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DR. HOOK'S SERMON BEFORE THE QUEEN.
A CONSIDERABLE sensation has been ment patriotic, praiseworthy, and recently excited by a Sermon of Dr. honourable. But here is always a Hook's, which was pre ched before still further question to be askedher Majesty at the Chapel Royal, namely, whether the society of and said to have been followed by Christians established by the goan intimation that Dr. H. would no vernment, and invested with certain longer be called upon to preach in emoluments and privileges, be a pure turn, as one of the Royal Chaplains. branch of that church which was The Doctor has however issued a instituted by our blessed Lord and letter, in which he states that he has his apostles ; and if it be not such, no reason to suppose that his dis- however willing we might be to precourse is in any way displeasing serve the peace of society, by refuto her Majesty; he has however sing to injure a national institution,
fit to publish his discourse we should, nevertheless, be amply in a cheap form, which has, in con- justified as religionists, in refusing sequence of the above-named re- to conform to it. If the mere fact ports, met with a very extensive that a religious society is established circulation, and given rise to very by the civil government be sufficient contradictory remarks and feelings. to claim for it our adhesion, see
The discourse does not appear in what the consequences must be: we itself deserving of any particular should be obliged, on such princiattention. The text is “ Hear the ples, to become Presbyterians in Church.” Matt. xviii. 17, and the Scotland and Holland, Papists in Sermon is a kind of eulogy on our France and Italy-nay, in some Church, on grounds which, while at parts of the world, worshippers of first apparently assailing the Pa- the Mosque, and votaries of Brahma, pists, go very far eventually to estab- whereas the consistent Protestant lish the foundation on which Popery could not, of course, conform to the rests.
established church in France or The doctor begins his discourse by Italy, until those churches have unreferring to the respect with which dergone a thorough reformation, the royal chapel must be regarded as The consistent English churchman the place where, from time immemo- cannot conform to the Presbyterian rial, our Sovereigns have worship- establishment in Scotland, but in ped, and our Bishops preached, and that part of the island attends the where the sound of our English services of the Scottish Episcopal Liturgy was first heard; and be church, which, though at one time thence infers the propriety of laying established, was at the revolution in before his audience the claims, the 1688, from political considerations, character, and the privileges of the deprived of its endowments, which church. And these not with refe- were then given to the community rence to its political, but its religious of Presbyterians, which has there character.
become the established religion.' • No one who reads the Bible can Now we must say this is very for one moment doubt that religion much like denying the Church of is, or ought to be, a national con- Scotland to be a church. Every hycern, so long as the Bible contains pothesis which places conformity to such awful denunciations against the Church of Scotland on the same national apostacy and national vice, ground with the worshipping at the and while among the predicted bles- Mosque, and the idolatrous rites of sings of Christianity, it was foretold Bramah, is in its own nature invias one,
“ that kings should be the dious, though there may be a loopnursing fathers, and queens the nur- hole for escape. “ The visible Church sing mothers of the church.” And of Christ is a congregation of faithto desire to belong to that religious ful men, in which the pure word of society which happens to be estab- God is preached, and the sacraments lished in our native land, is a senti- - be duly ministered according to OCTOBER 1838.
Christ's ordinance in all those things
United States of America were Enthat of necessity are requisite to the glish colonies, the English church same;" and it is quite clear that the was there established : at the revoChurch of Scotland answers to this lution the state was destroyed. Mondescription. The only point on archy has there ceased to exist; but which an objection can be taken is, the church, though depressed for a that the Ministers of the Scotch time, remains uninjured: so that Church are not episcopally or- there-among the American repubdained; but before this objection licans-under the superintendence can apply, it will be necessary to
of no fewer than sixteen bishops, prove that episcopal ordination is you will find her sacraments and of necessity requisite to the due ad- ordinances administered, and all her ministration of the Sacraments, ritual and liturgical services adminwhich we apprehend can scarcely
istered, with not less of piety, zeal, onscriptural grounds be established. and solemnity than herein England; It should be remembered that the there you may see the church, like Scotch clergy can trace their ordi- an oasis in the desert, blessed by nation up to apostolical times, as the dews of heaven, and shedding clearly as the clergy of the English heavenly blessings around her, in a church.
