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kindness, threatened punishment, to the crowd, that followed her for she assured them, on her liberation, nearly three quarters of a mile, from that she cherished no resentment, the place of public condemnation to but freely and fully forgave them. the place of common execution. She sought divine mercy on their Here she continued to pray and to behalf, earnestly admonished them, exhort all around her to believe in affectionately prayed with them, Jesus Christ, even till the execasought to lead them to repentance, tioner's spear, thrust through her and endeavoured to direct them to body, deprived her of the power of the Saviour. Her exemplary Chris- utterance.' tian spirit towards her accusers, Never in the annals of the Church besides forming a further proof of did a Christian martyrsufferfrom mothe reality and the elevation of ber tive more pure, simple, and unmixed piety, has also left satisfactory evi- with earthly alloy. She had never dence that her holy labours were not heard of any after-glory of martyrin vain.

dom on earth. No external splenIt was near her residence that the dour had been cast around the subprohibited books--the Scriptures, ject in her mind, by reading any with other publications issued from lives of martyrs. All was to her the missionary press—were found; obloquy and contempt.

Her own and in consequence, her entire pro- father and relatives to the very last, perty was given up to plunder, her accused her of stubbornness. The person secured, and her hands and

people generally regarded her as feet loaded with heavy iron rings. stubborn, and worthy of punishment She was menaced in vain during a even on that account.

She had no period of from eight to ten days, to earthly friends to support and cheer induce her to impeach her compan- her. She was not poor in outward ions. She remained firm and per- circumstances, and by recantation fectly composed ; and was put to and by humbling herself to beg pardeath by spearing on the 14th of don of the Queen, she might very August, 1837. She had said re- probably have saved her life. But peatedly by letter to her friend, Mrs. her whole heart, as her letters tesJohns, . Do not fear on my account. tify, was filled with the love of Jesus. I am ready and prepared to die for She endured as seeing him who is Jesus, if such be the will of God.' invisible. Her letters are composed She was most wonderfully supported principally of passages from the to the last moment of her life. Her gospels and epistles, and these, age at the time of her death, was doubtless, under the intluence of the thirty-eight years. Many, even of Holy Spirit, were the entire support the old people, remarked they had of her mind in the last hour of trial. never seen any one so stubborn’as If the blood of the martyrs is the Rafaravavy, for although the Queen seed of the church,' we may trust forbade her to pray, she did pray that Rafaravavy will not have died even when in irons, and continued in vain. She died directly and exto preach Christ to the officers and clusively in defence of the Gospel.

Register of Events. The attention of both Houses of Parliament has recently been called to the state of the Negroes in our West Indian colonies. Notwithstanding the large and liberal compensation made in 1834, for the emancipation of the slaves, grievous acts of oppression and injustice are still perpetrated, and the apprentices are in too many instances grossly maltreated. The leading members on all sides express their desires to put an end to these unjust proceedings, and we hope their efforts will be accompanied with the desired success. Numerous petitions have been presented to Parliament, that the Negro apprenticeship may terminate on the first of August next, instead of being protracted, as the law now is, to August, 1840, but the House of Lords have decided against this request.

A Bill has been brought into Parliament to facilitate the borrowing of money for the erection of parsonage houses. By the existing law, an incumbent may with the consent of the patron and diocesan, borrow two years income of bis living for the erection of a parsonage, which loan must be repaid in twenty years if resident, and in ten years if non-resident. By the proposed act the incumbent is to be enabled to borrow three years income, and to repay the loan by thirty annual instalments. We approve the alteration, but wish still stronger provisions were adopted. There should be a power to compel under certain restrictions, the raising of money for the erection of parsonages, and the consent of patrons should no longer be necessary. The powers of the diocesan or the archdeacon, should in this, and some other particulars be increased, subject only to an appeal to the archbishop of the province.

An important petition has lately been presented to the House of Lords by the Archbishop of Canterbury, signed by 5900 Protestant inhabitants of Upper Canada, who state that they are loyalists, or the children of loyalists who took refuge in Upper Canada after the American revolution, under a solemn pledge that they should receive the same constitution as the mother country-a constitution which provided for the establishment of a Protestant Church ; or emigrants who had settled in the colony, because they felt secure that they should enjoy the inestimable blessing of joining in the worship of God and their Saviour as their fathers had done before them; and who theref pray that the House would make a permanent provision for public worship, according to the doctrines of the Church of England. It appears that 2,000,000 acres of land are reserved for the support of the clergy in Canada, and that therefore ample funds are secured to defray every necessary expence; though it is much to be feared that if vigorous measures are not used, these lands may be alienated to other purposes. We cannot but regret that so important a petition should have remained four years in his Grace's possession before it was presented to the House.

