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to meat; for when in the hospital, ving his usual exercise in the yard: where some of the patients refused it may be presumed he would have to take their medicines, Domery had otherwise had a better appetite. no objection to perform this for On recapitulating the whole cose them; his stomach never rejected sumption of this day, it stands thus: any thing, as he never vomits, what. . Raw cow's udder 4.1b. ever be the contents, or however Raw beef - 10 large.

Candles - 2 Wishing fairly to try how much he actually could eat in one day;

Total 16b. be on the 17th of September, 1799, at fides five bottles of porter. four o'clock in the morning, he The eagerness with which he atbreakfasted on four pounds of raw tacks his beef when his stomach is cow's udder; at half past nine, in not gorged, resembles the voracity presence of Dr. Johnston, commise of a hungry wolf, tearing off and sioner of fick and wounded leamen, swallowing pieces with canine gree admiral Child and his son, Mr. Fofo diness. When his throat is dry ter, agent for prisoners, and several from continued exercise, he lubrirespectable gentlemen, he exhibited cates it by stripping the grease of his power as follows:-There was the candles between his teeth, which fet before him five pounds of raw he generally finishes at three mouthbeef, and twelve tallow candles of fuls, and wrapping the wick like a a pound weight, and one bottle of ball, ftring and all, sends it after at porter; thele he finished by half past a swallow. He can, when no choice ten o'clock. At one o'clock there is left, make nift to dine on imwas again put before him fire pounds mense quantities of raw potatoes, of beef and one pound of candles, or turnips; but, froin choice, would with three bottles of porter; at never desire to taste bread or vegewhich time he was locked up in the tables. room, and sentries placed at the He is in every respect healthy, windows to prevent his throwing his tongue clean, and his eyes away any of his provifions. At two lively. o'clock, when I again law him with After he went to the prison, be two friends, he had nearly finished danced, smoker! his pipe, and drank the whole of the candles, and a a bottle of porter; and, by four the great part of the beef, but had nei- next morning, be awoke with his ther evacuation by vomiting, stool, usual ravenous appetite, which he or urine; his skin was cool and quieted by a few pounds of raw pulse regular, and in good spirits. beef. At a quarter past fix, when he He is fix feet three inches high, was to be returned to his prison, pale complexion, grey eyes, long he had devoured the whole, and brown hair, well made but tbin, declared he could have eat more; . his countenance rather pleasant, and but from the priloners, without tell- is good tempered. ing him we wilhed to make fome T he above is written from bis experiment on him, he began to be own mouth, in the presence of, and alarmed. It is also to be observed, attested by that the day was hot, and not ha- Deftauban, French Surgeon.

Le Fournier, steward of the hof- . 2d. What is his heat by the therpital,

mometer? Revet, commillaire de la prilon. I have often tried it, and found it

Le Flem, foldat de la fer demi to be of the standard temperature of brigade.

the human body. His pulle is now Thomas Cochrane, M. D. inspec- eighty-four; full and regular. tor and surgeon of the prison, and 3d. Can this ravenous appetite agent, &c. for fick and wounded be traced higher than his father? leamen.

He knows nothing of his ancel Liverpool, Sept. 9, 1799. tors beyond his father. When he (A true copy.)

left the country, eleven years ago, John Bynon, clerk in his father was alive, aged about

the office for fick fifty, a tall stout man, always healand wounded sea- thy, and can remember he was a men.

greal eater; but was too young to recollect the quantity, but that he

eat his meat balf boiled. He does Queries and Anfuers.

not recollect that either himself or ist. What are the circumstances his brothers had any ailment, .exof his sleep and perspiration? cepting the small-pox, which ended