land where, because no religion is The following however is the established, if it were not for her, passage which is said to have been nothing but the extremes of infithe most offensive, though it does delity or fanaticism would prevail.' not appear to us the most objec- Now it is by no means a necestionable.
sary consequence, that if the con• Bless God, then, we may, that nexion between the church and the true church is established here state were severed, the monarchy in England, and that while as pat
would be overturned. It does not riots we would support its establish- follow, that because in the Great ment for our country's good, we can Rebellion, the cry of No Bishop was also, as Christians, conscientiously connected with No King, that this conform to it; yet it is not on the must always be the case. At the ground that it is established by the same time, if the connexion between state, but on grounds much higher the Church and State were termi--and holier than these, that in this nated, it is obvious that great ensacred place we are to state its couragement would be given to the claims. So entirely independent is lawless and disobedient, and that the church (as the church) of the the cause of true liberty and good state, that were all connexion be- government would exceedingly suftween church and state at this very fer. Nor is it true that the Amerimoment to cease, (though we may can Church has remained uninjured be sure the monarchy would be de- by its separation from the state; on stroyed,) the church, as the church, the contrary, though reviving, it is would continue precisely as she now very far from that condition in is ; that is to say, our bishops, which we trust it may eventually though deprived of temporal rank, appear. The American bishops perwould still exercise all those spiri- form, it is true, all the essential tual functions, which, conferred by offices of episcopacy, but their posihigher than human authority, no tion is one of considerable delicacy human authority can take away; and difficulty, and which indeed still to the vacant sees they would must ever be the case, while solely consecrate new bishops, still ordain dependent on voluntary obedience the clergy, still confirm the baptized, and support. still govern the church ; our priests, Dr. H. next proceeds to answer assisted by the deacons, would still the Romish objection, that the administer the sacraments, and Church of England was founded by preach the Gospel; our Liturgy, certain Protestants in the sixteenth even though we were driven to upper century, and contends that there rooms of our towns, or to the very was an English church prior to the caves of the desert, would still be introduction of Romanism-that the solemnized. We may be sure of reformers only swept away the herethis, for this very thing has hap- sies and corruptions which Rome pened in times past. When the had introduced into the English
church, that the reformers did not reformers of the Church of England separate from Rome, but that Rome carefully preserving the middle path. separated from our reformed church • The Church of England, then, in the twelfth year of Queen Eli- that church to which we belong, is zabeth's reign.
the old catholic church which was • The present church of England originally planted in this country. is the old catholic church of Eng- But the founders of the Church of land, reformed in the reigns of England-remember, I do not mean Henry, Edward, and Elizabeth, of the reformers, for nothing but ignocertain superstitious errors ; it is rance the most gross will speak of the same church which came down
them as our founders—ignorance from our British and Saxon ances- which concedes to the Papists an artors, and, as such, it possesses its gument of the very greatest importoriginal endowments, which were ance—the founders or planters of never, as ignorant persons foolishly the Church of England, both Britons suppose, taken from one church and and Saxons, were bishops ordained given to another. The church re- by other bishops, precisely as is the mained the same after it was re- case at the present time; the cataformed as it was before, just as a logue has been carefully and proman remains the same man after he videntially preserved from the bewashes his face as he was before ; ginning. And the bishops who just as Naaman, the leper, remained ordained them had been ordained the same Naaman after he was by other bishops, and so back to the cured of his leprosy, as he was be- apostles, who ordained the first fore. And so regularly, so canon- bishops, being themselves ordained ically, was the reformation con- by Christ. This is what is called ducted, that even those who thought the doctrine of the apostolic sucno reformation requisite still re- cession, which is a doctrine of conmained for a time in the church ; siderable importance. For, unless they did not consider what was done the ministers of the gospel are sent (though they did not approve of it) by Christ, what right have they to sufficient to drive them into a schism. act in his name? It was not till the twelfth year of . Let us ever remember, that the Queen Elizabeth's reign that, listen- primary object for which the church ing to the exhortations of the Pope, was instituted by Christ, its author they quitted the church and formed and finisher, and for wbich the aposa new sect, froro which the present tolical succession of its ministers Romish dissenters have descended, was established,--that the primary and in which were retained all those object for which through ages of errors in opinion and practice, all persecution, and ages of prosperity, that rubbish which the catholic and ages of darkness, and ages of church in England had at the re- corruption, and ages of reformation, formation corrected and swept and ages of latitudinarianism, and away. Let it always be remembered now in an age of rebuke and blasthat the English Romanists separa- phemy, now when we have fallen ted from us, not we from them; we on evil days and evil tongues,—the did not go out from them, but they primary object for which the church from us.
