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the burnt-offerings of rams, and own mind and conscience, the fat of fed beasts; and I delight one believeth that he may eat all not in the blood of bullocks, or of things : another, who is weak, eatlambs, or of he-goats.

eth herbs. Let not him that eateth come to appear before me, who hath despise him that eaieth not ; and required this at your hand, to tread let not him which eateth not judge my courts ? Bring no more vain him that eateih.(Rom. xiv. 2, oblations; incense is an abomina- 3.) And in another place he says; tion unto me; the new moons and " For meat commendeth us not sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, to God: for neither, if we eat, are I cannot away with ; it is iniquity, we the better ; neither, if we eat not, even the solemn meeting. Your are we the worse.(1 Cor. viii. 8.) new moons and your appointed 3. Rome makes celibacy a duty feasts my soul hateth : they are a appertaining to the Christian mintrouble unto me; I am weary to

istry. St. Paul says, bear them."

" Have we not power to lead In the same strain follows Amos about a sister, a wife, as well as _"I hate, I despise your feast other apostles, and as the brethren days, and I will not smell in your of the Lord, and Cephas?(1 Cor. solemn assemblies. Though ye ix. 5.) In another place he says, offer me burnt-nfferings and your A Bishop must be blamemeat-offerings, I will not accept less, the husband of one wife. (1 them: neither will I regard the Tim. iii. 2.) peace-offerings of your fat beasts." And with reference to both this (ch. v. 21.)

and the last point, he warns TimBut St. Paul must be our chief othy that“ in the latter times some authority in this matter, as one shall depart from the faith, giving who was especially “the Apostle heed to seducing spirits, and docof the Gentiles,” and who was in- trines of devils; Speaking lies in spired to write no fewer than four- hypocrisy; having their conscience teen different Epistles, filled with seared with a hot iron; Forbidding instructions and warnings to the to marry, and commanding to abearly Christian churches. And stain from meats, which God hath those instructions and warnings created to be received with thanksare most full and explicit against giving of them which believe and every one of those things in which know the truth.(1 Tim. iv. 1-3.) Rome chiefly prides herself. I will 4. Rome encourages the pracjust run over a short list of them. tice of following, as devotees, some

1. Rome lays great stress on her particular saint, as leader or head, multitude of holidays, most of as St. Francis, St. Dominic, St. which she makes positively obli- Augustine, and many others. gatory. St. Paul dismisses the Whereas St. Paul vehemently conmatter thus-". One man esteemeth tends against this very practice. one day above another : another For while one saith, I am of esteemeth every day alike. Let Paul; and another, I am of Apolevery man be fully persuaded in los; are ye not carnal? Who then his own mind. He that regardeth is Paul, and who is Apollos, but the day, regardeth it unto the Lord ; ministers by whom ye believed, even and he that regardeth not the day, as the Lord gave to every man ? to the Lord he doth not regard it.I have planted, Apollos watered ; (Rom. xiv. 5, 6.)

but God gave the increase. So 2. Rome is most particular in then neither is he that planteth any forbidding meat on certain days in thing, neither he that watereth; every week. St. Paul, the but God that giveth the increase.contrary, leaves every man to his (1 Cor. iii. 4-7.)


5. And, while Rome prides and now is, when the true worshipherself on ber“ means of sanctity,” pers shall worship the Father in as she denominates her elaborate spirit and in truth : for the Father ritual, her 'multitude of holidays, seeketh such to worship him.

God her holy water and consecrated oil, is a Spirit: and they that worship her various fastings and penances, him must worship him in spirit and and all the rest of her burdensome in truth.(John iv. 23, 24.) observances, St. Paul sums up the Now the main charge I have to whole in one general condem- bring against the Romish church nation,

is, that it hinders as far as posLet no man therefore judge sible, this spiritual worship, by you in meat, or in drink, or in interposing visible and present obrespect of a holyday, or of the jects of worship; by interposing new moon, or of the sabbath days : also invisible and absent, but false, Which are a shadow of things to mediators; and by elevating the come; but the body is of Christ. priesthood itself into an object of Let no man beguile you of your worship: reward in a voluntary humility and Inq. Have the goodness to exworshipping of angels, intruding plain these three points a little into those things which he hath more fully before you proceed. not seen, vainly puffed up by Prot. Willingly. You will unhis fleshly mind :

derstand me most readily, by Wherefore, if ye be dead with Christ fixing your mind on the worship from the rudiments of the world, of the early Christian churches, as why, as though living in the world, we tind it described in Scripture, are ye subject to ordinances, ( Touch and in the earliest records, and on not; taste not; handle not; Which that of the Protestant churches, all are to perish with the using ;) -and then contrasting this simple after the commandments and doc- worship with the ritual and ceretrines of men? Which things have monies of the Romish church. indeed a shew of wisdom in will the writings of the apostles, in the worship, and humility, and neg- practice of the early church, and lecting of the body ; not in any in that of the Protestant churches honour to the satisfying of the of our own time, we constantly flesh.(Col. ii. 16--23.)

