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remember if servants are ruined for the possible moral dangers which want of foresight, the fault rests certainly may be occasionally ennot with the Evening Lecture, but countered in the dark and obscure with those who by the neglect of corners of a crowded church; escommon precautions expose them pecially when the money thus paid to imminent danger.
is in most cases applied either to But says another. We can never the
support a minister who has a tell when our servants come in—or right to a decent maintenance; or where they sit. Of course if your to provide for the repairs of the servants don't go with you you will fabric and the other necessary exnot kuow when they come in. pences attendant on public worship. Therefore make a point of taking I have now, Sir, for near fifty them with you; and a little contri- years been a regular attendant on vance will usually enable you to Sanday evening services.
. I have know where they sit. But why worshipped in far distant places, should not servants more frequently and under very different circumsit with their masters and mistresses. stances; I have seen and heard on I have been many times in the rec- various occasions things which I tor's seat of a city church where the have disapproved; but my deliservants sat with the family, and in berate judgment is that so far from one case where the Lord Mayor and Evening Services being necessarily Lady Mayoress of the city of Lon- or generally productive of evil, don sat by the side of the rector's they are most powerful instruments lady and the female servants oppo- of doing good. Our Sunday evesite. I remember Lady Catherine ning lectures bring thousands and Murray always sitting at St. tens of thousands, yea hundreds of John's, Bedford Row, with her thousands under religious instructwo female servants with her. The tion, who would otherwise be exdomestics in both these cases were posed to temptation, and our weekof superior order; but I own I see day Evening Lectures are most effino reason why the female servants cient means of promoting growth in especially should not ordinarily sitin grace and in the knowledge of our the family pew. I know indeed, that Lord and Saviour JesusChrist. They where pews are hired a few shil
may be abused. They may somelings a quarter are saved by thrust- times interfere with other duties. ing the servants into holes or cor- Men may run to hear who will not ners, or leaving them to stand in return to pray. Human depravity the aisles; and I have been dis- may thus creep in, and pervert that gusted with the paltry meanness which is good; but my experience in and the heartless inconsideration the metropolis and in different large which is incessantly manifested towns, and in retired country vilin wealthy and fashionable con- lages, compels me most decidedly gregations, and especially in the to advocate a Sunday Evening metropolis; but where seats can be service, and one week day lecture, hired I should not choose for the wherever they can conveniently be sake of a few shillings a year to introduced. expose a humble dependant to the
PRESBYTER. inconvenience, the rudeness and
ON THE NEW POOR LAW.
MY DEAR SIR,- Benevolent
it answered. This seems to have ple are sometimes short-sighted, been almost universally the case and not always free from prejudice. with widows. But what did St. Of this your correspondent M. D. Paul, in his care of the churches is, in my judgment rather a striking (2 Cor. xi.) and his forwardness to proof, in his very severe charges remember the poor? (Gal. xi.) against the New Poor Law. Let He gave positive orders that all him look at the facts of the case, such disorderly proceedings should and mark those parts of Holy be put an end to, and laid it down Scripture which really bear upon as an invariable rule, that “ if any the subject ; for I must say that man would not work for his livI do not perceive the applicability ing " he should not eat,” at the of some of his quotations, and per- charge of his brother; and plainly adventure he may see one or more marked those with disgrace who good reasons for altering and amend- did not “ eat their own bread." ing his judgment in the case. Let He went further, and left on rebim, for example, compare Acts cord, not so much his sentiment, as ii. 45. glancing as he passes, at that of the Lord himself, that he Acts vi. 1. with 1 Tim. v. 3, 4, who did not provide for his own 8-10. and, especially, with kindred, and especially those of his 2 Thess. jji. 10-12. He will find own house, had denied the Christhese texts completely in point. tian faith, and was worse than an In the beginning of the Gospel, unbeliever. Such conduct shewed when love and zeal were animated a man utterly destitute of Christian and warmer, and persecution made principle. Not only children the tenure of a Christian's pro- therefore, but the nephews of perty uncertain-distribution was widows, were required to “ shew unreservedly “made to all men pity at home, and requite their out of the common stock “accord- parents” agreeably to the first ing as they had need.” The commandment with promise. Now, Christian community, having had Sir, whatever may be said of the no example among either Jews or principle of the English Poor Law heathen, of such a mode of pro- as it was, the effect of its general ceeding; for our blessed Chris- administration was to produce a tianity, you know, Sir, first opened state of feeling and of conduct althe hearts of men to a practical together the reverse of St. Paul's sense of the duty of providing for poor law principle, i.e. of Christ's ; the poor, and a previous experi- and I cannot but think that our ence of their own, to guide them, new system has a tendency, and were by the indiscreet profusion of certainly it was the intention of the their bounty, generating a serious legislature, to correct the evil thus evil. Christian people were forced produced, to bring back the fifth even in those trying times, when commandment into use and honour persecution may be supposed to among the poor, and to make it have tested the sincerity of most, a disgrace for any one (who can who were disposed to live upon possibly avoid it) to eat any bread other people's labours, rather than but his own. exert themselves to gain a main- This it endeavours to accomtenance by their own. No doubt plish, 1. By putting as severe a they thought they had sufficient check as possible upon the adgrounds for acting as they did, and ministration of the law, which, it had only to make the claim to have is well known, has been the chief source of evil. 2. By letting able
