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- 10th. When a merchant-lip is merchantman, who ftrictly obserres not under convoy, and happens to the above regulations and orders, be brought to by a ship of war or Thall enjoy a free voyage, protected privateer belonging to any of the by the laws of nations and the probelligerents, the captain ihall not, vifion of treaties; and to this end; in that cale, oppose the searching of all public agents and Swedish his yellel, but be bound faithfully consuls are required, in case of atto sew all acts and documents tack or insult, to give their support which relate to her cargo. The to the just and well-founded com. captain and his people are strictly plaints on the subject. But those prohibited from keeping back or de. who in any point whatever neglect ftroying any of their papers.

or violate their orders, must answer Uith. If, however, such fhip makes for the consequences of their conpart of a convoy, the foregoing ar. duct, without relying upon the ticle shall not serve as the rule, but protection of his majesty. the captain's duty consists in punctu. : 15th. By the contents of a really obeying the signals of the com- cent order, his majesty has prohimodore of the convoy, for which bited the privateers, of a foreign purpose, therefore, he thall lepa- nation to enter, or bring their rate as little as pogible from the prizes into the ports of his king. Convoy.'

dom, except in case of their being 12th. All captains are expressly driven in by strels of weather. In forbidden to ailempt going into a this case it is expressly prohibited blockaded port, as soon as they are to all whatsoever to buy the prizes, formally apprized by the officer or any of the effects which the pricommanding the blockade. In vateers have taken. order to ascertain what a blockaded To which end, publication, &c. harbour. is, this appellation is con- Given at St. Petersburgh, fined to thole to which, by the ex Dec. 23, 1800 erlions of the blockading power (Signed) Gustavus Adolphus, with ships destined and adequate to the object, it is evidently dangerous to attempt running in.

Letter from Mr. Shairp, relative to . 13th. In care anv Swedih mer- the British Prijoners in Ruffia. chant-fhip is captured by a ship of war or privateer of any of the belV ARIOUS reports having been ligerents, the captain shail imme. V circulated respecting the un. diately tranfmit a circumfptial ac- fortunate British fubjecis now ja count, and duly explained, to the Russia, I lend you the following auSwedish consul or vice conful of thentic information: the place to which the ship is taken; The perfons of the British mer, and, should there be no coniul or chants have hitherto remained un vice coníu there, he hall transinit molenicd; and what ready money a memorial to the Swedish consul they had in their pofleffion has not of the district to which the place been leized; but their warehouses into · which his fhip is taken be are sealed, and all their property is Songs.

under fequefter. All the British 14th. Every captain of a Swedila hips and their cargoes are seized

by

By the Russian government. The thousands of victims, and which captains and crews are marched threatens not to fulpend its ravages into the interior of the country, in until it has cut off all who have compa ies of one captain and ten hitherto escaped, being calculated or twelve seamen. They are dif- to excite compassion, it is with fur: tributed in above a hundred differ- prise that I see the squadron, under ent towns, at one hundred to one the command of your excellency, thousand miles distance from the come to augment the confternation capital. The Rullian government of the inhabitants. I have too exallows for their fubGitence daily alted an opinion of the hnmanity of five copeeks in money (about three the English people, and of yours in halfpence), a small mealure of rye particular, to think that you would flour, and one of buck wheat. wish to render our condition more

My brother and some other deplorable. However, if, in conBritish merchants at St. Petersburgh, sequence of the orders your exceladvanced about forty thousand lency has received, you are inclinrubles (a ruble is about half-a- ed to draw down upon yourself the crown) for their better acconimo- execration of all nations, to cover dation, from which he furnished yourlelf with disgrace in the eyes every captain with two hundred of the whole universe, by opprefrubles for the use of himself and ten fing the unfortunate, and attacking men, and bought for every man a those who are supposed to be incapMeep's-lkin coat, a fur cap, a falli, able of defence; I declare to you, a pair of gloves, some warm shoes, that the garrison under my orders, and two pair of stockings. Kibito accustomed to behold death with a kas, or common carts of the country, ferene countenance, and to brave are bought for most of the captains dangers much greater than all the and some old men; the rest walk, perils of war, know how to make and the peasants furnish horses for resistance, which shall not terminate the baggage. On the 21st of No- but with their entire destruction, vember, fifty captains and five I hope that the answer of your hundred failors were thus dif, excellency will inform me, whether patched from St. Petersburgh, and I am to speak the language of conthe remainder were daily setting off solation to the unfortunate inhabion their melancholy journey. tants, or whether I am to roule

them to indignation and vengeance. Stephen Shaiệp, May God preserve your excelconsul-general of Russia. lency.

