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pressive act discontinued, pleased to go on in this and every many gentlemen think, the whole otber work of mercy, and may God system of Juggernaut, like the

prosper your pious endeavours ! ancient Dagon before the ark, would • The question of education is instantly fall.

not without its difficulties. I inclose • I have been both at Jugger- the three answers of our Bengal naut and at Allahabad, (the sacred Missionaries to the inquiry which I junction, as it is accounted, of the requested the Secretary of our CalGanges and the Jumpa,) and my cutta committee to circulate, Two mind retains a vivid impression of are unfavourable to the continuance the grief, and compassion, and hor- of the schools as taught by heathen ror, I felt for my sad fellow-crea- masters, considering the better use tures crushed under the griffin yoke to which the money now consumed of “ the god of this world.” Nor in the support of those schools could I believe scarcely, nor can I might be employed. The third annow, that the petty sophisms of swer does not essentially differ from human cowardice and political ex- the two former, though it leans to pediency could chill the glowing the advantages which, upon the benevolence which would strike off whole, the schools diffuse. The Socithe chain, and set the captives free. ety shall hear more fully when I have

• The Society has done well. Be had time to examine the subject.'

SOCIETY FOR PROPAGATING THE GOSPEL.

sion;

A PUBLIC meeting of this society was held on Friday, June 22, at Willis's Rooms, King Street, St. James's, which was attended by many of the highest dignitaries of the church, and by a great number of infuential and important members of the laity.

His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, presided on the occa

and prayers having been read, theSecretary, the Rev. A. M. Campbell, was called upon to read a Report, of which the following paragraphs are extracts :

The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel has been induced to call this meeting of its members and friends, chiefly by the conviction that a crisis has occurred in the religious affairs of the British colonies. They were the scene of the society's earliest labours. They have engaged during many years a principal share of its attention. Even now they constitute the most extensive field of its operations; and the opening prospect of a provision for their spiritual wants is looked upon with the deepest interest.

No one can deny that these wants have been neglected : Great Britain has planted colonies in America and Australia, and peopled these immense territories with her sons and daughters ; she has paid a large price for the freedom of the Negroes; established a mild parental authority over Hindoostan, and

transported many thousand convicts to the shores of New South Wales ; but throughout the course of these mighty operations she seems almost to bave forgotten that she was a Christian nation; that the emigrants whom she sent forth were the children of Christian parents, and had need of instruction in God's Holy Word, and of participation in all the ordinances of religion; that by the acquisition of authority over heathen tribes she contracted a sacred obligation to impart unto them the saving truths of the gospel.

It cannot be said that this duty was altogether overlooked. It was acknowledged by the erection of episcopal sees, first in North America, and subsequently in the East and West Indies, and in Australia. It was acknowledged by Acts of the Imperial and Local Legislatures, providing for the future maintenance of clergymen in various colonies; by Parliamentary grants, voted during many years, for the express purpose of maintaining the colonial clergy until the lands allotted to them became productive or valuable. But while we appeal to these acts as so many distinct recognitions of the duty of the mother country with respect to the religious interests of her colonies, we are bound at the same time, to declare that they were little more than recognitions. They were not followed up. There was no syste

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matic care for the education or re- people to the provision made in ligious instruction of the settler, of their name for the spiritual wants the emigrant, or the convict, much of its colonies and dependencies. less of the Negro, or the Hindoo. Even now the case is not generally They were left in most cases to understood. The distance of the chance. What was done for them scenes, the pressing claims of the by government, or by charitable in- manufacturing and town population stitutions, was done slightly and in- at home prevent many persons from completely. . There was no plan, making themselves masters of the according to which the growing de- strong points in the appeal on bemand for churches and clergymen half of our colonial fellow-subjects. might be supplied. And when the But allowing for these difficulties, tide of emigration set more strongly there is a strong and growing conupon the coast of British America, viction that something must be no provision whatever was made for done; that things must not be the spiritual wants of men who went suffered to remain where they are ; forth from their native country in that this country will be deeply sinsearch of employment, who ful before God, if it permit the deassisted out of the public purse in pendencies of the empire to grow up removing from a land where labour in practical atheism, and in all the was superabundant to a land where wickedness necessarily resulting it was scarce, and were placed from such a state. There is an earwith their families in uncultivated nest desire to adopt measures which forests, without schools, without may abate the moral nuisance, and churches, without clergymen, with- no longer allow it to be said that a out the ordinary means of edifica- nation, which boasts of moral and tion and consolation, which they religious advancement, is the mohad possessed and valued at home, ther and nurse of other nations desand from which they never intended tined possibly to fill a large space in to part.

