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Notices and Acknowledgments. Received --ZONA-CANDIDUS-AN OLD POOR LAW ADVOCATE, &c.
We have not seen the Prize Essay, of which CLERICUS desires our opinion; and we have not so favourable an idea of Prize Essays in general, as to go out of our way to seek for them, especially when we have so many valuable publications which our limits will not allow us to rev w.
We regret to hear from our esteemed correspondent, that the attack made upon the London Hibernian Society by a printed circular sent round to all its auxiliaries, and to which we obscurely alluded in our last publi. cation, has been attended with injury to the Society's funds. We cannot but hope that this defalcation is only temporary; but it is to as most melancholy, that at a time like this, any professing friends of scriptural education should be induced to withhold their support from an institution which is at once the most efficient in its plans, and the most economical in its management of any society with which we are acquainted.
It is indeed a strong objection to the multiplication of societies, that every new society at present must have an establishment. There is no conducting an extensive correspondence without an able secretary. Auxiliaries and associations must be visited by a travelling agent, and there must usually be one or more clerks and assistants according to the magnitude of the society. It may at first sight appear economical to drag on with an insufficient staff; but if every hundred pounds thus saved in the society's expenditure is attended with a loss of three, four, or five hundred pounds to the society's income, the great object for which the society was instituted, must of course be materially injured. This, we know, has been the case with the London Hibernian Society. We know that pulpits have been offered for which preachers could not be found; and that auxiliaries might have been formed, but which were not establisbed in consequence of the committee not being enabled to provide suitable agents and visitors. Nor should it be forgotten, that unless the plan of visiting auxiliaries be judiciously arranged, the travelling expenses will be enormously increased.
One object the circular strongly urges, is the transferring the management of the London Hibernian Society's funds, &c. from the Committee in London, to a Committee in Dublin. This idea has been repeatedly advocated and a Dublin Committee was at one time formed. The expence, however, of Irish management increased so fearfully, that the London Committee found it indispensable to retain the control of the expenditure in their own hands. The society on its present plan affords instruction to its day scholars at about half-a-crown per head, per annum. Remove the management to Dublin, the expense will soon amount to double or treble the sum. We are free to confess, that the London Hibernian Society is, in our view, the first of Irish institutions on account of its superior efficiency, and its exceeding economy. And we have no hesitation in adding that the conduct of the London Committee has invariably been regulated with a single eye to the welfare of the Society--that they have ever diligently studied economy, and that the appointment which has given rise to this attack was a wise, and we doubt not, will eventually appear a most suitable appointment.
MR. WILLIAM GOUGE was born the college walls a single night, at Stratford-Bow, in the county of but after his election to a FellowMiddlesex, Nov. 1, 1575. In his ship, he allowed himself greater younger years he was at first liberty, and went out to visit his trained
at St. Paul's School in friends. During the nine years he London, whence he was removed resided in college, : he was never to Felsted in Essex, and instructed absent from the morning prayers under the ministry of his maternal in chapel, except when he went uncle, Mr. Ezekiel Culverwell, out of town: these prayers . then under whom his mind was seriously. took place at half past five in and permanently impressed. From the morning ; but Mr. Gauge Felsted he was sent to Eton, where used to rise so long before, that he he continued six years, during gained time for his private devowhich he was more than ordinarily tions, and for reading his morning studious and industrious, devoting portion of Scripture. Accustoming his holidays to literary pursuits, himself to read every day fifteen and finding in them greater delight chapters, namely, five before chathan others in their customary re- pel in the morning; five after dincreations. He was at this time, ner, before applying to his ordinary says his biographer, possessed with studies, dinner being in those days a holy fear of God, conscionable at an early hour in the forenoon; in secret prayer, and sanctifying and five before he went to bed. the sabbath, and much grieved at Often when he could not sleep its profanation by public sports and during the night, he would in his recreations then too much allowed. mind run through distinct chapters
From Eton he was elected to of Scripture in order, as if he had King's College, Cambridge, where heard them read, so deceiving the he commenced his residence in tediousness of waking, depriving 1595. Here he addicted himself himself indeed of the sweetness of especially to the study of Logic, his sleeping hours, though by a and acted a conspicuous part in better and greater sweetness; for he the scholastic disputations which found the meditation of the word were then regularly held in the sweeter to him than sleep. different schools of the university. Nor did he rest satisfied with During the first three years of his merely the reading of large portions residence, he was not absent from of the word of God, but accusDECEMBER 1838.
