« EelmineJätka »
ander forty years of age, thall be bihan, a proclamation, dated the fhot.
thirteenth of February. In this 2d. Those who shall marry after piece, after recapitulating his vasuch acts. Thall have :heir heads rious efforts, for the prevention of Maven, and their relations shall be bloodshed, and exhorted the decondemned to pay a fine.
luded people to forsake their per3d. Young men refuling to join fidious leaders, he says, “ The day and march along with the loyalists, of pardon is nearly past, and I take when called on, nall be shot. God and man to witness, that the
4th. All deserters from provisory blood that must be med is on the allemblies shall be shot.
heads of the chiefs of the Chouans, 5th. Every man who does not of the stipendiaries of England, and separate himself from the moveable of the traitors of their country. column of the republicans, to which “ Within twenty-four hours after he belongs, mall be shot; and his thc publication of the present pronext relation shall pay a fine, or be clamation in all the communes of Diot also.
Morbihan, every unmarried man, 6th. Lewis XVIII. and religion, from fourteen to fifty years of age, are the principal objects of all mall appear before the civil or miFrenchinen's desires.
litary authority of the place where 7th. Wboever hall destroy, or he shall be, and declare that he is tear, or take down these bills and not a Chouan, or that he abjures orders shall be shot.
the party. Such was the state of affairs in “The chiefs of the Chouans fhall tie department of Dinan, in Bri- make a similar declaration, and must tanny; but the departments in which likewife procure the arms and stores, the resistance of the royalists, or, as it under their direction, to be given was called, the rebellion, had be- up. come the moft general, inveterate, « Corps are opened for the reand obftinate, were the coasts of the ception of deferters, according to North, Lille and Vilaine, Morbin their line of service, their rank, and hall, and the Nether Loire. Thefe qualifications. departments, accordingly, by two " All authorities, which shall redecrees, passed the sixteenth of Ja- ceive the declarations and acknownuary, were declared to be out of ledgements of submission to the law, the protection of the law, and un- tball keep a register of them, and der military government; and ex- give a copy to each declarant, traordinary tribunals were establish- which, sanctioned by the generals, ed for the execution of juftice in shall be a sufficient protection, criminal cases. General Brune, who " The general staff will receive was invested with the most com- petitions and memorials, respecting plete and abfolute power, set out the means of securing the tranquilimmediately from Angers, at the lity of individuals. head of the main army, on his « Such are the last conditions way to Morbihan, in the departo which I offer to the rebels. ment of the Nether Loire. From "Such is the fatal limit, which, his head-quarters, at Vannes, he ad- once passed, arms and councils of drelled to the inhabitants of More war must be the only means om
ployed to avenge the insulted na alists, but the common men, that tion.
were the most obstinately deter“ Pardon to the Frenchmen who mined to persevere in resistance and have been mifled: the traitors de- opposition to the republic. The serve death.”
chiefs that were most convinced of In conlequence of the near ap- the inefficacy of longer resistance, proach of general Brune, with the experienced great obstacles to pacisword in the one hand, and the fication, on the part of the men olive-branch in the other, fome whom they commanded. When others of the chiefs, besides thole general George gave orders to his already mentioned, and even whole people to disband and disperse, they bodies of men, laid down their plundered his house. Chatillon, in arms; but others, who had not yet dilbanding his followers, experien. come to the same resolution, were ced like difficulties : so also did leveencouraged to stand out ftill against ral of the other chiefs. A band, of . all the offers and the threats of the about three hundred Chouans, de- . republicans, by hopes of assistance stroyed the telegraph of Bourbriac, from England and from Ruslia. An in the Cotes-du-Nord. The same active force, consisting of three bat- band put to death one of their contalions of the first, second, and third fcripts, a young man who had been regiments of British guards, besides forced into their ranks, and bad cavalry, under the command of fir thrice deferted. Predatory parties Ralph Abercromby, was expected, continued allo still to levy contribelides the Russian troops quartered butions in different parts of the in the islands of Guernley and Jer. country; but the spirit of resistance, ley, and other Ruflian troops which though not, we may presume altowere to join them. Towards the gether of loyalty, was now broken. end of January, several columns of The great mass of the people fighed loyalists having formed a junction for peace, and began to contider with the troops under general Dom- the scattered parties that scoured front, attacked the republicans, but the country only as enemies to rewere vigorously repulsed, with the turning tranquillity. On the firloss of five hundred men killed, and teenth of February, a general pacififty prisoners. The different par. fication with the royalists was conties of the loyalists that still retained cluded. All the individuals, known their arms and kept together, were by the name of chiefs of Chonans, every where attacked with vigour, with the exception of one, pretentput to fight, or dispersed. In thele ly to be noticed, laid down their encounters, some of the chiefs were arms at Rösperdin, and returned, killed, and others, among whom unattended by any of their men, to was George, were wounded. Early Quimper. A general disarming of in February no less a number than all the loyalists took place in all the fifteen thousand royalists, or, as they departments, and an immense quanwere called by the French, Chouans, tity of arms, ftores, and provisions, laid down their arms, and were fell into the hands of the prevailing united to the republicans.
