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which has occurred, within the last erection of school-rooms on ground six months, of the number of clergy- belonging to the church, and a sub

Seven have arrived, under scription entered into to defray the the sanction of the Incorporated current expenses of the establishSociety, and brought into the field ment. through the exercise of its munifi- Books to the amount of 107. were cence for their conveyance to these granted on this application. distant shores, and for their main- Mr. A. E. Lingard of Runcorn, tenance when settled here. I feel writes:--- My late residence was in it to be a debt due to our Diocesan Manchester, where I dispersed many Committee to mention, that in pro- thousand copies of your Bibles, portion to their means they have not Common Prayer-books, and Tracts, been deficient in liberality. The chiefly among the poor watermen on sum of 501. has been voted as a do- the Mersey and Irwell navigation, nation to each of the clergymen re- for the benefit of these long-necently arrived ; and a spirit of cor- glected and degraded, though useful dial good-will has been manifested poor men, I conducted a school of in their reception, which must not Christian instruction at the Old only be gratifying to those who are Quay in Manchester, for a period of the objects of it, but will powerfully nearly ten years, which, under God's tend, I trust, to dispose others of blessing, produced the most salutary the clergy to propose their services effects upon the religious and moral to the Incorporated Society, with a character of these men, for whom view of transferring them to this also I obtained the inestimable diocese, where they are so urgently privilege of resting from their toil needed.

on the Sabbath. In testimony of the * In the department of church work of reformation that has been building, and the erection of par- going on among them for several sonage houses, there is no relaxa- years past, allow me to give you an tion in forwardness of disposition. extract from a letter received from Some of the churches may be re- the Rev. W. Bayne, of the parish garded as completed, and will be church, Warrington :~ The pains prepared for consecration on my wbich have been taken to improve return from Van Diemen's Land. the moral and religious character of Others are in a state of progress the flatmen have produced here a more or less rapid and satisfactory : very visible effect: they are geneand when delays have arisen, the rally an orderly, well-behaved class cause has been principally, if not of men ; a large portion resident in exclusively, the impossibility of pro- Warrington are constant in their curing mechanics to carry on the attendance at the parish church, work. Upon the whole, appear- and some of them amongst the most ances are encouraging; and I en- exemplary members of the congretertain little doubtof the completion, gation. It is a remark that has often within a few years, of the entire been made to me, that from having number of churches which I have been, as once was the case, a most reported to the Society as having drunken, dissolute, and disorderly been undertaken. All of these are body of men, they have of late beto be substantial buildings of brick come a pattern worthy the imitation or stone. To supply the requisite of the labouring classes. I have an funds, I am under the necessity of opportunity of judging of them, not continuing to draw upon those which only from their behaviour on Sunthe society has entrusted to my days, but in visiting their families, distribution.'

have been enabled to form a more · W. G. AUSTRALIA.' correct estimate of their ordinary A letter was read from the Rev. habits, and I have no hesitation in John Armstrong, British Chaplain saying, that from my own experience at Buenos Ayres, stating, that he there are no cottages which a clerhad lately urged upon his congre- gyman visits with greater satisfacgation the necessity of establishing tion than those of the flatmen.' schools in connexion with the My wish is to supply the cabins Church of England, and had suc- of our flats each with a Common ceeded beyond his expectations. Prayer-book, and to have also about Fands have been raised for the fifty copies for the use of the school,

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and if I might further beg the favour Considerable dissatisfaction was ot'a grant of Tracts, I should feel in various quarters expressed at this more obliged than I can express. slow progress of the work, while We have about eighty flats, nearly some doubts were intimated as to all of which are supplied with Bibles, the expediency of its being underand the Select Book of Homilies, taken by the society. The difficulty the latter granted to me by the of bringing out a satisfactory ComPrayer Book and Homily Society, mentary is obviously great-and and the former through the pious now that not one of the Bishops benevolence of a departed friend. think fit to take the chair at the Besides the Common Prayer-books Board, it seems adviseable that both for the school, I should be glad of the Tracts and the Commentary as many Bibles for the same use, should be given up. After much

