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will be no difficulty in accomplish- upon the national property. If the naing. So much then for the objects tion comes forward to build churches, of the society; I will now just it would very properly follow that touch on the subject of repairs. they ought to be supported out of We propose that a fund shall be set the national contribution which, apart, in the case of every new according to the law, still exists; church or chapel that may be built, but I do not myself see, nor, I hope, for the repairs of that church or will any present be of that opinion, chapel. Now, let no one suppose that in taking the steps to make that, in doing that, we are in any provision for repairs, which we are degree infringing upon the princi- about to do, we are, in any degree, ple of a national establishment.- sinking this important principle'I am most anxious to explain that His lordship then proceeded to state clearly. As regards the churches various particulars relative to the already built, any land that may constitution of the society and its have been purchased, has been pur- plan of operation which we regret chased with the lien of church-rates that are compelled to omit. upon and that must have been The meeting was afterwards adclearly understood when the land dressed by the Hon. W. S. Lascelles, was purchased; so far as the M.P.; L. Fox, Esq. M.P.; W. R. churches then existing were con- Stanfield, Esq. M.P.; the Hon. E. cerned, it was so liable. But it is Lascelles, the Rev. Messrs. Robera very different thing when indivi- son, Herbert, Franks, Sharp, and duals, like ourselves, meet together several other clergymen and gentlefor the purpose of building churches ; men. Subscriptions and donations to impose the churches thus built, not to the amount of £7000 were received by the nation, but by individuals, in the room.

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BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.

A LETTER addressed to Lord Bexley, entitled “The Baptists and the Bible Society, by the Rev. J. HINTON,' has been recently somewbat extensively circulated. Its object is to complain of the Bible Society's having declined to support certain versions of Scriptures prepared by the Missionaries at Serampore in the East Indies.

Those Missionaries it will be recollected are Immersionists; and in translating their several versions, they uniformly substitute the word immerse where our version bas baptize. While they stood alone, this passed very quietly, but when Missionaries who entertained other views of the nature of baptism, became acquainted with the native languages, they felt that a somewhat unfair advantage had been taken, and consequently complained to the Committee of the British and Foreign Bible Society. That committee conceiving the difficulty could best be solved on the spot, referred the question to the Calcutta Auxiliary; by whom the question was referred back to the Parent Committee, who in consequence determined on July 1, 1833:- That

they would cheerfully afford assistance to the Missionaries connected with the Baptist Missionary Society, in their translation of the Bengalee New Testament, provided the Greek terms relating to Baptism be rendered, either, according to the principle adopted by the translators of the English Authorised Version, by a word derived from the original, or by such terms as may be considered unobjectionable by the other denomin ns Christians composing the Bible Society.'

This resolution was of course very contrary to the general views of the Baptists, though framed and brought forwards by the late Rev. Joseph Hughes, himself a Baptist minister ; but who doubtless felt that his brethren in the East had gone 100 far; and the object of Mr. Hinton's Lötter is to call on the British and Foreign Bible Society to rescind or modify this resolution.

The argument appears to us to lie in very little compass. A committee like that of the Bible Society, consisting of persons of very different denominations, ought not to give an unnecessary advantage to any one in particular. If however they con

sent to translate the word rendered are asked for what purpose they in our own version baptize, by the wish to have it, as they do not read word immerse, they immediately give it in their schools, the reply frethe immersionists an advantage over quently is, 'We will read the Tesall those who maintain that the tament, and pray to God in our own terms wash, pour, sprinkle, are as houses. It will be seen, that by correct interpretations of the ori- these means, also, the truths of the 'ginal term baptize, if not more cor- Scriptures are brought to the notice rect than the term immerse.

of many who are not placed in cirThe Committee are therefore right cumstances so favourable as those in withholding their assistance, previously alluded to. until some

more unobjectionable • The Scriptures obtained from the term is adopted by the immersionists ; Depository during the past year, and were our Baptist brethren more have been in the English, Bengali, anxious to promote general edifica- Hindustani, Hindui, Orissa, Italian, tion, than to advance their own par- French, Portuguese, and Hebrew ticular notions, it would not, we languages; but by far the greater conceive, be difficult to discover proportions have been in English some such term : at present there is, and Bengali. The increased demand we fear, too much cause to appre

of the Natives for the Scriptures in hend another schism in the Bible English has doubtless been, in a Society; for which there is no ade- great measure, caused by the adquate ground, and which must in vancement of education in that lanvarious ways be productive of se- guage. The pupils of the various rious injury to the cause of scriptural Colleges and Schools can take home religion.