Thomas de Morla, No. 73, Gower-ftreet,

Oaober 5, 1900. - Nov. 17, 1800.

The vessels employed in the

blockade have not, till now, preVote from the Governor of Cadiz to vented the filhers from exercising the English Admiral.

their harmless industry. It must

excite astonishment, that your exTHE amiction which carries off, cellency thould deprive us of this in this city and its environs, finall comfort.

Answer

12

Anduer to the above by the Comman- which have been given to 115, and

ders-2n-Chief of the Sea and Land your excellency cannot attribute to Forces of his Britannic Majefy, any other than yourself the addiforming the Expedition before tional evils which you fear. Cadiz.

We have the honour to be, with

respect, &c. On board his Britannic

R. Abercromby. Majesiy's Ship the Fou

Keith. droyant, of Cadiz, Oc A frigate will remain in the hartober 5.

bour, to wait for the answer of

your excellency, that there may be We have had the honour of re- no delay. ceiving your excellency's letter of this date, in wbich you describe to as the deplorable state of this city. Reply to the Commanders of his We are deeply amicted at this cala Britannic Majelly's Sea and Land mity, though we have good reason

Forces. to believe that its effects have been When I represented to your exmuch lels disastrous.

cellencies the melancholy condition We are not ignorant that a great of this city, with the view of enDumber of his catholic majelty's gaging your humanity, not to agvellels are armed, in order to join gravale it by acis of hoftility, I the naval forces of the French, and could not have fupposed that my to be eni ployed in prolonging the request would have been regarded troubles which afflict all the nations as the effect of fear or weakness. of Europe, dilurb public order, Unfortunately I find that your exand deftroy the happiness of indie cellencies have misinterpreted my viduals. We have received orders expreslions, since they have led to from our lovereign to use every a proposal as insulting to the pereffort to defeat the projects of the fon to whom it is addreiled, as it is common enemy, by endeavouring but little honourable to those who to take or destroy the foips of war have made it. Your excellencies which are in the harbour and will take this as sufficient informaarsenal of Cadiz

tion that you must make more fuitThe number of Iroops intrusied able propositions, if you intend that to our command leave but little they shall be accepted. doubt as to the success of the enter I have the honour to be, &c. prile. We are little disposed to

Thomas de Morla. mutiply unneceflarily the evils in- O&tober 6, 1800. separable from war. Should your excellency consent to give up to us the vetles armed or arming, in or- Proclamation of the Confuls of the der to act againti our king, and to

Republic to the French. prolong the mistortunes of neighbouring nations, your crews and

Paris, March 7. officers ball be at liberty, and our Frenchmen, Oceti fhall withdraw; otherwite we V OU are defirous of peace; your mus ad contumably to the orders I government are delirous of it

with ftill greater ardour. Their interests and the fame wishes, do first wishes, their persevering mea- not doubt, Frenchmen, that you fures, have been for peace. The will have any more enemies upon English minister repels it: the Eng. the continent. The first consul has linh minister has betrayed the secret promised peace; he will go and of his horrible system of politics. To conquer it at the head of those warravage France, to destroy her ma- riors whom he has more than once rine and her ports; to efface her led to victory. With them he will from the map of Europe, or to de- know how to find again those fields grade her to the rank of a secondary still full of the remembrance of their power; to keep all the nations of exploits; yet in the midst of battle, the continent divided, in order to he will still invoke peace, and he get possession of the commerce of all, swears to fight only for the happiand to enrich herself by their spoils; ness of France, and the repose of it is to obtain these frightful fuc- the world! ceries, that England is prodigal of gold, profuse of promises, and that the multiplies intrigues,

