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should be innoculated with the it appears an almost hopeless attempt.

worldly-mindedness of Laud. Most The utmost that charity can con- glad should we be to diminish ceive, in common to these two pre- the asperities of controversy, but lates, is the hope that they were both at the same time we must deprebuilding on thesame foundation,even cate any and every attempt to Christ Jesus and him crucified; but recommend the example of Laud. while Archbishop Leighton was Prior to the commencement of his building on that foundation gold, trials, he evinced no signs of spirisilver, precious stones, Archbishop tuality of mind, and was far, very Laud was occupied with heaping far, from what a minister of Christ together hay, straw, and stubble. ought to be. We hope and trust The results are as might have been that his afflictions were sanctified, anticipated, Leighton's work stands; and his closing scene was exemhis holy example, his seraphic plary; but he did more to overpiety, his enlarged and fervent turn the Church of England, than charity, his devout expositions and any divine of his own day; and meditations remain for the edifica- the Laudian sect are at this motion of the church, in each suc- ment more really dangerous than ceeding age. Neither the preach- either the Papists, the Infidels, or ing, the writings, the conversation, the Dissenters. the example of Laud, can be de- The four last discourses at the fended without very serious excep

head of this article, relate to the tions; and though his execution insidious attempts now making to was unjust and iniquitous, yet few deprive the rising generation of the impartial students can contemplate pure waters of scriptural truth. his proceedings without feeling

We do not admire Dr. Dillon's that he deserved some punishment, alliterative title, Christianize Eduand provoked his own destruction, cation, or crush it; but his disand that of his far less culpable course depicts in striking terms, master.

the mischievous results of the New The contrast indeed between national system. Mr. Hughes's Laud and Leighton is most painful. protest is also an able discourse; Leighton was pre-eminent in humi- while Mr. Prickett powerfully lity, meekness, forbearance, con- argues the duty and importance of ciliation, diligent cultivation of Christian Education, and of taking spirituality of mind, clearness of care that the foundation of all communion with God, and every knowledge be deeply laid in the thing which marks and distin- knowledge of God our Redeemer. guishes the renewed soul. Laud The most full developement, howwas proud, overbearing, harsh, ever; of the importance of Scripsevere, if not cruel in his punish- tural knowledge, and the evils of ments, exalting outward rites and the proposed national system apceremonies, and leading the Church pears in the Sermon of the Rev. of England back as far as he could Mr. Baxter of Kidderminster, and to Popish rites and ceremonies. the extensive notes with which it is There is therefore no

accompanied. We regret that it is ground on which union can be es- not in our power to extract largely tablished. Sure we are that Mr. from this valuable production to Mortimer would not wish the spi- which we hope on some future rituality of Leighton to be dimin- occasion to recur. ished, or that he or his followers

common

Register of Events.

We are most especially called upon to notice the very seasonable weather with which we have been favoured for the ripening and gathering in of the latter harvest; this well demands our gratitude and praise, and the more so, since the price to which corn at one time advanced, clearly evinces how great would have been the distress had we been visited with a rainy and unpropitious autumn.

The intelligence from the West Indies is generally speaking of a favourable character. The negroes appear as willing to work for hire as could have been anticipated ; though of course some time must ensue before a population totally ignorant of liberty can learn to use it aright.

Affairs in Canada appear on the whole tranquil. Lord Durham has resigned bis office of Governor General, and is coming home in disgust. Considering the illegal proceedings which his lordship adopted, and the disgraceful characters wbo were honoured with his especial confidence, the sooner he returns the better ; though he appears to have good reason to complain of the treatment which he has experienced from his friends in this country. The government it is understood devolves for the present on Sir John Colborne.

Considerable apprehension has been excited with reference to our East Indian possessions. The systematic aggressions of Russia, and her connexion with Persia, &c. seem to indicate that the northern autocrat is not satisfied with bis colossal empire, but is steadily pressing on to universal dominion. That he should succeed in the attempt is most improbable; but it is quite possible that a very serious blow may be inflicted on that Eastern Empire which we have so long enjoyed, but whose religious instruction we have bitherto too much neglected.

A commercial treaty has been concluded with Turkey, which it is presumed will not meet the approbation of Russia ; considerable jealousy is also entertained on account of the proceedings of France at Algiers, Mexico, &c., which, combined with other untoward events, excite no small apprehension, lest peace should shortly be interrupted; we trust however these alarming symptoms may not produce so painful a result.

