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COURT,

Attendance of director of public prose-

cutions at election court, 177, 179.
By what courts offenders tried and

punished, 180 et seq.
Election commissioners and their powers,

181.
Effect of their report, 181, 182.
Appeal from election commissioner, to

which, 183.
Report of election court, 184.
Effect of report of election court, 185,

187.
Power of election, to try offenders, 187.
Sentences by election, 188.
Trial by court of summary jurisdiction,

189, 193.
Time for prosecuting before any, 190.
Appeal from summary jurisdiction, 192.
Prosecutions before assize, 193, et seq.
Venue may be changed, 193.

Actions in civil, for penalties, 196.
CRIMINAL Law, offences against. See Punish-

ments.

DECLARATION OF ELECTION,

Expenses by election agent, 128.

By candidate, 128.
DENTISTS, special punishment of, 181.
DISCOVERY, 143.
DISPUTED CLAIM,

Action for, 125.

May be taxed, 126.
DISSENTERS, intimidation by, 53.
DISSENTING MINISTERS,

Intimidation by, 54.

Intimidation of, 53.
DOCTORS, special punishment of, 181.
DOCUMENTS, production of, 162.
DRUNKENNESS, general, evidence of general

treating, 104.

ECCLESIASTICS,

Limits of their influence, 53.
Undue influence by, 54.
May select candidate, 53.

And canvass for him, 53.
ELECTION COMMITTEE, agency of, 76.
ELECTION EXPENSES, payment of, except

through election agent, illegal

CHARITABLE GIFTS, 25-32.
CHILDREN, payments to, may be bribery, 7.
CLERICAL ORGANISATION, when candidate re-

sponsible for, 82.
CLERGYMEN, intimidation by, 53, 54.

Special punishment of, 181.
CLERKS, to be appointed by election agent,

112.

Colourable payments to, bribery, 11.
CLOSE BOROUGHS, sale of, 33.
CLUBS, when use of, as committee-rooms,

prohibited, 91.
Coals, gifts of, to electors, 29.
COCKADES, payments for, illegal, 91.
COLOURABLE PAYMENTS, bribery, 11.
COMMITTEE, election, agency of, 76.
COMMITTEE Room, what is, 62.
COMMITTEE Rooms,

Employment of, when bribery, 14.
Excessive number of, contracts for, 58.

Number allowed, 61, 62, 94.
COMMONS, House of, resolution by, not law,

50.
CONVEYANCE OF VOTERS,

Contracts for payment for, an illegal

practice, 58.
By sea, 91.
To poll, when bribery, 15, 16.

To poll, old law as to, 59.
CORRUPTLY,” meaning of, 37.
CORRUPT PRACTICES,

Defined, 2.

How punished, 175 et seq.
Costs,

On election petitions, 164 et seq.
Usually follow the event, 165.
Exceptions to the rule where petition

succeeds, 165, 166.
Exceptions to the rule where petition

fails, 165, 166.
When returning officer in fault, 166.
Agreement not to ask for, 166.
Where constituency may be ordered to
Where persons (not parties to petition)

ordered to pay, 167, 168.
Expenses of witnesses, 168.
Taxation of, 168 et seq.
To be taxed on a liberal scale, 170,
Counsel's fees, 171, 172.
Instructions for hiring, 172.
Number of witnesses allowed, 173.
When to be incurred, 173.
How recovered, 174.

Payment out of security fund, 174.
COUNTIES, conveyance of voters by sea, when

legal, 91.

pay, 166.

practice, 63, 113.
ELECTION AGENT,

Illegal practices by, avoiding election, 87.
His appointment and duties, 107 et seq.
Who should be appointed, 108.
Should be a solicitor, 107.
When to be appointed, 108.
When to be named, 108.

an

EVIDENCE ON ELECTION PETITIONS,

Use of witness's previous statements,

156, 160.
Admissions by witness, 160.
Court may require proof of agency

first, 161.
Political opinions of witness, 161.
Of acts done at previous elections, 161.
Of acts done at municipal elections, 162.
Admissions by agent after poll, 163.
Production of documents, 162.

ELECTION AGENT,

And to whom to be named, 109.
Notice of appointment of, 109.
May be changed, 109.
Offices of, 111.
Service of documents on, 112.
Remuneration of, 123.
To pay election expenses, 121.
To make return of election expenses,

127.

