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tions are utterly in vain; that variably right on all essential nothing but the preaching of the points, but that he makes oat a cross is effectual to the production strong case in favour of those of any extensive moral change, positions from which at the first and they will therefore either retire you might feel disposed to dissent. from the field in despair, or adopt In the commencement of his a more scriptural, a

charge the venerable Archdeacon gelical mode of preaching. states that thoroughly to sift the cannot but hope that the Oxford dogmas proposed by what may well Tracts will be followed by some- be designated the Laudian School what of a reaction which may issue of Theologians, would far exceed in a revival of religion in that the limits to which he was necesuniversity, and in the production sarily confined, and that he would of a more efficient ministry than therefore only animadvert upon that which a few years since oc- some of the leading features of the cupied her churches; that thus out system, developed in the Tracts of the eater may come forth meat. for the Times. That system is es

Meanwhile it is well that en- sentially leaping towards Popery, quirers should be directed where as is clearly evinced by the terms they may look for a clear statement, applied to the apostate Church of and a satisfactory refutation of Rome,- by the general spirit and those heretical principles which the train of argument which pervade Tracts for the Times contain ; and the 71st tract written expressly on the more so as these principles are the controversy with the Romanists promulgated by men of enlarged by the language used on the benevolence, amiable disposition, Lord's Supper,—the invocation of and exemplary character. The saints, the rule of faith, as being great enemy

has in
every age

made Scripture and tradition taken touse of some who appear to a con- gether,-the assertion that the siderable degree exempt from Sacraments, not preaching, are the human frailty, that he may the sources of divine grace, the views more effectually sow tares among promulgated on regeneration, sancthe wheat. It is impossible, say tification, sin after baptism, &c. many, that so good a man can On all these points clear and exbe materially wrong: forgetting plicit statements are introduced, that “ Satan” is on some occasions the sentiments of the tracts are “transformed into an angel of evinced by appropriate quolight!”

tations, and exposed by appeals Among the able works at the to Holy Writ and the authorized head of this article, the charge of formularies of our Church; and the venerable the Archdeacon of the arguments contained in the Ely is especially deserving of at- charge itself, are expanded, illustention. All Archdeacon Browne's trated, and enforced, by a series Charges are distinguished by sound of able quotations and disquisitions sense, clear judgment, and power- in the appendix. It is of course ful argument, and they are invari- impossible to convey any adequate ably accompanied by a mass of view of the valuable matter conimportant quotations from standard tained in the present seasonable authors strikingly illustrative of publication; and we must therethe point in hand. Few writers fore content ourselves with strongly display such extensive reading recommending the perusal of the and such unwearied industry. You work itself more especially to our may not at all times coincide with clerical readers. the author's views, but you must Mr. Maurice's Key to the Poalways feel that he is not only in- pery of Oxford, contains a series NOVEMBER 1838.

3 K

our

of important extracts from the re- worthless characters, but of those of esmains of the Rev. Richard Hurrel tablished reputation for piety and sanctity.

There was nothing revolting in the perFrowde, late Fellow and Tutor of

sonal demeanour of Arius, or Pelagius, Oriel College, which shew how

or Arminius, on the contrary there was very far he and his friends Messrs.

in each something attractive and capti. Keble and Newman bave departed

vating. In the Romish Church also, we

find that those whose ambitious schemes from scriptural Christianity, and

have been most fatal to the peace of the afford strong reason to conclude

world, have been at the same time men that had Mr. Frowde lived a little of high pretensions for sanctity and selflonger, he would have found it denial. Such was Hildebrand, and St.

Francis, and Thomas a Becket, and Dun. necessary to recede from the Eng

stan. We cannot therefore for a moment Jish church. These extracts throw

admit that the personal purity, or the much light also on the crafty plan learning, or the ascetic piety of the edi. of agitation devised and adopted by

tors of the Oxford Tracts, has the least the writers of the Oxford Tracts,

bearing on the question of their real value or demerit.

