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the poor

surer though a more painful path. idiot boy. Lady M-was Deeply humbled under a sense of wholly given up to pleasure, it sin, she endeavoured by vigilant was the sole aim, end, and bent of watchfulness, acts of piety, charity, her existence. She lived in a and self-denial, to obtain peace of constant whirl of gaiety and disconscience, and reconciliation with sipation, and seemed as utterly her God. She looked at her sins incapable of giving place to a instead of her Saviour. And the serious idea as of passing a solitary brother on whom she leant was no hour. She had adopted an orphan help to her here; he cried peace, niece who in every respect was to peace, but her God withheld his her as a daughter. peace. He would apply every

Helen Cunninghame was a slenremedy in hopes of meeting and der graceful girl, with a peculiarly alleviating her distress, but the retiring air and pensive expression Balm of Gilead was not of the of countenance. No one could number; he prescribed change of have taken her for any thing but scene, and a variety of things, but

what she was,

relation the heavenly physician was not at whom a rich aunt had adopted as hand to bless these vain efforts. a matter of convenience rather The word of God which is quick than real benevolence. Lady M. and powerful, and sharper than a expected that Helen should actwo-edged sword, had been per- company her to every party and mitted to pierce her, and the place of amusement.

She was wounds were not to be thus slight- obeyed, from a sense of duty not ly healed by one who would not inclination ; for it was evident her have ascribed the honour where it heart was not in the dance nor the was due.

dejeuner, the concert

nor the Among other things I resolved soirée. Oh no, she was occupied that we would mix more in society by thoughts and feelings far bethan we had yet done; thinking yond, and superior to the frivolimy sister's depression of spirits ties by which she was surrounded. and excessive sensibility might She lived above them, and here in terminate in pulmonary complaint this barren wilderness where (if if her mind were not more amused, any where) the spiritually-minded and though our tastes were much might have exclaimed, “ Can these more for the seclusion of literary dry bones live”-even here was one pursuits than the dissipation of the precious plant of the Lord's own fashionables by whom

planting, whose trial it was that surrounded, I persisted in it that her lot in life was cast among those it was necessary, in short it must who in their lifetime revelled in be, and the next season found us their good things, unmindful of the as busily toiling in the race of world beyond the grave--the pleasure as most of our acquaint- thoughtless company of the dead ance; but with this exception, the in pleasure.

Before the close of pleasure was indeed a toil to us. that season I was informed by

There was among our gay friends Lady M. that her protegée was in one lady, a widow, who had been delicate health, and that she was an object of pity to us for years. sure it arose from her own folly in Possessed of an immense fortune, wasting so much time in study, in which she had a life interest, and rising at what she considered and entailed in the male line, she a most unreasonably early hour. had lost a family of five children, I had been quite prepared for this, and there remained to her only since my sister had often told me three; two daughters who were how ill her dear friend was made married, and the youngest, an by the constant excitement and



dissipation of her present situation. to visiting the poor, she would But instead of adopting the aunt's have been stopped in her exertions, suggestion and forbidding early crippled in her endeavours, and hours, I prohibited late ones, espe- have only exposed herself to the cially evening parties and crowded charge of singularity and contempt assemblies. And it seemed as of the rules and opinions of society. though every desire of her heart The profession of religion was by was granted when I had told the

no means a popular, a fashionable person of whom she was afraid thing, fifty years ago; there was that rest and retirement were abso- then far more of reproach in the lutely necessary.

name of Christian than


who I had often been told by some have been brought up in the tents poor patients in a wretched and

of the righteous can have any idea miserable quarter of the city that of; but I do not hesitate to affirm they owed a great deal to the kind- that there was more zeal, more sinness of a lady who visited them cerity, more real devotion and confrequently for the purpose of read- sistency among the few followers ing and comforting them in their of the Saviour in those days than distress.

