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commissioners been appointed, as a sum in this kingdom as one million was done upon the union with Scot- and a half, would have afforded to land. Had the minister applied his bim the strongest proof of the opuattention to that very necessary in- lence of the one and the poverty of quiry, of ascertaining the relative the other. From the Irish minister's ability of the two nations, he would own statement he has computed bave compared the balance which that the sum for which this kingdom Great Britain has in her favour, shall be called upon annually in time from her trade with all the world, of war, as her contribution, will amounting to 14,800,0001. with amount to 4,4-92,6801. but has not that of Ireland upon the whole of attempted to point out the means her trade, amounting to 509,3121, by which the can raise so enormous bearing a proportion to each other a fum. When the minister shall of about 29 to 1:-he would have find the circumstances of Ireland examined into the amount of reve. are such as have been herein stated, nue, out of which the said propor- and thall recollect that this new protions must naturally be paid, name, ject has been suggested by him, and ly, the produce of the permanent forced upon this nation, he will teel taxes of each nation, which he the immenle reponsibility which would have found to have produced falls upon him for the disastrous conin Great Britain, in the year end sequences which it may produce, ing the 5th of January, 1799, the not only upon this kingdom, but lum of 26,000,0007, and the per- upon the whole empire, he will be manent taxes in Ireland in the cor- alarmed at the discontents which an responding year did not exceed imposition of taxes beyond the abi2,000,0001. bearing a proportion to lities of the people to pay inust protach other of about 13 to 1. He duce, and the fatal consequences would have been informed that the that they may occasion. only influx of money into Ireland 8thly, Because the transfer of our which can be discovered, is the faid legislature to another kingdom will balance of her trade of 500,0001. deprive us of the only security we and that she remits to Great Britain have for the enjoyment of our liberannually 724,7531. a sum exceeding ties, and being against the sense of by upwards of 215,0001, the amount the people, amounts to a gross breach of such balance. That the remit. of trust; and we confider the subltitances of her absentees (as stated by tute for our constitution, namely, Mr. Pitt) amount to 1,000,0002. but the return of the proposed number are computed really to amount to of persons to the united parliament double that sum, and must neces- as delusive, amounting, indeed, to lanly greatly increase should an an acknowledgement of the necesunion take place, such drains ex- fity of representation, but in no lort haulting in a great degree the re- supplying it, inasmuch as the 32 lources of this kingdom, and adding peers and the 100 commoners will to the opulence of Great Britain. be merged in the vast disproportion The facility with which large sums of Britih members, who will in of money have lately been raised in fact be the legislators for Ireland; Great Britain, compared with the and when we consider that all the unluccessful attempt to raise lo Imall establishments of the two separate governments are to continue, which tution, and the return of persons into inust add to the influence of the mi-' parliament who had neither connecnister over the conduct of parlia- tion nor stake in this country, and ment, and advert to his power in were therefore selected to decide the return of Irish members to par- upon her fate-when we consider liament, we conceive that such por- the armed force of the minister, tion is more likely to overturn the added to his powers and practices conftitution of Great Britain than of corruption, when we couple thele to preserve our own.
things together, we are warranted Othly, Because we consider the to say, that the baleft means have intended union a direct breach of been used to accomplish this great trust, not only by the parliament innovation, and that the measure of with the people, but by the parlia- union tends to dishonour the ancient ment of Great Britain with that of peerage for ever, to disqualify both Ireland, inasmuch as the tenour and houses of parliament, and subjugate purport of the settlement of 1792 the people of Ireland for ever. did intentionally and expressly ex- Such circunstances, we apprehend, clude the re-agitation of conftitu. · will be recollected with abhorrence, tional questions between the two and will create jealouly between countries, and did establill the ex- the two nations, in the place of clusive legislative authority of the harmony, which for so many cenIrish parliament, without the inter: turies has been the cement of their ference of any other. That the union. breach of such a folemn contract, lithly, Because the argument founded on the internal weakness made use of in favour of the union, of the country, and its inability at namely, that the sense of the people
this time to withstand the deftruc- of Ireland is in its favour, we know · tive design of the minister, must to be untrue; and as the ministers
tend to destroy the future harmony have declared, that they would not of both, by forming a precedent, press the measure against the sense
and generating a principal of mu- of the people, and as the people • tual encroachment, in times of mųhave pronounced, and under all tual difficulties.