2. By letting able. haps better_provided for than in bodied applicants for relief, feel any part of England, and yet here that he who lives upon the fruit of are two instances which presented other people's labour must not ex. themselves to me within the last pect to fare so well as he who fortnight. Speaking with a respectmaintains himself by his own. And able small farmer in good circum3. presenting the fifth command- stances, about a young woman, an ment to the children and near orphan, who had lately applied to relatives of the aged and infirm, him for relief, though she bad two before granting an order for their uncles by the father's side in good support, from the funds furnished circumstances, and two by the by those upon whom they have mother's, who were by no means not so near a claim. Meanwhile poor ; he said he did not expect the channels of private benevolence that the uncles would do any thing are left open, and are likely to be for her,- but it came the harder more abundantly supplied, when the upon him, because since this new abuses of parish allowance no longer poor law came into practice, he had operate as a check upon those who been forced to keep his old father. really desire to do good. Your The father, it seems, had been correspondent quotes Deut. xxvii. dependant upon the parish, though 16. and is afraid that the
he had this son in a prosperous be led to incur the curse of condition, and at least one son and
setting light by father and one daughter more in the receipt of mother, in consequence of the high wages as farm servants. The occasional separation of parents
other case I refer to is that of an from their children. This appre- elderly widow, who asking me hended evil can only take place about the war in Canada, said, when the parents become inmates she understood the people there of the workbouse, an evil which hungred to death, and supposed will very rarely befal the indus- that, as they belonged to us, their trious, provident, God-fearing poor misery was occasioned by the new -those, that is, whose association poor-law. I set her right upon with their children is likely to be this subject, and exculpating the a blessing. But if it should, who innocent poor-law, charged the knows not that the whole country is rebellion upon the restless men in full of their fellow-sufferers among our country and in theirs, who had the rich, who are for the most part provoked the misguided people to separated from their children for quarrel with their best friends. nine or ten months in the year, as I then told her that I myself our sea-faring population are from was inclined to have a good opiboth wives and children.
nion of this new law, because your friend's kind feelings fill his among other things it pressed imagination with grievances for solemnly upon children the duty the poor, which possibly may have of helping their aged parents. She no instance but in his mind—but replied that it had, certainly, done let him rather be thankful for the her no harm, for she received the means which are now employed to two shillings a week still which remove those that are real.
she used to receive; though two To show to what a fearful degree shillings a week left little for her the evil which he dreads from the support when rent and firing were new poor law has increased under paid out of it. She wanted no the old, I mean a contempt of the encouragement to complain of fifth commandment. I may men- the hardship of her condition in tion, that I live in a part of the receiving so little from her neighcountry where the poor are per- bours' earnings, though she has unmarried sons in the receipt of from duct. What we designed for good £14. to £30. a year each, beside would, as was evidently the case their food and lodging; another even in the apostles' times, turn to son lately married, and a daughter evil: we should have to correct who has, till lately, been in the our error, as St. Paul did that of receipt of good wages as a servant. the Christians of his day, and If such a district as this can supply put our zeal under the guidance so readily instances of the disre- of sound wisdom and discretion. gard of filial duty, and this in the This new system of poor law, persons of what would be called whatever its faults may be, recomdecent and creditable people, to mends itself by its general harwhat an extent must the evil pre- mony with the order of God's vail in places encumbered with government, and as having what poor. Indeed, my dear Sir, it H. D. so much desires, a direct becomes benevolent men while con- scriptural sanction for its most demning what they suppose pot important provisions. scriptural, to guard against the I have spun out my remarks to prejudices and mistaken views too great a length, and will only which may
lead them to condemn say further, that if H. D. will that which God may be employing study the subject accurately, and for the healing of some of the most read the documents which are grievous disorders of our country. before the public, he will find less Feelings of kindness to his poor reason than he thinks for censuring brethren, which fill the heart of the scarcity of food at the workevery Christian would, if allowed houses ; and if he be a clergyman, he to act without the correction of will perhaps allow me to request experience, lead him at once to set him when he next preaches on the them all at ease, and give them all,
fifth commandment, to urge upon without reference to the causes of parents the duty of training up their their poverty, full meals and warm children to understand what this clothing, but in so doing we should meaneth-“ Love, honour, and be counteracting the order of God's succour your father and mother.” wise Providence, who will have I am, my dear Sir, very truly men suffer the consequences of yours, their own imprudence and miscon
ON THE JEWS.
