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to search the Scriptures. This led him to renounce bis new opinions to reflection; and he soon perceived and accompany her home. In the that he was writing for victory and first interview she was unsuccessfame, not truth; for that the Bible ful; but finally Asaad was perupheld the doctrines of his oppo- suaded to revisit the paternal roof. nent and falsified bis own. His Here he suffered greatly; bis bromind was too candid to hesitate; ther tore in pieces his Bible and all from that moment he resolved to his other books; and at length, in quit the Maronites and to embrace spite of many earnest entreaties, the Protestant faith. . But this could carried him by force to the Patrinot be done with impunity. The arch, who, on bis arrival at KanoPatriarch heard of his change of bin, caused bim to be kept in close religion, and despatched a priest to confinement in chains, and daily summon him to the convent of Der beaten. The great cause of comAlma, under a promise of providing plaint against him was, that he for him. On his arrival, he was refused to worship either pictures examined as to his tenets, and pro- or the Virgin Mary.' nounced a heretic. Asaad relates, . From this time the history of that when he declared his senti- the persecuted Asaad was known ments, such a tumultand storm were only from an account written by a excited in the company, that they young sheik of Tripoli, who was seemed to be intent on overcoming much interested in his fate, and him by dint of vociferation, rather who received the following particuthan by argument, and on drowning lars from a priest, a relative of bis his voice, rather than understanding own, belonging to the convent at bis opinions.' The Bishop of Bey- Kanobin. After repeated discusrout, who was sent for to discuss sions, during whicb Asaad with him, after a conversation, in always reviled and beaten, he was which Asaad refuted all his reason- put into confinement. Four times ing in favour of the Romish church,
he contrived to effect an escape, concluded by saying, 'You are pos- but being ignorant of the road, he sessed of a devil. Enraged to the was on each occasion discovered highest degree, the prelate entreated and brought back. After the third the patriarch not to suffer the de- ineffectual effort, he was for three linquent to return to his diocese : successive days subjected by order while, with the bitterest anger, he of the Patriarch to the bastinado, reviled Asaad, saying, “If you go then put in chains, and limited to a among my people again, I will send scanty allowance of food. In this and take your life, though it be in condition he remained till his the bosom of your own family.' strength was much reduced, when
Finding that his enemies were he entreated his persecutors to have resolved to detain him a prisoner, pity on him and open the doors of though no attempt had as yet been his prison. Some of the monks, made to confine him, the young moved by his supplications, pleaded convert determined to escape from for, and received permission to retheir hands, and fled by night to
lease him. After this Asaad once Beyrout, where he was joyfully re- more made an effort to regain his ceived by the missionaries. A few liberty, but being apprehended and days after his uncle and three bro- brought back, he was loaded with thers visited him, and with many chains, cast into a dark filthy room, taunts and reproaches declared him and bastinadoed every day for eight to be mad. They tried to induce days, sometimes fainting under the him to return home with them, but operation, till he was near death. he refused ; and such was the rage He was then left in his misery; he with which they were filled, that his had a thin mat, the door of his prielder brother, calling him aside, son was filled up with stone and said, ' Even if the Patriarch and the mortar, and his food, six thin cakes Emir should do you no harm, if of bread a day, and a single cop of they make no attempt on your life, water, were passed through a small be assured we ourselves will do the loophole.' From this time he conwork, so take heed to yourself ac- tinued a prisoner. All the cruelty cordingly.'
and torture he endured through a His mother next came to beseech period of six years, failed to sbake
his faith, and he was enabled to in its true light-unreasonable, inbear his sufferings with singular tolerant, and persecuting.' meekness and constancy, till death The American missionaries are emancipated him from the fiend-like very numerous in Syria: there are tyranny of man, and united him to eleven labouring among the native
the noble army of martyrs.' His Christians ; there are three more Cbristian meekness and the eminent missionaries at Cyprus, two at Jewisdom, with which he refuted the rusalem, and eleven, including fallacies of his persecutors, were
females, at Beyrout. They are, such, that one of his brothers, Pha- says Mr. Elliott, publicly denounced rez Esh Shidiah, became a convert in the Maronite churches, and the to Protestantism, and fled for safety people are forbidden to sell to them, to Malta, where he now resides, to act as their servants, or to hold and where we made his acquaint- the slightest communication with ance. The bistory of Asaad needs them. no comment. It exhibits Popery
THE CHURCH IN UPPER CANADA..
