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QUEEN ELIZABETH AND HER TIMES; a Series of original

Letters, selected from the inedited private correspondence of most of the distinguished persons of the period. Edited by THOMAS WRIGHT, M. A. F. S. A. &c. of Trinity College, Cambridge. 2 Vols. 8vo. Colburn.

We do not introduce these volumes with her nobles and ladies, as hath been to the notice of our readers, as

accustomed in such high feasts. And she having any particular connection

perceiving a bishop preparing himself to

make all in the old form, she tarried there with the nature of our pages, until the gospel was done, and when all valuable as they undoubtedly are the people looked for her to have offered in many respects. To the histo- according to the old fashion, she with her rian, and to the antiquary, they

nobles returned again from the closet and

the mass, unto her privy chamber, which are a treasury of facts and details,

was strange unto divers. Oh blessed be and indeed almost every lover of God in all his gifts ! literature will be pleased with Mr. Wright has added in a note their contents. But in glancing over the following extract from Fullerthem we have been struck with a

On the first of January following, being variety of passages, which illus

Sunday, (the best new year's gift that trate the state of religion during ever was bestowed on England,) by virtue the time of queen Elizabeth, and

of the Queen's proclamation, the Litany which the Milners, if they had

was read in English, with epistles and lived to continue their Church

gospels, in all churches of London, as it

was formerly in her grace's own chapel. History down to that period, would have regarded as useful and inter

At p. 189, is an interesting'com

munication, from Randolph, the esting materials.

With this impression, we have English agent at Edinburgh, to extracted some of these passages,

Cecil, which shews the horror felt in the hope, that the pleasure by Protestants, at the revival of which we have felt in selecting popish worship, by Mary queen

of Scots, her return from them, will be shared by our readWe have taken the liberty of

France. It is dated March 20,

1564-5. modernizing the spelling, but in other respects no change has been The subjects who desire to live in the made. Occasionally the turn of a

true fear and worshipping of God, offer

rather their lives again to be sacrificed, sentence may appear obscure, to

than that they would suffer such abomipersons who are not familiar with

nation, yea, almost permit herself to enjoy the style of that age; but for the her mass, which is now more plainly and most part, no difficulty will be openly spoken against by the preachers, found in comprehending the writer's

than ever was the pope of Rome. meaning

In another letter from Randolph At page 3, vol. I. is a letter to the Earl of Leicester, July 31, from Sir William Fitzwilliams, 1565, we have a description of the (ancestor of the present Earl Fitz

unfortunate Darnley-His speech william,) in which we have an and talk argueth his mind, and yet account of the first step taken by would he fain seem to the world Queen Elizabeth, towards declar- to be of some religion.' How ing herself a Protestant publicly, truly might these words be applied in December 1558.

to many a person of worldly emiAnd for news you shall understand that

nence! yesterday being Christmas day, the At page 324, is an affecting exQueen's majesty repaired to her closet, postulation, from John Fox the * Chapel.

Martyrologist, to the Duke of

on

ers.

Norfolk, who had formerly been And upon my blessing beware of blind his pupil, and who was now re

papistry, which brings nothing but bonported to be aiming at a marriage

dage to men's consciences. I write

somewhat the more herein, because perwith the Queen of Scotts. He chance you have heretofore heard, or per says

chance hereafter shall eat false fruits * Since the noise and clamour of the that I was a papist. But trust unto it, I people maketh me somewhat to muse, and

never, since I knew what religion meant, I because true love is always full of fear, I

thank God, was of other mind than now beseech you let me say to you what I think you shall hear that I die in, although I in this matter, that in case you take this cry God mercy I have not given fruits way to marry with this lady in our and testimony of my faith as I ought to Queen's days, it will in the end turn you

have done : the which is the thing that I to no great good. I beseech you, there

do now chiefliest repent. fore, for God's sake, be circumspect, and

One remarkable feature in those mark well what they be, that set you on this work, and whereunto they shoot.

times is, the habitual remembrance There is no greater cunning in these days,

of God, which all persons appear than to know whom a man may trust; to have entertained. There is examples you have enough, within the compass of your own days, whereby you

scarcely a letter without some allu. may learn, what noblemen have been cast

sion to divine protection. Thus away by them whom they seemed most to for instance, we readtrust.