there is in many of the present It was then so strange a thing day, who with their mouth make for ladies to lay themselves out great professions, but who are for the welfare of the lower orders, possessed of a bustling, pressing, especially such distressed and mi- talkative spirit, which is neither serable objects as inany to whom wholesome nor profitable. my profession introduced me, that I am an old man, and have curiosity was aroused and consi- doubtless many old fashioned noderably increased by the circum- tions, but if “ days should speak stance that I could obtain no and multitudes of years should teach information with reference to the wisdom,” why not one whose masunknown, excepting that she was ter has spared him to the extreme attended by an elderly female limit of fourscore? and I must own servant. And we had been inti- I look with the greatest distrust mately acquainted for more than

upon many of those meetings and three years ere we discovered the occupations for the female portion lowly flower from whence such of the community which it is the gentle odours proceeded; and it custom to laud and extol, and from was then quite by accident that which many are disposed to infer we were enabled to identify Helen that there is a vast increase of C. with the good young lady to godliness and true religion. whom many of the living were so dread the spirit of display which deeply indebted, and on whose is engendered and nourished by head the dying had invoked their working parties, Dorcas commitlatest blessings. You may be in- tees, classes for discussing Scripclined to think this young Chris- ture difficulties, meetings for relattian was more reserved and timid ing what has been heard, said, and than is consistent with the precept done by the fair visitor in their which enjoins us to

" let our light districts. Then are you an advoshine before men,” but you, my cate for Christians sitting idle and dear friend, can hardly imagine the neglecting opportunities of usefuldifficult situation in which she was ness ?- by no means. placed; for you bave not witnessed have time

to do good the great change in the opinions unto all men ; time and influence and customs of society which I are talents which we must occupy have. Had Miss C. openly de- until he comes.

I would have our clared her feelings with reference women, especially young women,

Whilst we



WANT OF A PROPER OBJECT INJURIOUS IN RELIGION. 375 keepers at home; let them visit than the applause or admiration of the poor quietly, remembering it friends. The heart is so deceitful, is their duty to advise, exhort, we must be ever jealous and susinstruct them, with gentleness, picious of the motives from whence meekness, long-suffering, and cha- our apparently best exertions arise, rity; to hear their tales and con- and in these days of religious exfessions, without repeating them citement we have need to be pecuunless occasion requires, and to liarly on our guard lest we should bear their poor neighbours on their trust to fleeting impressions, or be hearts at a throne of grace; let influenced by fashion, so as to rest them thus labour with their hands, in the outward forms which perish their heads, their hearts, quietly, in the using, instead of the body privately, faithfully, and they which is of Christ. shall receive a far greater reward



SIR, –The following thoughts were whence we learn, that to deviate suggested by reading a valuable in our aim, at any one of these paper in your April number, enti- points, is to miss the proper object, tled, “On Inconstancy in Reli- and to turn aside unto vain janggion.'

ling. If we swerve from unfeigned The cause of many (perhaps of faith, or a good conscience, or a all) errors in religion, is the want pure heart, the departure is most of a proper object, and of undivid

injurious to the soul, not to say ed attention to it. The poet Cow- absolutely fatal. In taking aim, per has justly said,

it is not only necessary to send the *None sends his arrow to the mark in arrow in a straight direction, but view,

also to keep our eye fixed on the Whose hand is feeble, or his aim object at which we shoot. In the untrue.'

apostle's doctrine, this is love, The inconstancy of many reli

which is described as the end or gious professors, and indeed of object of the commandment. many sincere inquirers, may be This

appears to refer to the short traced directly to this cause, un- summary of the law, given in Deut. trueness of aim. In the first Epis- vi. and Matt. xxii. There we find tle to Timothy, (chap. i. verses 5, that love is the end of both tables 6,) this is put in the clearest point of the law; for the first is thus of view. i. Now the end of the summed


Thou shalt love the commandment is charity (love) out Lord thy God with all thy heart, of a pure heart, and of a good con- and the second, Thou shalt love science, and of faith unfeigned: thy neighbour as thyself. So that from which some having swerved in both cases, love is the end of have turned aside unto vain jang- the commandment, in the one inling." For swerved, the marginal stance toward God, and in the translation reads not aiming at, and other toward man. thus makes the apostle's intention, But is it not too plain, on surin giving this admonition, still veying the Christian world, that plainer.

professors of religion do not stedThe original says, from which fastly keep this end in view, and things, in the plural number ; make it their single aim ? Most

of them have their party objects, open. Let us ascertain whether their personal prejudices, and their we are taking a direct aim, or Shibboleths; so that while they whether we have deviated from appear to be aiming at salvation, the straight line of our mark : and (the professed end of their faith,*) if so, has it been in matters of they have really turned aside unto faith, or of conscience, or of purity vain jangling, noisy disputation, and sincerity, or through not keepand unprofitable contention. They ing the end (namely, love) disare intent upon something to which tinctly in view. Whatever it be, they have attached the name of we must take a new and better Christ, while Christ himself has

aim, and may God direct and bless nothing to do with it. They sub- us in so doing. stitute their passions for religion, might be useful, if our pulpits forgetting what the end of the were accustomed to set forth this commandment is.