He gets to hed about eight o'clock favourably with them all. He was at night, immediately after which then an infant. His face is perfecthe begins to sweat, and that so pro- ly smooth. fusely, as to be obliged to throw off 4th. Is his muscular strength greahis shirt. He feels extremely hot, ter or less than that of other men at and in an hour or two after goes to his time of life? fleep, which lasts until one in the Though his muscles are pretty morning, after which he always feels firm, I do not think they are so full hin self hungry, even though he had or plump as thole of most other men. lain down with a full stomach. He He has, however, by his own dethen eats bread or beef, or whatever claration, carried a load of three provifon he may have reserved hundred weight of flour in France, through the day; and if he lias and marched fourteen leagues in a none, he beguiles the time in smo- day. king tobacco. About two o'clock 5th. Is he dull, or intelligent? he goes to feep again, and awakes He can neither read nor write, at five or six o'clock in the morning but is very intelligent and converin a violent perípiration, with great fable, and can give a distinct and hent. This quits him on getting confiitent answer to any question up; and when he has laid in a freln pat to him. I have put a variety at cargo of raw meat (to use his own different times, and in different expression) he feels his body in a mapes, tending to throw all the good state. He sweats. while he is light possible on his history, and eating; and it is probably owing to never found that he varied; fo that this constant propensity to exhala. I am inclined to believe that he adtion from the surface of the body, heres to truth. that his skin is commonly found to 6th. Under whatcircumstances did be cool.

his woracious disposition firft comeun?

It It came on at the age of thirteen, be met with in the common course as has been already fated. He of nature. The power of the los was then in the service of Prussia, mach, in fo quickly diffolving, affiat the liege of Thionville: they milating, and disposing of the aliwere at that time much firaitened ment in ordinary cales, must strike for provision, and as he found this every reflecting person with wondid not luit him, he deserted into der; but the history of this cale af. the town. He was conducted to fords a more palpable proof, and the French general, who prelented more clear conception of thele probrim with a large melon, which he celles, just as objects of fight be. devoured, rind and all, and then come more sensible and friking, an immenle quantity and variety of when viewed by a magnifying glais, other fpecies of food, to the great or when exhibited on a larger scale. entertainment of that officer and his The facts here set forth tend allo tute. From that ume he has pre- to place in a strong light the great terred raw to drelied meat; and importance of the discharge by the when he eats a moderate quantity Skin, and to prove that it is by this of what has been either roasted or outlet, more than by the bowels, boiled, he throws it up immediate that the recrementitious parts of the ly. What is stated above, there- aliment are evacuated : that there fore, respecting his never vomiting, is an admirable co-operation effais not to be underliood literally, blithed between the 'ikin and the but imports merely, that those things fiomach, by means of that consent which are most nauseous to others of parts so observable, and lo necelhad no effect upon his stomach. fary to the other functions of the

There is nothing larther to re- animal economy; and, that the purmark, but that since the attested pole of aliment is not merely to adnarrative was drawn up, he has minister to the growth and repair repeatedly indulged himlelt in the of the body, but by its bulk and cruel repasts before described, de- peculiar stimulus to maintain the vouring the whole animal, except play of the organs effential to life. the skin, boues, and bowels; but this has been put a stop to, on account of the scandal which it justly Observations respecting the Eurine: excited,

from the French of Le Cheralier's In considering this cale, it seems Voyage to the Propontis. to afford some matters for reflection, which are not only objects of con- THE Euxine poffefses the advanfiderable novelty and curiosity, but I tage of having not one rock, interesting and important, by throw- and of affording several harbours, ing light on the process by which roadsteads, or anchorages, on all its the food is digefied and disposed of. coafts; yet every year witnesses fre

Monstrofity and disease, whether quent shipwrecks, occafioned by the in the structure of parts, or in the ignorance and inexperience of the functions and appetites, illustrate Turkilh mariners, who fail without particular points of the animal eco- charts, without rule, and almost as nomy, by exhibiting them in certain chance direcs. No observations relations in which they are not to are to be expected from them, on

the the actual position of places, on the before afforded a safe anchorage for currents, nor even on the coasts and Dips. their foundings. They have never The commerce of the Euxine is given particulars of that nature; capable of being rendered more they lcarcely ever improve by prac- beneficial both to Turkey and to tice: and their veisels are allo European nations, if it were carried very ill conftructed and badly pro- on by more able mariners and more vided.

