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having offered some prayers for the
Now this was a circumstance people and blessed them, the dea- which might easily happen to such con with a loud voice cries, as merely took the narratives of in peace; the host is sent to God the Evangelists, and hastily, and the Father, to pacify his anger." without proper reverence, acted
Now, after calmly considering upon the words of the original these two pictures, the Saviour institution. The sitting round a sitting at table with his disciples, table, and breaking bread and and commanding them, after his drinking wine in an evening assemdeath, sometimes to break bread bly, might easily be converted, by and taste wine, “ in REMEM- careless or irreverent disciples, into BRANCE of him ; and on the an ordinary supper. But then the other side the Romish bishop, very circumstance of the gradual with his host of attendant priests, and
declension from the sacred deacons, sub-deacons, acolytes, feast into a sensual one, shews at &c., with his bowings, crosses, once how near the one was, in outkneelings, sittings, standings, in- ward
appearance, to the other. censing, bell-ringing, and what How would it have been possible not, do tell me, whether
you for the Corinthians to have fallen can instance another case of so into such an abuse, if what they entire a departure from the whole had been accustomed to, had been, character, internal and external, not the Lord's Supper, but the of the original institution ? The Mass. Had anything in the least Mass instituted in the upper cham- resembling the Romish ceremober in Jerusalem! Yes, much in nial been then in existence, how the
manner in which the could the Corinthians ever have massacre of St. Bartholomew was given the apostle the least cause sanctioned by our Lord's saying to
for his rebuke.
- For in eating, Peter, “ Put up thy sword into every one taketh before another his its sheath, for all they that take own supper; and one is hungry, the sword, shall perish with the and another is drunken." It is sword.”
impossible even to read these But we are not left to the bare words, without seeing, that that words of the institution, sufficient which the Corinthians had coras these would be, to decide for rupted, was not the Mass, but the us the question, whether the Ro
Lord's Supper. mish Mass, or the Protestant Perhaps you will be momenLord's Supper, is the most faithful tarily tempted to think, “ Then observance of our Lord's com- surely it would have been better mand. Further light is thrown if the Lord bad instituted the upon the matter, by the recorded Mass instead of the Lord's Supfacts as to the main features of per ; if it be true that the Supper this sacrament, as used in the early was so quickly corrupted, while church.
the Mass could not have been." What was the irregularity re- But I am sure you will instantly buked by St. Paul, in his instruc- recal this thought, when you reflect tion to the Corinthians. It was that the real drift of it is, that sinjust this, that they had confounded ful men could have contrived betthe Lord's Supper with their ordi- ter ordinances and observances for nary meals, and ate merely to Christ's church, than He himself, satisfy their hunger and thirst, her Saviour and ber God, was able without “ discerning," or distin- to supply ! guishing the peculiarities of that But I may pass on to an upinobservance, as a “ shewing forth spired but most competent witness, of the Lord's death."
Justin Martyr, who lived about half a century after the death of riety of purposes, at least in the the last of the Apostles. He, in minds of the multitude--for brute writing an Apology for the Chris- beasts as well as for human beings. tians, thus describes the practice A farmer, who happens to have his of the church in his own time : cattle disordered, the rot among
“ On the day which is called his sheep, or the murrain among Sunday, there is an assembling to- his cows, will have masses said for gether in one place, of those who their recovery. The fishermen of live in towns, or in the country Dungarvan, and elsewhere, reguaround; and the histories and larly get masses said that they may writings of the Prophets and Apos- hook the more fish. It is quite tles are read, as time may permit. common among the ignorant to be Then the reader ceasing, the presi- under the persuasion that worldly dent (or elder) exhorts all to the calamities result from the agency imitation of those good things. of evil spirits; which opinion, inThen we all rise and offer prayers, deed, receives some countenance and when the service is finished, from the book of Job. To counbread and wine and water are teract this malignant influence, offered, and the president again they fly to the priest to have offers prayers and thanksgivings, masses said. The priest takes no and the people say “ Amen.” And pains to remove the error, but the communication and distribution accepts the pecuniary offering. is to each of those who have re- Friars
carry this matter to the last turned thanks.” *
extremity. There is a general Here again we have the simple impression, as we have said elsecommunion of the Lord's Supper. where, that the masses of friars are Not a word of the gorgeous
more efficacious than those of the Mass,” or of a sacrifice for the secular clergy. This impression sins of the living and the dead. answers the intended purpose ; it But this last consideration brings brings more money into the coffers us to the second feature of the of the friars, who, however, are not case; which is the most important at a loss to assign a theological part by far, of the whole question. reason for the superexcellence of
The Church of Rome makes of their masses --namely, that their this simple commemorative feast, state of life is more perfect than not only a gorgeous ceremony, but
that of seculars – rather a knotty something far higher ; -- a sacrifice point to establish -- as they make for the remission of sins. Nay, vows of poverty; at the same when once it is admitted, or as
time that, like Dives in the gospel, sumed, that in this celebration they are clothed in purple and fine there is a real offering up of the
linen, and fare sumptuously every actual body and blood of Imman- day. The friars drive a considervel, there is no end of the uses to
able trade in masses. If a habit which so great a thing may
is to be blessed or consecrated, plied. A mass removes the sins of money must be given for masses, the living. A mass relieves, or en- in order, of course, to ensure full tirely ends, the sufferings of the efficacy to the benediction. These unpardoned dead. But these are consecrated habits are supposed but a few of the purposes to which to be worn in the other world. so powerful a remedy can be ap
It would be accounted a great plied. Mr. O'Croly, himself a misfortune for a poor person reRomish priest, informs us, that
siding in the neighbourhood of a 66 Masses are offered for a va
friar to die without one. The
blessing of the scapular, of which * Apologia, II. p. 97.