Recent communications from New South Wales announce the death of the Rev. Samuel Marsden, whose services in the colony have been highly valuable, and by whose instrumentality the Church Missionary Society were induced to undertake the mission to New Zealand ; a mission which has already been attended with inestimable benefit to the poor natives, and which promises still more extended usefulness.

Some indeed of the New Zealand Missionaries have recently been charged with obtaining large grants of land from the natives, and cultivating those lands for their own aggrandizement. These charges are, we apprehend, entirely unfounded. It was scarcely possible to establish a mission in New Zealand without a grant of land; nor do the missionaries appear to have obtained more tban under the circumstances of the case was desirable ; and after many years' exertion they are not yet in a position to subsist without pecuniary assistance from this country. The real root of these objections is to be found in that hostility to the caase of true religion which has in every age prevailed. The latest accounts shew that the missionaries are well employed, the number of their scholars, worshippers, &c. highly encouraging, and there is every reason to conclude that the work of the Lord is prospering, though there are of course opposers and difficulties which will still continue to try the faith and patience of these devoted servants of Christ.

Hotices and Acknowledgments. Received-ZONA-CANDIDUS–AN OLD POOR LAW ADVOCATE, &c.

We have not seen the Prize Essay, of which Clericus desires our opinion ; and we have not so favourable an idea of Prize Essays in general, as to go out of our way to seek for them, especially when we have so many valuable publications which our limits will not allow us to review,

We regret to hear from our esteemed correspondent, that the attack made upon the London Hibernian Society by a printed circular sent round to all its auxiliaries, and to which we obscurely alluded in our last publi. cation, has been attended with injury to the Society's funds. We cannot but hope that this defalcation is only temporary; but it is to as most melancholy, that at a time like this, any professing friends of scriptural education should be induced to withhold their support from an institution which is at once the most efficient in its plans, and the most economical in its management of any society with which we are acquainted.

It is indeed a strong objection to the multiplication of societies, that every new society at present must have an establishment. There is no conducting an extensive correspondence without an able secretary. Auxiliaries and associations must be visited by a travelling agent, and there must usually be one or more clerks and assistants according to the magnitude of the society. It may at first sight appear economical to drag on with an insufficient staff; but if every hundred pounds thus saved in the society's expenditure is attended with a loss of three, four, or five hundred pounds to the society's income, the great object for which the society was instituted, must of course be materially injured. This, we know, has been the case with the London Hibernian Society. We know that pulpits have been offered for which preachers could not be found; and that auxiliaries might have been formed, but which were not establisbed in consequence of the committeo not being enabled to provide suitable agents and visitors. Nor should it be forgotten, that unless the plan of visiting auxiliaries be judiciously arranged, the travelling expenses will be enormously increased.

One object the circular strongly urges, is the transferring the management of the London Hibernian Society's funds, &c. from the Committee in London, to a Committee in Dublin. This idea has been repeatedly advocated and a Dublin Committee was at one time formed. The expence, however, of Irish management increased so fearfully, that the London Committee found it indispensable to retain the control of the expenditure in their own hands. The society on its present plan affords instruction to its day scholars at about half-a-crown per head, per annum. Remove the management to Dublin, the expense will soon amount to double or treble the sum.

We are free to confess, that the London Hibernian Society is, in our view, the first of Irish institutions on account of its superior efficiency, and its exceeding economy. And we have no hesitation in adding that the conduct of the London Committee has invariably been regulated with a single eye to the welfare of the Society-that they have ever diligently studied economy, and that the appointment which has given rise to this attack was a wise, and we doubt not, will eventually appear a most suitable appointment.

CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN

AND

Church of England Magazine.

DECEMBER 1838.

MEMOIR OF THE REV. DR. GOUGE.

FOR

ERLY RECTOR OF ST. ANN's, BLACKFRIARS, LONDON.