• EDW. ARTH, LINGARD.' discussion and various propositions, The Board readily made a grant . it was at length resolved that the of books to the amount of twenty- secretaries be directed to inform his five pounds for this purpose, ac- Grace the President, that Archdeacompanied by an intimation that con Bather has relinquished the task further assistance would be afforded he had undertaken, of supplying if required.

practical reflections to the Society's The society made a grant of Bible Commentary, and also retwenty pounds towards the esta- spectfully to request his Grace's blishing of a library of its publica- advice under the circumstances. tions in the city of Jerusalem. What advice the Archbishop of Her Majesty's Consul, W. Tanner Canterbury may think proper to Young, Esq. who has been ap- give, remains to be seen ;-at all pointed to the consulate recently events, it seems that Messrs. Hale established in that city, bas agreed and Lonsdale, with the aid of Archto take charge of the library, think- deacon Bather, have been some six ing that it would be both acceptable years in preparing a Commentary on and useful to the residents.

the Gospels ;--Mr. Scott, if we misThe November meeting of this take not, completed his CommenInstitution was chiefly occupied tary on the whole Scriptures in somewith a discussion on the proposed wbat less than four years and a half ; Commentary on the Bible. It appears reading prayers, preaching and exthat the Resolution for preparing a pounding during the whole period, Commentary was passed in Oct. some six or seven times a week. 1832. That in the following De- We very mnch doubt whether the cember, the Archbishop of Canter- Society's Commentary will be in any bury recommended Messrs. Lons- respects comparable to Scott's.dale and Hale as editors, when the Certainly D'Oyley and Mant's is a Board requested the Archbishop to most miserable failure. appoint two Bishops as referees ;- After the discussion on the Comafter this, various other resolutions mentary was ended, it was proposed were passed, and several discussions to restrict the binding up of religious took place; and at present, after tracts with the Prayer Books issued six

years, there appears some proba- by the Society. Several grants were bility of a Commentary on the Four then made-some members elected, Gospels being nearly prepared, and donotions and legacies anwhile no progress has been made nounced. with reference to the remainder of the Sacred Volume.


MR. ELLIOTT, speaks frequently, in his recently published travels, of the labours and success of the Protestant missionaries in Syria, but it appears that dire persecutions await the persons who listen to their teaching. The following is one instance. Asaad, a

man of considerable talent and learning, out of zeal for his religion, employed himself in writing a reply to a Protestant tract written by an American Missionary, the Rev. Mr. King,

• In composing an answer to Mr. King's Address, he was compelled


to search the Scriptures. This led him to renounce bis new opinions to reflection; and he soon perceived and accompany her home. In the that he was writing for victory and first interview she was unsuccessfame, not truth; for that the Bible ful; but finally Asaad was perupheld the doctrines of his oppo- suaded to revisit the paternal roof. nent and falsified bis

His Here he suffered greatly; bis bromind was too candid to hesitate; ther tore in pieces his Bible and all from that moment he resolved to his other books; and at length, in quit the Maronites and to embrace spite of many earnest entreaties, the Protestant faith. . But this could carried him by force to the Patrinot be done with impunity. The arch, who, on bis arrival at KanoPatriarch beard of his change of bin, caused him to be kept in close religion, and despatched a priest to confinement in chains, and daily summon him to the convent of Der beaten. The great cause of comAlma, under a promise of providing plaint against him was, that he for him. On his arrival, he was refused to worship either pictures examined as to his tenets, and pro- or the Virgin Mary.' nounced a heretic. Asaad relates, . From this time the history of that when he declared his senti- the persecuted Asaad was known -ments, such a tumultand storm were only from an account written by a excited in the company, that they young sheik of Tripoli, who was seemed to be intent on overcoming much interested in his fate, and him by dint of vociferation, rather who received the following particuthan by argument, and on drowning lars from a priest, a relative of his his voice, rather than understanding own, belonging to the convent at bis opinions. The Bishop of Bey- Kanobin. After repeated discusrout, who was sent for to discuss sions, during which Asaad was with him, after a conversation, in always reviled and beaten, he was which Asaad refuted all his reason- put into confinement. Four times ing in favour of the Romish church, he contrived to effect an escape, concluded by saying, 'You are pos- but being ignorant of the road, he sessed of a devil.' Enraged to the was on each occasion discovered highest degree, the prelate entreated and brought back. After the third the patriarch not to suffer the de- ineffectual effort, he was for three linquent to return to his diocese : successive days subjected by order while, with the bitterest anger, he of the Patriarch to the bastinado, reviled Asaad, saying, "If you go then put in chains, and limited to a among my people again, I will send scanty allowance of food. In this and take your life, though it be in condition he remained till his the bosom of your own family.' strength was much reduced, when