the history of the world, but brought Such is the condition of our agri- up without the fear of knowledge of cultural emigrants, and of a large God ; insensible to the hopes, the proportion of British colonists; and blessings, promises, and the rethe acknowledged greatness of the straints of Christianity. evil calls for a vigorous effort to re- On the whole, therefore, the move it. The spiritual destitution course to be pursued by the Society of the more remote settlers in the is clear. It offers to assist in mainCanadas, in Nova Scotia, and in taining clergymen wberever their New Brunswick, has been described services are required, provided the both in the Reports of the society, parties interested will make proper and other well-known publications.

efforts for the same purpose. If The dreadful condition of the dwell- allowances are made to the clergy ers on the southern shore of New- from the Colonial Treasury, as in foundland has been forcibly de- the West Indies and Australia, the scribed by Archdeacon Wix. The Society is willing to assist in fitting abolition of slavery in the British out and supporting an adequate empire has directed attention to the number of persons, duly qualified urgent necessity for the general to preach the gospel to their reseducation of the Negroes. In the pective flocks. If, as in the Canadas East Indies the gradựal acquisition and New Brunswick, there be a of European knowledge is prepar- pension for the clergy not yet availing the way for the downfall of the able, on account of the state of the Brahminical superstition, and for lands allotted for this purpose, the the reception of Christianity. While Society is ready to assist in bringing the parliamentary reports upon

such lands into cultivation, or to transportation, and upon the con- contribute to the support of the dition of the Aborigines in our clergy until that work be done. On colonies, have presented a picture the barren shores of Newfoundland, of the demoralization and misery in where it is not practicable to defray Australia, upon which it is painful the cost of religious instruction from to look.

the contributions of the people These are the circumstances which themselves, the Society does not invite the attention of the British refuse to take upon itself the whole

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expense of maintaining visiting number of European missionaries Missionaries, until the general or than had been employed at any prelocal governments can be induced vious time in that quarter. And it to discharge this neglected portion has extended its aid to New South of their duty.

Wales, and Van Diemen's Land, In a letter recently received from and sent out no fewer than eighteen the Bishop of Calcutta, after saying clergymen to those colonies within that the villages in the neighbour- the space of a single year.

The hood of Calcutta contain about 1100 Bishop of Australia in announcing natives, under Catechetical instruc- the arrival of a portion of these tion, bis Lordship adds

additional chaplains, declares that There eight Christian nothing can exceed his satisfaction churches, principally of bamboo, at what has been effected for his built in the chief villages by the diocese, and that he is prepared to munificence of the Society for the employ and maintain a still greater most part, and that for Promoting number. Christian Knowledge, that in these 'I proceed,' his Lordship says, churches Divine Service, according * to offer, on behalf of myself, and to the Liturgy and Rubrics of our of the Church of England here, my Apostolic Church, so far as they are most unfeigned thanks for the entranslated, is regularly celebrated- ergetic and kind exertions of the (the responses to the Liturgy yester- Society, in procuring for us this day at Barripore, by the 150 simple reinforcement of our heretofore inpeople, charmed the Archdeacon sufficient number of labourers. The and myself; there was a heartiness first four have arrived in safety, and and devotion quite peculiar.) Chris- each of them may, I think, have the tian domestic habits are in slow but effect of adding a year to my life, or regular proy ress. Diligence in their of preventing its being shortened by calling is obviously increasing:

that interval through overwhelming Many are becoming, from the moral anxiety and distraction.' influence of Christianity, a little To doubt whether the Society will independent in their circumstances ; be enabled to proceed with these and the residence of that excellent various undertakings would be to gentleman, Mr. Homfrey (who has doubt whether the people of Engbuilt a Christian village of twelve land are religious and charitable. neat huts, separate from the heathen Insensible for a long period to their bazaars, and full of promise,) is, own spiritual wants, their attention together with the impartiality of is now fixed upon the means of the Honorable Company's local supplying them. And if the wants magistrate, a singular aid.'

and claims of the emigrants and The question then to be submitted settlers in British possessions abroad to this meeting, and to the public were generally known, the Society is, Shall the Society be enabled to cannot doubt that they would be follow up the good works upon supplied. The increase of religious which it has entered, or shall it be instruction and religious feeling in compelled to halt in its career, to the mother-country will render it stand still, and finally to withdraw more anxious to provide for the from the field of Christian enter- religious instruction of the colonies, prise ?

and to offer the joyful tidings of In the course of the last five years salvation to the heathen who are it has had to struggle against the placed under its control. loss of a parliamentary grant ex- Failure in the discharge of these ceeding the sum of £16,000. a-year ; sacred duties must be regarded as and at the same time to support, a heinous national sin,--and a sin and extend its establishments in which will not be committed by America. It has entered upon the those who set a just value upon the important labours now so hopefully privileges which they enjoy as memprosecuted in the West Indies. It bers of Christ's Holy Catholic has supplied the Native Churches Church. in Southern India with a larger

Register of Events. The one grand event which has almost exclusively occupied public attention during the last month, has been the Coronation of our gracious Sovereign Queen Victoria, which took place on Thursday June 28, and seems to have afforded very general satisfaction. While men in general are filled with admiration of the splendid pageant exhibited on the occasion, the Christian will do well to contemplate it as a solemn religious ceremony, and on every recollection of it, to lift up his heart in prayer to Almighty God, that our gracious Sovereign may long continue to reign in bis faith and fear, and ever be mindful of the solemn engagements into which she has entered; that her counsellors and senators may indeed be wise, and faithful, and holy advisers, and that all the subjects of this realm may render cheerful and ready obedience, as in the sight of Almighty God, and that peace and happiness, truth and justice, religion and piety may be established among us for all generations.