Nor can

we imagine that and excite some suspicion that

these individuals would themselves wish these writers have been under to rest their case on any such plea. They similar tuition with the Irish agi- would probably be the last persons to astator. The extracts are arranged

sert, that the purity of a teacher's life

was to be the warrant and guarantee for under suitable heads, and will be

his doctrine. The deep and fervent piety, found exceedingly useful for those the self-denying and laborious zeal, and who wish to become acquainted holy enthusiasm of such men as Wesley with the grand outlines of the

and Irving, are sufficiently known ; yet we modern heresies; though we regret

do not consider their personal excellences

to constitute any ground for our adopting that we cannot commend the rea- the excursive system of the one, or the sonings of Mr. Maurice as heresies of the other. But respect for his piety and industry

2. It is pleaded that the object of the lead us to desire. We cannot but

publications in question, is 'not to vent

any new opinions, or to form a new school wish that his disquisitions on the of theology; but to recal the minds, espeOxford armorial bearings, &c. bad cially, of the clergy, to the old standard been omitted, or at least very con

divinity of their church. To this it may siderably modified.

be replied, that there is little merit in not

having tried to do that which is hardly The statement, however, of the

possible to be done ; that the man who, modern heresies most adapted for at this time of day, could 'vent any popular use, will be found in the really 'new opinions,' would deserve the recently published edition of

reward offered many centuries since, to

him who would invent a new pleasure;Essays on the Church, a work

that there is no absurdity, or heresy, or every way deserving of extensive dangerous speculation, or superstitious circulation. The following extract folly, which may not be found in abund. will, we think, support our asser

ance in that repository of the changing tion. The author is especially

notions of a thousand years which is dig.

nified with the general appellation of 'ananimadverting on the defence of the tiquity? or 'the fathers;'-and that, in Oxonians inserted in the Quarterly short, the mere desire, the expressed wish, Review.

to carry men's minds back into all this

mass of error, superstition and popery, is Now this defence evidently rests mainly

of itself a sufficient condemnation of the

whole scheme. upon two points. 1. That the parties accused are men of pious and exemplary

A wholesale and senseless exclusion lives :-and 2. That the notions they de

of antiquity would be as unjustifiable, as sire to propagate are no novelties, but are

a wholesale and irrational admiration for nothing more than a return to ancient and

it. But there is no difficulty in exercising acknowledged truths.

discrimination in this matter. There are Are these two pleas of any real value ?

periods of comparative purity in the his. We think not. For

tory of the church, both ancient and mo.

dern. If the Oxford tract writers really 1. It is always Satan's plan, if he would intended only to recal our attention to introduce any error or heresy into the these, their object would be most comchurch, to use the agency, not of vile or mendable. But let us not be deceived.

Let us not be promised one thing, and The author then proceeds to then put off with another,

illustrate these treasures by the The object, we are told, is, 'to recall the minds, especially of the clergy, to

account of the invention of the the old standard divinity of their church.'

cross as recorded in Socrates. The Now if this were honestly meant, should extract is too long for our insertion, we not have heard, before now, of the but the following note may convey preparation of new Oxford editions of the

some idea of the absurdities so lights of the Reformation, not only of Cranmer and Jewel, but of Latimer also,

gravely commended to notice. and Bradford; of Philpot, and Hooper, Socrates' History, 1. 1. c. 13. According and Becon, and Bale? Why should not to this story, the Queen finds three crosses, Legh Richmond's admirable outline, of

all wonderfully preserved during three 'the Fathers of the English church,' be hundred years after the crucifixion. Nay, traced anew, and filled up by those whose

the very writing of Pilate had been peculiar position gives them peculiar ad

strangely kept, unobliterated, for three vantages ? What a blessing would a good

centuries, under ground. The Romans, and moderately-priced collection of this

during the siege of Jerusalem, had so cokind be, to the English clergy! But we vered the ground with crosses, that space see no trace of even a desire or a disposi

was not left for any more; yet just these tion to do any thing of the kind. They three were found : And they were all talk of 'the old standard divinity of the found in a grave; although why a cross church ;' but when we come to name the should have been interred, or why all authors, they can think of none but Laud, three should be interred together, nobody and Heylin, and Leslie, and Bull! Now

can tell. And this is the trash which, we we deny that these have the least title to

are to take from an inquiring, diligent, be considered our old standard divines.' and candid historian,' a man of 'plain We want the works of those who founded

good sense.' and built up our church; but they offer

The Oxford heresies are howus those only who tried their utmost, and partly succeeded, in pulling it down ! ever, not only ably answered by

