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kind bis parish is—but whether it paper led me to fear that some of be an agricultural or manufac- my junior brethren in the ministry turing district, I much doubt might be deterred by his staternents whether any but a few females from attempting a species of sercould be spared from their various vice so beneficial, so important, occupations to attend an afternoon and I had almost said so necessary lecture.

in these times. This must be my On the whole, I would venture apology for trespassing so long on to recommend Clericus D. and all the attention of

your

readers. May my beloved brethren in the minis- God raise up in our Zion more, try, to make a fair and persevering “ pastors according to his heart, trial of evening lectures under such who shall feed the people with regulations and recommendations knowledge and understanding.” to their parishioners as may suit Jer. iii. 15. their respective districts. The perusal of Clericus Di's

PASTOR W.

The statements of Clericus D. are 4. Does he urge these points so inconsistent with my observa- plainly, forcibly, scripturally, intion, information, and experience cessantly ? Surely if he does, masfor half a century, that I should ters, and mistresses, and parents, very much like to ask, what is the will look after and instruct their usual strain of his preaching ? servants and children ; and the

1. Does he clearly proclaim an place where he preaches will be all-seeing God; a holy and spiri- the last place in the parish to tual law; a judgment to come; a which the licentious would repair. certain and eternal punishment to But if doubtful and speculative the impenitent?

points occupy the time which these 2. Does he proclaim pardon of truths require. If Prophecy, Posin by and through the blood of pery, Puseyism, or mere Morality Jesus Christ alone ? Does he are inculcated or incessantly conpoint out the cross of Christ as the troverted, then the results he demost striking display of God's scribes are not much to be wonhatred to sin, and tender pity, and dered at. I do not know a single compassion for the sinner and eminently useful minister who has does he invite, and intreat all been led by experience to adopt without delay to come to Christ; the views of Clericus D.

on Evento believe in Christ; to flee for ing Lectures; and I cannot thererefuge to Christ?

fore but indulge painful apprehen3. Does he inculcate the neces- sion, that all is not with him as it sity of renewal by the Holy ought to be. Most glad shall Ghost ? the production of the fruits I be to find myself wrong. Yet of the Spirit as the only certain faithful are the wounds of a evidence of living faith, and the friend. consequent necessity of personal religion ; family religion ; relative

SENEX. religion

ON CONSISTENCY AT RELIGIOUS ANNIVERSARIES.

SIR,- As the time is now at hand, smooth and oily words on their when the yearly meetings of so platforms, are indulging war in many religious and benevolent in- their hearts, and in the course of a stitutions are held, may I be very few hours declaring that our allowed to advert to the evil which church destroys more souls than it results from a want of consistency saves, and therefore exclaiming, in many professed members of our Down with it, down with it, even church. The Christian principle to the ground. of toleration, which forbids us to A late eminent minister obpersecute another on account of his served, • When I first began to religious principles, has, in the attend to religion 1 was thrown a present day degenerated into a good deal among the Dissenters, specious liberality, which induces and was much delighted with their many to patronize institutions con- spirit; they seemed one and all ducted by agents, who are to a to say, Down with the walls very considerable extent, hostile to Down with the walls ! and I re. that establishment to which we echoed their cry, but alas, I soon belong. The apostle could rejoice found the real meaning of the exthat Cbrist was preached, even clamation was, Down with the though it were through envy and Church walls.' strife, and after his example we Were not all our own Missionshould rejoice that the gospel is ary Societies and Church Institumade known to perishing sinners tion crippled in their operations for by those who differ from us; nor want of men and money, I would would I blame those pious and not write one word on the subject; well-meaning persons, who, when but now as from every part of the we had no Missionary Societies world, the cry is, Give us more amongst us, or at least none in Missionaries, Schoolmasters, and active operation, united with Bap- Catechists ; and the conductors of tists, Independents, or other de- our Societies declare we cannot nominations for the promotion of comply with the call without more our common Christianity; but it money, Icannot but feel that instead does seem to me improper now of thronging to Dissenting Annithat for many years we have had versaries and swelling their condifferent Missionary and other So- tributions, Churchmen should more cieties connected with our own statedly attend their own Instituchurch, and labouring with great tions, and if possible double, treble, success in propagating the gospel, or quadruple their donations and that so many churchmen should subscriptions. contribute to other institutions, AN UNWORTHY MEMBER OF whose conductors, though speaking

THE ESTABLISHMENT,

TEARS OF PENITENCE.

