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ful, though the present government of Providence had ever yet inflicted might remain ? He did not mean to on the nations of the earth. But enter into any discussion of the cha- he could not help reflecting with racter of this extraordinary person ; fatisfaction, that this country, even but he would ask, whether the hil- under such a trials had not only tory of the world, much less the been exempted from those calami. present state of France, moral or ties which had covered almost civil, furnished a reasonable expec- every other part of Europe, but ans tation, that either accidents or new peared to have been relerved as a convulsions would raise up to power reluge and alylum to those who some character, whose moderation fled from its persecution, as a barand justice might be more fafely rier to oppose its progress, and, repoled in?

perhaps, ultimately as an intrne As to the relioration of the houle ment to deliver the world from the of Bourbon, he would not enter crimes and miseries which had atinto what good could be expected tended it. This outline, Mr. Pite for England from such an event. filled ap in a speech of great length. He would, in the teeth of all history Before any man could concur in and experience, suppose it to be opinion with the learned gentleman auspicious, and confine himself to who had spoken last, Mr. Pitt conits practicability. He might allume tended, that he must come within the utter impossibility of such a one of the three following descripchange, except by the success of tions: he must onder believe that the confederacy., The whole pro. the French revolution neither does perty of France, real or personal, now exhibit, nor has at any t me in the hands of its present potrebrs, exhibited, fuch circumstances of depended on the existence of the danger, arising out of the very napresent, or foine fimilar govern- ture of the system, and the internal ment. It was impossible to restore state of France, as to leave to fothe princes of the house of Bour- reign powers no adequate ground bon, without restitution to those of lecurity in negociation; or, lewho had been exiled in its defence, condly, he must be of opinion, that which, in effect, raised up the whole the change, which had recently property in the nation to support taken place, had given that fecua the republic, whatever they might rity; which, in the former stages of feel concerning its effects. In every the revolution, was wanting; or, view, he disapproved the answer thirdly, he must be one who, bethat had been sent by ministers to Teving that the danger existed, Buonaparte. It appeared to him to revertheless thought, from his be pregnant with danger, and to view of the prelent preffure on the entail an awful responsibility or country, from his view of its situa. those who advised it, and thofe wlió tion and prospects, compared with fupported it.

those of the enemy, that we were, Mr. Pitt, the chancellor of the with our eyes open, bound to acexchequer and prime minister, con- cept inadequate security for every fidered the French revolution as the thing that is valuable and sacred, levereft trial which the visitation rather than endure the pressure, or Vol. XLIT.

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incur the risk which would result the following peroration : “ Sir, from a farther prolongation of the I think you ought to have given a contest. Having described the ex. civil, clear, and explicit answer to cefies and outrage with the princi- the overture which was fairly and ple from which the fowed, in the handsomely made to you. If you different stages of the French re- were desirous that the negociation volution, and endeavoured to esta- should have included all your allies, blish the propofition, that the French as the means of bringing about a revolution had been such as to af- general peace, you should have ford to foreign powers no adequate told Buonaparte so: but I believe ground for security in negociation, you were afraid of his agreeing to he came next to thew that that le- the proposal: you took that method curity had not yet been afforded by before. Aye, but you say, the peothe change which hard lately taken ple were anxious for peace in 1797. place: that we could not derive I say, they are friends to peace, any confidence either from the frame and I am confident you will one of the government, or the paft cha- day own it. Believe me, they are racier and conduct of the person friends to peace; although, by the who was now the abfolute ruler of laws you have made, restraining the France. The name of Buonaparte expreflion of the sense of the peowould be recorded with the horrors ple, public opinion cannot now be committed in Italy, in the memo- heard, as loudly and unequivocally rable campaign of 1796 and 1797, as heretofore. "But I will not go in the Milanese, in Genoa, in Tufo into the internal state of the councany, in Modena, in Rome, and in try. It is too afflicting to the heart Venice.

to lee the strides which have been Vir. Pitt having confidered, lasily, made, by means of, and under the whether there was any thing in the milerable pretext of this, against circumstances of the prelent moment liberty of every kind; both of that could justify the acceptation of power of speech and of writing : a security confeiledly inadequate, and to observe, in another kingdom, against so great a danger as was the rapid approaches to that milithreatened by France, concluded, tarv delpotilm which we affect to not that we were entitled to con- make an argument against peace. fider' ourselves certain of ultimate I know, fir, that public opinion, if success in the war; but that, con- it could be collected, would be as fidering the value of the object much for peace now, as in 1797 : tor which we were contending, the and I know that it is only by pubmeans for supporting the conteii, lic opinion, not by a sense of duty, and the probable course of human not by the inclination of their events, we should be inexcul- minds, that ministers will be bronght, able if, at this moment, we were if ever, to give us peace. I ask to relinquith the struggle on any for no gentleman's vote who would grounds fort of complete secu- have reprobated the compliance of rity.

minuters with the propofition of Vir. Fox concluded a long, ani- the French government; I ask for Dated, and matterly speech, with no gentleman's support, to night,

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who would have voted against mic trically opposite to the motion of nisters, if they had come down and this night.” proposed to enter into a negocia. On a division of the house, the zion with the French: but I have a address was carried by 260 against right to alk-I know that in ho- 64. nour, in confistency, in conscience, An address, approving and assentI have a right to expect the vote ing to his majesty's message, reof every honourable gentleman who specting the Russian troops was also would have voted with ministers voted. in an address to his majesty dianie

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CH A P. VII.,

Nefage from his Majesty, refpeéting the Employment of German Troops in.