Letler written by the General-in-Chief But neither the gold, nor the pro of the Army of St. Domingo to the mises, nor the intrigues of England, Authorities civil and military, and will chain to her views the powers all other Citizens of the Citù of of the contineat. They have heard Cayes, and Intructions given to the the wish of France; they know the Deputies fent by him to the said moderation of the principles that City, Bearers of the said Letter. guide her; they will listen to the voice of humanity, and the power

Leogane, 20th Melsidor (10th ful voice of their interest.

of July), Sth Year of the Were it otherwife, the govern

French Republic, one and ment which has not feared to offer

indirijible. and folicit peace, will remember that it is for you to command it. Tousairit Louverture, General-in. To command it, we must have Chief of the Army of St. Domingo money, iron, and soldiers.

· to the Vazijirates of the People, Let all make hafte to pay the tri- and all the French Citizens of me bute which they owe to the common Department of the South, ciril and defence; let the young citizens

military. march. It is no longer lor faclions

it is no longer for the choice of T Avail myself of the opportunity tyrants, that they are going to arm; of citizen Vincent, chef de bria it is for the guarantee of all that is gade, director general of the forti. moli dear to them; it is for the fications of the colony, lent by the bonour of France; it is for the French government to be an eye. {acred interest of humanity and of witness of the events and calamiticas liberis. Already have the armies of the civil war produced by the refumed that attilude, the promite conduct of the cvil-dilpoled, and ani the prelage of victory; at the the enemies of public tranquillity. bgit of them-at the light of the I join to him a deputation of two wbole nation united in the same citizens, Arrault, and Cefar, the

lala late member of the civil tribunal of forft advices, which you fall dir the South, in consequence of the patch, will announce that by your orders which I have received from cares and your prudence peace has government, and the confidence been re-established at St. Domingo. which it repofes in me to restore (Signed) « Forfait. . peace and tranquillity. These citi

" Toulaint Louverture." zens will communicate to you my (A true copy.) mode of thinking, and will aflure In conformity with humanity; you that I am disposed to grant to which is always my guide, and the people of every description a ge letter of the minilier, I protest to neral amnesty, io pardon and forget you that I have forgot and pardon the past, provided they shall return every thing. I hold out my arms to order, and that all men deceived to receive you: mould you ftill or led astray shall return into the resist my call, it is no longer my bolom of their families, and that all fault. the cultivators forced to leave their An immediate answer, yes or houses Mall rejoin their refpective no. habitations.

Health to the French republic. It is my duty to inform you of

Tousiaint Louverture. some pallages in the letter of the minister of marine and colonies, of which the following is an extra : Convention between the Generals-in. ; “ A strong government has suce Chief of the French and Imperial ceeded an executive power, feeble Armies in Italy, with the Alter. and divided.

ations made in it. 2. I depend on your zea, and your fidelity. Inform the troops under 1. THERE Mall be an armistice your command that the time of l and luipension of hoftilities schisms is paít. Unite all around between the army of his imperial the new social compact of the majesty and that of the French reFrench people.

public in Italy, till an answer thall The rank of general-in-chief, be received from the court of with which the republic has ho- Vienna. noured you, and which the new II. The imperial army Mall oco government has confirmed, is the cupy all the country between the first of the military militia. It re. Mincio, Fofca-Niestre, and the Po; quires prudence and moderation. which includes Mantua, Peschiera, Ule your influence, your talents, to and Borgo-Forte; and from thence calm all hatred; ftifle all relent. the left bank of the Po, and on the ment, and be great by the good right bank the town and citadel of which you do.

Ferrara. " The first consul places con. III. The imperial army shall in fidence in you. You will show like manner hold Tuscany and Anyourlelf deserving of it by restoring cona.? peace in the fine colony of St. Do IV. The French army hall ocming', which interests the whole cupy the countries comprehended nation in fo many points of view. between the Chiala, the Oglio, · "Thegovernment expects that the and the Po.

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