OUR adorable Redeemer says, “ Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted.” This is true, because it comes from the lips of Truth - this is true because it is realized in the happy expe

rience of every poor mourner in Zion; sooner or later he is comforted. The tears of penitence are sweet and lovely tears: God puts them into his bottle, and treasures them

up

in his remembrance. The tears of penitence flow from a way of the children of God to the heart melted by divine grace. heavenly Zion. There is one whose Then is affectingly understood that commission it is to " appoint unto passage in Zechariah, “ They shall them that mourn in Zion, to give look upon me whom they have unto them beauty for ashes, the oil pierced, and mourn for him," &c. of joy for mourning, the garment of It is a view of the Saviour's cross praise for the spirit of heaviness.” which in a more especial manner It is indeed true this world is not gives birth to the tears of peniten

the believer's rest;

our Saviour tial sorrow.

My sins nailed him assures his disciples to the end of to the tree; for me he suffered, time, “ In the world ye shall have and for me he died. These are tribulation; but the moment is overpowering considerations to the fast approaching when every earthawakened and contrite soul. When born cloud of sin and sorrow shall viewed in connexion with the have rolled away, and God, even agonies of the cross, sin does indeed the God of his redeemed people appear exceeding sinful.” But shall wipe away all tears from is there a time when the tears of their eyes ; a blessed and glorious penitence shall cease to flow ! Yes, consummation most devoutly to even in the wilderness of this be wished. world the light of consolation and

C. L. S. of joy shall beam upon the path

THE SYRO-PHENICIAN WOMAN.

MARK vil. 25–30.

Behold her at his feet! with clasped hands
And up-raised eye: her parted lips are moved
With words of earnest pleading ; and her soul
Is agonized with all a mother's wo.
But He has turned away ; nor word, nor look
Of pity or of comfort has vouchsafed.
E'en His disciples, wondering, have joined
Their prayers with her's; and yet He is unmoved
Nor merely silent. From bis lips break forth
Harsh and unlooked for words. • The children's bread,
Must not be given to dogs.” 0! who can tell
The bitter grief in that poor suppliant's heart?
She had come far to seek Him, for she felt
Her hope was all in Him. No less a power
Could wrest a child from the fell dæmon's rage.-
Yet once, with energy of deep despair,
She humbly cries, “Truth, Lord, yet e’en the dogs
The children's crumbs partake ! Behold the beam
Of Godlike pity glances from His eye!
Her faith has conquered; and from out the gloom
Of that dark night of wo, see dawn arise
The shining of the Sun of Righteousness,
Rising for her with healing in His wings!

F. E. B.

ESSAYS AND DIALOGUES ON POPERY.

No. XV.

ON THE ALLEGED NECESSITY OF AN INFALLIBLE CHURCH.

we

be done very

Ing. Welcome, my good friends ; great fundamental point. But I it is long since we met. I have want to know whether our friend revolved in my mind, almost un- opposite has any further argument ceasingly, the topics of our latter to allege, before a verdict is taken discussions. Let us now,

before on this first great question. we re-open the snbject, briefly Rom. I, too, have been giving review the heads of the various the matter much consideration, and conversations have already before you

take this fatal step,—for held.

such I must call it, I would enProt. That may

treat you to consider for a moment succinctly. Our argument has hith- a view of the question which I erto turned almost exclusively on will now endeavour to bring before the Rule of Faith. I have endea