The Rev. William Bettridge (having serious consideration. We have been deputed, with the Rev. Benja- preached and held public meetings min Cronyn, by the Church in in more than one half the dioceses in Upper Canada, " to make known England, and have travelled little to the Archbishops, Bishops, and less than six thousand miles, Dignitaries of the United Church of . First,—The object of our misEngland and Ireland, the destitute sion has been in a measure atstate of her members in the Cana- tained ; information as been circudas, and, with their permission, lated, and the public attention has to take such steps as might be been consequently drawn to our found most expedient to interest destitute state. Relief, therefore, both the clergy and laity, in their cannot long be delayed. favour, and excite in their hearts a Secondly, The Society for the desire, as they have the ability, to Propagation of the Gospel ” has assist us in supplying the spiritual taken up the cause of the British wants of our people, and in building North American Church in good up a branch of the United Church earnest, has pledged itself to send in those extensive provinces;") when out forty Missionaries ; is now ocon the eve of return, has published cupied in holding meetings, and a statement of the results of his
sending preachers throughout the mission, of which the following are country; and, as I understand, purextracts.
poses to employ a Clerical Secretary We bave presented our humble in every diocese, in order, that by memorial to most gracious a systematic parochial arrangement, Sovereign the Queen ; and have the energies of the Church may be used every legitimate effort to pro- called into action. No real lover cure a Bishop, and some alleviation of his Church can read the pubto our spiritual wants. We have lished account of the proceedings at brought the state of our church per- Willis's rooms, in June last, without sonally under the attention of about
unfeigned gratitude to God for the two thousand of our clergy, and one prospect of a speedy alleviation to uniform expression of interest has our Colonial destitution. We want been the result. The Universities in Upper Canada, three hundred and of Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin sixty churches. have given public proof of their per- Thirdly,–A“Queen's letter” has suasion that the prosperity of the been granted for collections in all colonial members of the Church is Churches and Chapels,--the pronecessary to the well-being of the ceeds to be distributed by the national Zion. The members of “ Society for the Propagation of the both Houses of Parliament have Gospel.” An urgent appeal was been supplied with a copy of the made to his Grace the Primate to “History of the Church in Upper obtain such a letter for Upper Canada; " the subject is considered Canada exclusively. We shall doubtby many of them worthy of the most less have our share in the national
bonnty, and therefore it might not countrymen and fellow-churchmen be considered expedient to antici- are enduring in Upper Canada. pate, by private efforts, this public These are very plain but very apappeal.
palling facts. We need a Bishop. On taking leave of our numberless Is it right that the Romish friends in England, I would place Church should have a Bishop and before them, and the public general- Priests maintained at the pablic ly, the actual state of spiritual des- expense in Upper Canada, where titution of the British population in their followers form but a small Upper Canada, the vast majority of fraction of the population, and which are of the poorer classes, and that encouragement should be consequently utterly unable to pro- given to various sectaries in the cure spiritual instruction for them- province, while to our National selves. Upper Canada is equal in Church the right and privilege of a extent to England and Wales, and Bishop should be distinctly refused ? is partially inbabited throughout I know we have one Bishop in this entire extend of country. The Lower Canada ;-but is he sufficient roads are always bad and frequently to take the Episcopal charge of a almost impassable. The population country 1400 miles in length, three exceeds 500,000. The efficient Clergy, times the size of England, and con(I say efficient, for many have spent taining a population of 1,100,000 their years and strength in their souls ? “ labour of love ”) amount to about We need assistance in the mainsixty. . To judge aright of our des- tenance of ministers, the restoration titution, it may be necessary to of the grant to the “Society for the speak of England's spiritual riches. Propagation of the Gospel," and an The population of England may annual grant for clearing portions be estimated at fourteen millions, and of the “ Clergy reserves,” for glebes, the clergy at fifteen thousand. As- as the growing wants of the colony suming the facilities of communica- require. The evil we complain of tion to be equal in both countries, is continually increasing; and so our proportion of Clergymen, accord- long as the subject remains in its ing to the relative state of the popu- present state there can be no peace lation of the two countries, should in the province-because the Legisbe six hundred. We have therefore lative council have unanimously sixty attempting in a spbere occupied and repeatedly deprecated the agiin England by fifteen thousand to do tation of the question in the prothe work of six hundred. Take away vince. May the great Head of the thirteen thousand five hundred Cler- Church inspire the members of his gymen from the Church of England, body here with the spirit of sympaand then would the destitution here thy and love towards his destitute be equal to that which our fellow- members in our Colonies !