tomed himself to arrange under of providing for his family to his distinct heads, the various passages wife, himself only minding his stuof Holy Writ, which he carried dies, and the weighty affairs of his about with him in a little book, heavenly calling. God by his prowhich served at once to refresh his vidence thus overruled the desires inemory, and furnish him with sub- of Mr. G.'s father for the good of jects of meditation. He devoted his church, for though Mr. Gouge also certain times to the study was late before he entered upon his of difficult passages of Scripture, ministry, he most probably entered in order to ascertain their true upon and exercised that holy funcmeaning, and he thus became apt
many years sooner than he and exact in Scriptural knowledge, otherwise would. and he carefully inserted in an So highly did he esteem his holy interleaved bible, those observa- office, that it was his earnest tions and interpretations which ap
desire and daily prayer to Almighty peared to him important.
God, that his six sons who lived He applied himself also with to grow up might all have been great diligence to the study of preachers of the gospel, for he Hebrew, in which he attained such himself found such comfort and proficiency, as to become able to content in that calling, as he teach others also ; and when ap- thought there could no greater be pointed reader of Logic and philo- found in any other, having often sophy in his college, he strictly professed that he found in it the observed the times enjoined by the greatest pleasure, and was wont to statutes, and made conscience of say to divers honourable persons, never neglecting any duty which and particularly to Lord Coventry, they appointed. His example in the keeper of the Great Seal, that this respect provoked the emula- he envied not his place nor emtion of others who had formerly ployment. been negligent and superficial in The government of his family the instructions they were statuta- was exemplary. His house was bly required to give.
another Bethel : for he not only Mr. Gouge's mind was so at- made conscience of morning and tached to these studies, and he ex- evening prayer, and reading the perienced so much satisfaction in word in his family, but also of his residence at the university, that catechizing his children and serhe purposed within himself to con- vants, so that his children found tinue there many years, or perhaps him as well a spiritual as a bodily for his whole life : but his father father. Yea, never any servant very much wished him, after he came to his house, but gained a had been some time Master of great deal of knowledge; so likeArts, to leave the university, and wise did sundry others, whose paenter into the marriage state; and rents desired for them the benefit accordingly he at length complied
of his instructions. He was espewith his father's wish, and married cially attentive to the Lord's day, the orphan daughter of Mr. Henry and that not only in the observance Coulton, a citizen and Mercer of of public duties, but also in contiLondon, with whom he lived two nuing the sanctification of it by and twenty years in much love and private duties of piety in his fapeace, and by whom he had seven mily, and secret in his closet. · As sons and six daughters; of whom he did forbear,' says his biographer, eight lived to men and women's providing of suppers on the eve estate, and were all well trained up before the sabbath, that servants and sufficiently provided for. Mr. might not be kept up too late ; so Gouge committed the whole care he would never suffer any servant
to tarry at home for dressing any ford upon the Lord's day where meat on the Lord's day for any Mr. G. frequently preached to friends, were they mean or great, help the minister who was there; few or many.'
by these parishioners of BlackAfter his public services were friars Mr. G. was so well liked ended, diverse neighbours not hav- that their report he was ing means in their own families, unanimously chosen their minister. assembled in his house, where he Before Mr. Gouge's coming to repeated in
a familiar manner Blackfriars, the parishioners had the discourses, by which many not so much as a church of their were more benefitted than by the own, in which to hear the word of first hearing. After which he used God, nor any place to bury their to visit such of his parish, as were dead, but by his means the church, sick or disabled by pain and weak- the church porch, the minister's ness, from attending public ordi- house, and the church-yard, all nances; with each of these he
which they had before upon courwould discourse on some heavenly tesy, were purchased, so that and spiritual subject, suitable to they all now as a proper inheritheir condition, and after that pray tance belong to the parish of by them; wherein he had a more Blackfriars. Five years after, the than ordinary gift, being able in old church being found too small, fit words and expressions to com- was enlarged to nearly double the mend their several cases unto God, size by purchasing some adjoining and to put up petitions suitable to rooms, and the expence purtheir several needs. His constant chasing, rebuilding, and finishing, course was to pray thrice every which amounted to more than Lord's day in his family, and that £1500, was defrayed, partly by in a solemn manner, namely, in the the collections at his lectures, morning and evening, and after bis partly by letters written to his repetition of the sermons.