important truth more prominently, Hence it comes, that while many as a corrective of men's views, and are learning, few arrive at the as a test of their Christian state. knowledge (except the head-know. Perhaps by urging this truth, wanledge) of the truth. Young in- derers might be made to retrace quirers are soon tainted with this

their steps ; inquirers might be spirit, and a blight is consequently warned against deviating from their upon them, almost from their set

proper aim, and taught to keep it ting out. In the mean time, the in view; vain janglers, whom knowworld conceives an erroneous opi- ledge puffeth up, might be induced nion of the gospel, though, alas I a to cast aside their useless objects, just one of its professors, and the and to give their whole attention to adversaries of Christ are embold- that charity (love) which edifieth. ened in their enmity. These things And if a person found that a habit ought not so to be.

of controversy was growing upon Let us, then, be careful to avoid

him, he might be led seriously to In taking aim, one eye inquire, whether he had not somemust be closed, or we cannot see where swerved from the proper directly. The eye must be single. line, or forgotten the real end of The eye

of the old man must be the commandment. shut, and only that of the new man

&c. * 1 Peter i. 9.

S. E. L.

this error.

I am,


“ Ye have a zeal for Christ, but not according to knowledge.”

God, as he is the "giver of grace," zeal, without the due illuminations so is he the “ Father of lights ; of knowledge, know not of what he neither admits darkness in him- spirit they are; indeed of such a self, nor approves it in others

; spirit as begins in darkness, leads and therefore those who place all to it, and ends in it. religion in the heat of a furious





Prot. Our last conversation, though isted in Eden,- which Adam st much prolonged, was still necessa- by transgression,-and which it is rily limited to a consideration of the main object of the Gospel to the principle discussed. Nothing restore. was said of the practice which Rom. You forcibly remind me grows out of that principle. I of Dr. Milner's xxth letter, in endeavoured to show, that, even as which he so clearly shews the vast described by your own casuists, advantage possessed by our church the doctrine of the INVOCATION OF in the greater means of sanctity Saints was indefensible, and op- provided, in her sacraments, public posed to the whole spirit of Chris- services, confession, and prescribed tianity. But we cannot stop here. private devotions, If you have We are compelled, if we would do looked at this part of Dr. Milner's justice to the subject, and to this work, I wonder that you should inquiry, to consider also the doc- venture to institute a comparison tripe as it is practically known between the two churches, on the among us. And this will be, in point of their respective forms and truth, the test to which the matter uses of public and private worship. must be brought. I have alleged Prot. There is one important that the system of worship in the distinction which you have forgotRomish church is idolatrous in its ten to notice ; to wit, that between character and tendency. If I am worship of a laborious, costly, and right, we shall be sure to find the splendid character, and worship manifestation of that tendency, in rightly offered. I readily admit the worship of those who adhere that the Romish church furnishes to that church. This, therefore, her votaries with many and most will naturally offer itself as the sub- elaborate forms; with more sacraject for our present consideration. ments than the Apostles ever knew;

Inq. That is to say, you propose with penances and processions and to shew that the worship of the pilgrimages which the Apostles church of Rome is not only found- would have abhorred; but all this ed on principles which lead to is nothing to the purpose, or rather idolatry; but is actually seen, in it only the more proves my posithe conduct of its adherents, to tion. I do not charge your church produce that result.

with abolishing, or discontinuing, Prot. Such is


intention : 1 or neglecting the services of the wish to direct your mind to the sanctuary, but with perverting consideration of the real nature of them. And let me remind you the worship which is current in the that the cautions given in Scripchurch of Rome; as a system ture are

more frequently directed idolatrous throughout; a system against superstitious, pharisaical, which, from

he one

end to the or ill-directed worship, than against other, constantly interposes some the neglect of worship altogether. other object of worship between The prophets were frequent in the creature and the Creator, and such warnings

_To what purthus effectually precludes that pose,” says Isaiah, i. 11. is the intercourse and converse between multitude of your sacrifices unto God and man, which at first ex- mne ? suith the Lord: I am full of OCTOBER, 1838.

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