difficulties, their judgement against 10thly, Because, that when we it, we have, together with the sense consider the weakness of this king- of the country, the authority of the dom at the time that the measure minister to enter our protest against was brought forward, and her in the project of union, against the ability to withstand the destructive yoke which it imposes, the dishonour deligns of the minister, and couple which it inflicts, the disqualification to the act itself the means that have palled upon the peerage, the stigma been employed to accomplish it, thereby branded on the realm, the fuch as the abuse of the place bill, disproportionate principle of expense for the purpose of modelling the it introducas, the means employed parliament--the appointment of the. to effect it, the discontents it has riffs to prevent county meetings excited, and must continue to exthe dismillal of the old stedfast cite; against all these, and the fatal friends of constitutional government consequences they may produce, we for their adherence to the consti- have endeavoured to interpose our
votes, and failing, we transmit to Letter from the vinifer of Forcign after-times our names in folemn Affairs in France to Lord Grenville. protest on behalf of the parliament
i i inos constitution of this realm, the li M Y lord, I dispatch, by order berty which it secured, the trade TV1 of general Bonaparte, first which it protected, the connexion consul of the French republic, a which it preserved, and the consti- messenger to London; he is the tution which it supplied and forti bearer of a letter from the first confied.
ful of the republic to his majesty the · This we feel ourselve's called king of England. I request you to upon to do in support of our cha- give the necessary orders, that he raciers, our honour, and whatever may be enabled to deliver it diis left to us worthy to be transmit rectly into your own hands. This ted to our posterity.
step, in itsell, announces the imLeinster,
portance of its object. · Accept, my Meath,
jord, the allurance of my highelt Granard,
consideration. Moira, by proxy, for the (Signed) Ch. Mau. Talleyrand.
Sth, roth, and 11th rea- Paris, 5th Nivole, 8th year of the fons,
' French republic, (Dec. 25, 1789.) Ludlow, by proxy, Arran,
French Republic --Sorereignty of the
lic, to his Najefiy the King of Farnham,
Great Britain and Ireland.
Paris, 5th Nirose, 8th Year
of the Republic. Powerscout,
Called by the wishes of the De Velci,
French nation to occupy the first Wm. Bown and Connor. 'magistracy of the republic, I think R. Waterford and Lismore, it proper, on entering into office, Sunderlin, except for tlic 'to make a direct communication of
7th realon, s. ! it to your maiefty. The war, which Lismore, by proxy.
for eight years has rayaged' the four "quarters of the world, muft it be
eternal? Are there no means of Letters from the Miniser for Foreign coming to an understanding? How
Affairs in France, and from Ge- can the two niost enlightened naneral Buonaparte, with the An- tions of Europe,' powerful and fæers returned to them by the Right strong beyond what their safety and Honourable Lord Grenville, his independence require, facrifice to Majesty's principal Secretary of ideas of vain greatness the benefits State for Foreign Affairs.. of commerce, internal prosperity,
and and the happiness of families? How
NOTE. is it that they do not feel that · The king has given frequent proofs. peace is of the first neceflity as of his fincere desire for the re-estawell as the first glory? These senti. blishment of secure and permanent ments cannot be foreign to the tranquillity in Europe. He neither heart of your majesty, who reigns is, nor has been, engaged in any over a free nation, and with the contest for a vain and falle glory. fole view of rendering it happy. He has had no other view than that Your majesty will only see, in this of maintaining, against all aggrefoverture, my fincere desire to con- fion, the rights and happiness of tribute efficaciously, for the second his subjects. For these he has con time, to a general pacification, by tended against an unprovoked at. a step, speedy, entirely of confi. tack; and for the same objects he dence, and disengaged from those is still obliged to contend; nor can forms which, necellary perhaps to he hope that this necessity could be disguise the dependence of weak removed by entering, at the preStates, prove only in those which are sent moment, into negociation with strong the mutual desire of deceithose whom a fresh revolution has ving cach other. France and Eng. so recently placed in the exercise of land, by the abuse of their strength, power in France; fince no real admay still, for a long time, for the vantage can arise from such negoci. misfortune of all nations, retard the ation to the great and desirable obperiod of their being exhausted.. ject of general peace, until it all But I will venture to say, the fate of distinctly appear that those causes all civilized nations is attached to have cealed to operate, which orithe termination of a war which in. ginally produced the war, and by volves the whole world.