The slightest acquaint- has still been preserved by a proviance with that neglected branch of dential care, marvellous sometimes, learning, ecclesiastical history, will if not miraculous, in our eyes, was convince is of this. They left the and is, to convey supernaturally the Church of England, to which they saving merits of the atoning blood originally belonged, because they of the Lamb of God, and the sancthought their bishops had reformed tifying graces of his Holy Spirit to too much, had become too Pro- the believer's soul. In the church testant; just as Protestant Dissen- it is that the appointed means are ters left us, because they thought we to be found by which that mystehad not reformed enough; that we rious union with Christ is promoted, were, as they still style us, too Po- in which our spiritual life consists ; pish. The one party left us because in her it is that the third person of they wanted no reform, the other be- the blessed Trinity abideth for ever, cause, instead of a reformation, they gradually to change the heart of sinwished a religious revolution, the ful man, and to make that flesh which he finds stone, gradually to and do still continue to mark, the prepare us for heaven, while our distinctions between the Church of ascended Saviour is preparing hea. Christ, administered under the suven for us. And oh! my brethren! perintendence of chief pastors or what a privilege it is to have this bishops who have regularly sucwell of living water in which you ceeded to the apostles, from those may wash and be clean ! You sects of Christianity which exist know that you are sinful creatures, under self-appointed teachers. very far gone from righteousness : Against the church the world you know that your condition is such seems at this time to be set in array. that you cannot turn and prepare To be a true and faithful member of yourselves by your own natural the church requires no little moral strength and good works to faith and courage. Basely to pretend to becalling upon God; you know that long to her wbile designing mischief by nature you cannot love the Lord against her in the heart, this is easy your God with all your heart, and enough; but manfully to contend soul, and strength; you cannot dis- for her because she is the church, a charge the various duties of your true church, a pure church, a holy various situations in life; you know cburch, this is difficult to those who that, whatever your condition now court the praise of men, or fear the may be, the hour must come of censure of the world. May the great affliction and sorrow, of sickness God of heaven, may Christ the and sadness, the inevitable hour of great bishop and shepherd of souls, death ; and the church is instituted who is over all things in the church, to convey to you pardon upon your putit, my brethren, into your hearts repentance, and grace in time of and minds to say and feel (as I do) need; it is instituted to instruct 6. As for me and my house,” we you in your ignorance, to comfort will live in the church, we will die you in your sorrows, to elevate you in the church, and if need shall be, in your devotions, to bring you into like our martyred forefatbers, we communion with your Saviour, your will die for the church.' sanctifier, your God; to prepare
Now these statements are pregyou for the hour of death, yea, for nant with erroneous views and conthe day of judgment; and this she clusions, Dr. Hook appears to chiefly does through the sacraments attribute that to the church which of the gospel, and the other divinely really belongs to the word of God. appointed ordinances of religion, if It is by that word according to the of them you will but avail your- language of St. Peter, that believers selves.