a copy of the Bible or Testament in This subject is the more painful English, without exciting those since the recent correspondence of fears, on the part of their relatives, the Society evinces that God is mer- which the same books in the native cifully rendering his own word in. languages would be likely to exstrumental to the enlightening, and cite. The English Schools and Colwe trust conversion of many who leges may be instrumental in preare out of the way: and that more paring the mind of the Natives for especially in those very countries the appreciation of truth, and so far where this controversy originated. may prepare for the reception of the Thus the Calcutta Committee state Gospel. The Committee therefore 'that they have strong grounds for conceive it to be their duty to emencouragement, as the pupils in brace the opportunities now afforded those schools in which Christian for supplying the New Testament and Scriptural instruction is not in English to those institutions in allowed to be inculcated, themselves which that book is customarily read, apply for copies of the Scriptures, and of furnishing the same to the that they may read them with their pupils of other schools wherein the friends and companions in their own New Testsment is not admitted, habitations. When such youths

who manifest a desire to search the apply for the New Testament, and Scriptures for themselves.'

Register of Events.

The time since our last publication has not afforded many events of a generally interesting character. The intelligence from Canada is of a satisfactory nature, tranquillity appears to be re-established, and the reception which the Governor General, Lord Durham, has received during his visit to the Upper Provinces is said to have been very gratifying. It is however currently reported that his Lordship is by no means satisfied with the conduct of the Administration in so quietly allowing his measures to be censured in the House of Lords; and Mr. Turton, of disgraceful notoriety, is said to be the bearer of certain despatches from his Lordship, which will very probably eventually occupy the attention of Parliament.

Mr. O'Connell is employing himself as usual in devising and promulgat ing new schemes of Irish agitation. His rent is at present in considerable" danger, and unless he can succeed in hoodwinking his deluded votaries, he will very possibly find it convenient to accept of some post under government, and end his days in retirement. Agitation is however at present too profitable a business to be hastily relinquished.

A strong sensation has been excited in some commercial circles by the proceedings of Russia towards our merchant vessels in the Black Sea ; and this has been increased by various reports of the very low state to which the stores, &c. in our dock yards are reduced, and which may be of serious consequences should any interruption of our amicable relations with Russia take place. We trust there is no very strong ground of alarm, but still the conduct of Russia appears very objectionable, and the measures of Administration calculated to encourage rather than repress similar aggressions.

One event however of surpassing importance must not remain unnoticed -namely, The renewed goodness and mercy of Almighty God in reserving unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest. The crops of corn surpass ali expectation ; and the weather has been most favourable for gathering in the precious fruits of the earth. God has thus again been better to us than our fears, and dealt with us inconceivably beyond our deserts. What shall we render to the Lord for all his benefits !

We could wish that some public recognition of the goodness of Almighty God were annually made by authority at the return of this interesting season; but until such desirable provision is made, it seems every way adviseable that ministers should inculcate upon their parishioners the duty of acknowledging the divine goodness, the importance of repenting of their past murmuring ingratitude; and especially of those sins which too commonly prevail in time of harvest ; that they should call them to diligent examination and renewed devotion at the Lord's table, and to liberal acknowledgment of the divine mercy, by presenting an especial thankoffering in aid of some of those pious and benevolent institutions which through the divine mercy are established amongst us. It may admit of a doubt, whether any private minister is justified in recommending one especial day for a general thanksgiving on this or any other occasion ; but we conceive that each officiating minister may with great advantage suggest to his own congregation the observance of some Sunday or holiday with this especial object.

Notices and Acknowledgments.

RECEIVEDJ. M.-Grimshaw's Cowper.-A Constant Reader, &c.

The letter of J. H. bas come to hand, and been forwarded according to his request.

We have received the printed circular, reflecting on the conduct of a, valuable society in the appointment of a particular officer. To us it appears most obvious that at present no large and extensive institution can be carried on without efficient instruments, and such instruments can only be obtained at considerable expence. We firmly believe that almost every Secretary, &c. now employed by our religious societies could obtain far more money, and with far less labour by tuition, &e. than they now obtain in the invidious form of salaries. These salaries, large as they may appear, are by no means adequate to the necessary expenditure of a family in the metropolis. Several of the agents of religious institutions would have been involved in serious pecuniary difficulties had not their necessities been relieved by liberal presents and private subscriptions; and their widows and orphans are not unfrequently exposed to very painful privations. We throw out these hints for the consideration of those who have forwarded to us the circular above referred to, the perosal of which will, we apprehend, produce a very general impression that the individual whom it was intended to advocate was no longer worthy of the confidence of the institution, and was therefore very properly dismissed.

CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN

AND

Church of England Magazine.

NOVEMBER 1838.

MEMOIR OF BERNARD OVERBERG.

REGENT OF THE EPISCOPAL SEMINARY, TEACHER OF THE NORMAL

SCHOOL, &c. AT MUNSTER, PRUSSIA.