friends, and the contributions of the Mr. Gouge was ordained in the parishioners without any brief for thirty-second year of his age, and public collections. about a year after, namely, in June At his first coming to Black1608, he was appointed to the friars, he preached twice on the church of Blackfriars, London,
on the where he continued to his dying Wednesday morning when he was day, which was forty-five years usually attended by divers city and a half, never having any other ministers, and sundry pious and ministerial employment, though he judicious gentlemen of the Inns of was offered repeatedly, valuable Court, besides many well disposed preferment, and among others the citizens, who in multitudes flocked situation of Provost of King's to his church. Yea, such was College, Cambridge, all which he the fame of his ministry, that declined, saying it was the height of when the godly Christians of those bis ambition to go from Blackfriars times came out of the country into to heaven. His manner of coming London, they thought not their to Blackfaiars is thus related. business done until they had been The parish being destitute of a at Blackfriars lecture. And such preaching minister, Mr. Hilder- was the fruit of his labours, that sham being in company with some many of his auditors have confessed of the principal parishioners, told that the first seed of grace was them, that there was one who lived sown in their souls by his ministry. in Stratford, and had no charge, Herein God wonderfully honoured that might be fit for them. Upon him in making him an aged Father this, divers of them went to Strat- in Christ, and causing him to beget many sons and daughters unto mitted for nine weeks to prison, righteousness ; for thousands have King James supposing that the been converted and built up by Serjeant had in that book declared his means.
that the Jews should have the He was indeed eminently faith- government over other nations, ful and laborious so long as he was Mr. Gouge was in consequence able to go up into the pulpit. As induced distinctly to declare bis a tree planted in the house of the own opinion about the calling of Lord fruitful even in old age. He the Jews, which he did in the folwas often wont to say in his latter lowing propositions, which being days, that he could preach with examined and approved by Archmore ease than get into the pulpit. bishop Abbot, the Doctor was reHis preaching was always very
leased from prison : distinct, first opening the true *1. All that I can gather out of literal sense of the text, then giving the Holy Scriptures, for the calling the logical analysis of it, next of the Jews, importeth no more than gathering such proper observations aspiritual calling to believe in Jesus as thence arose, and profitably and Christ, and embrace the gospel. spiritually applying the same. He • 2. This their spiritual calling particularly excelled in the logical may be called an outward glorious resolution of his text, and in clear- calling in regard of the visibility, ing difficult and doubtful places as and generality of it: to put a difthey came in his way. His life ference betwixt the promised calland conversation were most exem- ing of the nation, and the continual plary, practising what he preached calling of a few persons; for in all unto others, and living over his ages since the rejection of the sermons, so that his doctrine and Jews some few here and there have practice concurred, and went hand been called. Thus the calling of in hand together.
the Gentiles in the Apostles' time, On the eve before each monthly when Christians had no pompous communion, he used to preach a civil government, was an outward preparation sermon; and before glorious calling, by reason of the admission to the sacrament of the visible famous churches which they Lord's Supper, he used to go to
had. the houses of the better sort of his 3. It is probable, that at or parishioners, and appoint a time after their calling, they shall not for them and their whole families be scattered as now they are : but to meet together, when he might be gathered together into churches make trial of their fitness for the and be freed from the bondage and holy sacrament. He used also to slavery wherein they have been appoint several small families to
many years together. meet together for the same pur
.4. To give them a sovereignty pose, nor would he ever admit over all the whole church, seemeth any of the younger sort to the sa- to me to be derogatory to that abcrament till he found them in his solute sovereignty which the head judgment fit for it.
of his church hath, in whom the Though he gave himself much promises of the perpetuity of Da. to his studies, and carried himself vid's sceptre, of the extent of his peaceably, yet he wanted not those dominion, of the subjection of all that did envy or malign him and nations, are accomplished. took all occasions of doing him 65. To set down the distinct time, what mischief they could. Thus place, and other like circumstances in consequence of having published of their calling, needeth more than a book by Sergeant Finch on the an ordinary spirit, and implieth calling of the Jews, he was com
too much curiosity.