intelligent merchants: but the slowThe five principal rivers which ness of the navigation causes the pour their waters into the Euxine expense of freight to be excessive ; must necefTarily produce currents, and the unskillulness of the merthe force and direction of which chants, who are also destitute of it would be highly advantageous spacious warehonses for their goods, to know. These rivers convey into still farther enhances the price by it a prodigious quantity of sand; retarding the departure of the vel which, being diffused in all the sels. It is partly for this reason creeks and bites of the fores that that the Turks preler (mall craft are most distant from their mouths, to larger ships for coafting this fea; is drilled by the winds so as some loading them indifferently with all times to form a tort of downs. It goods which offer, without any rea has already been remarked that the gard to their sowage. No public coast of the Euxine is generally work is executed for the benefit of feep, and formed of layers of rock commerce; and the bad con lition frequently inclinerl; and intermixed of the roads contiguous to the several tviti strata of clay or gravel, Co- maritime towns, with the want of vered at top by a good black mould, commodious quays or wharfs foc fometimes stoney, but extremely thipping or unthipping the cargoes, well adapted to cultivation. No always occasion additional expenses fand is found any where but at the and prejudicial delays. mouths of the rivers ; and the mores. The principal exports from this eren of the Dniepr and of the country are, grain (usually restricte Dniestr, on the margin of thie sea, ed io Constantinople), wool, time are composed of strong land which ber, tar; hemp, wax, honey, learelifts the pickaxe: whence it may ther, 'cotton, and copper. The be inferred that the lands which articles which might be carried

they convey come from a greater thither are cloths, collee, sugar, and • distance, and that thole which are gold and silver lace : but for this

lodged in the creeks are carried purpole, faclories should be establish: thither by force of the currents. ed at all the sea-ports, protected by It has likewise been obferved that the Turkish government, to secure the steep fhores being incessantly them from the plunder of the paikas tvorn by the violence of the waves, and other subaltern authorities. the winds, and the currents, the figure of the coast is changed; which also produces an alteration State of Agriculture in the Canaryin the fand-banks. The destruc- Tands. From the Memoirs of the tion of a cape is lometimes fuffie

National Infilute of France. cient to choak up a creek, which Vol. XLII.

Bb

THE

THE islands comprehended un- For the food of man, they grow

1 der the appellation of Canary wheat, very little rye, much barare situated about the 28th degree ley and maize, potatoes, French of north latitude. The most con- beans, and ticks, called garbansos. siderable is Teneriffe, and next to As provender for cattle, they raile it in extent is the great Canary a few lupines, peale, lentils, beans The rainy season sets in about the and a small quantity of oats. Flax, end of November, and continues aniseed, and coriander, are almost with intervals, until the month of the only productions cultivated for March. This period corresponds the arts.. Archil and sumach grow to winter, though it never snows, spontaneoufly. The archil, which except on the mountains, especially is esteemed of superior quality, is the Peak. During the summer gathered by the peasants on the months, not a drop of rain falls naked rocks. Kali, fermed in Spanear the coast, where the sky is nish vidriera, * grows along the seathen invariably clear, and the heat more, and might afford as good most intense. Yet at Laguna, a foda as that of Alicant. The navillage seated on the brow of the tives use only the feeds, which are mountain, and only a league distant feparated from the plant by washfrom Santa Cruz, they have fre- ing, and, being flightly roafted, are quent fogs and rain. The clouds ground, to make a sort of scho. melt and diffolve away as they ap- The cotton shrub and the fugar proach the sea. There are no rivers cane also thrive in the Canaries, in Teneriffe, but only mountain yet are much neglected. Wheat torrents, called in Spanish barrancos; and barley have been cultivated in which, in winter, sweep away much Teneriffe from the remoteft times: usesul foil. The traces of volcanic but rye, maize, ticks, and potatoes, · fire every where strike the eye. have been introduced more recent.

The neighbourhood of Santa Cruz ly, and in succession. Only 50 or consists of savage mountains piled 40 years have passed since potatoes together, and bearing herbs only were first planted there, though at fit for goats to browle, with many present they constitute almost the of the prickly euphorbia. Higher chief food of the inhabitants. With up the country, the toil is richer, respect to the rotation of crops, and better cultivated, and abundantly the change of seed, the people productive. It is a fort. of clay few extreme ignorance or neglea. resting on calcined rock, which in Some attention is directed to irrigaevery district occurs at a certain tion, so necessary in hot climates. depth.

Wheat and barley are town in Little attention is paid in these November and December, and illands to the important article of usually reaped in Arril and May. nanure. Marle and lea-weed are The corn is carelessly raked 10. totally neglected, and animal dung gether, and carried home in lacks, is only laid on the adjoining fields on the backs of alles, mules, or of maize or potatoes; to which it camels. It is then trodden out by is carried direcly from the fiables. cattle, and the grain is separated

* Frem vit um, glass ; being used in that'manufaa ure.

fron

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