more hereafter, must have the same accompaniment as the blessing of farce acted over again. So much for the habit ; and the ceremony of the theory and practice of masses.' induction, or reception, or enrol- Now all this is very lamentable, ment among the various confrater- as well as very absurd ;-for it is nities and sisterhoods of Carme- impossible to imagine that one lites, of St. Francis, of St. Augus, priest out of a hundred can be so tine and St. Dominick, ever super- senseless as to imagine that any
of induces a grateful commission for these wonderful effects will really saying masses, which are offered follow the repeating of a parcel of up at once for the benefit of the
Latin prayers, -although the whole individuals contributing, and for hundred are constantly taking the confraternities at large, of money for all these false cures ! The which they then become members. whole system, therefore, is, from This they call the communion of beginning to end, a system of fraud, saints. The friar is the certain gain. chicanery, and plunder, and all er in all these pious transactions. under the garb of religion !
“ The doctrine of purgatory has But let us take the best possible an intimate connection with the view of the question. Let us only traffic in masses, which, in the investigate the most plausible point church language, are offered up
in the papist's case, namely, that the quick and for the dead. The the mass is a real offering up of piety of the living seeks to mitigate Christ's body, for the appeasing the sufferings of their departed the wrath of the Father, and that friends. This piety is carefully by the application of one of these nurtured by the interested clergy. sacrifices to a believer's own inThe feast of All Souls, or the be- dividual case, his sins will be ginning of November, as we have blotted out. This is the least offensaid elsewhere, is the critical pe- sive view of the question; and yet, riod for the performance of this even in this mild and moderated neighbourly and philanthropic duty. form, we shall be obliged to deNothing then is left untried to in
nounce it-- 1st, as utterly destitute terest the faithful in behalf of the of all foundation in scripture; and suffering souls in purgatory, who, Andly, as directly opposed to many it is said, can be most efficaciously plain declarations in the inspired relieved or extricated altogether,
word. by the aid of masses, which are at 1. We turn over all the stateonce impetratory, propitiatory, and ments of the sacred writers, which expiatory. This is a portion of refer to this observance ; and we the second of November doctrine, find not one single word to support which is inculcated by every the assumption, that our Lord inmeans that avaricious ingenuity tended herein to institute a perpecan devise. Money was formerly tual sacrifice for the remission of raised by the sale of indulgences, sins. In the Romish church, this and it used to be said, that the de- one fact is made, in truth, the very posit of the money in the holy box, centre of their system. If their
the holy plate, suddenly representations might be taken, it threw open the gates of purgatory would almost seem that the whole for the enlargement or escape of the Bible was written to establish the poor suffering inmates.
Mass !- that Christ, in fact, died, this and other ridiculous doctrines
chiefly to establish the Mass ; that first provoked the zeal of Lu- and that the Mass is the very ther, and prepared the way for the alpha and omega of all true ChrisReformation. Substitute for the old tianity. And yet, strange to say, indulgences masses for the dead, and you have the same solemn
* O'Croly's Inquiry, 8vo. p. 107–110.
you may read the whole New vented and palmed upon the church, Testament straight through ; and they could not possibly have been neither in prophet, apostle, evan- more explicit or emphatic in gelist, or even in the injunctions of their language. In fact we cannot our Lord himself, can a single out- doubt that the Divine Author had line or feature of the Mass be a double object in view—the defound !
nouncing the false doctrine then In the divine sacrifice,” says maintained by the Jewish teachers the Council of Trent, which is in the church, and the equally performed in the Mass, that same false doctrine which he foreknew Christ is contained and offered in would be introduced by the Ronan unbloody manner, who, on the ish teachers some centuries afteraltar of the cross offered himself wards. with blood once for all.” And, The assumption of these latter, “the Lord being appeased by the is, that the work of a sinner's saloffering of this, and granting grace vation is not completely effected, and the gift of repentance, remits even by the one offering inade on crimes and sins, even great onės.” Calvary, the application of that
“I profess likewise,” says the blood to his soul by the Holy Creed of Pope Pius the Fourth, Spirit, and the perpetual intercess" that in the Mass there is offered ion and mediation of the Saviour unto God a true, proper, and pro- in heaven on his behalf. All this pitiatory sacrifice for the sins of is not enough. The Father yet the living and the dead."
