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his condemnation, by perverting who were rejecting him, and whom that knowledge. Whereas it is he called liars, children of the expressly declared—“ This is the devil, workers of the works of condemnation, that light is come their father, serpents, a generation into the world, and men love of vipers, who could not escape darkness rather than light, be- the damnation of hell. When we cause their deeds are evil.” All remember these passages—and I my conclusions as a Christian, res- could refer you to many morepecting the moral government of and are then told, that Christ's God, are derived from revelation studiously concealing his Divinity, alone, In that now completed a part of the moral government revelation, I find no reserve what- of God and an argument to us to ever. All is sufficiently plain,
teach the doctrine of the atone. clear, and simple. All that I can ment with reserve I am sure you be required to know of God, my will, with me, admire the learning soul, my destiny, is fully revealed of the author, more than his judgto me.
Much of Aristotle is ment. I do not warn you against quoted to illustrate our author's his metaphysics, for I do not position. Much metaphysical rea- clearly comprehend them : but I soning too is used to prove the do warn you against bis theology, truth of the anomaly defended by as unscriptural, unchurchmanlike, him. This writer affirms that and indefensible, Christ studiously concealed his • The last argument, by which divinity; and that this concealment the proposition of which I am is a part of the moral government speaking is defended, is no less of God. Whereas we find, that untenable than the others. It is when there was an opportunity derived from a custom in a part of afforded him of asserting his divini- the Primitive Church. ty, without that probability of My Christian Brethren-No causing a tumult, which sometimes one error has done so much harm induced him to speak in parables, to the Holy Catholic Church, as be never forbore to declare it. He the confounding the customs of promised the woman of Samaria, antiquity, with the laws of Christ. for instance, to execute that highest Revelation, the revelation in the office of Deity, the sending down Scriptures I mean, is our only the Holy Spirit. He told his dis- certain guide to truth, in doctrine, ciples he was Lord of the Sab- discipline, or practice. Tradition, bath : that is, that he professed the the medley of writers called the same authority as the Lord who Fathers, the maxims, the customs, appointed the Sabbath. He af- the laws, the enactments, the firmed himself to be the Resur- canons of the early ages, are all, rection and the Life. When he more or less, useful sources of was dying in his human nature evidence; but as authorities for on the cross, he pronounced the conduct, or guides for doctrine, final state of the criminal who was they are to be received or rejected, crucified with him. He told the as criticism or philosophy enable
whose bodily disease he us to decide on their value. There cured, “Thy sins be forgiven are, as you well know, many docthee,” and the Jews justly ex- trines received as truths in the claimed, “ Who can forgive sins Church of Rome, which are conbut God only?" He thus de
He thus de- fessedly not to be found in the clared his divinity, not only, as Holy Scriptures. The Church of this writer supposes, to those who Rome defends these doctrines on were pious persons, prepared to the very same reasoning by which receive his words, but to the Jews, reserve in preaching the doctrine
of the atonement is defended by ence between one Christian and this writer. The Doctors of that another, than that between the Church assure
us, for instance, confirmed, and the unconfirmed: that Transubstantiation was kept and this is a distinction in practice with reserve, and formed a part of and discipline only, and not in the the Arcani Disciplina. This was degree of instruction. We place a system of discipline, or of reli- the Catechism of the Church in gious instruction, only partially the hands of children as soon as adopted at the time, when the they can distinguish between good converts to Christianity were made and evil. We teach them to lisp from Heathenism, and when the their first petitions to God, in the Pagans, who would not embrace language of the Lord's Prayer. Christianity, were accustomed to We give them the Apostles' Creed deride its mysteries. I can now as the summary of their belief as only refer you for a more extended soon as they can read. And if this account to Bingham, Newman, is not sufficient to prove the utter and others.
abhorrence in which we hold the • That part of the Arcani Dis- notion of teaching the great truths ciplina which is made the founda- of Christianity with reserve, we adtion of the argument for our preach- mit the youngest child to the pubing the doctrine of the atonement lic worship of a church, in which with reserve, is derived from the each person of the Trinity is wordistinction, which was made in the shipped-in which no mystery is second century, between the can- kept back-in which the Nicene didates for baptism, and the faith- Creed is read every Sunday, and ful who had been already baptized. the Athanasian Creed is read to This difference was then so great, the ignorant as well as to the learnat least in the church of Alexan- ed, to men, women, and children, dria, that the Lord's Prayer was
twelve times in the year.