I humbly take my leave, praying God Cecil (afterwards the famous

long to keep you. I betake (deliver) your Lord Burleigh,) writes thus to Ni. honour to the tuition of the Almighty; cholas White, in 1570.

God prosper you and your doings. So

with my duty I pray God ever to preserve I do continue, and will not desist to

you, comunitting you to God, who dilove heartily the honest virtues which I

recteth all to his pleasure. Beseeching am persuaded are settled and rooted in

the Almighty God, that it may please him you, for the which I love you, and so

to strengthen your lordship, and to proswill, except you make the change.

per all your good endeavours. I pray Few statesmen, it is to be feared, God preserve you in honour and conti. have expressed themselves in such

nual welfare. + cordial language, and perhaps

In the same manner,

Arthur fewer still would rely on the Lord Grey de Wilton thus adsame protection as this great man dresses the Queen. appears to do, when he says as

So most humble leave I take of your follows:

Majesty, beseeching the Lord of Lords to I am, as you have known me, if not guard, direct, and prosper your Highness more tormented with the blasts of the in person, spirit, and all actions ever. world, willing to live in calm places, but

It must not be supposed, that it pleaseth God otherwise to exercise me ; in short as I cannot shun the rages thereof,

the use of such phrases is in every though his goodness preserveth me as it case an evidence of piety, but their were, with the target of his providence, prevalence, even as a form, shews from the dangers that are gaping upon

that the reality of religion existed me. Vita hominis est militia super terram. I use no armour of proof against the darts

to a great extent. How much or pellets, but confidence in God by a

would a collection of letters, seclear conscience. p. 364.

lected from the correspondence of At page 402, is a long letter, statesmen in the present day, suffer written by the Duke of Norfolk from a comparison with those of to his children, a little before his Elizabethan times. execution, filled with Christian Dr. Dale, writing from Paris in admonitions, but too long to ex- 1574, speaking of Montgomery, a tract in this place. It is remark- celebrated Protestant leader (of able, that this eminent ancestor of Scotch extraction) in the civil a Romish family cautions his children AGAINST ROMANISM, in terms

Reports.

+ To this may be added, an expression of Sir as forcible as Fox the Martyrolo- Walter Mildmay to Lord Burleigh, I pray gist could have employed.

God send to your Lordship, and all yours, even as I wish to mine own heart.'

*

as

wars, who had lately been taken providence watches over us, prisoner by the Papists, says, watched over our forefathers, when

Montgomery was racked, to have gotten a concealed Papist, (Charles II.) matter out of him, whether the Queen's and an avowed one, (James II.) Majesty or M. le Duc were privy to his

filled the throne in succession. enterprise ; but he was very constant, as

The celebrated Walsingham well therein, as in his religion, neither would he by any means be induced to

writes thus to Randolph and yield to any superstition, and was very Bowes, the English agents at much pitied. p. 502.

Edinburgh, on account of the deWilliam Smith, an English mer

position of the Regent Morton. chant in Russia, after mentioning His testimony to the ministers of the danger he was in because of

the Scotch Church is honorable to the war with the Tartars, and

that body, but the chief imporsaying, “In a manner ten to one tance of the passage lies in the but we shall be taken or slain,' sentiments it evinces. Alas, how nevertheless adds,

far have modern statesmen departed But yet there is a God that doth aid and from the language and principles keep all those that put their trust in him,

of their illustrious predecessor ! which is my only refuge, who I trust will defend me in all time of necessity. p. 419.

Who among them would have the The accomplished Sir Philip courage, to act on such grounds Sidney, writing to the Earl of

and to write in such terms as these ? Leicester, concludes his letter thus :

The way is easily opened to division.

