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.6. The point of the calling of the in order to break up this Society. Jews, being no fundamental point
Mr. Noy in consequence brought of Christian religion, to be over
them all into the exchequer, on the stiff in holding one thing or other ground that they illegally made therein, to the disturbance of the themselves a body without any peace of the church, cometh near grant from the king.
The court to schism.'
deemed that their proceedings were Mr. Gouge took his degree of illegal, that the trust should be Bachelor of Divinity in 1611, and taken from them, aud that the imin 1628, proceeded Doctor. In propriations they had purchased the year 1616, he was chosen one should be made over to the king. of the trustees for Mr. Wheten- Thus the trust was wrested out of hall's three Lectures, and in 1626, their hands; though as it appeared one of the trustees for Impropria- that they had expended a thousand tion. The case of Impropriations pounds more than they had rewas this. There was a select so. ceived, the court ordered that this ciety of thirteen persons, who join- should be paid from the ed together to stir up such as were revenues of the impropriations bepiously affected to contribute to- fore they were disposed of to parwards the buying in of impropria
ticular uses. tions, and giving them freely During all the troubles which towards the maintenance of the ensued, Dr. Gouge appears stedministers of the word. These were fastly to have pursued his course. so faithful in their trust, that al- He usually spent the summer vathough they met frequently, and cation with his family in the counspent much time in consultation, try, and employed those seasons they never spent one penny of what of retirement in preparing his was given for their own refresh- works for publication. He still, ment; and though they employed however, preached on the Lord's sundry agents and messengers, yet day, and acted a conscientious they defrayed all the expenses and courageous part in times of from their own contributions; and danger and difficulty. Thus when when they had an opportunity of the Book of Sports and Recreabuying in a great impropriation, tions on the Lord's day was apand had not money to do it, they pointed by authority to be read in gave or lent among themselves so the several churches throughout much as was necessary.
the land, he utterly refused to comoccasion Dr. Gouge lent himself ply with the unholy injunction, three hundred pounds, without in- resolving to suffer the utmost raterest, for the work, besides giving ther than manifest the least approa monthly contribution. By these bation of such a wicked and ungodmeans thirteen impropriations were ly thing, so contrary to the exbought in a few years at the ex- press letter of scripture. pence of between five and six thou- When the assembly of divines sand pounds, which were supplied was convened by authority of with able, orthodox, and conscien- Parliament in 1642, Dr. Gouge tious ministers. The aim of the was called to be a member, and society was to plant a powerful attended assiduously. He was also ministry in cities and market towns appointed by a Committee of Parin different parts of the country for liament, together with others, to the greater propagation of the gos- write annotations on the Bible, pel. This soon raised up envy and completed the part allotted against them, and led Doctor Laud, him, which was from the beginning then Bishop of London, to consult of the first book of Kings to the with Noy, the Attorney General, book of Job. In proportion how
ever, as ungodly and violent men ly in their behalf, being ever mindproceeded to overturn both church ful of them; and when he heard and state Dr. G. gradually with- of its going ill with the church in any drew from public life, and confined place, like another Nehemiah, be himself to his parochial engage- sat him down and wept, and mournments. Amidst all his numerous en- ed, and fasted, and prayed unto the gagements Dr. Gouge was con- God of heaven in their behalf. scientiously attentive to private In his latter years he was severeand domestic duties: like his ly tried with the stone, asthma, Lord and Master he rose a great and other painful complaints under while before day, and spent much all which he manifested the most time in studying the word of God, exemplary patience. Though often in fasting, and prayer. His cha- compelled to groan he was never rities were large and munificent. heard to complain. His language He poured the balm of consolation was, “Soul be silent, soul be painto the wounded spirit, and dili- tient, it is thy God and Father, gently improved the frequent op- that thus ordereth thy estate ; thou portunities which he had of asso- art his clay, he may tread and ciating with persons of rank and triumph on thee as it pleaseth him ; station to their spiritual welfare, thou hast deserved much more, it In times of fear and danger, he is enough that thou art kept out of and others had sometimes weekly, hell; though thy pain be grievous sometimes monthly fasts, which he it is yet tolerable; thy God affords observed with extraordinary rever- some intermissions, he will turn it ence and awfulness of spirit. His to thy good, and at length put an confessions were accompanied with end to all, none of these can be exmuch sense of sin, brokenness of pected in hell.' He would often heart, self-abhorrence, judging of say that obedience is not only to the creature and justifying of God. endeavour to do what God requirHis petitions were very pertinent, eth, but patiently to bear what judicious, spiritual, seasonable, God's will is to lay upon his creaaccompanied with faith and fer- ture, as Christ himself, “though he vour, like a true son of Jacob were the Son yet learned obedience wrestling with tears and supplica- by the things wbich he suffered.” tions, as resolving not to let him In his greatest pangs he often said, go without a blessing.