Some members of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge are again attempting to prevent any person from furnishing reports of the proceedings of the Society for the newspapers. We do not see how any resolution to this effect can be enforced, and are sure that its adoption will prove prejudicial to the Society's interests. If however, the chairman at each meeting would more rigorously enforce and maintain order, confine the discussions strictly to the business in hand and determinately censure every deviation from Christian courteousness, the proceedings of the Society might with yreat propriety and advantage be published to all the world. There ought not to be any thing in the Society, or at any of its meetings, of which any persons need to be ashamed.

Notices and Acknowledgments,

WE have received a very judicious and sensible letter on a subject already noticed in the present number, of which we shall possibly make use on another occasion. We shall be happy to hear from our correspondent, on the second point referred to in his communication. We had no objection to open the question for discussion in our own pages, knowing that it has occasioned many private cavils.

S.T. T. has correctly appreciated our views. We shall be happy to receive, and may very probably insert bis List. We pause as to the propriety of inserting that which he asks of us; bụt very possibly he may receive the required information indirectly.

We approve of many of the ideas of An unworthy member of our Establishment, and shall endeavour in some shape or other to make use of them.

CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN,

AND

Church of England Magazine.

MAY 1838.

MEMOIR OF WILLIAM BURKITT, M. A.

SOMETIME VICAR OF DEDHAM, AND COMMENTATOR ON THE NEW

TESTAMENT.

Amid Mr. Burkitt's other occupa- with joy for the goodness of God tions, the duty of parochial visita- received from him, and some sertion was assiduously discharged. vice done for him.' Two afternoons in a week were as- • As Christmas, 1696, was a signed to this laborious employment, severe time for the poor, through of which he used to say, 'the suc- the severity of the weather, and cess and comfort he had in it, made want of work, by reason of the amends for his pains. He went great scarcity of money. I exinto every house that would receive horted my people, to turn their him, and thus secured the affections feasting of the rich, into feeding of of his people; and succeeded in the poor, assuring them, that less keeping them free from divisions, at the table, and more at the door, and firm to the service of the would be better accepted. And church, a blessing which cannot be accordingly, feasting was univertoo highly valued. The number sally laid aside, and the poor plenof communicants was large, and tifully relieved. such as, generally speaking, he Few ministers, perhaps, have could meet at the Lord's table with been permitted to witness such an satisfaction; many of whom were effect produced by their exhortafirst induced to attend by per- tions. But as if to withdraw pride sonal application to them in pri- from his heart, he was suffered at vate. For such of his dissenting the same time to experience a brethren, as were sound in the poignant trial, though it was overfaith, and holy and exemplary in ruled for good. * their lives, he had (as a member of • At this time I met with a very the church universal) a great re- unjust and unexpected accusation spect and esteem, and used to con- from whom I had faithfully verse with them freely, whenever served, and sought to oblige. The they met.

consciousness of my own innocency His habits of personal and min- supported me, and I hope God will isterial religion, are illustrated by do me good by all. Some

persons the following passages in his diary. January 1, 1695. I rose early

* It may here be remarked, that blessin the morning, and reflected with

ings are often counterbalanced by trials,

to keep the heart steady, and when we joy and sorrow upon the year past; meet with the one, we should be prepared with sorrow for my miscarriages, for the other. MAY 1838.

Y

you, and

me.

had never had a particular share in viour, Matt. v. 44, bore with much my prayers, but for the injuries weight upon his spirit:-“ Love they have done me.

your enemies, bless them that curse • God honoured me sometimes you, do good to them that hate in suffering his own enemies to de

pray

for them that declare themselves mine; however, spitefully use you, and persecute he oft convinced them, and always you." And he would speak of restrained them, that they could Christ, as praying for his murdernot considerably hurt Blessed ers, and offering up his blood to be my defence, and the God of my God for them that shed it. mercy.'

It should be mentioned, that as In accordance with the foregoing he readily forgave his enemies, so extracts, his biographer remarks, he was a warm friend to his friends, that "

some treated him unkindly, and whenever he was able to serve and this provokes human nature to them, he did it faithfully and earpassion and revenge, but the grace nestly. He was also careful not of God in him prevailed against to do others any wrong. He would the inclination of corrupt nature in forego his just dues, if he had to a good measure, so that I cannot do with contentious and litigious recollect that ever I heard him persons, rather than ruffle his own speak bitterly or contemptibly of mind, and raise

mind, and raise any reproach any of his adversaries. And if they against the gospel he preached, veeded him, and would use him, he saying, he could not pay too dear was ready to serve them, “ heaping for his peace: coals of fire upon their heads.' +