are born again, and accordingly • But this is not all; while the whoever is led under the influence church thus ministers grace to in- and teaching of the Holy Spirit to dividuals, it is part of her business believe, embrace, and obey the to preserve, hand down, and pro- word of God, is truly born again,
im the truth, the whole truth, as and becomes a child of God, and it is in Jesus. And our duty, there- an heir of everlasting life. Such a fore, it is especially if we happen person is entitled to admission into by God's providence to be called to the visible church-the ministers of situations of influence, rank, or religion are to baptize him and his authority- by all the means in our offspring-to admit them to the table power to increase her efficiency in of the Lord, to instruct, exhort, this respect, to place her on the edify, and watch over them- and the watch-tower, that her voice may be lay-members of the church are to heard through the length and the receive such as fellow-members, as breadth of the land; our duty it is, brethren in Christ-not because to take care that her faith be pre- certain persons calling themselves served intact and pure; our duty it the church, pronounce them to be is, to vindicate her from the glosses brethren; bat because they have of ignorance, and the misrepresen- come unto God in the way prescribed tations of prejudice and malice; in the word of God, and have beour duty it is, clearly to define, and lieved and embraced those blessed zealously to maintain those peculiar promises which are set before them doctrines and that peculiar dis- in Christ Jesus. cipline, which have always marked, Our limits will not allow us to en
large, and we fear our brevity is simplicity of dependence on the denecessarily connected with some- clarations of holy writ, which the what of obscurity ; but at the same word of God inculcates, and which time, we cannot but apprehend that is the grand and important distincthe positions of Dr. Hook are cal- tion between Romanists and Proculated to draw men off from that testants.
WAKEFIELD DIOCESAN ASSOCIATION.
493.. 2,000,000 for every
A NUMEROUS and most respecta- we believe to be most conducive to ble meeting assembled at Wakefield, administer to those wants ? I am on Wednesday September 5, for the persuaded that such appeal will not forming of a Diocesan Association be made to you in vain. But in to promote the building and enlarg- order to commend still more to your ing of churches. The chair was support the object in view, allow me occupied by the Rt. Hon. the Earl to state the steps which itis proposed of Harewood. The first resolution, to take to remedy the'evils that are so stating the lamentable want of manifest. It is intended, under the church accommodation in the dio- divine blessing, to establish a sociecese, was moved by the Lord Bishop ty to aid in the building, enlarging, of Ripon in a very able speech, of and endowing of churches, due which we regret we have only room provision being made for the repairs for the following extract.
of those churches. Now, with re* The population of the whole dio- gard to the building of churches, cese of Ripon at this moment, is there is no question or difficulty. very nearly 900,000. Inorder to show As it regards the endowment of you what is its relative position with churches, I will take leave to menrespect to other dioceses, I would tion, that one great evil and difficulsubmit the following statement : ty which we manifestly perceive the
Church Establishment to be labourDiocese. Churches. Popula.
Propor- ing under, is the very inadequate tion.
one church Chester
provision which at present. exists } 3,200
for the ministers of those churches London .690.. 1,690,000.
that have been recently built. The Durham ....234.. 460,000 Lichfield .... 665.. 985,000
consequences are, frequent changes Winchester .918.. 995,000
in the ministers themselves; the [ln all these Diocesan societies are already established.] congregations become
unsettled ; Exeter ......714.. 773,000..
1,200 and the change of ministers leads Gloucester .. 492.. 437,000
to evils and inconveniences that I Bath & Wells 493. 305,000
need not dwell upon. Salisbury.. ..474.. 320,000
It injures Chichester .. 303.. 231,200
765 the church collectively, and the
spiritual interests of the people deWhile, in the Diocese of Ripon, we cidedly suffer. One great object, have only three hundred and twenty therefore, will be, not only to build churches and chapels, for a popula- churches, but to make such provition, as has been stated, amounting sion as shall, at the same time, to nearly nine hundred thousand, secure permanently resident minisbeing about one for every two thou- ters amongst them. But if that sand seven hundred.
object can be effected ; if the erectherefore, from this, that the Diocese tion and endowment of new churches of Ripon stands next to the Diocese seem so desirable, we may carry it of Chester, as regards the spiritual still further, and increase the enwants of the population. But we dowments of those churches which have been anticipated, by ten or have not yet amounted to £100 per twelve dioceses, whose wants are
That part of the scheme much less than our own, in the for- is, I believe, peculiar to ourselves; mation of associations similar to I am not aware that it exists in any the one we propose this day to es- other diocese; but I see no reason tablisb. Will you consent to allow why we should not set a precedent, one day more to pass over your an example in that respect. It is heads without taking such measures an object which I think, must comas shall, under the divine blessing, mend itself to your good feeling and ensure the supply of such means as good sense, and which I hope there