Herodotus and Religion in the Persian Wars

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Univ of North Carolina Press, 21. juuli 2004 - 288 pages
The two great Persian invasions of Greece, in 490 and 480-79 B.C., both repulsed by the Greeks, provide our best opportunity for understanding the interplay of religion and history in ancient Greece. Using the Histories of Herodotus as well as other historical and archaeological sources, Jon Mikalson shows how the Greeks practiced their religion at this pivotal moment in their history.

In the period of the invasions and the years immediately after, the Greeks--internationally, state by state, and sometimes individually--turned to their deities, using religious practices to influence, understand, and commemorate events that were threatening their very existence. Greeks prayed and sacrificed; made and fulfilled vows to the gods; consulted oracles; interpreted omens and dreams; created cults, sanctuaries, and festivals; and offered dozens of dedications to their gods and heroes--all in relation to known historical events.

By portraying the human situations and historical circumstances in which Greeks practiced their religion, Mikalson advances our knowledge of the role of religion in fifth-century Greece and reveals a religious dimension of the Persian Wars that has been previously overlooked.

 

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Contents

Introduction
5
A Religious Account of the Persian Invasions
15
Greek Gods Heroes and the Divine in the Persian Invasions
111
Some Religious Beliefs and Attitudes of Herodotus
136
Herodotus on the Origins of Greek Religion
167

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About the author (2004)

Jon D. Mikalson is William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Classics at the University of Virginia. His books include Athenian Popular Religion, Honor Thy Gods: Popular Religion in Greek Tragedy, and Religion in Hellenistic Athens.

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