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of God in particular. Whereby it • But such was God's love to cometh to pass, that God in shew- justice, and hatred to sin, that he ing mercy upon whom he will shew

would not have his justice swalmercy, is yet for his justice no lowed

up
with mercy, nor

sin

par. loser :

: being both just, and the doned without the making of fit justifier of him which believeth in reparation. And therefore Jesus.'

Mediator must not look to procure By virtue of bis intercession, for us a simple pardon without our Mediator appeareth in the pre- more ado; but must be a propisence of God for us, and maketh tiation for our sins, and redeem us request for us. To this purpose, by fine and ransom; and so not the Apostle noteth_in the 4ih to only be the master of our requests, the Hebrews, I. • That we have a to entreat the Lord for us, but also great high priest, that is passed take upon him the part of an Adinto the heavens, Jesus the Son of vocate, to plead full satisfaction God.' (v. 14.) II. That we have made by himself, as our surety, not a high Priest which cannot be unto all the debt wherewith we touched with the feeling of our any way stood chargeable.' infirmities, but was in all things In the year 1639, the Archbishop tempted as we are, yet without published his great work, Britansin.' (v. 15.) Betwixt the having nicarum Ecclesiarum Antiquitates of such, and the not having of such (The Ancient History of the Brian Intercessor; betwixt the height tish Churches); including an acof him in regard of the one, and count of Pelagius and his heresy. the lowliness in regard of his other This work was the produce of nature, standeth the comfort of the many years' labour and reflection ;

He must be such a and as the learned had looked forsuitor as taketh our case to heart : ward to its publication with much and therefore in all things it be- anxiety, so it fully answered their hoved him to be made like unto expectations. It was the most his brethren, that he might be a exact account then existing of the merciful and faithful high Priest.' religion of the British isles, conIn which respect, as it was needful taining his reasons for believing he should partake with our flesh that the gospel was implanted here and blood, that he might be ten- within twenty years after our Saderly affected unto his brethren, so viour's crucifixion, and tracing the likewise for the obtaining of so history of the church, and the great a suit, it behoved he should succession of bishops, till near the be most dear to God the Father, end of the seventh century. and have so great an interest in • Besides his efforts to diffuse him, as he might always be sure the Protestant faith by means of to be heard in his requests : who his writings, he sought opportutherefore could be no other, but he nities of conversing with his Roman of whom the Father testified from Catholic neighbours of eyery class, heaven, . This is my beloved Son, and convinced many that the views in whom I am well pleased.' It in which they had been brought up was fit our Intercessor should be a were erroneous; at the same time man, like unto ourselves, that we successfully representing to them might boldly come to him, and the soundness of the doctrines of find grace to help in time of need ;' the Established Church, and the it was fit he should be God, that excellence of her liturgy. During be might boldly go to the Father his visit to England at the time of without any way disparaging him, his advancement to the bishopric, as being his fellow and equal. he was invited by Lord Mordaunt, Zech. xiji. 7, Phil. ii. 6.

afterwards Earl of Peterborough,

poor sinner.

:

to his seat at Drayton in North - had a repetition of his sermon in amptonshire. That nobleman was the chapel, which he had preached a Papist, and wished to draw his in the church in the forenoon. lady to the same religion, but hap- * In the winter evenings he pily consented that a discussion of constantly spent two hours in the doctrines at issue should take comparing of old manuscripts of place in their presence. Lady

Lady the Bible, Greek and Latin, where Mordaunt chose Archbishop Usher about five or six of us assisted as the advocate of the Protestant him, and the various readings of side; and his opponent was a each were taken down by himself jesuit, then residing with that with his own hand.' family. The conference lasted for In the year 1649, the Archbishop several days, and at length ended proceeded with his family to Lonin the jesuit declining further dis- don, with the hope of allaying in cussion, on the ground that he had some degree the storm which then forgotten his arguments. The con- threatened to visit the kingdom sequence was, the lady was con- with distress and misery. On the firmed in her views of scriptural impeachment of Lord Strafford his truth; and Lord Mordaunt, after a Grace frequently visited that unfew private interviews with the fortunate nobleman, and assisted Archbishop, confessed himself a him in various parts of his defence Protestant by conviction, and con- and when the bill of attainder tinued in that faith to the end of passed the House of Lords, he his days.'

was summoned by a royal mesWith the same object in view, senger while preaching on the Sunthe Archbishop induced the admir- day morning at Covent Garden able Mr. Bedell to settle in Ire- church. Descending from the pulland, by whose zealous labours the pit, he told the messenger that he Irish translation of the Bible was was employed about God's busiproduced. Also by the Arch- ness; but as soon as he had done, bishop's exertions an union was he would attend upon his majesty! effected between the English and He then resumed his discourse, Irish churches. The Irish Church and, after service, proceeded to adopting the English Articles, Whitehall; where he gave his without abrogating its own, and opinion, i that if his majesty forming a rule of discipline out of was satisfied by what he had heard the English canons, with some at the trial, that the earl was not alterations.

guilty of treason, he ought not in The Archbishop was now:

· fa- conscience to consent to his convoured with a few years of com- demnation. And when the king parative quiet and tranquillity; yielded to the popular demand, during which ;

the Archbishop said, with tears,– • The order observed in his • Ob, sire, what have you done? family as to prayer, was four times

I fear that this act may prove a a day: in the morning at six, in great trouble upon your conscience, the evening at eight, and before and pray God that your majesty dinner and supper in the chapel ; may never suffer for signing this at each of which he was always bill ! present.