Notices and Acknowledgments. Had we been aware of the importance which Clericus D. attached to the publication of his reply, we should certainly have endeavoured to insert at least the leading passages. As however his communication, thougb forwarded by the rail-road, did not reach us until after the miscellaneous part of the current number was made up, we were compelled either to insert a brief notice in our answers to correspondents, or postpone the reply to another month. We preferred the former, and supposed that by so doing, we should best consult our correspondent's wishes.

At the same time we do not conceive that Clericus D. has any right to claim the insertion of his reply. Had we printed it at full length, Senex and some other of our correspondents might, with great propriety, have called upon us to insert a rejoinder; nor is it easy to say when the discussion would have terminated. Clericus D.'s first communication called forth seven or eight communications, but no correspondent has yet appeared in support of his views. The value of Sunday Evening Services in large towns is indeed no longer a THEORY, but an ascertained Fact. They may be abused, and what is there which human corruption will not abuse ? But the most able, zealous, judicious, and useful clergy of the last half century, with one voice testify to their utility and importance. So far from their promoting licentiousness, they have in unnumbered instances kept the young and inexperienced out of the way of temptation ; and in many, very many cases have been blessed to the recovery of those from the error of their ways, who appeared to be irretrievably lost. It may therefore be doubted not wbether we are justified in the insertion of Clericus D.'s reply, but whether it would not have been on the whole better, if we had laid aside his first communication. We are not indeed sorry at the discussion which has already taken place, but unless some new facts can be adduced, we cannot perceive any good end which can be answered by its continuance.

H. D.'s communication on the New Poor Law, will be returned on application to our publisher's. It is far too long and desultory for insertion.

We do not very clearly comprehend our correspondent's views on Confirmation, and we very much doubt whether the insertion of his queries would produce any information on the topic which he appears to consider as highly important. We shall be happy to receive a communication from him on the precise points which he conceives are not adequately understood.

We are not prepared to recommend the annexation of either the Coronation Service, or the Form of Consecration of Churches to our Prayer Books. Both are valuable services, and deserving of extensive circulation, but they are not authorised formularies of our church.

CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN

AND

Church of England Magazine.

SEPTEMBER 1838.

MEMOIR OF THE REV. HENRY MORTLOCK.

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This highly-esteemed and la- on his professional duties as mented individual was the sixth civilian. son of the late John Mortlock, His religious views and feelings Esq. Banker, Cambridge, where at this period are not very exactly he was born July 16, 1789. He ascertained. His own ideas were, was induced at a very early period that it was not until he had been of his life to make choice of the two years in India, that his prinministry as his future profession, ciples became decided. About and with this view, after receiving that time his biographer, Mr. an excellent classical education at Elliott, observes, new views of life Bury St. Edmund's School, and at and eternity opened on his mind, the Charter House, was admit- as he read the Scriptures, and ted at Trinity Hall, Cambridge. prayed over them. These were Just however before commencing contirmed by the ministry of the his residence at the university, an Rev. Marmaduke Thompson. Mr. offer was made him of the situation Mortlock himself dated his conof a writer in the Honourable the version to God about this time ; East India Company's service at

and under its first lively impresMadras, and which at his Father's sions, he wrote to his father, dutisuggestion he accepted. This fully and affectionately laying his change was indeed contrary to his new principles before him the own inclinations, but he opposed principles which guided all his no remonstrance. . It is my Fa- subsequent life, and gave to his ther's wish,' he said, and that is death a hope full of immortality. sufficient. On presenting himself But he never saw his father again. for examination at the East India When he returned to England in College near Hertford, Mr. M. 1817, the pilot boat which first was found to have acquired such made the Indiaman in the English · a proficiency in classical know- channel, brought him the newspaledge, as to be allowed to proceed pers announcing his father's death. to India without any further delay, It is often impossible, and often an indulgence which has very enthusiastic to fix the precise time rarely been granted.

of conversion. To receive the On arriving in India, Mr. Mort- truth and walk according to the lock entered the college of Fort truth is the great work we have to William, at Calcutta, where he do : not to ascertain when obtained the medals for proficiency began to receive it.

began to receive it. While Mr. in Persian and Hindoostanee, and Mortlock himself conceived that then proceeding to Madras, entered his conversion to God took place SEPTEMBER 1838,

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