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tannic majesties, have in their names France), inviting his majesty to al figned the prefent convention, and lift his electoral highness in the exehave affixed thereunto the seal of cution of these measures, in a manour arms.

ner that might be thought the most Done at Vienna the 20th of effective. As bis Britannic majesty

June, in the year 1800. on his part entertains fimilar lenti. (L. S.) Le baron de Thugut. ments with his electoral bighness, (L. S.) Minto.

and willies to give him a proof of his friendship, and of his desire to

pronote the jufi and salutary object Treaty between the King of Great he has in view, his majetty has Britain and the Elector of Mentz. nominated Mr. Wickham his minil.

ter plenipotentiary and commilDE it known to all whom it may fioner, to adjust the points relating to

D concern, that as his electoral this important object; and his elechighness of Mentz, as a member of toral highness, on his part, has nothe empire, and agreeably to his minated count Spaup his privy coupattachment to its constitution, par. sellor, for the same purpose, who, ticipates in the war which the Ger having exchanged their full powers, man empire has been forced to de- hare agreed on the following articlare against France, for defending cles : and maintaining its cunstitution, and Art. 1. His electoral highness the integrity of its territory; and of Mentz offers to form a corps of as his highness is convinced of the 3.164 men, infantry as well as ca. necessity for gaining this falutary valry (but so that the latter shall not purpose, not only of employing all constitute above one.eleventh past the forces which the laws of the of the whole corps), which is to be empire require of every state under left at the disposal of his Britannic the title of contingents, but allo majesty, to be employed by him in of ufing fill greater means, the any part of Europe he Mould wish looner to procure an honourable and it; and that for so long as his malasting peace, which the occupation jefty shall take an active share in of a confiderable part of the elec- the war at present carrying on on toral territories on the side of France, the continent, and for three years, and the repeated invasion of the re- if after the expiration of that time, maining territories of his electoral or sooner, fortunate events thould highnels by the lame power, as well procure to Europe the enjoyment as the exhausted state of his re- of a solid and lasting peace. In the sources, eifecied by his extraordi- latter case, viz. if a continental nary exertions for the good of the peace thould be effected before the armies fighting in Germany for the expiration of the three years, his general caule, did not allow his Britannic inajefty shall be at liberty electoral highness to do to the ex to dispense with the service of that tent he might have wilhed, his elec- corps, having made known to his toral highness has applied to his Bri- electoral highness his resolution, tannic majesty (likewile engaged in three months beforehand, during war with ihe fame enemy, in con- which period the salary and other fequence of the attack made by wages of the troops all continee

to be paid on the same footing, and be delivered up, and such of the in the same manner, as ftipulated troops as shall be made prisoners of in the fabjoined articles.

war are to be exchanged in the same Art. 2. The whole corps, as well manner as other troops in English as the general appointed by his elec- pay. His ele&oral highness will toral highness for its command, Mall always keep the number of the be under the orders of that general- troops complete. The British comin-chief of the united armies whom millary may frequently review the his Britannic majeity shall mention troops, and demand reports of their for that purpose. They shall, in fate. His Britannic majesty pays every particular, be treated upon 30 rix-dollars banco for every rethe lame footing as the troops of the cruit, to recomplete the corps, depower in whole army they fall ferters excepted. Artillery, and act. The said corps Thall be en- other warlike stores, that shall be tirely independent of those troops loft before the enemy, are to be rewhich his eleétoral highness has be- placed at the expense of his Britanfides to furnish to the army of the nic majesty. empire as a contingent.

Art. 13. His electoral highness Art. 3.–12. To defray the ex- promises not to enter into negopenles of raising and equipping ciations with France, as long as the them, his Britannic majesty pays for present treaty thall be in force, unevery exercised and equipped horse known to his Britannic majesty, but man 80 dollars banco, and for every shall communicate to his majesty, equipped and exercised foot soldier or to the commissioners authorized 30 dollars banco, the banco dollar by him for that purpose, all commuat 4s. 9 d. The corps Thall march nications and proposals made to him eight days after it shall have been on that head. requested.