Gaps and breaches made in the state are not I humbly cease, with my daily and most

easily stopped, and seldom soundly. But bounden prayer, that it may please the

seeing they are fallen into this inconEternal to continue and increase you in venient, that they are now more subject all prosperity. p. 514.

to those inconveniences which discord and At p. 318, vol. ii, the editor division breedeth, than before, it shall has given an extract from Stowe, behove them especially whom God hath the old historian, describing his

appointed watchmen over the peace of his

house, to mediate as much as they can, death after the battle of Zutphen,

that unity may he maintained, that the where he received a mortal wound:

profession of the gospel and the free • He was conveyed to Arnam, course thereof be not interrupted, that where he continued to his end in good regard be had amongst them to con

tinue their good amity with their friends such kind of godly behaviour, that

who make the same profession as themboth the preacher did wonder at it, selves, that they suffer not themselves to and the chyrurgions * did admire, be carried by sinistrous practises to any the one seeing his wise godliness,

that may prejudice the good the other his valiant courage, with

estate thereof, whereupon dependeth the

welfare of the cause of religion amongst patience to abide all kinds of pains.'

them, and of the crown and realm. Vol. ii. p. 5, Dr. Wilson, wri- And to this effect you shall do well to ting from Antwerp to Lord Bur- persuade with the ministers and others, leigh in 1575, says,

that are best affected, to be good instruc

ments that way, and to be very careful Surely the Catholics' malice is unspeak

thereof, seeing they are so nigh to danger. able, and if I had not by secret means

This I thought good to impart to you, understood their deep maliciousness, I

for the good wish of the state, and benefit would never have believed the same by

of both the realms, and the duty I owe any common bare report. God, for his

to the advancement of the kingdom of mercie, defend our sovereign from their

God, and maintenance of the same within tyranny !

this isle, which God grant we may hold When we read this, we cannot and leave to our posterity to be inherited but apply these words to the pre- and possessed by them, as the greatest sent state of England and its youth

and best part of their inheritance. And

so I leave you to the grace of God. (March ful queen. But fiercely as Popery

6, 1577.) roars, or treacherously as it smiles,

At p. 153, Sir Francis Knolly we do not despair, since the same writes to Lords Burleigh and Lei* Surgeons.

cester, as the respective Chancellors

course

we

of the two Universities, Oxford of amusement in London) by which and Cambridge, about a new sect, several persons were hurt. September 29, 1581. The closing

It giveth great occasion to acknow. remark is excellent.

ledge the hand of God for such abuse of

the Sabbath-day, and moveth me in conThe same perfection that the Family of

sequence to beseech your Lordship to Love do pretend to obtain by virtue of

give order for redress of such contempt of love, the same perfection do Castalio his

God's service. sectaries pretend to obtain by the doctrine of faith. But it is not by faith in believ

Thus we see, that our pious aning to be saved by the merits of Christ, cestors had to struggle with the but by a faith in believing that every man same evils as are now exercising is able to fulól the law of God, and that

the efforts of an Agnew, a Hardy, the cause why men do not fulfil the law is the want of this Castalio bis belief. Now

and a Plumptre. On this account both these sects do serve the turns of the the passage quoted above is parpapists, as all free-will men and justifiers ticularly interesting. of themselves do.

Here we must close these ex. It is an unhappy circumstance tracts, for sake of room, though attending all reformations and re

would gladly have added vivals of religion, that the work is others. What has been given will, impeded by new sects, wbo start

we trust, be read with pleasure ; up at that time, and make their and though mere antiquities are distinguishing tenet the very es

not likely to have any charms for sence of true religion. Granting,

the greater part of our readers, for argument's sake, that their

still it is a matter of the higbest views are not altogether erroneous, interest, to ascertain the power but contain a wholesome prin. of religion' on the minds of our ciple, if not carried out to excess, forefathers, especially at a time, still it must be deeply regretted, which stands so conspicuous in that instead of contending for their

history, as the age of Elizabeth. tenets, as true principles, they too There is one letter which we often prefer erecting them into the should be glad to see republished Shibboleth of a party.

in a separate form, as a tract or a We

e now turn to a more pleasing small pamphlet; we mean the last subject. At page 177 we have letter of the unfortunate Duke of an interesting account of the means Norfolk to his children, which has taken by John Walker, a naviga- been mentioned above. It is one of tor, for the religious instruction of

the most affecting religious epistles his seamen, contained in the frag

we have ever met with, and as we ment of a letter to the Earl of

have already observed, it

proves Leicester, dated June 14, 1582. the lamented writer to have been

Now, God be praised, there is among a Protestant. us as great concord and friendly amity as