The Archbishop, who had not ' On Friday, in the afternoon, been regarded by Lord Strafford, constantly an hour in the chapel was when in Ireland, with any friendly spent in going tbrough the principles feeling, had many interviews with of religion in the catechism, for the his lordship after his condemnation, instruction of the family. And and on the last evening of his every Sunday, in the evening, we mortal existence, assisted him in his prayers to that court where, as of four hundred pounds, which apthe earl remarked, neither par- pears to have been very ill paid, tiality can be expected nor error so that his grace had in his defound.' Next morning he attended clining years to encounter considerhim to the scaffold, kneeled able pecuniary difficulties and emdown and prayed by his side, ob- barrassments. served with comfort that the de- In the summer of 1643, the parting nobleman was engaged in Archbishop was nominated one of silent devotion ; was personally the Assembly of Divines, who addressed in that courageous and were appointed by parliament to eloquent speech which he delivered consult about the changes to be before disrobing for execution ; made in the doctrine and discipline and having received his last of the Church. It is not quite farewell, hastened from the touch- clear whether his grace ever ating scene, and bore to the king the tended the Assembly. At all tidings that all was over, adding events, on his waiting on his mathe only consolation which the jesty at Oxford, the divines excase admitted, that he had reason pelled him from their body, and to believe that the earl was well seized upon his library, which he prepared for that change, and that had left at Chelsea College. In his last gloomy hours were bright- the troubles which soon after enened by the hope of eternal sued, the Archbishop took refuge glory.'

with his son-in-law, Sir Timothy In the following year, the Arch- Tyrrell, governor of Cardiff Castle; bishop was employed, in conjunc- and when the garrison was withtion with Bishop Hall, in writing drawn from that fortress, the Archin defence of the Church. In the bishop availed himself of the kind autumn, intelligence was received hospitality of the dowager Lady of the dreadful Irish massacre, in Speidling at St. Donat's; but on which an immense number of the his journey from Cardiff, he was English inhabitants were destroyed exposed to considerable personal with every aggravation of savage danger, and lost his books, manuand licentious cruelty. A Po- scripts, and other valuables, though pish writer boasted that up

several of the books and papers wards of two hundred thousand were afterwards restored. Wbile persons perished most miserably. at St. Donat's, the Archbishop The lowest estimate is that of was attacked with a dangerous Hume, who insinuates that not illness, so that his physicians demore than forty thousand were spaired of his recovery; but in the destroyed. It is worthy of notice midst of his pain, he was still that the. Infidel historians studi- patient, praising God, and resignously endeavour to reduce to the ing up himself to his will, and lowest possible estimate the vic. giving all those about him, or that tims of Popish persecution and came to visit him, excellent heacruelty.

venly advice to a holy life, and By this insurrection the Arch- due preparation for death, ere its bishop's property and

agonies seized them. It is a danwere so completely destroyed, that gerous thing, he said,' to leave all he was reduced to the necessity of undone till our last sickness; I selling the plate and other valua- fear a death-bed repentance will bles which he had brought over to avail us little, if we have lived England for his present support. vainly and viciously, and neglectA few years after, the parliament, ed our conversion till we can sin wing seized on the bishops' lands, no longer.' ted the Archbishop an annuity " Thus he exhorted us all to fear God, and love and obey the Lord of the learned Selden and others Jesus Christ, and to live a holy was not again called upon.

revenues

Soon life. And then,' said he, ' you

after he retired with the Countess will find the comfort of it at your of Peterborough to her house at death, and your change will be Reigate in Surrey, where he often happy!'

preached both in the Countess's While he appeared to be chapel and the parish church, and approaching his last hour, a in 1647 he obtained leave to preach member of the parliament, who publicly in London, where he was was related by marriage to the immediately chosen preacher, and family at St. Donat’s, came to supplied with handsome

apartvisit him; to whom he said in a ments by the honourable Society solemn manner, Sir, you see I am of Lincoln's Inn. very weak, and cannot expect to In 1648, when the Presbyterian live many hours; you are return- party engaged in negotiations with ing to the parliament, I am going the king, his majesty desired the to God; I charge you to tell them presence of his chaplains, and espefrom me that I know they are in cially of the Archbishop. The the wrong, and have dealt very parliamentary commissioners would injuriously with the king.