MR. WILLIAM GOUGE was born the college walls a single night, at Stratford-Bow, in the county of but after his election to a FellowMiddlesex, Nov. 1, 1575. In his ship, he allowed himself greater younger years he was at first liberty, and went out to visit his trained

up

at St. Paul's School in friends. During the nine years he London, whence he was removed resided in college, : he was never to Felsted in Essex, and instructed absent from the morning prayers under the ministry of his maternal in chapel, except .when he went uncle, Mr. Ezekiel Culverwell, out of town: these prayers . then under whom his mind was seriously. took place ' at 'half.past five in and permanently impressed. From the morning ;' but Mr. Gauge Felsted he was sent to Eton, where used to rise so long before, that he he continued six years, during gained time for his private devo. which he was more than ordinarily tions, and for reading his morning studious and industrious, devoting portion of Scripture. Accustoming his holidays to literary pursuits, himself to read every day fifteen and finding in them greater delight chapters, namely, five before chathan others in their customary re- pel in the morning; five after dincreations. He was at this time, ner, before applying to his ordinary says his biographer, possessed with studies, dinner being in those days a holy fear of God, conscionable at an early hour in the forenoon ; in secret prayer, and sanctifying and five before he went to bed. the sabbath, and much grieved at Often when he could not sleep its profanation by public sports and during the night, he would in his recreations then too much allowed. mind run through distinct chapters

From Eton he was elected to of Scripture in order, as if he had King's College, Cambridge, where heard them read, so deceiving the he commenced his residence in tediousness of waking, depriving 1595. Here he addicted himself himself indeed of the sweetness of especially to the study of Logic, his sleeping hours, though by a and acted a conspicuous part in better and greater sweetness; for he the scholastic disputations which found the meditation of the word were then regularly held in the sweeter to him than sleep. different schools of the university. Nor did he rest satisfied with During the first three years of his merely the reading of large portions residence, he was not absent from of the word of God, but accusDECEMBER 1838.

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tomed himself to arrange under of providing for his family to his distinct heads, the various passages wife, himself only minding his stuof Holy Writ, which he carried dies, and the weighty affairs of his about with him in a little book, heavenly calling. God by his prowhich served at once to refresh his vidence thus overruled the desires memory, and furnish him with sub- of Mr. G.'s father for the good of jects of meditation. He devoted his church, for though Mr. Gouge also certain times to the study was late before he entered upon his of difficult passages of Scripture, ministry, he most probably entered in order to ascertain their true upon and exercised that holy funcmeaning, and he thus became apt tion many years sooner than he and exact in Scriptural knowledge, otherwise would. and he carefully inserted in an So highly did he esteem his holy interleaved bible, those observa- office, that it was his earnest tions and interpretations which ap- desire and daily prayer to Almighty peared to him important.

God, that his six sons who lived He applied himself also with to grow up might all have been great diligence to the study of preachers of the gospel, for he Hebrew, in which he attained such himself found such comfort and proficiency, as to become able to content in that calling, as he teach others also ; and when ap- thought there could no greater be pointed reader of Logic and philo- found in any other, having often sophy in his college, he strictly professed that he found in it the observed the times enjoined by the greatest pleasure, and was wont to statutes, and made conscience of say to divers honourable persons, never neglecting any duty which and particularly to Lord Coventry, they appointed. His example in the keeper of the Great Seal, that this respect provoked the emula- he envied not his place nor emtion of others who had formerly ployment. been negligent and superficial in The government of his family the instructions they were statuta- was exemplary. His house was bly required to give.

another Bethel: for he not only Mr. Gouge's mind was so at- made conscience of morning and tached to these studies, and he ex- evening prayer, and reading the perienced so much satisfaction in word in his family, but also of his residence at the university, that catechizing his children and serhe purposed within himself to con- vants, so that his children found tinue there many years, or perhaps him as well a spiritual as a bodily for his whole life : but his father father. Yea, never any servant very much wished him, after he came to his house, but gained a had been some time Master of great deal of knowledge; so likeArts, to leave the university, and wise did sundry others, whose paenter into the marriage state; and

rents desired for them the benefit accordingly he at length complied of his instructions. He was espewith his father's wish, and married cially attentive to the Lord's day, the orphan daughter of Mr. Henry and that not only in the observance Coulton, a citizen and Mercer of of public duties, but also in contiLondon, with whom he lived two nuing the sanctification of it by and twenty years in much love and private duties of piety in his fapeace, and by whom he had seven mily, and secret in bis closet. • As sons and six daughters; of whom he did forbear,' says his biographer, eight lived to men and women's • providing of suppers on the eve estate, and were all well trained up before the sabbath, that servants and sufficiently provided for. Mr. might not be kept up too late; so Gouge committed the whole care he would never suffer any servant

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