His house is described as being Nor was his love of peace

confined a house of God.” In his conto his own personal feelings; on versation he was habitually cheerthe contrary, he was a zealous ful, (except in seasons of affliction) peace-maker among his neighbours, yet never deviated so far into sparing neither exertions or expense

mirth, but that he could give the to reconcile their differences. If subject a serious turn. His dishe saw them obstinate and anwil. course was marked with sobriety, ling to yield, he would sometimes justice, bumility, and affability. pay the sum contended for out His feasts were without a spot, and of his own pocket, and for that his office was never stained by unpurpose he kept a special fund, comely behaviour. Besides the which he called the peace-maker's stated family prayer, which was box. His biographer justly ob- twice a day, he prayed specially serves, that he was a peacemaker, with his wife, as well as in secret

knowing the mischief of animo- by himself. In family worship, he sities, and the advantages accru

used to accompany the reading of ing to the kingdom of darkness, Scripture with expository notes of by the allowances of hatred and his own, after offering a short malice. The words of our Sa- prayer for the blessing of God

upon * This passage is worthy of particular

the word he was going to read and attention on the part of the reader. expound. This practice was sup

This expression (Rom. xii. 20.) has posed to have suggested the combeen sadly perverted. Mr. Hodge, in his Commentary, explains it thus : “Treat

mentary, he published, which he your enemy kindiy, for in so doing, you

particularly designed, not for stutake the inost effectual method to subdue dents, but for families, to bring him. To heap coals of fire on the head, is them to a knowledge and relish of to inflict the severest punishment, one to the Scriptures. The first volume, which the sufferer must yield. Kindness is no less effectual; the most malignant both as it concerns churches and indivienemy cannot always withstand it.

duals, the kingdom of darkness would be * If Christians would consider this, confined within much narrower bounds.

1

which contained the gospels, was the seventeenth of October, 1703, well received, and many letters while attending in the congregation were sent him, requesting him to (the assistant then officiating) he proceed with the epistles, which was taken so ill as to be obliged encouraged him to go on. With to leave the church. When he extraordinary diligence he suc- got home, the disorder, which was ceeded in bringing out the second a malignant fever, increased, but volume, in the spring of 1703, the with intermissions, which happily year of his death.

In addition to gave him space for frequent exthe babit of daily exposition, he pressions of prayer, thanksgiving, spent the evening with his family, and submission. hearing them read the Scriptures, While he lay upon his death questioning them about the ser- bed, there was a beautiful calmmons they had heard, catechising ness and serenity upon his spirit, them, and praising God, and pray- with declarations of glorious hope. ing with them and for them. He He received the friends who came also drew up a little book, entitled to see him, and when they bewailed • Family Instruction,' in the form their great loss, which they feared of a Catechism, to explain the was coming upon them by his degreat doctrines of faith and holi- parture, he bade them not be too ness. This he designed as a sequel much concerned for him, saying, to the Church Catechism, for lay- that to him to live would be Christ, ing a good foundation of knowledge and to die would be gain, and adamong the rising generation.* ding, that God would provide for He beheld with sorrow and pity them. Several

persons present the increase of pauperism and pro- declared, that under God he had faneness in Dedham, and the more

been the instrument of their conso, because he saw reasons to version, which produced in him an forebode the decline of the gospel, extasy of joy. He counselled as the voluntary lecture seemed those who were about him to likely to be discontinued. On this remember what he said to them, account he exerted himself to pro- both in the pulpit, and in private, cure a stipend for a lecturer, who and to order their lives accordingly. was to be chosen by some of the He blessed God, that he had inbabitants. The settlement, though finished his Commentary, and that not completed, was far advanced the way of it was prepared with at his death, and by his last will, very many prayers on his part. he gave a house and land toward And he hoped, that through God's the endowment.

blessing, it would prove beneficial It was his desire that he might to many, especially to his own leave the world upon a Lord's people. day, and Providence so ordered His patience under disease was it, that both his sickness and death exemplary. He declared that occurred

upon
the Sabbath. On God made his sick bed easy to

him, and said he had preached * It is entitled, “Family Instruction, patience, and written about paor the principles of religion necessary to

tience, and therefore he he known by Family-governors, and need

bound to practice patience. His ful to be taught their children and servants, for preparing both themselves and

sense of adopting love was so theirs, to receive the holy communion strong, that one of his friends with benefit and comfort'.' It is divided remarked, he went full sail to into six sections, viz. 1. The Creation,

heaven. To the same person, who 2. The Fall. 3. Man's recovery. 4. The renovating change. 5. Obedience to the

was speaking of the great delight Moral Law, the Ten Commandments. of the Lord's Supper, in which The Sacraments.

they had often joined, and calling

was

6.

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