To make declaration, 128.
ELECTION EXPENSES,

Should be estimated in advance, 114.
What need not be estimated or returned,

114.
What kinds are allowable, 115.
Maximum amount allowed, 116.
Scale of, in boroughs and counties,

117, 118.
Certain boroughs considered as nties,

118, 119.
In case of joint candidature restricted,

119.
Relief in case of limit being exceeded, 120.
To be paid by election agent, 121.
Claims for, to be sent to election agent,

122.
When to be sent in, 122.
Late claims for, barred, 123.
When to be paid, 124.
Leave to pay out of time, how obtained,

FALSE DECLARATION,

Avoids election, 57.

A corrupt practice, 57.
Flys,

Payments for, illegal, 91.
FORFEITURE OF THE SEAT,

How caused, 1.
FRAUDULENT devices to impede voting, 55.
FREEMEN'S ADMISSION FEES,

Payment of, when bribery, 21.

GENERAL,

Corruption, 103.
Bribery, 103.
Treating, 104.
Intimidation, 105.'

Intimidation, effect of on poll, 105.
GIFTS,

To non-electors, may be bribery, 6, 7.
To children, may be bribery, 7.
To women, may be bribery, 8.

124 et seq.

HACKNEY CARRIAGES, when illegal to hire, 89.
Hasty WORDS, not undue influence, 55.
HIRING, illegal, what is, 59, 60.
HIRING, illegal, by candidate or his election

agent, 88.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, resolution of, not law,

50.
HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE, lavish, not neces-

sarily bribery, 24.

Return of, 127.

Declaration verifying return of, 128.
ELECTION PETITION. See Petition.
ELECTION AUDITORS, 108.
ELECTION, avoided at common law, when, 103.
EMPLOYERS, intimidation by, 52.
EMPLOYMENT OF VOTERS,

When bribing, 11-14.
Of corrupt agent, avoids election, 100.

When “personal,” 100, 101.
ESTIMATE OF ELECTION EXPENSES, 114.
EVIDENCE,

Cogent, of mere offer required, 7,

Of agency, what is sufficient, 73-83.
EXPENDITURE,

Lavish household, not necessarily bri-

bery, 24.
EXPENSES,

Election, through whom to be paid, 63.
As to petty expenses, 63.

Of election, see Election Expenses.
EXPENSE AGENT, 108.
EVIDENCE ON ELECTION PETITIONS,

Rules of common law generally apply, 157.
Exceptions, 157, 158.
Witnesses ordered out of court, 158.
Improper rejection or admission of, 158.
Discrediting witness, 159.
Cross-examining hostile witness, 159.

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INSPECTION OF BALLOT PAPERS, &c., 143,

151.
INTERROGATORIES, not allowed, 143.
INTIMIDATION. See Undue Influence, 48 et

seq.

OFFICE, offer of an, bribery, 23.
OPERATIVE, threats, to avoid an election, must

be, 51.
ORANGE LODGE, subscriptions to, 25.

JOINT CANDIDATURE,

Agency in case of, 83.
Expenses restricted in case of, 119.
What is, 119.
Severance of, 120.
Relief against excessive expenditure in,

120.
JOINT Cost, conveyance to the poll at, 89.
JUSTICE OF PEACE, special punishment of,

181.

LANDLORDS,

Undue influence by, 50.

May select their tenants, 51.
LEGITIMATE INFLUENCE, 49.
LENDING CARRIAGES, for conveyance of voters,

when illegal, 59, 90.
LIABILITY

Of candidate for agents, 66 et seq.
Of candidate for political associations,

76-82.
LICENSED PREMISES may not be used as com.
mittee rooms,

94
LIVERY STABLE KEEPER, payments to for

carriages, &c., 59, 60.

PAID AGENTS, excessive number of, 92.
PAIRING, 55.
PARTICULARS, delivery of, 143 et seq.
PAYMENTS, what, illegal practices, 58 et seq.
PAYMENTS, illegal, 95 et seq.
PAUPERS, may vote, when, 97.
PEERS may not vote, 97.
PENALTIES, suits fur, 196 et seq.
PERSONATION,

Defined, 56.
· Innocent, 56.