But further, we are to have the the writers already noticed, but are treasures of theological knowledge which

powerfully refuted by anticipation, exist in the ancient fathers of the church,' 'brought to light,' and 'the study of

by the statements of sound prinecclesiastical history revived ;' (as if it had

ciple contained in many of the ever been suffered to fall into disuse.) other pamphlets at the head of this Now here, again, the question returns, as article. Thus the very able and to what is meant by these expressions. They talk of the old standard divinity of

eloquent sermon delivered at the the church, and mean thereby the writ

consecration of the Bishop of ings of the Lauds and Heylins of a semi- Hereford by Archdeacon. Robinpopish and degenerate age! What, then, son, destroys at once the exis included under this general designation,

aggerated and preposterous claims - The Ancient Fathers of the Church?' If we were to understand by this expres

of authority with which the minission, merely the writers of the apostolic ters of religion are by the Tract age, or even of the first two centuries, we writers endowed. T'he text is should have little exception to take, or St. John xx. 21. " As

my

Father objection to offer, save that the language applied, 'the treasures of theological

hath sent me, even so send I you, knowledge,' is rather extravagant and hy

from which the Archdeacon shews perbolical. But we apprehend that the the true nature and dignity of the application of the term is not meant to be

episcopal office, by considering the so limited. We have quoted the opinion

mission of the apostles and their of one of their leading writers, that 'three centuries and more were necessary for the successors as analogous to the Sainfant church to attain her mature and viour's own in its objects, and in perfect form, and due stature. Athana.

the resources provided for its exsius, Basil, and Ambrose, are the fully in

ecution. The objects of the Sa. structed doctors of her doctrine, morals, and discipline.

viour's mission were to publish the The 'treasures,' then, which are so counsels of the divine will for the lauded by these writers, are to be found

recorery and redemption of the in the fourth and following centuries.

world. In the execution of his We may take a sample, which will at the same time apprize us, what sort of ' eccle

ministry, he added nothing to that siastical history’it is proposed to revive.'

roll of divine truth written by his own hand in the counsels of eter- Sodor and Man, (an event which, nity; and when the days of his both as to the preservation of a earthly ministry were ended, this

most primitive diocese and the part of his commission was trans- promotion of a most suitable indiferred to the apostles--to declare vidual, calls for our gratitude to to others with the fidelity of wit- Almighty God,) does not enter nesses, the mind and will of God, immediately on modern controas revealed to them by the Spirit. versy, but attempts more espeAnd in addition to this, the Sa- cially to stir up the pure mind by viour's ministry contemplated the way of remembrance. The text is formation and government of his 2 Tim. ii. 15. “Study to shew thychurch as a distinct and perpetual self approved of God.” From which society even to the end of time, the preacher observes that a bishop and thus the apostles directed all of Christ's church will take espethe resources of their ministry to cial heed to set the example of cherish and mature the infant Christ continually before his eyes, churches they had planted, that to maintain purity of mind and their spiritual children might thus loveliness of temper and character, in theirturn become the fathers of that he will be a man of prayer, other nations. He ordained there. of disinterested benevolence, and fore twelve, that they should be diffusive philanthrophy; that he with him, that he might send them will be deeply versed in the knowforth to preach. He encouraged ledge of God's word, and faithful them to go forth at his ascension in ordaining others, and sending with the assurance of his own uni- them forth to feed the flock of versal sovereignty and perpetual Christ, and will also form a high presence; and they accordingly estimate of the dignity of his office made known to others the message -regarding that dignity more entrusted to them, transmitting the especially in a spiritual point of charge and the weapons of their view, and improving it for the warfare to other hands, and with welfare of the church and people similar assurance of the constant of God. and unfailing support of the same

Mr. Carus's ordination sermon, almighty spirit.