party. It seems remarkable, that it was The leader of the loyalists that! not always the leaders of the roy- yet remained unsubdued in mind,
and the unconquerable will, though all his unfortunate companions, met forced to retreat and conceal him- death with the most undaunted cow self from a hostile and irresistible rage. They would not permit basforce, was count Lewis de Frotté, dages to be put on their eyes.the hero most distinguished by 'va- Monsieur de Callineux, his aid. lour, magnanimity, and firmnels, de-camp, being only wounded by among all the loyalists, since the ce- the first fire, and still able ta ftand, lebrated Charette, of La Vendée. faid calmly, to the soldiers on duty, The count had written a letter to fire again; which they did, and ditthe republican general Guidat, pro- patched him. ... poring a general pacification of all The unhappy aid-de-camp, whose the Chouans, to which letter he note was the occasion of this mournhad received an insignificant and ful catalırophe, driven to the extreevasive answer. This negociation mity of grief and despair, by his inwas protracted beyond the last of voluntary indiscretion, blew out his the days fixed for the armisiice, and own brains with a piftol. the acceptation of the terms of peace When news of the final terminaoffered to the royalists; and count top of the rebellion, by the capLewis de Frotté, retiring with his ture and death of couni Lewis de staff and lonje other officers, lay con- Frotté, was received by Bulonaparte, cealed in 30 ancient cattle in the he communicated it, without dedepartment of Orne. A letter of lay, to the legislative alleinbly; in one of his aides-de-camn, intercept- which Ræderer role up, and said, ed by a republican, dilcovered his “ You will learn, with pleature, that retreat. He was taken, togeiher that part of the French territory, with six of his staff-officers, the faith, which was put out of the law, is ful companions of his concealment. restored to the republic, by the deThese were Messieurs de Cau- ftruction of the rebels that held pofa marque, Huzon, and De Verdun, feffion of it. The first coniul has cominandants of legions ; Morfieus given it in charge to me to acquaint de Callinean, aide-de camp to ge- you that Froité, with his faff-offineral Frotté: and Meilieurs Segui- cers, has been taken in a casile, in rat and St. Florent, his aides-ma. the department of Orne. There jors. The count, wiin his fix com- were found upon him a cross of St. panions, was 'nt, bu general Cham- Lewis, a seal, with the arms of berthal, to Vermeuil, where they France, and some poinards, of the were all of them judged by a mili- manufacture of England."-All the tary tribunal, and condemned to menbers of the legislative body, on be nini, wiibin twenty-four hours, this, rose up, and cried, “ T'ite la by the orders of general Lefevri, ripublique." once a ferjeani in :he French guards. . Thus, hy, a wise usion of modeThe ground on which M. de Froté rition with firmness, and of a spirit of wascondemned was, one of hisleiters conciliation with a mighty armed which was found in the polifen of force, the royalist parti, in France, one o his unfortunate companions; was totally annihilated ; and thus, in whird leiter he devoted himnleif allo, there was an end of the royal to the caule of royalty with the most and illustrious family of the Erench heroic enthusiaim. The count, and Bourbons; the piilars of whose power
were overthrown with the arms of der him, in the rank of major, at the loyalists.
the siege of Acre. He has lately When the unfortunate and fugie come to London, where, at the tive prince of that family, his royal time of writing this, * he resides highnels the count d'Artois, or Mon with his father. heur, as the poor royalists, alter the At the same time that Buonaparte ideal accession of Lewis XVIII. af- was using all modes of conciliation, fected to call him, was made ac- for reclaiming the armed loyalists, quainted with the death of M. de the constitutional bithops assembled Frotré, he immediately paid a via al Paris, invited the nonjurant bisit to the unhappy father of that ihops to evangelical communion, young hero in London, and mingled and RELIGIOUS PEACE. If such a his tears of condolence with those pacification could indeed have been of the old count, with the most effected, it would have been far affecting sensibility. It was a more wonderful than that which younger brother of general de was gained by Buonaparte, partly Froité, that aided the escape of tir by canciliatorý, partly by compulSidney Smith from the tower of the five measures, with the warrior Temple, and a!terwards served un- chiefs of the royalists.
Both the allied Pouers of Aufiria and Great Britain determined to prosecute
the War against France. --Circular Letters of the Archduke Charles to the anterior Circles of Germany. -Military Preparations in Germany and France. ----Proclumation by Buonaparte to the Frencii, requiring the Means of carrying on the War ---Situation of the French and divirian Arms at and after the close of the Campaign of 1799.--French Army of Referve at Dijon.-The French Army of the Rhine.--Its Position and Morements at the beginning of the Campaign, 1800.—The Archduke Charles retires, and is succeeded in the Command of the Army by General Kray.
THE determination of the Bri- such circumstances, the only means
1 tish ministry, on the subject of of obtaining an honourable, secure, peace or war with France, we have and lasting peace, was, to profecute already seen in the course of the de- the war with vigour.-Such allo bates in parliament. They had no were the sentiments of the great ally objection to treat with any form of of Britain, the emperor of Germany. government in France, that Mould Of the political situation of Auf appear, from experience or the evi. tria, and the Germanic empire, in dence of facts, to be able and will relation to France, we may form a ing to negociate, on the principles tolerably just idea from the circular established among European nations, letter of the archduke Charles, dated and to preserve and support the at Donaueschingen, the fourth of utual relations of peace and amity; December, 1799, to the anterior but a peace, concluded with an circles of the empire, of which a unstable government, must itfelt be translation here follows: “ It is unstable. The peace, that did not from the impulse of the most invinpromile to be permanent, was good cible neceffity, that I am induced for nothing. It was, farther, prez- to speak to you of an object, and ot nant with disadvantage and danger. dispositions, from whence there may But no secure and lasting peacecould arile the greatest detriments to the co-exist, with a system of aggrel- common cause of Germany, I perfion, aggrandizement, and univer- ceive, with regret, that the late sal destruction: a system that had events in France, through which been adopted and pursued in France the supreme power has pailed into from the commencement of the re- new hands, bave revived the bore, volution; and from which it did already so often deceived, of an annot by any means appear, that the proaching pacification; and thai, new chief, the first coníul, Buona. on the trength of this premature parte, had at all departed. In fuppofition, an idea prevails that it