Read of Russians. Debates thereon in both Blouses.Motions for an Inquiry into the Failure of the Dutch Expedition, in both Houses. -Debates thereon. -Supplies required. Ways and Means for raisng them.

À Mellage was brought down vigour, would readily concar in the A from his majefty to the houle' withes of his majefty, and give their of peers, on the thirteenth of Fe support to such' measures as fhould bruary, ftating, that his majesty was, be deemed moft likely to make good at present, employed in concerting his engagements with his allies. Such engagements with the emperor Lord Holland said, that, if the of Germany, the elector of Bavaria, purport of the present measure were and other powers of the empire, merely to exchange Russian for Gerás might strengthen the efforts of man mercenaries, to that he not his imperial majesty, and materially only fhould have no objection, but conduce to the advantage of the even mould think we had gained common cause, in the course of the by the exchange. We thould, ensuing campaign. His majesty pro- have the satisfaction of knowing mised to give directions that these that those we einployed, rendered engagements, as soon as they Nould ihę horrors of war less heart-breakhave been completed and ratified, ing, less disgusting, than those we should be laid before the house. expected to employ. We should But, in order to insure the benefit allo gain in point of soldiers; for he of this co-operation at an early pe- was happy to find that the troops of riod, his majesty was defirous of the more enlightened and civilized authorizing his minister to make pro- nations of Austria, Prussia, France, visionally such advances as might be and England, were greatly superior necessary, in the fira instance, for to the Russians in difcipline, in conthat purpose; and he recommended rage, in military skill, and all the it to the house to make such pro- qualifications necessary to form a vision accordingly.--A fimilar mes- powerful army. It was a matter of fage was delivered to the house sincere satisfaction to find, that Skill of commons.-The secretary of and civilization had lo decided a state for foreign affairs, Jord Gren- fuperiority over ignorance and barville, in the house of peers, barity; that the enlightened nations moved an addre's to his majesty, of the South had not so much to thanking his majesty for his gracious fear, as had ofien been thought, communication, and assuring him from the inroads of those savage and that the house, conscious of the ne- ignorant barbarians of the North. eclity of prosecuting the war with But it was not a mere exchange of

troops

troops. We were indeed to fubfi- learnt, that one of their chief hopes, dize and employ German troops in was to be a reliance on the cabinet stead of Russians; but were Ger- of Vienna, to reflect again, and not man troops ready to contend for the to engage in an undertaking so dellame objects? Did the cabinet of perate in its appearance, in which Vienna cordially approve of all the fuccess itself seemed only to lead to principles laid down by the noble new wars, new expenses, and new fecretary of state in his answers to embarrallments, and in which fai. Buonaparte? Did the emperor of lure, (which seemed but too probaGermany really think, and, if he did ble,) was disgrace and ruin. fo, where had he declared it, that The duke of Montrose said, that the speediest and surest means of it was not his intention to go through restoring peace would be the resto. the variety of topics touched on by ration of the Bourbons? Lord Hol- the noble lord who had spoken last, land did not know but that monarch but to advert merely to the single might rather imagine that the facri- question, which appeared to him to fice of the territories of his fellow. arise out of the proper confideration of hireling, the elector of Bavaria, to his majesty's message and the address. his ambitious projects, would be now moved; namely, whether, durthe speedieft and fureft means of re. ing a war with France, under finItoring tranquillity. His lordship gular and unprecedented circumproceeded to speak at great length fiances, it was wise in this country of the different views entertained, to fubfidize the princes of the conor that might be entertained in the tinert, and purchale the aid of auxprogress of events, by Austria and iliary troops, in order to harass the England, the power and the advan- enemy near their native country; tages enjoyed by the French go or let them have an opportunity, vernment, among which he enume- for want of a politic diversion, io rated the haughty and irritating an bring the war into the British chanwer of lord Grenville to Buona nel, and on the coasts of this king. parte, the improbability of success dom? The Hiftory of England proon the part of the allies, and the ved, by a variety of precedents, improbability allo, that even vic- that it had always been the policy logy and success in arms would lead of Great Britain, when engaged in to peace. In a word, he expa- a foreign war, to avail itself of the tiated over all the wide and beaten allisauce of auxiliary troops.-On field of the policy or impolicy of the a division of the house, the address war, and of our mode of treating, was carried by 28 against 3.--The and treating with the French. He · order of the day, for taking his maallo reverted to the debate on the jesty's message into consideration, answers that had been given to the being, at the same time, read, in the French overtures, and to certain house of com:nons, maxims and confiderations which Mr. Pitt rote, and said, that he he had endeavoured to impress had stated yesterday the general on their lordships minds, and he ground on which be flattered himhad reason to think, he said, pot self that this message was likely without success. He conjured the to be received without oppofition. house, since they had tiiat night The ground was this, that the oh

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