In cale the present article should As from the interrupted commu- not be oblerved, his Britannic manication between England and the jesty thall no longer consider himself continent, the negociations of the bound to fulfil such other engage. prelent treaty have been greatly ments which would fill remain to protracted, the pay of the troops be executed, and will be fully auThall commence from the 28th of thorized to contider as null and void January of the present vear. The every thing agreed upon in the prewhole maintenance of the corps sent treaty. His Britannic majefty, shall be on the faine footing as that on his part, promiles, during the of the imperial armies. In case his term of the present treaty, not to Britannic majelty should think it ade conclude a peace with France, vilable to dispense with the service without including in it bis electoral of this corps, he will pay the subsi- highness, and regulating his interet dies for the remaining time of the by means of it. duration of the treaty, on the basis. Art. 14. lis Britannic majesty of the treaty of subsidies with Helle- promises to be mindful of the lecuCastel, of the 10th of April, 1793, rity of the territories and pollellions and over and above one month's of his electoral highness, and as far pay and emoluments. The deser- as depends on him, and the circumters from the troops of Mentz Nall stances of the war and the good of


the general caule fall allow it, to cles of the present convention Niall direct military operations in such a be communicated to his imperial manner that the frates of his elec- and royal majesty, the Roman emtoral highness, at present occupied peror. He mall be at liberty to by his own troops, or thole of the join in it, as far as the nature of the united armies, be covered, and, as different articles agreed upon thall much as possible, Ipared. Should, permit, as well as in all alterations nevertheless, notwithstanding the and additions that might hereafter measures taken for that purpule, any be made by the high contracting part of the above-mentioned states parties. of his electoral bighness be attack Art. 18. The ratifications of the ed by the enemy, in consequence present treaty shall be exchanged of the present treaty, liis Britannic within four weeks, or fooner, if pofmajesty, conjointly with his allies, fible. In testimony thereof, the une will concert measures to procure derwritten have signed, and affixed his electoral highness an indemvi- their seals to the prelent treaty. fication proportionate to the lofs (Signed) W. Wickham. which one or other of the provinces

Henry count Spaura may have suffered by such attack. Done at Pfora, near Donauef

Art. 15. To give to his electoral chingen, April 30, 1800. highnels a still greater proof of his friendship, and of his fincere parti. cipation in the welfare of the elec- Copy of a Letter from Mr. Merty. torate, his Britannic majelly will

the British Minister at Copenhagen, proceed in the same manner with to Count Beruforff: respect to the other pofleflions of his electoral highness, so as the same Copenhagen, April 10, 1800. shall be re-conquered and wrested THE importance which the from the hands of the enemy; and 1 Danish court must necessarily will, conjointly with his allies, ac- attach to the event which happened tively intercede, on the conclufion in the month of December last, in of a general peace, that the elec- the neighbourhood of Gibraltar, be, toral houle be restored to the pos- tween lome frigates of the king and session of the states which it enjoyed the frigate of his Danish majesty, at the commencement of the preient named Haufersen, commanded by war, such as they were at that captain Van Dockum, and the ortime.