“ Shall we receive good from the But there was none like him in hands of God, and not evil ?” and Thanksgiving; often when a man was wont to commend his soul would think he had spent the last unto Christ, saying, “I am perdrop of his spirit in confession and suaded that he is able to keep that prayer, oh how would he revive wbich I have committed to him when he came to the work of thanks- against that day.” When any of his giving, wherein he would be so friends would comfort him by adlarge, particular, warm, and vigor- verting to the mere gifts which ous, that in the end of the day he God had bestowed on him, and the would quicken the auditory as if works he had wrought by them, he then the work had been newly to would answer, I dare not think of begin, and that only had been the any such thing for comfort ; Jesus work of the day. Wherein he may Christ and what he hath done and be a pattern to all his surviving endured is the only ground of my brethren in the ministry.
sure comfort. He was very inquisitive after Though the paroxysms of his the good and welfare of the church pain were sharp and frequent, yet both at home and abroad, that he as soon as the bitterness of the anmight order his prayers according- guish was over, he immediately returned to his work being most pect, that he lived to finish it withdesirous of finishing his comment- in half a chapter. But when he ary upon the Epistle to the perceived that his time in the Hebrews, which had been the world could not be long, oh how subject of his Wednesday morning sweet and joyful was the appreLectures at · Blackfriars for near hension of death unto him, which thirty years; thus he continued he often termed his best friend next till Tuesday Dec. 6. 1653, when unto Jesus Christ ! as his natural strength was ex- On that Saturday, though he ceedingly decayed, so his intel- kept his bed through weakness, lect began to fail; and he was yet was he more wakeful, and his seized with such drowsiness, that spirit more lively and cheerful he could no longer look up, but than for many days before. His slumbered in his chair. On the speeches were more than ordinarily Friday, asking what day it was, he heavenly, speaking much in admiexclaimed, Alas, I have lost three ration of the freeness of God's days.' The day following he had grace, and the riches of his mercy no desire or indeed ability to rise in Jesus Christ, so that by those from his bed, saying, 'Now I have comforts and joys which he found not long to live in this world, the in his soul, he seemed to be in time of my departure is at hand, I heaven while he was upon the am going to my desired haven.' earth; and so continued full of This apprehension was no little joy sweet comfort and heavenly exto bim, for he had often said to bis pressions to the last of his underfriends, 'I am most willing to die.' standing and speech, which contiIndeed he seemed sometimes to be nued till Monday morning, when in St. Paul's strait between life both failed him. When he lay and death, having a desire to depart breathing shorter and shorter till that he might be with Christ, eight of the clock at night, when which was best, but yet very desi- in the presence of all his children, rous to finish his Commentary on and divers friends, he quietly slept the Epistle to the Hebrews, which in the Lord, making a happy he knew would be useful to the change from earth to heaven, Dec. church of God, and in that respect 12, 1653, being 79 years old, havhe was willing to live; and God so ing served God faithfully and far answered his desire in this res- painfully in his generation.
THE DEPARTING PASTOR.
Yet, when we seek
But go thy way,
Our souls shall joy
L. H. S.
LETTER OF THE LATE S. T. COLERIDGE, Esq. The following letter of the late which learning and intellectual Mr. Coleridge, may
sponsors power can bestow, and with all to promote the spiritual welfare of the experience that more than those whom they have attended to threescore years can give, I now, the baptismal font : at the same on the eve of my departure, declare time it shews that Mr. C. was not to you (and earnestly pray that one of those who regard every you may hereafter live and act on claim to personal assurance as the the conviction) that health is a result of fanaticism and presump- great blessing; competence, obtion.
