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Attendance of director of public prose-
cutions at election court, 177, 179.
By what courts offenders tried and
punished, 180 et seq.
Election commissioners and their powers,
Effect of their report, 181, 182.
Appeal from election commissioner, to
Report of election court, 184.
Effect of report of election court, 185,
Power of election, to try offenders, 187.
Sentences by election, 188.
Trial by court of summary jurisdiction,
Time for prosecuting before any, 190.
Appeal from summary jurisdiction, 192.
Prosecutions before assize, 193, et seq.
Venue may be changed, 193.
Actions in civil, for penalties, 196.
CRIMINAL Law, offences against. See Punish-
DECLARATION OF ELECTION,
Expenses by election agent, 128.
By candidate, 128.
DENTISTS, special punishment of, 181.
Action for, 125.
May be taxed, 126.
DISSENTERS, intimidation by, 53.
Intimidation by, 54.
Intimidation of, 53.
DOCTORS, special punishment of, 181.
DOCUMENTS, production of, 162.
DRUNKENNESS, general, evidence of general
Limits of their influence, 53.
Undue influence by, 54.
May select candidate, 53.
And canvass for him, 53.
ELECTION COMMITTEE, agency of, 76.
ELECTION EXPENSES, payment of, except
through election agent, illegal
EVIDENCE ON ELECTION PETITIONS,
Use of witness's previous statements,
Admissions by witness, 160.
Court may require proof of agency
Political opinions of witness, 161.
Of acts done at previous elections, 161.
Of acts done at municipal elections, 162.
Admissions by agent after poll, 163.
Production of documents, 162.
And to whom to be named, 109.
Notice of appointment of, 109.
May be changed, 109.
Offices of, 111.
Service of documents on, 112.
Remuneration of, 123.
To pay election expenses, 121.
To make return of election expenses,
To make declaration, 128.
Should be estimated in advance, 114.
What need not be estimated or returned,
What kinds are allowable, 115.
Maximum amount allowed, 116.
Scale of, in boroughs and counties,
Certain boroughs considered as nties,
In case of joint candidature restricted,
Relief in case of limit being exceeded, 120.
To be paid by election agent, 121.
Claims for, to be sent to election agent,
When to be sent in, 122.
Late claims for, barred, 123.
When to be paid, 124.
Leave to pay out of time, how obtained,
Avoids election, 57.
A corrupt practice, 57.
Payments for, illegal, 91.
FORFEITURE OF THE SEAT,
How caused, 1.
FRAUDULENT devices to impede voting, 55.
FREEMEN'S ADMISSION FEES,
Payment of, when bribery, 21.
Intimidation, effect of on poll, 105.
To non-electors, may be bribery, 6, 7.
To children, may be bribery, 7.
To women, may be bribery, 8.
HACKNEY CARRIAGES, when illegal to hire, 89.
Hasty WORDS, not undue influence, 55.
HIRING, illegal, what is, 59, 60.
HIRING, illegal, by candidate or his election
HOUSE OF COMMONS, resolution of, not law,
HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE, lavish, not neces-
sarily bribery, 24.
Return of, 127.
Declaration verifying return of, 128.
ELECTION PETITION. See Petition.
ELECTION AUDITORS, 108.
ELECTION, avoided at common law, when, 103.
EMPLOYERS, intimidation by, 52.
EMPLOYMENT OF VOTERS,
When bribing, 11-14.
Of corrupt agent, avoids election, 100.
When “personal,” 100, 101.
ESTIMATE OF ELECTION EXPENSES, 114.
Cogent, of mere offer required, 7,
Of agency, what is sufficient, 73-83.
Lavish household, not necessarily bri-
Election, through whom to be paid, 63.
As to petty expenses, 63.
Of election, see Election Expenses.
EXPENSE AGENT, 108.
EVIDENCE ON ELECTION PETITIONS,
Rules of common law generally apply, 157.
Exceptions, 157, 158.
Witnesses ordered out of court, 158.
Improper rejection or admission of, 158.
Discrediting witness, 159.
Cross-examining hostile witness, 159.
INSPECTION OF BALLOT PAPERS, &c., 143,
INTERROGATORIES, not allowed, 143.
INTIMIDATION. See Undue Influence, 48 et
OFFICE, offer of an, bribery, 23.
OPERATIVE, threats, to avoid an election, must
ORANGE LODGE, subscriptions to, 25.
Agency in case of, 83.
Expenses restricted in case of, 119.
What is, 119.
Severance of, 120.
Relief against excessive expenditure in,
JOINT Cost, conveyance to the poll at, 89.
JUSTICE OF PEACE, special punishment of,
Undue influence by, 50.
May select their tenants, 51.
LEGITIMATE INFLUENCE, 49.
LENDING CARRIAGES, for conveyance of voters,
when illegal, 59, 90.
Of candidate for agents, 66 et seq.
Of candidate for political associations,
LICENSED PREMISES may not be used as com.
LIVERY STABLE KEEPER, payments to for
carriages, &c., 59, 60.
PAID AGENTS, excessive number of, 92.
PARTICULARS, delivery of, 143 et seq.
PAYMENTS, what, illegal practices, 58 et seq.