not allow any of his majesty's From this severe attack he was, council to be present, but though however, mercifully recovered, and, the monarch's hair had become after continuing nearly a year at gray, and his bodily frame mateSt. Donat’s, became anxious to rially weakened, yet the vigour of secure a safe retreat; and was his mind remained so unbroken, contemplating a retirement in some that though compelled alone to foreign land, when he received a maintain the argument with fifteen pressing invitation from the Coun- of the ablest members of the House tess-dowager of Peterborough, to of Commons, they were unable to take

up

his abode with her in Lon- obtain any advantage over him. don, with an assurance that he The demands of the commisshould not be molested. With sioners were however so unreasonthis invitation he gladly complied; able, that the conference produced and when about to leave St. no effect. His majesty was preDonat's, the neighbouring gentry, pared to concede the suspension of knowing that he was deprived of episcopacy for three years, and his ordinary means of support, after that its restoration in a modigenerously sent him considerable fied form. But the commissioners sums to defray his travelling ex- determined on its entire abolition. penses.

The Archbishop bad proposed to On his arrival in London he was his majesty a plan of moderate summoned to appear before the episcopacy; but was at length Committee of Examination at compelled to take a last farewell Westminster, who inquired where of the unhappy monarch. he had been and what he had been A few weeks after this, the

eyes doing since he left London, and of the archbishop were once more whether he had used

any

influence to behold his persecuted king. It with the king on behalf of the was on that day of execrable crime, Romish party. The Committee when the monarch, who had long then proposed to him an oath been stripped of his power to do which had been framed for those either harm or good, was murdered who bad favoured the king's in cold blood, in the face of the cause; but on his desiring time for sun, and by order of a national consideration, he was permitted to council. withdraw, and through the influence • The Lady Peterborough's house,

prayer to God."

where my lord then lived,' says religious exercises of his closet ; Dr. Parr, being just over against for being conscious of his weakCharing-cross, divers of the count- nesses and wants, he did not fail ess's gentlemen and servants got to lay them before Him who could upon the leads of the house, from give strength and all things needful. whence they could see plainly He considered that no honey is what was acting before Whitehall. sweeter to the palate than spiritual As soon as his majesty came upon

• God's children,' the scaffold, some of the house- he would say, 'let Him deny them hold came and told my lord pri- ever so long, yet they will never mate of it, and asked him if he leave knocking and begging; they would see the king once more be- will pray and they will wait still, fore he was put to death. My till they receive an answer. Many lord was at first unwilling, but was will pray to God, as prayer is a at last persuaded to go up, as well duty, but few use it as a means to out of his desire to see his majesty obtain a blessing. Those who come once again, as also curiosity, since to God in the use of it as a means he could scarce believe what they to obtain what they would have, told him unless he saw it. When will pray and not give over; they he came upon the leads the king will expect an answer, and never was in his speech; the lord pri- give over petitioning till they mate stood still, and said nothing, receive it.' Such views of

prayer but sighed; and lifting up his would naturally make him fervent hands and eyes (full of tears) and frequent in pouring out his towards heaven, seemed to pray

heart before God. earnestly; but when bis majesty When from these sacred and had done speaking, and had pulled pleasurable occupations the archoff his cloak and doublet, and bishop looked into the world, the stood stripped in his waistcoat, state of things which he beheld and that the villians in vizors began presented but a gloomy appearto put up his hair, the good bishop ance. He mourned over the visionno longer able to endure so dismal ary doctrines of those

strange a sight, and being full of grief and times; he mourned over the fancihorror for that most wicked fact ful interpretations of prophecy, now ready to be executed, grew which were then promulgated as pale, and began to faint; so that truths of the Bible, the preaching if he had not been observed by his of a dawning millennium, and of own servant and some others that miracles that marked its appearing, stood near him, who thereupon the universal diffusion of the relisupported him, he had swooned gion of the tongue; accompanied, away. So they presently carried as it was too sadly evidenced, with him down, and laid him on his the general absence of the meekbed, where he used those powerful ness of wisdom and the spirit of weapons which God has left his

love. He deplored the decay of people in such afflictions, viz. sound religion and Christian piety, prayers and tears; tears that so which too much prevailed in those horrid a sin should be committed, days, together with the mighty and prayers that God would give increase of both spiritual and his prince patience and constancy fleshly wickedness; as heresies and to undergo those cruel sufferings. schisms, and unchristian animosi

At the house of the countess of ties; with debauchery and proPeterborough the archbishop was faneness, which had so overrun and careful to be always present at the infected this nation during those family devotions. He was not times of licentiousness and confuless earnest and persevering in the sion. For these things he would

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