Finding that his enemies were he entreated his persecutors to have resolved to detain him a prisoner, pity on him and open the doors of though no attempt had as yet been his prison. Some of the monks, made to confine him, the young moved by his supplications, pleaded convert determined to escape from for, and received permission to retheir hands, and fled by night to lease him. After this Asaad once Beyrout, where he was joyfully re- more made an effort to regain his ceived by the missionaries. A few liberty, but being apprehended and days after his uncle and three bro- brought back, he was loaded with thers visited him, and with many chains, cast into a dark filthy room, taunts and reproaches declared him and bastinadoed every day for eight to be mad. They tried to induce days, sometimes fainting under the him to return home with them, but operation, till he was near death. he refused ; and such was the rage He was then left in his misery; he with which they were filled, that his had a thin mat, the door of his prielder brother, calling him aside, son was filled up with stone and said, 'Even if the Patriarch and the mortar, and his food, six thin cakes Emir should do you no harm, if of bread a day, and a single cap of they make no attempt on your life, water, were passed through a small be assured we ourselves will do the loophole.' From this time he conwork, so take heed to yourself ac- tinued a prisoner. All the cruelty cordingly.'

and torture he endured through a His mother next came to besecch period of six years, failed to sbake

his faith, and he was enabled to in its true light-unreasonable, inbear his sufferings with singular tolerant, and persecuting.' meekness and constancy, till death The American missionaries are emancipated him from the fiend-like very numerous in Syria: there are tyranny of man, and united him to eleven labouring among the native

the noble army of martyrs.' His Christians; there are three more Christian meekness and the eminent missionaries at Cyprus, two at Jewisdom, with which he refuted the rusalem, and eleven, including fallacies of his persecutors, were females, at Beyrout. They are, such, that one of his brothers, Pha- says Mr. Elliott, publicly denounced rez Esh Shidiah, became a convert in the Maronite churches, and the to Protestantism, and fled for safety people are forbidden to sell to them, to Malta, where he now resides, to act as their servants, or to hold and where we made his acquaint- the slightest communication with The bistory of Asaad needs

them. no comment. It exhibits Popery



The Rev.William Bettridge (having been deputed, with the Rev. Benjamin Cronyn, by the Church in Upper Canada, “ to make known to the Archbishops, Bishops, and Dignitaries of the United Church of England and Ireland, the destitute state of her members in the Canadas, and, with their permission, to take such steps as might be found most expedient to interest both the clergy and laity, in' their favour, and excite in their hearts a desire, as they have the ability, to assist us in supplying the spiritual wants of our people, and in building up a branch of the United Church in those extensive provinces;'') when on the eve of return, has published a statement of the results of his mission, of which the following are extracts.

We have presented our humble memorial to most gracious Sovereign the Queen ; and have used every legitimate effort to procure a Bishop, and some alleviation to our spiritual wants. We have brought the state of our church personally under the attention of about two thousand of our clergy, and one uniform expression of interest has been the result. The Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin have given public proof of their persuasion that the prosperity of the colonial mer ers of the Church is necessary to the well-being of the national Zion. The members of both Houses of Parliament have been supplied with a copy of the

History of the Church in Upper Canada ;

the subject is considered by many of them worthy of the most

serious consideration. We have preached and held public meetings in more than one half the dioceses in England, and have travelled little less than six thousand miles.

• First,—The object of our mission has been in a measure attained ; information as been circulated, and the public attention has been consequently drawn to our destitute state. Relief, therefore, cannot long be delayed.