observe but one object of worship, The great thing to be borne in the TRIUNE JEHOVAH, who is inmind is, that all these forms and visible, who is a Spirit, and who modes of worship, which the therefore must be approached by church of Rome makes all-im- an effort of the mind, and soul, and portant, are, after all, mere cir- spirit. The business of the worcumstances; and the essence, the shipper is with Him alone. This reality of the worship, is in no way business can only be carried on, connected with any one of them. really, by the heart and mind, and Our Lord directed the mind of the only to any good purpose, by the woman of Samaria' to this fact, assistance of the Holy Spirit. All when she began to demand of him, other helps will prove only bin• Is it here, or is it there,--is it drances. Place what you will beaccording to this form, or to that, tween the soul and God, as an that we ought to worship?' He imaginary ladder or stepping-stone, instantly turned her mind from the heart instantly rests on that, places and forms, telling her that and ascends no higher. This Satan the time was at hand when «


well knows, and therefore it is, shall neither at Jerusalem, nor in that he has so artfully provided, in this mountain, worship the Fa- the Romish ritual, ther ;” for that “ the hour cometh, 1. A present God to be wor



shipped and adored, in the form of pontifical, containing the various a piece of wafer:

ceremonies to be performed by 2. Images of God, in the vari. bishops, is a volume of considerous representations of the cross, on able bulk, larger by far than the which our salvation was wrought New Testament. Catholic divines out, of the Virgin, and of various admit that this pontifical contains real or supposed saints :

a great quantity of superfluous 3. A whole army of mediators matter, which, however, is not to and intercessors, in heaven, or in be passed over so long as it remains the upper regions of the air, who on the statute-book. The Council are to be prayed to, in the belief of Trent has even gone so far as to that they are more accessible, and anathematize all such as should have a readier sympathy with our presume, of their own private auwants and miseries, than either thority, to retrench or to alter any Christ or the Father :

portion of it. Bishops themselves, 4. A priesthood endowed with much less the clergy of the second miraculous powers !

who order, have no choice or jurisdiccreate God himself out of a piece tion in such things. This law, of wafer - who can endow water however, is sometimes disregarded or oil with medicinal or restorative by refractory individuals, who, or protective power by a word, and pressed by time or actuated by at whose sentence the sins of their carelessness, or for other reasons votaries depart, and souls spring best known to themselves, skip up out of purgatory into heaven. over many of the prescribed cere

Now all these inventions of Po- monies, and hasten to the conclupery have a direct tendency to inter- sion of their work. cept and break off the spiritual in- • The ceremonies of the mass, tercourse which ought to be carried how multifarious ! Genuflections on between man and God. They and crosses without number ; comall present to man other refuges, plicated movements; the quarterother reliances, other Saviours, wheel, the semicircular, and the than HIM “ whom God hath ex- circular, as the case may require ; alted ;" and therefore they are all, the repeated shifting of the book intrinsically and practically, in na- from side to side, and the blaze of ture and in effect, positively ido- candles amid the glare of the merilatrous.

dian sun. Doubtless the generality Rom. You are but repeating a of priests attach little importance great part of your accusations at to these matters ; not so the conour last meeting.

gregation, who would be highly Prot. I partly admit the charge, scandalized if the mass suffered Let me turn, then, from my own any defalcation in this respect. views and opinions, and read to The devotional exercises of the you the recent confessions of a multitude in general are of a very Roman Catholic priest, the Rev. odd description ; scarcely a house David O'Croly, of Cork, who, in without a consecrated bead, a relihis last work on the differences gious piece of furniture supposed between Protestantism and Popery, to possess extraordinary virtue, thus laments the weight of super

particularly if consecrated by the stition which has encumbered the Pope. This guides them in the worship of his own Church :- arrangement of their prayers, most

Nothing can be more compli- of which are addressed cated than the Roman Catholic Blessed Virgin, whom the beadceremonial. Simplicity, the ori- gentry invoke ten times for once ginal characteristic of Christianity, they invoke the Almighty. Nor has been abandoned. The Roman is this mode of praying confined to

to the


the vulgar and illiterate. It is his diocese ; which odd practice is prescribed in the common prayer still observed under his enlightened books, is repeated by priests pub

He also instituted licly at the altar, and is practised monthly processions, at which this in all the nunneries and religious litany is chanted in her honour. communities. The costume of a “ The litany in question is nouun is incomplete unless a conse- thing but a formidable series of crated bead hangs dangling from adulatory epithets bestowed on the her girdle. In the chair of con- Virgin for the purpose of procuring fession the satisfactory works im- her favour and intercession. It is posed generally consist of so many of general use, and is reckoned by rosaries to be repeated on the five some indispensable. It is, howdecad or fifteen decad bead with- ever, more common in some places in a certain limited time. At the than in others, more used by womass, especially in country chapels, men than by men, and more by the you will scarcely hear any thing ignorant than by the well-informbut rosaries - Ave Maria ten times ed. The priest recites the litany and Pater Noster once. This dis- on his bended knees; but, when proportionate alternation is kept the mass commences, he stands up without intermission from the erect. This is odd enough. He beginning to the end of mass, from addresses the Virgin on his knees, the • Introibo' to the gospel of St. and he addresses the Almighty in John. If they stay at home from a standing posture.

