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DY" Pner's comieniany of Soportere he cosce ei it from the Dcy","do, a sia: pr-army, and even to the perinns vale con**ions Leagarte w who rechnetn accospany him. induced to quit to!, ad return The Tokdonga teda zorg there, to France, ai particularly we were general Berther, ciief of the ther it was in coninguoice of a fraff; Larus and Murat, generals secret curte posidence, and concert of division; Viar.punt, the general with that libos ir 1 : le price of brigade; Andreon, the general tor of conftitnt1915, abbé Sie es, Or' of artillery; the chief of brigade, other politicians, is not ve known: Belicres, who commanded his 1:06 could it be CAS Cat it guides; the three philosophers Berfou have set beun revealed. tholet, Mongé, and Arnaud ; a There is not, bwwuver, the least great number of cificers, several reslon for doubting the truth of his Mammaluk's, and his guides. general declaration to the army, at Buonaparte, having communicaAlmudria, on the twenty-third of ted his delizn to general Berthier, August, 1799, “ That he had deter- and him only, gave orders to viceinined immediately to return to admiral Gantheaume, to arm and France, in consequence of new; get ready two frigates, together from Lurope.". The substance of with tivo noops, the one of the the intelligence to which he alluded kind called an Azijo, the other a it well enough cortiood. The Tartare. This beint done, he ad. adminiitration of t1: French repub- dresled a sealed letter to all those lic was corrupt, weak, unpopular, whom he intended to take with and olions, and her armies disn him, with intiructions pot to open comfited in Germany and Italy, by it till a certain day, at a given heur, the Aulirians and Rullians. To and at a certain point on the searepair both these misforturies, and thore. in repairing them to acquire adui- The day appointed was the tional power and glory, it may twenty-second of Auguli. All reasonably be preluned, was the thole who had received the letter leading principle in the conduct of attended at the appointed place, Buonaparte. In the execution of and opened the letter, in which this design there was an invincible they found an order for their imme. neceflity of the most impenetrable diate embarkation. They did not secrecy. Call the moment of his lole a moment but left their bag.
# His latter to the army, on so interesting an occasion, our readers may wish to fre at full length. As it is but Mort we shall here insert it: “ In consequence of the news from Europe, I have determined immediately to return to France I leave the command of the army to general Kleber. They shall hear from me speedily. This is all I can say to them at present. It grieves me to the heart to part from the brave men to whom I am so tenderly attached. But it will be only for an instant; and the general I leave at their head, is in full pofTe Mon of the confidence of the government, and of mine's
gage gage in their lodgings, and their my's fleet. But the ship that carried horses on the fhore. Having arrived Buonaparte, with crowded fails, was on board the ships prepared for the foon out of danger. The other three voyage, their names were called thips, about nine in the morning of over. Two strangers were found the seventh, came to anchor near St. among them and relanded. They Rapheau, which, about noon, the then weighed anchor and fet fail, crews were permitted to enter. Abut contrary winds did not permit bout two, Buonaparte, with his com: them to get out of the road of panions and suite, arrived at Frejus, a Aboukir üll the twenty-fourth of small sea-port of Provence, amidst an Auguft. i
immenfe concourse of people, who Previously to his departure, Bu- lastened to behold him from the onaparte left a letter addressed to neighbouring country. The mogeneral Kleber, with orders that it ment they landed, they fell down, in should not be opened for twenty- imitation of a custom among the four hours after his quitting the Greek and Roman generals, and land. This letter contained his ap- einbraced the ground, which they pointment to the chicf command of called the Land of Liberty. Trani. the army of all Egypt, during the ports of enthusiastic joy broke out absence of Buonaparte, and an or- among the Spectators on every side, der for conferring the command of and nothing was heard but cries of Upper Egypt on general Deflaix. vive la Republique! vide Buonaparte. On leaving the anchorage of A- The magiliates of Frejus went out boukir, the small French squadron to meet them, and received them could defcry but one frigate, and with a kind of triumphal honours. they arrived at Ajaccio, in Cortica, The generals Lannes and Murat, on the thirtieth