousand voices ; but in vain. She remained superior to fear. Two ruffianis seized her by the arms, and were ready to tear her in pieces. With all the strength she can gather, she exclaims, “Go on, ruffians, I will not ask pardon.” Being enraged at her firmness, the fellows rush on her with drawn swords, lay open her body, cut off her head, take out her heart, bite it with their teeth, put it in a bason, lift the head on a pike, and carry them about the streets of Paris. Her body is stripped, and exposed naked to the populace. For a fuller account see Barruel.

This lady was a person of the most amiable manners and benevolent heart ; faithful to her friend, and kind and liberal to all. During the whole time she passed in the prison of La Force, she supported all the poor who happened to be there,


from the sans 'culottes, because the blood would not run from them. Persons from their sick-beds, old men not able to walk, and even women found in child-bed, were carried to the murderous machine. The respectable Mons. LAURAS was torn from his family of ten children, and his wife big with the eleventh. This distracted matron run with her children, and threw herself at the feet of the brutal deputy COLLET D'Herbois.-Nomercy!-Her conjugal tenderness, the cries of her children, every thing calculated to soften the heart, presented themselves before him; but in vain. “Take away,” said he to the officious ruffians by whom he was surrounded, “take away the she-rebel and ber wbelps.Thus spurned from the presence of him, who alone was able to save her beloved husband, she followed him to the place of execution. Her shrieks, when she saw him fall, joined to the wildness of her looks, but too plainly foretold her approaching end. She was seized with the pains of child-birth, and was carried home to her house. But, as if her tormenters had shewn her too much lenity, the sans culotte commissary soon after arrived, took possession of all the effects in the name of the sovereign people, drove her from her bed and her house, from the door of which she fell dead in the street !

About three hundred women hoped, by their united prayers and tears, to touch the hearts of those ferocious deputies; but all their efforts were as vain as those of M. LAURAS. They were threatened with a discharge of grape shot.

Two of them, who, notwithstanding the menaces of the democrats, still had the courage to persist, were tied during six hours to the posts of the guillotine ; their own husbands were executed before their eyes, and their blood sprinkled over them!

M. SERVAN, a lovely young woman of about eighteen years


age, was executed, because she would not discover the retreat of her father! “What,” said she nobly, to the democratic committee, “ What! betray my father! impious villains ! how dare you suppose it !”

M. Cocher, a lady equally famed for her beauty and her courage, was accused of having put the match to a cannon during the siege, and having assisted in her husband's



escape. She was condemned to suffer death. She declared herself with child; and the truth of this declaration was at. tested by two surgeons. In vain did she implore a respite. In vain did she plead the innocence of the child that was in her womb. Her head was severed from her body, amidst the death-howls of the democratic brigands !

To this long account of horrible villanies must be added another, if possible still more detestable-libidinous brutulity! Javogues, one of the deputies from the Convention, opened the career. His example was followed by the soldiery and the mob in general. The wives and daughters of almost all the respectable inhabitants, particurlarly of such as had emigrated, or who were murdered, or in prison, were put in a state of requisition, and were ordered, on pain of death, to hold their bodies-1 spare the reader the term made use of in the decree-in readiness, for the embraces of the true republicans!-Nor were they content with violation: the first ladies of the city were led to the tree of Liberty-Of Liberty !—and there made to take the hands of chimney-sweepers and common felons *.

If to these deeds of blood committed at Lyons, we add the murders perpetrated in other parts of France-at Nantz, 27,000; at Paris, 150,000; in La Vendee, 300,000; and, in short, through the whole extent of that unhappy country, two millions of persons, within the last six or seven years; among whom are reckoned 250,000 women; 230,000 children; besides those murdered in the womb; and 24,000 christian priests yp: if, morever, we consider,


* The facts here related are taken from Mr. John Philips's small pamphlet on the subject, as his is extracted from a French treatise, and Peter Porcupine's Bloody Bugy.

+ The serious Christian will remember these are the days of ven. geance for the innocent blood that was shed in that wide-extended kingdom, under the predecessors of the late unfortunate King. The doctrine of retaliation, though little attended to in general, is an undoubted law of God's kingdom in the government of the world. A moral governour must be morally just. Hethat sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed. Consult Simpson's Key to the Prophecies, for a large number of instances, wherein the retaliating providence of God is visible to the most inattentive observer. BARRUEL's History of the French Clergy during the Revolution, and Peter PORCUPINE's Bloody Budy, contain

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