remains unpropitiated, until anoNow, where is a single word of ther sacrifice is offered up on earth, all this to be found in the Scripture by a priest of the Romish church, account of the institution of this who takes a piece of wafer, prosacrament ? Jesus, sitting at table nounces some Latin words over it, after supper, “ took bread and gave declares it to be thus changed into thanks, and bruke it, and gave unto Christ's own body and blood, and them, saying, This is my body, holds up to God the Father, which is given for you : this do in at the sight of which that wrath is REMEMBRANCE of me." The appeased which not all the pains same words are repeated twice by of Calvary, nor the personal interSt. Paul, who then adds,
cessions of the Saviour himself at often as ye eat this bread and the right hand of the throne, had drink this cup, YE DO SHEW THE been able entirely to abate ! LORD'S DEATH till he come.” In The blasphemy of all this is the plainest possible language, shocking ; but we must not permit therefore, the institution is declared our disgust to turn us away from to be a “commemorative festival," the calm consideration of the truth but not a single syllable is said, of of the case. It is not the tone of our any
" sacrifice” being so much as feelings, but the declarations of thought of.
Scripture, that must decide the 2. The idea, however, of a per- whole question. Now these declapetual sacrifice, is not only not rations are such, as to render it countenanced by Scripture, but it scarcely possible to doubt, that is utterly opposed to its plainest they were chiefly intended to apply declarations,
to this great abomination. It has been well observed, that “ For such an High Priest beif the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th came us, who is holy, harmless, chapters of the Epistle to the undefiled, separate from sinners, Hebrews had been expressly and made higher than the heavens ; written against the Mass, sup- who NEEDETH NOT DAILY, posing it to have been then in- those High Priests, to offer up DECEMBER 1838.
sacrifice, first for his own sins, and beyond this ? Had the Mass exthen for the people's : for this he isted in the Apostle's days, and did ONCE, when he offered up him- had he wished to denounce it, self. (Heb. vii. 26, 27.)
could he possibly have found lan“ Nor yet (was it necessary) that guage more clear or decisive ? In he should offer himself OFTEN, as fact, the Mass can only be defendthe High Priest entereth into the ed at all, by directly denying the holy place every year with blood truth of all the Apostle's stateof others ; for then must he often ments. The Romanist must assert, have suffered since the foundation plainly, that “by one offering of the world : but now once in the Christ hath not perfected for end of the world hath he appeared ever them that are sanctified ;” to put away sin by the sacrifice of that “ the offering of the body of himself. And as it is appointed unto Jesus Christ once for all” does men ONCE to die, but after this the not sanctify the believer in Him; judgment : 80 Christ was ONCE and that it is necessary that Christ offered to bear the sins of many ; " should offer himself often," for and unto them that look for him that he hath not“ put away sin by shall he appear the second time the sacrifice of himself.” All this without sin unto salvation.” (Heb. must the defender of the Mass ix. 25-28.)
affirm, and when he has gone thus Read also the first ten verses of far, it is certainly by no means the 10th chapter, the whole argu- . surprising that he should wish the ment of which is, that the Leviti- Bible put out of sight. It is imcal sacrifices were often offered, possible for him not to be consimply because they were shadows, scious that to a plain honest stuand had no innate value ; but that dent of God's word, the opposition if any one of them could have put between his statements and those away sin, the repetition would at of St. Paul must appear altogeonce have “ceased.” The Apos- ther total. tle then proceeds —
Such is the Scriptural view of Priest standeth this question. In conclusion, I daily ministering and offering have wished and endeavoured to oftentimes the same sacrifices, state as fairly as I could, such which can never take away sins : proofs and arguments as I could but this man, after he had offered find in any Řomish writers, in ONE SACRIFICE for sins, for ever defence of their view. But in sat down on the right hand of God; truth, their array is so scanty as to from henceforth expecting till his be almost invisible. They quote enemies be made his footstool. For
Malachi i. 11_“ In every place by ONE OFFERING he hath perfect incense shall be offered unto thy ed for ever themthat are sanctified. name, and a pure offering.” They Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a also quote the case of Melchisedec, witness to us : for after that he had who offered bread and wine, and said before, This is the covenant who is said to be a type of Christ. that I will make with them after Nothing, however, can be clearer those days, saith the Lord, I will than that the use of these texts in put my laws in their hearts, and such a cause is a reversal of the in their minds will I write them : true laws of interpretation. We and their sins and iniquities will are to interpret figurative and obI remember no more. Now where scure passages by such as are plain remission of these is, there is no and beyond doubt. But in this MORE OFFERING FOR SIN. (Heb. case the Romanists require us to X, 11-18.
interpret the plain and explicit Is it possible for language to go language of our Lord, and of St.
- And every