He shews mass on a Sunday or holiday, they more respect to the creature than repeat a rosary or two on their to the Creator. Much the same bead as a set-off against the omis- happens when the hymn “ Ave sion. In short, the rosary,

which maris stella-“ Hail star of the should be called their devotion to



in her honour, or to the Virgin, forms the sum

total of procure her favour. At the first their religious worship. The Vir- verse all go on their knees, as is gin is transformed into a divinity, done at the verse, O crux ave" of whom her female votaries con- “ Hail ! 0! cross,” when chantstantly crave pardon for their trans- ing the hymn

ing the hymn Vexilla Regisin gressions. The Colliridiani, as we honour of the cross-a posture of learn from Epiphanius, were con- adoration unheeded when hymns demned as idolaters in the primi- are sung in honour of God. tive church, for a custom they ob- What a multitude of odd served, of offering a cake as a sort ceremonies is connected with the of sacrifice, in honour of the Virgin. use of holy water. It is astonishIt would not be easy to shew that ing what virtue is ascribed to this the cake of the Colliridiani was consecrated element. Nothing can more opposed to the purity of be blessed or ballowed without it; divine worship than this perpetual neither candles, nor new fruits, nor rosary. It is, indeed, quite cer

eggs, nor ships, nor tain, that the Virgin never enjoyed dwelling-houses, nor churches, nor higher honours or prerogatives than bells, nor sacerdotal vestments. It she does among her female votaries is used in the administration of all now-a-days, at least in old Ireland. the sacraments, before mass and The late Dr. Moylan, Roman Ca- after mass, and at the churching of tholic bishop in Cork, ordered the women. Nothing, in short, can litany of the Blessed Virgin, or be done without holy water. Even the litany of our Lady of Loretto, the butter-churn is sprinkled with (a place celebrated in the annals of it before the churning commences, sacrilegious romance,) to be recited that the cream might work the always before mass, throughout better. It purifies the air, heals

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distempers, cleanses the soul, ex- what object of this kind is there pels Satan and his imps from to which the adoration of the oils haunted houses, and introduces the

may be referred ? Holy Ghost as an inmate in their ** The efficacy of this benedicstead. It is generally believed tion lasts but for one year ; at the that the holy water blessed at expiration of which, it is underEaster and Christmas, possesses stood that the holy oil becomes superior virtue, on which account unfit to communicate grace, and several tubs or barrels full must be should be committed for combusblessed upon these occasions, in tion to the devouring element of order to supply the increased de- fire. The solemn consecration by mand. Protestants being quite the bishop, backed by a multitude incredulous as to the miraculous of crosses and insufflations, &c. virtues ascribed to holy water, performed by the body of priests have abolished the use of it, and in attendance, proves insufficient are of opinion that it bears a strong to protect it from the injuries of resemblance to the lustral water time and the decay of nature; just that was commonly used in the as happens to the consecrated host, rites of pagan superstition.

which, when it happens to suffer “ Salt in like manner is pressed decomposition, is acknowledged to into the ceremonial of religion, be nothing more than decayed probably because in the New Tes. bread, unfit to nourish either body tament the apostles were called the salt of the earth. It is blessed Nothing can exceed the comfor a variety of purposes. After plication and multitude of the being, first of all, duly exorcised ceremonies observed in the conitself, it is made use of in the ad. ferring of holy orders; which, ministration of baptisin and in the though reckoned one individual manufacture of holy water.

sacrament and of a spiritual na“ The ceremonial of blessing the ture, is, like matter, divisible ad oils—the oleum infirmorum, the infinitum.

You have particular oil for the sick, the oleum cathe- ceremonies for the consecration of cumenorum, the oil of catechu

a pope, for the consecration of a mens, and the chrisma or chrism, patriarch, for the consecration of is complicated beyond measure, an archbishop, for the consecration and magnificent withal. On Maun- of a bishop, for the consecration of day Thursday it is consecrated by an abbot, for the ordination of a the bishop, robed in his pontificals, priest, for the ordination of a deain the presence of the diocesan con, for the ordination of a subclergy, robed in their vestments; deacon, for the collation of the who all, at the appointed times,

four minor orders of reader, of porwhile it is in progress of conse- ter, of alcolite, of exorcist, and, cration, worship it by triple genu- finally, for giving the prima tonfection, salutation, and psalmody!

What a tremendous ceThe holy oil is adored on Maun- remonial ! What cumbrous day Thursday, just as the cross is machinery of religion !! and from on Good Friday; on which latter such simple beginnings. occasion also, a multiplicity of Religion, indeed, was overodd ceremonies takes place.

loaded with extravagancies at an “ The worship of inanimate early period. St. Augustine comthings is justified on the score of plains of the vast increase of its being merely relative; that is, whimsical ceremonies in bis time. referable to something really en- He says, “ things in this respect titled to our adoration. There had arrived at such a pitch of abmay be some reason in this. But surdity, that Christianity, which



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