from 2 Cor. iv. 7. We bave this The office therefore of the minis- treasure in earthen vessels, that the ter of Christ is to testify the gospel excellency of the power may be of of the grace of God; to make God, and not of us,” refers more known, explain, enforce the mes- especially to the inferior clergy. sage contained in the word of God. Mr. C. points out-The preciousHe is not a sacrificing Priest ; and ness of the heavenly treasure, as Clement, the earliest of the Fa. displaying the attributes of God, thers, cautiously avoids applying and graciously satisfying all the the terms of the Levitical priest- necessities of man,—the infirmity hood to the Christian pastor or of the earthen vessel--and the presbyter; and we must look to excellency of the divine power. the writers of a later age

for any

He then improves the subject by countenance to those claims which calling upon his hearers to seek to the Laudian school advance with be enriched themselves by this reference to the sacraments, and treasure and to be faithful in diswhich, if once conceded, would pensing it to others; to reflect afford a sanction to some of the seriously and often upon the infirmost pernicious doctrines of Po- mity of the earthen vessel, and let pery.

the excellency of the divine power Mr. Calthrop's Sermon at the which accompanies our ministraconsecration of the Bishop of tion impress us with the dignity

e

while it sustains us in the duties and national character. Our naof our vocation.

tional dangers are from popery, Mr. Langshaw's Visitation Ser- liberalism, false brethren.

We mon on the daily ministration of are to guard against them by ear. the clergy forms an appropriate nest zeal, diligent preaching, attensequel to Mr. Carus's discourse. tion to our schools, people in The text is Acts v. 42. "and daily health, and lastly, the sick. in the temple and in every house, are to cultivate self-denial, spirithey ceased not to teach and preach tual mindedness; faithfulness in Jesus Christ ; " which the preacher preaching the Gospel of salvation contemplates as furnishing an an- through a crucified Redeemer, by swer to the threefold question- these means we may expect to gloWhen should we preach? Where rify God in the salvation of souls, should we preach ? and What and beat back the enemy

from the should we preach? The preach- camp, while the faithless watching of the Gospel should be a man will lose bis own soul and the daily, continuous, unceasing work, souls of those committed to his which must occupy us wholly and charge. to which we should be entirely Mr. Mandell's Four Sermons devoted; there should be a con- before the University, are entitled, tinued visiting from house to house, • Christ the Hope of Glory,' from if not in all cases a daily public Col. i. 27, 28. • Christ the succour service; we should urge upon our of his tempted servants,' from people daily family prayer, visit Heb. ii, 18. • Christ the author the sick, relieve the suffering, and of reconciliation between God and comfort the feeble-minded, sup- man, 2 Cor. v. 18—21, and port the weak, be patient toward • Christ ever present with his all men.

We are especially to church.' Matt. xxviii. 20. Like preach Jesus Christ, as the way, all Mr. M.'s discourses, they are the truth, and the life, the propi- powerful, judicious, and scriptural. tiation for our sins, the pattern of They have all of them a direct perfect holiness; and by daily bearing on the Laudian errors, prayer for the Holy Spirit's grace though the modern heretical pubgrow up. unto him in all things, lications are only slightly alluded and run the way of his command- to. The foundation, however, of ments with an enlarged heart. these errors and heresies, is com

Mr. Dalton's Sermon, entitled pletely swept away by Mr. M.'s the • Watchman on his Tower in able argumentation, while his reaperilous times,' enters as might be sonings do not excite any of those expected, more fully into the pre- painful feelings with which controsent danger of the church. The versy and discussion are generally text is Hab. ii. 1. “ I will stand attended, We strongly recomupon my watch, and set me upon mend these discourses to the peruthe tower, and will watch to see sal of young ministers and stuwhat he will say unto me, and dents for the ministry; for though what I shall answer when I am written and preached while the reproved." From this Mr. D. ob- author was seriously indisposed, serves--1. We are threatened by they display none of that mental great and impending dangers.--2. infirmity which frequently accomGod expects us to occupy our panies bodily suffering: watch tower in accordance with his Mr. Mortimer's discourse is directions; and—3. The import- entitled, • An attempt to promote ant results of a faithful or faith- the Peace and Edification of the less ministry Our dangers he Church, by uniting the admirers of obseryes, are of a personal, pastoral Leighton and Laud.' But to us

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