The attention which has recently delicate constitution, that he could been called to the subject of Na- not walk before his fifth year, and tional Education renders the narra- when sent to school, learning was tives of those who have been dis- so disagreeable to him, that he tinguished for their exertions in wore out eight A B C books, similar fields highly interesting. before he learnt to read. " What Among these an account of Bernard hast thou, that thou hast not reOverberg, which has just appeared, ceived," seemed to be taught him is every way deserving of notice; from his infancy. his early history especially shews It happened that when he was how natural talent often breaks nine years old, the clergyman at through the difficulties and ob- Voltlage died, and the parents stacles with which it is surrounded. were speaking of him in the boy's In this respect the narrative of presence, what a good and zealous Overberg will be found peculiarly pastor * he had been, and how valuable to young persons in the difficult it would be to replace ower walks of life.

him; the conclusion of the child • The father of Overberg was a was, ' a clergyman must be a very pedlar in the village of Hoeckel, influential person, and I should near Voltlage in Osnabruck, and like to be one;' subsequently man of habitual

prayer

and when in the field, he heard the piety: he carried on his religious funeral bells for the deceased, he meditations while travelling around expressed his feelings by Lord the neighbourhood with his wares God, if thou enablest me to learn, on his back; and prayer was his then I will be a clergyman.' comfort by night, when a perma

• He now got on with his learnnent disease of his foot subsequently ing more rapidly, and in a short put an end to his travelling. His time he not only could read flulife was of the same character ; ently, but assist the teacher of the and hence godliness, contentment, lower classes; and his progress

in and peace, pervaded their poor religious knowledge was striking dwelling.

as he grew older, so that when he · Bernard was born the 1st of for the first tiine came

to the May, 1754.

He was both bodily * The German word is expressive, being and mentally of such a weak and Seelsorger, one who takes care of souls. NOVEMBER 1838.

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Lord's table,* he silently renewed • When rather more than sixteen, his intention of dedicating himself he was sent to the Gymnasium at as a pastor to God's service. But Rheine ; and on being told that how was he to gain the consent of the cane was not spared there, and his parents, who had already spo- that the scholars were otherwise ken of his going with his father on bardly used, he said he should be his journey, and from henceforth well satisfied with this, if he could taking part in the trade? How but learn any thing really useful.' could he get these poor people to • At the first monthly examinathink of maintaining him at the tion he was put in the last place Gymnasium, and remaining a stu- but one of his class ; without being dent.

discontented with this, he thought • One day as he was driving his it was only kind forbearance which cows to the meadow, this desire of had kept him from the last place, his heart to be a pastor became whilst it made him more zealous very strong. • I am now, (said he in study than ever.

He had an to himself) fifteen years old, the alarum clock by his bed, and a very time to begin the studies, and string from

string from it hung into the street, yet I cannot bring myself to speak in order that a labourer might pull to my parents.' On this very eve

it when going past at five every ning, however, his wish was ful- morning. No tricks of bis schoolfilled, by his parent's asking him fellows, who often woke him at if he would prefer studying, to midnight, could make him give up travelling in the trade. His hap- this plan, and none of their ridipiness was complete, and on the cule could make him give up his following day he was sent to a habit of having some book in his clergyman in Voltlage, to be pocket, and referring to it when taught the rudiments of Latin ; walking. By this industry, he cheerful and indefatigable, regard- was at the end of the first year less of weather or road, he now (1771) far before all his companions daily took an hour's walk to Volt- in religious knowledge, writing, and lage, and back in the eve for his Latin, and equal to the best in the lessons, although these were mea- other studies. gre enough, and the chief result • His progress during all his stay depended on his own assiduity and was similarly striking, and when reflection. He generally was occu- his course was finished, the teachpied with this as he went along, ers of the Gymnasium would gladly so that he scarcely observed when have retained him in the instituany one spoke to him, and hence tion, and so probably have fixed the countrymen took him for a bim as a teacher ; but his own stupid lad, ' who could not count tendency was rather towards the five.' He was equally zealous in active duties of a pastor, and his his studies at home, and when his mother declared she would gladly mother in winter, instead of the earn the money for his further lamp, lit a dry pine root, which studies; this maternal sacrifice did not give light enough for read- was however not required, for soon ing, he would lay himself down after the beginning of his philosounder the bench by the fire, and so

phical and theological course in obtained light and heat together. Munster, his character gained him

the situation of Tutor in a Gentle* Receiving the sacrament is almost man's family, which was consistobligatory, and the first occasion is looked

ent with his own studies. Fear of upon as a much more solemn event by most Catholics and Protestants in Ger.

God, and high moral earnestness many than in England; this is continually

guided him in all his ways; his implied in this Memoir,

humility and friendliness got the

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