you. voured to maintain the Protestant I would beg you seriously to doctrine ; that Holy Scripture was ask yourselves, whether you can the one, sole, and sufficient rule, conceive it possible for the Lord furnished and provided by God Jesus, when he left for a time this himself. And our friend here has earth, upon which he was shortly advanced the opposite view ;-that to number thousands of faithful the Catholic Church is the true followers, to have determined to depository and only authorized leave all those followers destitute expositor of Christian doctrine ; of guidance, subject to no authodispensing from her ample stores, rity, included within no pale, but and with divine authority, both all wandering about in their isoHoly Scripture and Catholic Tra- lated and individual characters, dition, as in her wisdom she sees free to choose or to form a church fit. Such has been the question for themselves, or to continue in between us. I have endeavoured a state of independence of all both to establish the Protestant churches? Can you believe, for principle, by showing the Scrip- an instant, that he did not, most tures to be incontrovertibly genu- deliberately, fully, and of set purine, true, and divinely inspired; pose, constitute and appoint a and also to overthrow the contrary CHURCH, in which and by which doctrine, by exhibiting the unfound- his gospel was to be preserved and ed character of the pretensions of preached; and within whose pale the Romish church. With the lat- all his true disciples were bound to ter view we have investigated the place themselves ?

Surely you claims of the Church of Rome to cannot doubt this. But if you her assumed title of the One, Holy, admit the fact, then I beg to ask, Catholic, and Apostolic Church ; where can that Church, so founded and also the pretensions of her and constituted, be found, except bishops to be considered the suc- in that body to which I have the cessors and representatives of St. privilege to belong? Peter. Both these assumptions, I Ing. You mean the Roman think, we wholly negatived. And Catholic church? I think I may now demand, on Rom. Certainly I do. In her behalf of the Protestant churches, you find a clear and unquestionable a decision in their favour, on this succession, from the very days of MAY 1838.

2 A

as the

the apostles. You find her also, Rome ; it will be far wiser and ever admitted to stand

better to go at once

to the alone centre of unity and fountain ecord, and to ascertain beyond the of authority; while all other possibility of mistake, what kind churches,or rather pseudo-churches, or description of body it was that are nothing else than so many ir- he actually did constitute, and by regular off-shoots, or runaway chil- what course of reasoning it is that dren, who claim to share in, or to Rome assumes to occupy this place. vie with her authority, although Now such a reference as this they lose every vestige of right to will satisfy us at once, that not a assume such a position, the mo- single word did Christ ever utter, ment they rebel against her un- touching the Roman See; or the suquestionable rule. I ask, again,- premacy of St. Peter; or even hintwhere, admiting as you must, that ing at the supremacy of any one Christ founded a visible church- church or any portion of the church, where can that church be discerned, whether a larger or a smaller secexcept in the communion of which tion. His latest injunctions and the successors of St. Peter are the delegation of authority were given bead ? Search and look ; for the at Jerusalem, where unquestionably inquiry is a momentous one. A the first Christian church was Church of Christ, established by founded. As for the church and himself there surely must be ; and see of Rome, we have the best where except here, can it be found? ground for asserting that neither

Prot. I know that this is a the one nor the other had any exfavourite position with your advo

istence for at least thirty years cates in the present day, and I am after. If, consequently, it was glad you have now produced it. intended by Christ that his auWe will not evade or shrink from thority should devolve, on his its force; but will carefully and departure, on the see of Rome, it deliberately weigh its value. was most wonderful that he should I remark, then, first, that as we

have left Rome have an inspired record of the church or any bishop for more than words and actions of the Lord a quarter of a century. One Jesus, we have no occasion to thing, however, is clear, that if, at imagine for ourselves what it was any time during the first thirty “ likely” that he would do, or years after the Saviour's death, leave undone. His commands, as any one had asked, Where the they are recorded by his apostles church established by Christ was to and evangelists, we are to observe; be met with ?-it would have been his institutions we are to reverence; instantly replied, At Jerusalem, but the greatest regard and rever- where the college of apostles geneence we can possibly shew to his rally meet, and from whence all memory and his injunctions, will decrees touching the government of be exhibited by a careful guard- the church do issue. (Act xvi. 4.) ing of those injunctions from all Ing. Whence then, did it arise, admixture and alloy; and a deter- that the church of Rome assumed mination to allow no "command- to herself this rank and character ? ments of men to be placed on a Prot. Unquestionably the basis level with his own provisions, or of the power and authority of to rank with the institutions esta- Rome must be sought for, not in blished by himself.

divine, but in human decrees. Not Instead, therefore, of arguing a syllable is found in Holy Writ, that he must have established a having even the least tendency that visible church; and that that way. Nor had the Roman bishop, church must be the church of while the days of persecution last

without any

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