V. R. tained by honourable industry, a
great blessing; and a great bles'TO ADAM STEINMETZ KINNAIRD. sing it is to have kind, faithful,
• MY DEAR GODCHILD,-I offer and loving friends and relatives up the same fervent prayer for but that the greatest of all bless. you now as I did kneeling before ings, as it is the most ennobling of the altar, when you were baptized all privileges, is to be indeed a into Christ, and solemnly received Christian. But I have been likeas a living member of his spiritual wise, through a large portion of body, the church. Years must my latter life, a sufferer, sorely pass before you will be able to afticted with bodily pains, lanread with an understanding heart guor, and manifold infirmities; and what I now write. But I trust for the last three or four years have, that the all-gracious God, the with few and brief intervals, been Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, confined to a sick room, and at the Father of mercies, who by his this moment, in great weakness only-begotten Son, (all mercies in and heaviness, write from a sick one sovereign mercy!) has re- bed, hopeless of recovery, yet deemed you from the evil ground, without prospect of a speedy reand willed you to be born out of moval. And I thus, on the brink darkness, but into light; out of of the grave, solemnly bear witness death, but into life; out of sin, to you, that the Almighty Rebut into righteousness; even into deemer, most gracious in his prothe “ Lord our righteousness ;” I mises to them that truly seek him, trust that he will graciously hear is faithful to perform what he prothe prayers
mised ; and has reserved, under all and be with you as the spirit of my infirmities, the inward peace health and growth in body and that passeth all understanding, with mind. My dear godchild you the supporting assurance of a received from Christ's minister, at reconciled God, who will not withthe baptismal font, as your Chris- draw his Spirit from me in the tian name, the name of a most dear conflict, and in his own time will friend of your father's, and who deliver me from the evil one. Oh, was to me even as a son, the late my dear godchild ! eminently blesAdam Steinmetz; whose frequent sed are they who begin early to aspirations and ever-paramount seek, fear, and love their God, aim, even from early youth, was trusting wholly in the righteousto be a Christian in thought, word, ness and mediation of their Lord, and deed; in will, mind, and Redeemer, Saviour, and everlastaffections.
ing High Priest, Jesus Christ. I too, your godfather, have Oh, preserve this as a legacy and known what the enjoyments and bequest from your unseen godfaadvantages of this life are, and ther and friend, what the more refined pleasures
S. T. COLERIDGE,
SERMON ON EPHESIANS IV. 20.
" But ye have not so learned Christ.” The world in which we live law, who set up other gods before abounds with so many errors that him, who take his name in vain, it were not to be wondered if the break his sabbaths, and despise his child of God should too often ma- ordinances, can they possibly love nifest deplorable ignorance on some God in the sense in wbich his word points of Christian doctrine and commands ? What is there to make Christian practice. Mixing, ne- them love God? Will gratitude cessarily in every day life, with do it? It is certainly true that those, who if they have troubled gratitude for every blessing (but I themselves at all with the question must only name it in passing) of religious devotedness, have taken ought to compel us to serve our extremely superficial views of its Maker in the true spirit of Chrisreal requirements, they are liable tian devotedness. But what is the to frequent backslidings in faith fact? Do we see that it does ; are and in the performance of known men rendered good and faithful duty. The mistakes which men servants to the God that made make concerning religion origi- them, and who is shewing mercy nating from one source, they have, to the most abandoned of his creain the end the same result on the tures : does the remembrance of heart and mind; if not in the care of God's goodness make men love others within their influence, at God ? least they have that tendency as I fear, brethren, this is only one far as the individual himself is more of the mistakes to which we concerned. What are the motives are liable. The whole world is which prevail in society at large full of mercies, and yet men remain on the subject of man's duty to his obdurately fighting against God Maker ? Are they not made up
of instead of entering on his service various inconsistencies which re- with all their heart and soul, as is present the Most High as a dreaded their bounden duty and highest being who commands at the peril privilege too.
Still it is the case, of eternal perdition obedience which (and how much longer it shall be man can never make good, and to so, who can say,) that the carnal which the motive of fear is the mind is enmity against God; only incentive. The obedience of a
still men “ walk as Gentiles, bondslave to an all-powerful task- (v. 18.) in the vanity of their mind, master is that which is set forth as having the understanding darkened, the great requirement. It is only being alienated from the life of natural that so it should be; the God. It is not the truth that a mistake is only to be corrected by sense of gratitude has that influence an understanding of the “ truth the stubborn heart of man. as it is in Jesus.” Out of Christ Naturally, indeed, he might be a man must ever find a broken law susceptible of that feeling as far as that worketh wrath; must ever a creature, sent as he is, may be find the great God who made concerned; but he wants faith to him, and who still upholds be able to raise his thoughts to the him, a consuming fire. It is per- High and Holy One who being a fectly consonant with what we read Spirit must be worshipped in in God's word, that men should spirit and in truth. In telling him so dread God in a way that pre
therefore to let gratitude prompt cludes any better spirit. Can men him to obedience, you bid him do who are open violaters of God's that which is morally impossible. DECEMBER 1838.