of Septeinber. both wounded, set out from St. There they were detained by con- Rapheau with all the crews for trary winds till the fixth of Ocio- Toulon, from whence, some days ber. On the fixth they were but thereafter, they proceeded to Paris. ten leagues difiant from Toulon, It was certainly a piece of great when, in the evening, they per- good fortune that Buonaparte and ceived an English Squadron of eight his companions should effect their fail. The question now propoled escape through so many hostile tips in council was, whether they mould of war, Ruillian, Turkish, and fail back to Corsica, or attempt to English. His greatest dangers, make the shore. Buonaparte loon however, were encountered during decided it. Recollecting, perhaps, the two first days after his emhark. the encouraging words of Julius ation, when he was prevented by Cæsar to his mariners in circum- cuntrary winds from getting out of stances also of danger, he said, the road of Aboukir. The army
“ Be not alarmed, fortune will not must have supposed that he was - abandon me, let us make directly only going to reconnoitre some part
for the coast.” Signals were made of the coast, or for concerting and accordingly, and the frigates veered planning fome secret expedition. immediately caftward. The Avilo, Tiere was not a little danger of his not perceiving the signals, reinain- real delign, in the course of those ed behind in the midst of the ene- two days being discovered; in
which cale there was also fome formers read their parts, not hatdanger of the army stopping him, ing had tiine to commit them to and demanding an explariation of memory. On his appearance at the his condući; so that the return of theatre, he was received with thunBuonaparte, as well as 'bis expedi- ders of applaute, and when he tion to Egypt, and transactions went out of the house, the audithere, were strongly tinalured with ence followed him home to his the marvelous. If there were in lodgings. On the day after his arreality a divinity of fortune, there rival in Paris, he had a private aucould be no doubt that Buonaparte dience of the directory. All the is one of her greatest favourites, as streets and allies leading to the he himself is very ready to acknow- Luxembourg were crowded with ledge.
spectators. Buonaparte testified a At fix o'clock in the evening of lively fenfibility to the demonstrathe seventeenth of October, this tions with which he was every celebrated chief left Frejus, and where surrounded of the public joy proceeded to Paris, in company and gladness. In his way to and with general Berthier and the three from the directorial palace, he obmembers of the national institute served among the spectators several already mentiolied. The courier soldiers who had served under him who had been dispatched before in his campaigns in Italy. These Him, to announce his arrival to the men he called to him, wherever be Cirectory, and to prepare relays of perceived them, and gave them corses for his journey, called out his hand, with expressions of goodfor them every where in his name, will and friendship. He wore a ud from trery town and village great coat with a Turkish fabre. the people rullied out to meet him, His hair was cut very short, and and accompanied him beyond their the climate of Egypt had changed reipedive communities : lo im- the natural paleness of his face, into mense was the crowd, even in the a dart complexion, which improved roads, that the carriages found it his appearance. On leaving the difficult to go forward. In every directory he paid vifits to the mi. place through which he palled, nifiers of war and marine, and from Frejus to Paris, there were at other persons of consequence in the night illuminations. At Lyons, service of the republic. when it was known that he was to Thefe particulars will not be pals that city, nothing was omitted censured as too minute, when we that could be imagined, in order reflect on the interest which the to testify the joy of the citizens, and French nation felt in Buonaparte at give him a splendid reception. At this time, and how much that uniihort theatrical piece, called the verfal enthufialm; in favour of this Hero's Return, was composed and fingle man, contributed to the imreprefented immediately. The per portant scenes with which it was
• le is a question of not a little curiofity, what is the reason why Buonaparte affects to consider himself as under the peculiar proted.on of fortune?, When he had to do with barbarians, to talk of fate and fortune,-migiie not be bad policy? Fut in fortune He has expreffed his confidence to the French arms, and even the Frenub nation and legislature, who, if they are not even deifts, are much less polytheists.