‘Secondly,—The “ Society for the Propagation of the Gospel ” has taken up the cause of the British North American Church in good earnest, has pledged itself to send out forty Missionaries; is now occupied in holding meetings, and sending preachers throughout the country; and, as I understand, purposes to employ a Clerical Secretary in every diocese, in order, that by a systematic parochial arrangement, the energies of the Church may be called into action. No real lover of his Church can read the published account of the proceedings at Willis's rooms, in June last, without unfeigned gratitude to God for the prospect of a speedy alleviation to our Colonial destitution. We want in Upper Canada, three hundred and sixty churches.

Thirdly,-A"Queen's letter" has been granted for collections in all Churches and Chapels,—the proceeds to be distributed by the

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel." An urgent appeal was made to his Grace the Primate to obtain such a letter for Upper Canada exclusively. We shall doubtless have our share in the national


bonnty, and therefore it might not countrymen and fellow-churchmen be considered expedient to antici- are enduring in Upper Canada. pate, by private efforts, this public These are very plain but very apappeal.

palling facts. We need a Bishop. On taking leave of our numberless Is it right that

the Romish friends in England, I would place Church should have a Bishop and before them, and the public general- Priests maintained at the pablic ly, the actual state of spiritual des- expense in Upper Canada, where titution of the British population in their followers form but a small Upper Canada, the vast majority of fraction of the population, and which are of the poorer classes, and that encouragement should be consequently utterly unable to pro- given to various sectaries in the cure spiritual instruction for them- province, while to our National selves. Upper Canada is equal in Church the right and privilege of a extent to England and Wales, and Bishop should be distinctly refused ? is partially inhabited throughout I know we have one Bishop in this entire extend of country. The Lower Canada ;-but is he sufficient roads are always bad and frequently to take the Episcopal charge of a almost impassable. The population country 1400 miles in length, three exceeds 500,000. The efficient Clergy, times the size of England, and con(I say efficient, for many have spent taining a population of 1,100,000 their years and strength in their souls? “ labour of love ") amount to about We need assistance in the mainsixty. . To judge aright of our des- tenance of ministers, the restoration titution, it may be necessary to of the grant to the “ Society for the speak of England's spiritual riches. Propagation of the Gospel," and an The population of England may annual grant for clearing portions be estimated at fourteen millions, and of the “ Clergy reserves,” for glebes, the clergy at fifteen thousand. As- as the growing wants of the colony suming the facilities of communica- require. The evil we complain of tion to be equal in both countries, is continually increasing ; and so our proportion of Clergymen, accord- long as the subject remains in its ing to the relative state of the popu- present state there can be no peace lation of the two countries, should in the province-because the Legisbe six hundred. We have therefore lative council have unanimously sixty attempting in a sphere occupied and repeatedly deprecated the agiin England by fifteen thousand to do tation of the question in the prothe work of six hundred. Take away vince. May the great Head of the thirteen thousand five hundred Cler- Church inspire the members of his gymen from the Church of England, body here with the spirit of sympaand then would the destitution here thy and love towards his destitute be equal to that which our fellow- members in our Colonies !


The following observations on the education given in National Schools, are extracted from an address delivered by the Rev. Hammond Robinson, on laying the foundation of the National School at Birkenshaw:

• 'The principles of the Established Church are the principles of the Bible. Take, then, a simple instance of what we mean by educating in the principles of the National Church. The Church, in harmony with the Bible, enjoins that the Sabbath-day be kept holy. To educate upon this principle, is to instruct concerning the authority by which this command to keep holy

the Sabbath-day, is given; the propriety and advantage of keeping holy the Sabbath-day; and so to order and influence the conduct of the person under education, that he be obliged to keep the Sabbath holy. And this instruction and influence is to be continued so long, and in such a manner, that the authority, or right to lay down the rules may be well understood; the advantage of obedience thereto be perceived and felt ; and until the habit or custom of keeping the Sabbath-day holy shall become easy, familiar, and pleasant, or natural. Thus it is apparent that the process of education in the principles of the Na

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