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Prated by T. Burton, No. 31, Little Queen-ftreet, for the Proprietors of Dodley's Annual Register, W.OTRIDGE AND SON; R. FAULDER; J. CUTHELL; OGILVY AND SON: R. LEA; J. NUNN; J.WALKER; LACKINGTON, ALLEN, AND CO. E. JEFFERY; AND VERNOR AND HOOD.




Q.35044. PRE FACE.

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FROM a series of incidents, to which mortality is at all times liable, and all men must sometime encounter, the Annual Register had fallen more and more back in the time of publication. It was not an easy matter to remedy this defect, and to overtake time, in such eventful years as the last decade of the Eighteenth Century; amidst multiplied political intrigues, internal convulfions, and wars so wide in their extent, and complicated in their operation. This, however, has now been completely accomplished. We close the century, without being one volume in arrears; we conclude the volume for 1800, without leaving any event to be recorded in the next, that could, with any degree of propriety, be introduced and related in the present volume ; so that, at the commencement of the century on which we have just entered, we set out, in our historical inquiries and narratives, without any encumbrance.

We congratulate our readers on that great, though fomewhat unexpected, event, which so auspiciously marks the commencement of the present æra.* The Temple of Janus is shut: it is not unreasonable to hope that it will be long before it be again opened. A dreadful but falutary experiment, in the course of the

* For a summary review and character of the Eighteenth Century, and more especially at its close, see the conclusion of the History of Eusope, in this volume,

last last ten years, has been made by the nations. The rulers of states and kingdoms have been taught the danger of tyranny; the people, that of anarchy; the financier, that even commercial advantages may be too dearly purchased; the politican and statefman, that durable power consists not fo much in extended territory, -as compacted doininion, flourishing population, and, above all, in juftice : justice in the conduct of governments external as well as internal.

We are henceforth, we hope, and doubt not, for. many years, to be called from the miseries and horrors of war to progresiive improvement in all the arts of peace: a nobler, as well as more pleasing and profitable career of ambition, among 'civilized nations, than that of conquest.' The energy of our ingenious and lively neighbours will return to the arts and sciences with an elastic force, proportioned to the misguided ardour that has too long propelled them to the enfanguined field of battle Their improvenfeitt's will be our gain, as ours also will be theirs. 'May all civilized nations confo: ciate and co-operate for the general good; for lefsening calamities, increafing comforts, and advancing human nature to greater and greater exceMence, both intellectual and morál! 172 -** st. It' s

It will of course become our business tơ watch and trace the progress or the viciffitudes of arts and sciences, the condition of fociety, and public opinion: a talk, though more pleasing, yet not perhaps lefs'difficult; than to describe the effects of public councils, and military operations'; which, being marked by bolder and palpable lines, are more easily discerned, and more clearly comprehended,




For the YEAR 1800. ************** ****************

H Í S T O R Y ;

of Ē U R O P E.

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Return of Buonaparte from Egypt to France. His Letter to the Army of

Egypt. - The Companions of his Voyage.- Arrives at Corfica. And at Frejus in Provence. Enthufiaftic Joy with which he was every where received.- Proceeds by Lyons to Paris. -Hopes and Confidence of the PaTipans, and in general all the French centered on this military Chief, Situation of the French Republic at this period, external and internal. State of Parties. -War in the Western Departments.-Weakness and Halfmeafures in Government. New political Changes meditated by Abbé Sieycs.

- Perfonal Interview between the Abbé and Buonaparte. Buonaparte ca-, ressed and courted by all Parties.-The Army alone courted by him.--Ile Fatours and joins the moderate Party.-Character of Albé Sieyes. And of Buonaparle. Splendid Feast given in Honoar of Buonaparte. Project for a Change in the Government and Conflitution. -Necessarily communicated to confiderable Numbers of the Members of both Councils.Yet kept Secret till the Moment of Explofon. The Council of Elders empowered by the Conftitution of 1795 to transport the Legislature whenever it should think Proper to any Commune within a certain Distance of Paris --Com* VOL. XLII.



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