Offence of, when complete, 57.
PERSONAL EXPENSES OF CANDIDATE,

What are, 115.

To be returned, 122.
PETITION,

Who may petition, 134 et seq.
When to be presented, 135, 136.
How abated, 135
Practice on filing, 138.
Service of, 138,
Security for costs of, 139.
Objections to the security, 139.
Payment into court, how made, on, 139.
Amendment of, 140.
Formal objections to, 140.
Withdrawal of, 140–112.
Corrupt bargain to withdraw, 141.
Practice on withdrawal of, 141.
Withdrawing, opposition to, 142.
Discovery and interrogatories in aid of,

143.
Inspection of ballot papers, 143, 150.
Particulars, delivery of, 143-146.
Objections, particulars of, 145.
Production of telegrams, 145.
Commission to examine witness on, 145.
Witnesses on, 145-147.
Offering rewards for evidence, 146.
Trial of, 146, 147.
Relief on hearing of, 148.

Taxation of witnesses' expenses, 149.
PETTY expenses by volunteers, 121.
PLACARDS,

Excessive payments for, when bribery, 14.

Contracts for, when illegal practice, 58.
POLITICAL CLUBS, premises of, may be used

as committee-rooms, 94.
POLITICAL SOCIETIES, treating, 45.
POLLING agents, to be appointed by election

agent, 112.
Posters, issued without printer's name, 98.

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POPULARITY, treating to obtain, effect of, 39.
PAYMENTS, illegal, 87.
PRACTICES, illegal, by candidate or election

agent, 87.
PROFUSION before elections, 23, 24.
PROHIBITED PAYMENTS, 116.
PROMISE to treat, given before election, 44.
PUBLIC-HOUSES,

Opening, 41, 42.

Opening, effect of, on elections, 103.
PUBLIC MEETINGS, expenses of, 115.
PRACTICE. See Election Petition, Relief,

Scrutiny and Criminal Law.
PROCEDURE. See Election Petition, Scrutiny,

Relief and Criminal Law.
PROSECUTIONS, Director of public, his func-

tions, 177 et seq.

Private, 178.
PUNISHMENTS,

By what courts awarded, 180 et seq.
Effect of report of commissioners, 180,

182.
Of barristers reported, 181.
Of solicitors reported, 181.
Of doctors, dentists and clergymen re-

ported, 182.
Before report, party to be heard, 183.
Appeal upon report, 183, 184.
By election court, 184, 187.
Of candidate guilty of corrupt practice,

185.
Of candidate guilty by his agent, 186.
Effect of report of election court upon

other persons, 187.
Committal for trial by election court,

188.
By a court of summary jurisdiction, 189.
By the court of assize, 193.

RELIEF BY THE COURT,

Parties to be heard on, 131.
On default concerning return of election

expenses, 132.
On default concerning declaration, 132.
Should be sought without delay, 132.
How obtained when sub-agent in default,

133
In case of excessive expenditure, 134.

On hearing of petition, 148.
REPUDIATION OF AGENTS, 74, 78.
RESOLUTION OF HOUSE OF COMMONS, not

law, 50.
RETIREMENT OF CANDIDATE, when illegal

practices, 91.
RETURNING OFFICER'S CHARGES, 114, 123'

127.
REVISING BARRISTER'S COURT,

Payment for attendance at, 16

Treating for attendance at, 40.
REWARDS FOR EVIDENCE, 146.
RIBBONS, payment for, 91.
RIOTING, general, effect of, 105, 106.
Rooms. See Oommittee Rooms, 58.

RABBITS, leave to take, when bribery, 22.
RAILWAY FARE, payment of, when bribery, 15.
RATES, corrupt payment of, bribery, 5, 18.
REFRESHMENTS to paid agents, 40, 41.
REGISTER, how far conclusive of right to vote,

97.
REGISTRATION COURT, payments for attend.

ing, when bribery, 17.
RELIEF,

Against consequences of treating or un-

due influence, 46, 47, 56.
None after bribery, 47.
Against consequences of illegal practices,

63, 64, 98, 99.
RELIEF BY THE COURT,

Against effect of excessive expenditure,

121.
Procedure to obtain, 131 et seq.
Applications for, 131.

SCALE OF EXPENDITURE on election allowed,

116, 118.
SCHOOLROOM, when use of, as committee

rooms, allowed, 94.
SCRUTINY, where votes come off on a, 97.
SOLICITORS, special punishment of, 181.
SEAT, the, how forfeited, 1.
SECURITY for costs of petition, 139 et seq.
SERVICE OF NOTICES and documents, 112,
SERVICE OF PETITION, 138.
SEA, conveyance of voters by, when legal, 91.
SPECIAL CASE, 143.
SUB-AGENTS,

How and when appointed, 110.
Revocation of their appointment, 111.
Candidate's liability for, 110.
Offices of, 111.
Service of notices on, 112.