If it taught only to the converts imme- shall be said that this is proving diately before baptism ; and the too much that it is impossible Mystery of the Trinity, and the that children should understand the Apostles' Creed were taught at the mystery of the Trinity, and theresame time. There may, or there fore there ought to have been some may not have been sufficient rea- reserve, I answer, that this is not son for the concealment of some of the question. The question is, its doctrines by the early churches whether we, the teachers of Chris—and they may, or they may not tianity, are to possess the power have been right or wrong in their of withholding at our pleasure, in discipline. It is a matter of very the public worship of God, or in little real importance to us : for
the general instruction of the peothe Church of England is as much ple, any part of the mysteries of able to make wise and good laws religion, or the whole counsel of for its own regulation, as the God? Are we to be entrusted Churches of Alexandria, of Rome, with the tremendous power
of sayor of any other place whatever. ing to our congregations, · God has But do let me entreat you, to ob- revealed to mankind certain truths serve how utterly inapplicable all respecting His divine nature, and notion of teaching the doctrine of the manner in which alone the the atonement with reserve, be- fallen race of man can be reconcause of the discipline of certain ciled to Him : but you are ignochurches in the early ages, is, to rant, weak, and unlearned, and I the laws, customs, discipline, and will teach to you these sublime practice of this Church of Eng- truths, with a reserve, of which I land. We make no other differ- will be the judge, and you shall be
the victim.' I tell you, my Chris- plague has begun. In spite of the tian brethren, that the services of loathing of these doctrines on the the Church of England are con- part of so many of the most Structed on the very opposite prin. attached and zealous of our laity, ciple. We teach all the mysteries,
our brethren at Oxford are conall the deep mysteries of Christi- tinuing to revive the obselete-to anity to all our people, in the pub- recommend the foundations of the lic
prayers of the church, without old and unendurable pretensions on any reserve, on account of sup- which all the power of Rome was posed unfitness from ignorance, or founded—and to render, therefore, unfitness from wickedness to re- the Reformation, which is nothing ceive them, If they are so taught but the re-establishment amongst in our prayers, it is our bounden us of spiritual and scriptural Chrisduty to teach them, without re- tianity, a by-word and a reproach. serve, from the pulpit—and to My Christian brethren, forgive me leave the sincerity of the prayer for so long occupying your time. which the people may offer, and Permit me again, as the last word the manner, too, in which they I may have an opportunity of shall receive our instruction, to the speaking to you in this official God who shall judge them. We manner, to charge you, and to imare to teach the whole counsel of plore you, to stand fast in that God; and if the principles of this liberty from the old bondage, from tract be adopted, our services must which Christ, or the conviction of be reconstructed- -our congrega- the necessity of holiness, proceeding tions classed like large schools, from faith in his atonement, hath according to their knowledge, set free this country, and its holy talents, power of expression, and church. I charge you, as you general proficiency. Pride of in- value the salvation of the people, tellect would succeed to holiness the spirit of the ordinances of the of heart. The submission of reason church-the happiness of your own to revelation, in which so large a souls-peace of conscience, and portion of our moral probation con- the faithful discharge of your sosists, would be ruined by the sub- lemnly sworn duties to preach the tilties of a disputatious philosophy. doctrine of the atonement, without The clergy would be invested with reserve, on all occasions, explicitly an authority which the world, I and prominently, as the foundation trust, could not again bear; and of all your hopes of usefulness. I the worst evils from which the in- charge you in the name of Christ, tellect and the soul have escaped and as the last tones of the dying in this Christian England, wonld jurisdiction which enables me to be imposed upon the church and address you-to shun these novelpeople.
ties, to despise such teaching, to 'I have thus as briefly as pos- abhor such perversions of learning sible submitted to you, my Chris- as those of which I have now tian brethren, the evil which I spoken. I call upon you in the deeply regret to see begin to prevail right and strict sense of the words, in the Church, the perversions, by to adopt the language of St. Paul, learning, of the simplicity of Chris- I am determined to know nothing tian teaching. I would not have
among my people, but Jesus Christ, ventured thus to address you, if I and him crucified; to the Greeks, had not believed it to be my to the worldly philosopher, to the bounden duty to yourselves and to proud of intellect, to the puffed in the Church-to God and his glory head, and the vain in heart fool- to my blessed Saviour, and the ishness, indescribable foolishness; cause of his holy gospel. The but to the humble Christian, to the penitent sinner, to the inquirer- man, though a fool, derives from i. What shall I do to be saved ?” the study of scripture, and the serChrist the wisdom of God to the vices of the church, is the one true reason, and power of God to sanctify religion of Christ. Teach and and to change the affections. My preach it with all its doctrines, and Christian brethren! the common all its mysteries, with all authority, faith of the peasant, the vulgar and without reserve.' Christianity which the way-faring
“O LORD, OPEN THOU OUR LIPS.”