SIR,- We are again approaching the welfare of men. Allow me to that season when the Christian then most seriously to intreat your Church is especially called upon readers in general, and the ministo pray that God would have ters of Christ more particularly, mercy on all Jews, Turks, Infidels,
very carefully to reconsider the and Heretics, and take from them present state and prospects of the all ignorance, hardness of heart Jews, and to deliberate on the most and contempt of his word ;' and effectual mode of recovering them we are looking forward to the to the true knowledge of God and speedy renewal of those anniver- faith in Jesus Christ our Lord. sary meetings, when the friends of
The general idea seems to be, that the Bible, Missionary and Jew- the Jews are designedly kept seish cause assemble together and parate from other nations for purencourage each other in renewed
poses of mercy, in order to their efforts for the glory of God and restoration to the land of PalesAPRIL 1838.
tine ; the re-establishment of their some important points on which civil and ecclesiastical polity; I have not hitherto been enabled their advance to a measure of pre- to arrive at any thing like a satiseminence over other nations, and factory conclusion. their enjoyment of the personal I know indeed that such a conreign of the Messiah ; while the fession will excite the surprise of neglect of proclaiming these future some, and the indignation of others. glories of the Jewish race is men- When a late eminent divine was tioned as one obstacle to their re- asked by a young enquirer for ception of Christianity; an obsta- some clear proof of the restoration cle which Christians are called of the Jews to their own land ; he upon immediately to remove out of somewhat flippantly told the young
man to open his Bible, for that he There is another idea which ap- could not read a pears to be gradually, though meeting with a passage in point. I somewhat silently gaining ground; have opened my Bible-I have which is that the Jews are kept se- carefully read and considered the parate for judgment rather than Prophecies; I have studied Newmercy; that they are an apostate ton, and Scott, and Faber, and race under a curse ; that so long as Brooks, and Bickersteth, but I am they continue Jews they have no yet in doubt whether the Jews share in the promises; that their will ever be restored to the literal restoration to their own land, the Jerusalem. All the early fathers re-establishment of their civil and and commentators were indeed of ecclesiastical polity, their exalta- this opinion. Mr. Scott observes, tion over the nations, and all their it is now becoming more and more alleged future glories rest on very the opinion of serious Christians, uncertain foundations; that though that when Israel shall be converted “ all Israel shall be saved,” it to their long rejected Messiah, will only be by becoming convert- they will be gathered from their ed to the faith of Christ, united to dispersions and reinstated in their and incorporated with the Chris- own land ;' and it seems therefore tian Church, and virtually renounc- somewhat presumptuous to express ing the distinctive name and cha- any doubt of so generally a re-racter of Jews, and that the pro- ceived opinion. Yet Mr. Jenour clamation of their future glories commenting on Isa. xi, 11-13, and pre-eminence is calculated to observes, “ It is said expressly encourage false and erroneous ex- the Lord shall recover them (the pectations, and to impede rather remnant of his people) from the than advance their conversion to four quarters of the earth, which the faith of Christ.
would appear to intimate that he There is indeed something hum- will assemble them together in one bling in the thought that such very place. But may not these and sicontrary ideas on so important a milar expressions merely signify in topic can be for a moment enter- the style of prophecy that Jehovah tained by wise and good men; and will recover his people in a spiriyet I must freely own that I am tual sense ; that is, remove every very much at a loss to determine obstacle and bring them into his which position is the most correct. church? Is it not probable that I have read many, indeed most of when the Jews have become Chris.. the writings on prophecy which tians, they will so intermingle with have appeared in the last twenty the Gentiles, that all distinctions or thirty years, and am familiar between the two will soon be done with several of the most approved away?' commentators ; and yet there are One grand argument for the