ders which, in consequence, have Art. 16. The corps ftipulated in been sent me by my court upon this the present treaty may be increaled point, impose upon me the painful to 6000 men, by means of an aug- duty of repeating to you, in writing, mentation of the expenses for raising the complaint which I had the hoand equipping the troops, as well nour to make to you upon this point as the pay and other emoluments, by word of mouth, in the audience to be calculated on the basis of the which you had the goodness to grant present treaty, in proportion to the me for this purpose three days increase of men which the high ago. contracting powers may agree upon. The facts of this affair are in Art. 17. The conditions and arti- themselves very simple, and I think that we are already agreed on them. tions from his court. To clear un The facts are, that the English fri- this point, admiral Keith sent an of gate met the Danish frigate in open ficer to captain Dockum to entreat fea, having under her a convoy of hina to dhow, and to explain the naveliels. The English commander, ture of his instructions; but he..faid thinking it proper to exercise the to the officer, that they were in fubright of visiting this convoy, sent on stance, that he should not permit his board the Danish frigate, clemand- convoy to be visited, and that, in ing from the captain his destination. firing upon the boats, he had only The latter having anfwered, that discharged his orders. The lame then he was going to Gibralter, it captain afterwards made a similar was replied, that since he was going reply, upon his word of honour, in to stop in that bay, no visit tould speaking with lord Keith, and in be paid to his convoy, but that if he nie prelence of the governor of Gibdid not mean to calt anchor there, raltar; but he promised at the same the visit Thould be paid. Captain time to appear before the judge, Van Dockum then informed the of- and to give lecurity for his appearficer who went on board him, that ance; and upon this promile he he would make resistance to fuch a was told that he might return on step. Upon this answer, the Eng- board. Having entered his boat he glith commander made the fignal sent a letter to the admiral, in for examining the convoy. A boat which he refused to give the peceffrom the Linerald frigate was pro- fary security. These discursions ceeding to execute this order: a were terminated by a declaration fire of musquetry from the Danish which lord Keith made to captain frigate fell upon them, and one of Van Dockum, that if he failed to the English failors was severely furrender himself, thus withing to wounded. This frigate allo took fruftrate justice, the affair should be pofleffion of a boat of the English reprelented to his court. frigate the Flora, and did not release Such, lir, is the state of facts it till after the Englifi commander which have given rise to the comhad given captain Van Dockum to plaint that I am commillioned to anderstand, that if he did not im- urge to the Danish government. I mediately give it up, he would flatter myself that you will find it commence hostilities. The Danith correct and conformable to what is frigate then went with her convoy stated in the correspondence beinto the bay of Gibraltar. There tween lord Keith and captain Van fome discussion took place on this af- Dockum, of which, as you did me fair, between lord Keith, admiral the honour to tell me, you are in and commander-in-chief of his ma- possession. jesty's naval forces in the Mediter. The right of vifting and examisanean, and captain Van Dockum, ning merchant ships in open sea, of whom lord Keith could not but whatever nation they may be, and consider as personally responsible, whatever may be their cargoes and and guilty of the injury done to one destination, is considered by the of his majesty's subjects, not think British government as the inconing it possible that this captain could teftible right of every nation at have been authorised by instruc- war--a right founded on the law



of nations, and which has been gene- rent powers the right of searching rally admitted and recogniled. It neutral vessels, not under convoy, follows, therefore, that the resistance by their ships of war, &c.; but as of a commander of a mip of war, this right is not a natural one, but offered by a power at amity, muft merely conventional, its effects cannecessarily be considered as an act not be arbitrarily extended beyond of hostility, and such as the king what is agreed to and conceded, persuades himself cannot be en- without violence and injustice. But joined to the commanders of the none of the maritime and inde. Thips of war of his Danish majesty pendent powers of Europe, as far in their instructions. His Britan- as the undersigned has observed, nic majesty, therefore, entertains no have ever acknowledged the right doubt that his Danish majesty will of permitting neutral ships to be have felt much displeasure at hear- searched, when escorted by one or ing of this violent and insupporla- several ships of war; and it is evible conduct on the part of an offi- dent they could not do lo without cer in his service; and the king is exposing their flag to degradation, persuaded of the alacrity with and without forfeiting a certain which his Danish majesty will af- essential proportion of their own ford him that formal disavowal and rights. that apology which he has so good Far from acquiescing in thele 'a right to expect in such a case, to- pretensions, which at present are no gether with a' reparation propor- longer acknowledged, most of thole tioned to the nature of the offence powers have been of opinion, committed. I

since this question has been stirred, I am specially commissioned, fir, that they ought to hold out an op: to demand of you this disavowal, posite principle in all their conven. apology, and reparation. The con- tions respecting objects of this nafidence which I must feel in the ture, in conformity with a number known justice of bis Danish majesty, of treaties concluded between the leads me to hope that this simple most respectable courts of Europe, and amicable representation will be which contain proofs of the profufficient to obtain it with that dilo priety of adhering to that prinpatch which lo important a case re- ciple. quires; but I must not at the same The distinction attempted to be time conceal from you, ihat, great established between ships with and and sincere as is the defire of the without convoy; is moreover equally king, my master, to maintain and just and natural--for the former cultivate the most strict harmony cannot be suppoled to be in the and friendship with the court of same predicament as the latter. Denmark, nothing Mall induce him The learch infised upon by the to depart from this just demand. privatcers or state thips of the bel. (Signed) Anth. Merry. ligerent powers, with respect to

neutral bottoms not accompanied Reply of the Danish Minister to the by convoy, is founded on the right

abore Note of Mr. Merry. of acknowledging their flag, and nt Both custom and treaties have examining their papers. The only na doubt conferred on the bellige- question is to ascertain their par


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