which it has since been protracted, Bonaparte. and, in more than one instance, re
newed. The same system, to the · Downing-ftreet, Jan. 4, 1800. prevalence of which France juftly
alcribes all her present mileries, is I have received and laid before that which has also involved the rest the king the two letters which you of Europe in a long and deliructive have transmitted to me; and his warfare, of a nature long since une majesty, seeing no realon to depart known to the practice of civilized from those forms which have long nations. For the extension of this been established in Europe, for System, and for the extermination of transacting business with foreign all established governments, the reftates, las commanded me, to re- sources of France have from year to turn, in his name, the official an- year, and in the midst of the most swer which I send you herewith unparalleled distress, been lavilired inclosed. I have the honour to be, and exhausted. To this indiscrimiwith high confideration, fir, your nate spirit of destruction, the Nemost obedient, humble servant, therlands, the United Provinces,
Grenville. the Swiss Cantons, (his majesty's To the minister for foreign
ancient friends and allies), have affairs, &c. at Paris.
fucceflively been facrificed, Ger
many has been ravaged; Italy; appear that the dangers to which though now rescued from its in- his own dominions and those of his vaders, has been made the scene allies have been so long exposed, of unbounded rapine and anarchy. have really ceased; whenever he His majesty nas himself been com- fhall be fatisfied that the necessity of pelled to maintain an arduous and resistance is at an end ; that, after burthenlome contest for the inde- the experience of so many years of pendence and existence of his king- crimes and miseries, better prindoms. Nor have these calamities ciples have ultimately prevailed in been confined to Europe alone; France; and that all ihe gigantic they have been extended to the projects of ambition, and all the most diftant quarters of the world, restless schemes of destruction, which and even to countries so remote have endangered the very existence both in fituation and interest from of civil society, have at length been the present contest, that the very finally relinquished : but the conexistence of such a war was perhaps viction of such a change, however unknown to those why found them- agreeable to his niajesty's wishes, selves suddenly involved in all its can result only from experience, and horrors. While such a system con from the evidence of facts. tinues to prevail, and while the · The best and most natural pledge blood and treasure of a numerous of its reality and permanence would and powerful nation can be lavished be the restoration of that line of in its support, ex perience has shewn princes which for fo many centuries that no defence, but that of open maintained the French 'nation in and steady hoftility, can be avail- prosperity at home, and in confiing. The most folemn treaties deration and respect abroad: such have only prepared the way for an event would at once have rea frelh aggression; and it is to a de- moved, and will at any time retermined refiftance alone that is move, all obstacles in the way of now due whatever remains in Eu- negociation or peace. It would rope of stability for property, for confirm to France the unmolested personal liberty, for social order, or enjoyment of its ancient territory'; for the free exercise of religion and it would give to all the other For the security, therefore, of these nations of Europe, .in tranquillity essential objects, his majesty cannot and peace, that security which they place his reliance on the mere re- are now compelled to leek by other newal of general professions of pa- means. But, desirable as such an cific dilpolitions. Such professions event must be both to France and have been repeatedly held out by to the world, it is not to this mode all those who have succeslively din exclusively that his majesty limits recled the resources of France to the the pollibility of secure and solid destruction of Europe ; and whom pacification. His majesty makes the present rulers have declared to no claim to prescribe to France have been all, from the beginning, what shall be the form of her goand uniformly, incapable of main- vernment, or in whole hands ihe taining the relations of amity and fall vest the authority necessary for peace. Greatly, indeed, will his conducting the affairs of a great and majeliy rejoice, whenever it shall powerful nation. His majesiy looks