quickly followed. Without this loft in an admiration and fund. enthuliasm the revolution of 1799 atlachment to the hero who conwould not probably liave been con- ducted it, returned after many. ceived, and certainly could not perils, and deeds of valour, within have been exccuted. Human na- the Freneh territories. It was this ture is prone to cast off all melan- boundless attachment and conficholy reflections, and anticipations, dence, no doubt, that encouraged and to grasp at some object of hope, Buonaparte to form the design of if possible. This disposition is par- fubverting the present constitution ticularly remarkable in the French and government, or confirmed him niation. They are also diftinguish- in that design, if already formed. ed by another propensity, indulged The filuation of the republic in to excels: a devoted attachment its relations, both external and into some object of fond admiration, ternal, were such as foftered dirTheir whole attention, their pride, content and invited to innovation. and their hopes were, at this time, Though victory had returned to fixed as on a centre, on Buona. the French standards in Switzer. parte. Of him alone they thought, land, the privations and sufferings spoke, and dreamed. From him, of the armies of both Switzerland fome great though unknown good and Italy were very great, and a was to arise to France, and every subject of loud complaint against class of men in the republic. Six administration. The forced loan months had not elapsed since a of 100 millions of which only a majority, in the nation and the le- small portion was collected, had gislative councils, had condemned shaken public credit, damped the the expedition to Egypt as impru- spirit of industry, and produced, dent, and the source of that re with many inconveniences and fufverse of fortune, which had been ferings, much discontent and murexperienced both in Italy and Gere murming amor!g the busy classes many. This was urged, as matter of the people. But, the imbecilof accusation against the ex-direc- lity and rathness of government, tors Merlin, Rewbel, and la Réveil- ftill farther increased the general lere Lepaux, who infifted that the dissatisfaction, anxiety, and alarm, expedition to the East was project- by a law known by the name of the ed and insisted on, in opposition to law of Hostages. the sentiments of the executive go. During the administration of the vernment, by Buonaparte. The late directors, various projects had fame position was maintained, in been formed, and presented to the fundry memorials by the ex-bishop legislature, for tlie suppression of Talleyrand, and Charles la Croix. disorders under the title of a law The ascendant obtained, by the for the responsibility of the different general, over the public councils, districts, known by the name of they said had overcome all oppo- Communes, or Communities. Thele fition on the part of the directory, projects had hitherto been deemed This question concerning the pro- inadequate to the purpose. In the priety or impropriety, the advan- mean time, the evils, for which they tiges or disadvantages of the ex- were intended as a reniedy, grew pedition again't Egypt, was now up to an alarining height, particu,
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larly arly in the western departments: children of the person and Sinated : which determined the council of which indemnity was allowed likefive hundred to apply a reniedy still wife to every person mutilated. more violent.
The me respondibility was also By the law of Hortages, pared extended to whatever damage or on the twelfth of July, it was de waste was committed againli procreed, among other articles, that perty. And the law was to have when a departmert, or commune, its due courle, till the conclusion was noloricusly in a state of civil of a general peace. disorder, the relations of emigrants, The effects of this law were and robles, comprehended in the such as miglit lave been expected. revolutionary law of the twenty. While some, from the various motives fifth of October, third year of the of ambition, intereit, and resenirepublic, their grand-fathers, grand-:ment, were tempted to commit inmothers, fathers and mothers, and numerable acts of oppreflion, others individuals, who, without being were driven to dcipair. Iu luch relations, or ex-nobles, were known departments of the west as had. to form part of the allemblies or never been thoroughly reduced to bands of allaflins, lliould be person- an obedience to the republic, the ally and civilly relponsible for whal- law of Horiages was a fignal of ever asfaslinations or robberies were almost general revolt, not only le. committed in their communes; that veral of thole who bad been forwhenever disorders should take place merly chiefs of the insurgents and the administration of departments again took up the arms which they. tould takehostages among these clal- had laid down, but others who had ses, and that they mould be authori- hitherto remained quiet, preferred zed to do so,even before any declara- a state of insurrection, and oppofition of luch department or commune tion to turanny, before a subbeing in a fiate of disorder; that million to laws of lo atrocious a there horages should surrender nature. Tumults and riots had themselves, on demand, in such for some time disturbed the peace places as thould be pointed out; of different departments, when, mat a delay of ten days fhould in- towards the end of August, a genecur conftraint by force, and flight. ral insurrection broke out in the If a murder was committed on any department of Mayenne, on the public functionary, defender of the right of the Loire. Here the incountry, or purchaler of national furgents, who had hitherto remaindomains, or any person of this cha- ed in the woods, or villages remote racter carried off, four hostages were from gencral retort and communito be banished for every person so cation, appeaied under their leaders murdered or carried off, besides in force, made themselves masters a fine of six thousand livres. Every of several towns, depoled the conhostage was made responsible for stituted authorites, seized their pathe payment of four thousand livres, pers, took republican hostages, and in case of any niurder in his com- proclaimed by public advertise, munity, to be paid into the public ments the object of their riling in treasury, of fix thousand to the arins: which was, the restoration widow, and three thousand to the of the monarcy without limita.