The following thoughts were sug- sendest by thine ambassadors, to gested to my mind, by the re- entreat them to be “reconciled to markable emphasis a dear friend God,”—and so bless the labours and Minister of Christ laid on the of the devoted missionary, as to word thou, in the beautiful section make him " a burning and a shinof the church service; and I think ing light to guide the feet of the that this particular reading is pecu- benighted heathen into the “path liar to himself, having never ob- of peace.” Vain indeed would be served it so rendered before. Read his work and labour of love in in the usual manner, there is no- distant climes: vain would be thing perhaps very striking; but, his painful farewell to his own as I heard it, ejaculated with a loved land. Useless his weary deep impassioned tone and feeling, wanderings, and too often fatal from the lips of the holy, and the journeyings through the burning heavenly, it appeared to strike on deserts ; did not the Lord
with my heart with awakening force him, and open his lips, and cause and energy, our complete depend- him to “preach the word with ence upon the Lord for strength, power.” and the utter worthlessness of our In vain would " the voice cry unassisted efforts, either in the in the wilderness," if it were not blessed work of prayer or praise. the voice of one - the voice of the
Better that the lips were sealed Lord by his servant. eternally, if thou Lord dost not Oh, it is not indeed enough conopen them! Ask the anxious min- solation to the Christian, to feel ister who watcheth like a shepherd the blest assurance of his own isoover his flock, as one who must ated salvation : he yould have give account of the souls of his the golden chain of divine love care-ask him, if ever a soul was encircle all his brethren, binding saved, if ever a seal was added to them by an indissoluble link to his ministry, when thou didst not each other, and to God; he will open his lips to “ shew forth thy pray for them, he will preach to praise." Surely the millions who them :- but how can he
and walk in the blindness and the dark- how can he preach, who is but ness of unbelief would all perish dust and ashes ?
I will tell you in this wilderness world, if thou
how he will pray; didst not by the irresistible power thou my lips :” and I will tell you of thy Spirit, open the lips of thy in what spirit he will preach; servants “ to declare the wondrous “ Lord open thou my lips.”. things of thy law,” – those “glad
C. tidings of great joy,” which thou
- Lord, open
PEACE IN DEATH.
ILLUSTRATED BY NOTES TAKEN DURING THE ILLNESS OF A BELOVED
• The health of my beloved wife bave I,' she said, and there we had been very sensibly declining must rest. We shall fall, and for the last three or four years, rise, aud fall, and rise again, till and she had said more than once, we rise there,' (looking upwards that since her serious attack of with tearful
but full of coninfluenza in the spring of 1833, fidence) to fall no more, never she had considered herself to be a to sin again.' dying woman. At times, how- April 15th.—To-day, while sitever, she rallied surprisingly, and ting by her, and supporting her the natural goodness of her con- head in a season of much suffering, stitution yielded very slowly to
she began talking very sweetly. the pulmonary disease, which in Among much which, alas ! cannot the beginning of the present year be gathered up again, she said, (1837) extinguished all hope of • How beautiful is that type, that recovery. I could never discover nothing which died of itself was to in her the slightest appearance of
be offered in sacrifice : therefore dismay, or even discomposure, at Cbrist's life was taken from him.' this period, nor subsequently at
She added, Christ's person was the
nearer approach of death. mystical and peculiar-he was Her serenity and self-possession God and man in one Christ-I I (the fruits of faith) were a pecu
bless God that I know this by liar blessing to herself, and happy experience. The creature fort to those who witnessed them. is everywhere spoken of as a poor,
• On the 18th of March, I had weak, helpless, ignorant, sinful, been reading, at her bed-side, a dying thing ; but God says be has devotional book on the subject of laid help upon One that is mighty Jacob's Death. After some very -mighty to save-almighty. I deeply affecting conversation on feel that nothing but God can save the approaching close of our mar- me, and satisfy my wants. My riage union, I could not refrain love! when I shall be taken from from lamenting to her my many you, I hope you will read your failures in duty, when she said, Bible, and not speculative books : • Oh! if I were to look thus at I often think what a mercy it is, my sins and failings, I should be that God has permitted me to miserable ; but we are such cor- learn his truth in simplicity; and rupt creatures, that if we were to that he has preserved me from live our lives over again, we speculative inquiries. Now-a-days should still be just as sinful ; all I a poor sinner knows not who or can do, is to go to the blood of what to believe, while listening to Jesus, as a guilty, ruined, helpless the various opinions and views of sinner, and cast myself wholly his fallen fellow-creatures; but upon him. You have cast your the Bible is the best and only safe soul upon Jesus ?' she said, looking guide. I often think of Mr. earnestly at me, as expecting my B-d's favourite text, · Being jusreply. I answered, Yes.' So tified by faith, we have peace
with God through our Lord Jesus
Christ.' How simple ! “Peace I Extracted from a small volume re. cently published by Messrs. Hatchard,
leave with you; my peace I give entitled Scriptural Peace in Death.' unto you, not as the world giveth,