Perhaps the editor may be inmay be among any people, and all things go well with us, and no doubt but God

duced to extend his researches will bless us : for our people are wonder.

into subsequent reigns. By doing fully reformed, both in rule of life and so, he will not only render a great religion towards God. Every Sunday I

service to the history and literapreach, and after dinner we have conference in the scriptures, wherewith the

ture of England, but may also be mariners, who never heard sermons in

the means

of bringing forward their lives, are wonderfully delighted. materials for her ecclesiastical

The last extract we shall make history during that time. is from a letter of Sir Thomas We have only to add, that we Blanke, Lord Mayor of London, have taken no notice of various fo Lord Burleigh, dated January letters from eminent prelates ; as 4, 1582. It

they may be serviceable in our Sunday some scaffolds had fallen biographical department on future at Paris Garden (a popular place occasions.

appears that on a

Intelligence,

SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

6

At the general meeting held on the maintenance of schools under Tuesday the 2nd of October, 1838, a the superintendence of the clergy of letter from the Lord Bishop of Aus- the Church of England, or of any tralia to the Secretary, was read to system of instruction in them in the Board, of which the following avowed accordance with its formuare extracts :

laries. Under such circumstances Sydney, April 6, 1838. of uncertainty, it is my anxious enIt affonds me satisfaction to deavour to effect

every practical assure you, that taking all circum- improvement in the schools of which stances into consideration, I have we now have charge; and though great reason to acknowledge the the visible effect is slow, in consemerciful and protecting sway of quence of the scarcity of competent Providence in disposing many

teachers, yet the character of these causes to work together for the has decidedly improved since my good of the Church, and so giving first arrival in the colony. In the me cause to hope, that by firm and town of Sydney alone we have now temperate perseverance in the course nearly a thousand (infants and chilwe are now pursuing, it may be dren) under instruction. The Dioplanted here, upon a peaceful and cesan Committee have recently put secure foundation, in the affections forth some resolutions and instrucof the people of this community. tions, adopted from Mr. Wigram's One index of the flourishing state of Manual, for the extension of Sunthe Diocesan Committee is, in the day-schools, which are

now very continued steady demand which pre- general throughout the colony, and vails for the publications contained in will, I am persuaded, be yet more the catalogues, and the regularity widely adopted. I have also this with which the funds required in week opened a grammar-school in payment for the numerous ship- this town for the education of boys. ments made to us have been col- The course of instruction includes lected and remitted to the Trea- everything which can be considered surers. At the vast distances to which as belonging to a plain general edupopulation now extends, beyond the cation; and to ensure a due attenJimits indeed to which the restraints tion to religious knowledge and of the law, or, I grieve to add, the duties, I have requested the Rev. ordinances of religion can be duly G. N. Woodd, Minister of St. extended, travelling vendors find it James's, to undertake the charge of their interest to convey small caryoes this important branch. The terms of these publications, and meet with a of the school are fixed at so modeready sale for them upon terms which rate a rate, that its advantages will they consider satisfactory. In this be extended, I confidently trust, manner, I have no doubt, a con- through a wide limit among the siderable body of religious instruc- middle and humble classes of our tion may every year be circulated, society. Under any circumstances, where it would be scarcely possible, I rejoice to think, there is little by any other means, to obtain ad- prospect of any fresh attempt being mission for it: and will thus keep made to introduce what is termed alive the knowledge of God, and • The Irish System.' It was consome acquaintance with his word demned by the unanimous voice of and promise, where such knowledge the community ; insomuch that the might otherwise be speedily ex- attempt to establish it has proved to tinguished. The support of Govern- be one of the most complete failures ment bas been continued to the that I remember to have read of, or schools during the present year, and to have witnessed. I have reason to hope may be ex- • Another most important accestended to the next. But I scarcely sion to our means of usefulness, and dare to bope that any adequate per- thereby to our stability and security, manent provision will be made for has been afforded by the increase DECEMBER, 1838.

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