Relief for default on, 133.
SUBSCRIPTIONS,

To charities, 25.
Towards candidate's expenses, legal, 34.
Towards candidate's election expenses,

121.
SCRUTINY OF VOTES,

When made, 150.
Recriminatory case upon, 150.
Practice where claimed, 150 et seq.
Delivery of scrutiny lists, 151.
And list of objections, 151.
Inspection of ballot papers, 150.
Order of proceeding at trial, 152.

SCRUTINY OF VOTES,

Elector has no locus standi, 153.
Register, how far conclusive on, 154.
Ballot papers, ill marked, 155.
Votes struck off, 155.
When ballot papers examined, 156.
Practice as to tendered votes, 157.

TELEGRAMS, production of, 145.
TENANTS, intimidation of, 50.
TEST-BALLOT,

Bribery at, 21.

Treating at, 39, 40.
THREATS, when undue influence, 50, 52.
TORCHES, payments for, illegal, 91.
TRAVELLING EXPENSES,

Payment of, when bribery, 15, 16.

Payment of, now always illegal, 16.
TREACHERY, by agent, 84.
TREATING BY AGENT, avoids election, 34.
TREATING, 34, 47,

On the nomination or polling day, 35.
Statutory definitions of, 35, 36.
Must be done corruptly, 37.
Must be done to influence the vote, 38.
Offer to treat is not, 39.
But may be bribery, 39.
Non-electors, may avoid election, 39.
At municipal elections, 39.
To obtain popularity, effect of, 39.
At revision courts, 40.
By refreshments to paid agents, 40.
By opening public houses, 41.
Amount of, immaterial, 42.
Relief where, trivial, 42.
Conditions on which relief granted, 16,

47.

Time of, very material, 43, 45.
TRIAL OF PETITION, 146 et seq.

UNDUE INFLUENCE,

By workpeople, 52.
Withdrawal of custom, 52,
Spiritual intimidation, 53.
Attempts to use, avoid election, 54.
Hasty words not, 55.

Relief against consequences of, 56.
UNIVERSITIES, corrupt payment of members'

fees, bribery, 5.
VALUE OF BRIBE, immaterial, 10.
VOLUNTARY AGENTS,

number of, unlimited, 68, 71, 93.
Candidate liable for, 68.

Repudiation of, 76, 78.
VOTE, if not free, is bad, 48.
VOTERS, “ bottling,” 50.
VOTING, when illegal, 95.

who are prohibited from, 96.
VOTING CARDS, when a fraudulent device, 55.
WAGERS on result of election, 34.
Wages, day's, payment of, when bribery, 15,

21.
WATCHERS, colourable payments to, bribery,

11.
WITHDRAWAL of candidate (false statement of),

97.
WITHDRAWAL

Of custom, undue influence by, 52.

Should be substantial, 53.
WITHDRAWAL of petition, 140 et seq.
WITNESS,

Commission to examine, 145.

Attendance of, 145, 146.
WITNESSES

May be called by the court, 163.
May be called by the public prosecutor

146 et seq.

UNDUE INFLUENCE,

Defined, 48.
Antiquity of law against, 48.
Meaning of, 49.
By illegitimate canvassing, 49, 50.
Compared with bribery, 50.
By bottling voters, 50.
By landlords, 51.
By employers, 52.

WORDS, hasty, not undue influence, 55.
WORKPEOPLE,

Holiday to, may be bribery, 21, 22.
Intimidation of, 52.

Intimidation by, 52.
WOMEN,

Gifts to, may amount to bribery, 8.
Treating, may amount to bribery, 39.
May not vote, 97.

WATERLOW AND SONS LIMITED, PRINTERS, LONDON WALL, LONDON.

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