PAYMENTS, illegal, 95 et seq.
PAUPERS, may vote, when, 97.
PEERS may not vote, 97.
PENALTIES, suits fur, 196 et seq.
· Innocent, 56.
Offence of, when complete, 57.
PERSONAL EXPENSES OF CANDIDATE,
What are, 115.
To be returned, 122.
Who may petition, 134 et seq.
When to be presented, 135, 136.
How abated, 135
Practice on filing, 138.
Service of, 138,
Security for costs of, 139.
Objections to the security, 139.
Payment into court, how made, on, 139.
Amendment of, 140.
Formal objections to, 140.
Withdrawal of, 140–112.
Corrupt bargain to withdraw, 141.
Practice on withdrawal of, 141.
Withdrawing, opposition to, 142.
Discovery and interrogatories in aid of,
Inspection of ballot papers, 143, 150.
Particulars, delivery of, 143-146.
Objections, particulars of, 145.
Production of telegrams, 145.
Commission to examine witness on, 145.
Witnesses on, 145-147.
Offering rewards for evidence, 146.
Trial of, 146, 147.
Relief on hearing of, 148.
Taxation of witnesses' expenses, 149.
PETTY expenses by volunteers, 121.
Excessive payments for, when bribery, 14.
Contracts for, when illegal practice, 58.
POLITICAL CLUBS, premises of, may be used
as committee-rooms, 94.
POLITICAL SOCIETIES, treating, 45.
POLLING agents, to be appointed by election
Posters, issued without printer's name, 98.
POPULARITY, treating to obtain, effect of, 39.
PAYMENTS, illegal, 87.
PRACTICES, illegal, by candidate or election
PROFUSION before elections, 23, 24.
PROHIBITED PAYMENTS, 116.
PROMISE to treat, given before election, 44.
Opening, 41, 42.
Opening, effect of, on elections, 103.
PUBLIC MEETINGS, expenses of, 115.
PRACTICE. See Election Petition, Relief,
Scrutiny and Criminal Law.
PROCEDURE. See Election Petition, Scrutiny,
Relief and Criminal Law.
PROSECUTIONS, Director of public, his func-
tions, 177 et seq.
By what courts awarded, 180 et seq.
Effect of report of commissioners, 180,
SCRUTINY OF VOTES,
Elector has no locus standi, 153.
Register, how far conclusive on, 154.
Ballot papers, ill marked, 155.
Votes struck off, 155.
When ballot papers examined, 156.
Practice as to tendered votes, 157.
TELEGRAMS, production of, 145.
TENANTS, intimidation of, 50.
Bribery at, 21.
Treating at, 39, 40.
THREATS, when undue influence, 50, 52.
TORCHES, payments for, illegal, 91.
Payment of, when bribery, 15, 16.
Payment of, now always illegal, 16.
TREACHERY, by agent, 84.
TREATING BY AGENT, avoids election, 34.
TREATING, 34, 47,
On the nomination or polling day, 35.
Statutory definitions of, 35, 36.
Must be done corruptly, 37.
Must be done to influence the vote, 38.
Offer to treat is not, 39.
But may be bribery, 39.
Non-electors, may avoid election, 39.
At municipal elections, 39.
To obtain popularity, effect of, 39.
At revision courts, 40.
By refreshments to paid agents, 40.
By opening public houses, 41.
Amount of, immaterial, 42.
Relief where, trivial, 42.
Conditions on which relief granted, 16,
Time of, very material, 43, 45.
TRIAL OF PETITION, 146 et seq.
By workpeople, 52.
Withdrawal of custom, 52,
Spiritual intimidation, 53.
Attempts to use, avoid election, 54.
Hasty words not, 55.
Relief against consequences of, 56.
UNIVERSITIES, corrupt payment of members'
fees, bribery, 5.
VALUE OF BRIBE, immaterial, 10.
number of, unlimited, 68, 71, 93.
Candidate liable for, 68.
Repudiation of, 76, 78.
VOTE, if not free, is bad, 48.
VOTERS, “ bottling,” 50.
VOTING, when illegal, 95.
who are prohibited from, 96.
VOTING CARDS, when a fraudulent device, 55.
WAGERS on result of election, 34.
Wages, day's, payment of, when bribery, 15,
WATCHERS, colourable payments to, bribery,
WITHDRAWAL of candidate (false statement of),
Of custom, undue influence by, 52.
Should be substantial, 53.
WITHDRAWAL of petition, 140 et seq.
Commission to examine, 145.
Attendance of, 145, 146.
May be called by the court, 163.
May be called by the public prosecutor
Antiquity of law against, 48.
Meaning of, 49.
By illegitimate canvassing, 49, 50.
Compared with bribery, 50.
By bottling voters, 50.
By landlords, 51.
By employers, 52.
WORDS, hasty, not undue influence, 55.
Holiday to, may be bribery, 21, 22.
Intimidation of, 52.
Intimidation by, 52.
Gifts to, may amount to bribery, 8.
Treating, may amount to bribery, 39.
May not vote, 97.
WATERLOW AND SONS LIMITED, PRINTERS, LONDON WALL, LONDON.