The following observations on the education given in National Schools, are extracted from an address delivered by the Rev. Hammond Robinson, on laying the foundation of the National School at Birkenshaw :
• The principles of the Established Church are the principles of the Bible. Take, then, a simple instance of what we mean by educating in the principles of the National Church. The Church, in harmony with the Bible, enjoins that the Sabbath-day be kept holy. To educate upon this principle, is to instruct concerning the authority by which this command to keep holy
the Sabbath-day, is given ; the propriety and advantage of keeping holy the Sabbath-day; and so to order and influence the conduct of the person under education, that he be obliged to keep the Sabbath holy. And this instruction and influence is to be continued so long, and in such a manner, that the authority, or right to lay down the rules may be well understood; the advantage of obedience thereto be perceived and felt ; and until the habit or custom of keeping the Sabbath-day holy shall become easy, familiar, and pleasant, or natural. Thus it is apparent that the process of education in the principles of the Na
tional Church, that is, of moral and themselves ; to regulate the heart religious education, must, at best, and affections (as far as human be slow, progressing by degrees, means can do this) according to such carried on in a fixed, regular man- knowledge ; and to establish a ner, and with perseverance, and as course of life therewith correspondmuch as possible conducted by per- ing. He will thus give that instruc
of cultivated minds, clear tion, and supply that influence (eduheads, and whose own character is cation) which is fully implied in the that of true churchmen, formed to command, “ Bring them up in the that knowledge of the principles of nurture and admonition of the the Church, and that consequent Lord;” “ train them up in the way virtue and godliness, to which the they should go.” youth are to be formed.
'Here the question naturally aris• Take a more extended instance. eth, where are masters to be found, The National Church, guided by or how are they to be formed, who the Bible, holds as a principle, that are, or may be, qualified to carry " all men are conceived and born into effect the system of national in sin; calls upon us, as a race of Education, which comprises both beings so circumstanced, to bear the elements of secular learning and understand what we must know, and the principles of the Established believe, od do, to escape the dread Church ? consequences of being fallen into • After a laborious inquiry of a such a situation ; and instead of pretty long life, much devoted to plunging us into overwhelming spe- this subject, we know not where to culations about matters to us unfa- look, or which way to turn for asthomably deep, in which we are sistance, in finding or forming perpresently confused, baffled, swal- sons to undertake the constitutional lowed up and lost, our National education of our population in towns Church directs us at once to the and villages, but to a well-educated plain means pointed out by Divine national clergy. revelation, in the steady pursuance 'In England we want no Prussian of which we may be regenerate and normal schools, no cumbrous unborn anew, and become “ members weildy schemes worked by commisof Christ, children of God, and in- sioners, no new systems. Experience heritors of the kingdom of heaven.” has, however, at length forced upon
Let the educator well understand the country a full conviction that what the Church means by these we do want men, men qualified to phrases; he will then be able to work our common national and village educate his pupils in the principles schools, in order that our population on which these assertions are made may be trained to knowledge and by the Church; able to conduct the virtue, and that
very great minds of youth to a gradual under- increase of churches and of parish standing of these subjects, as they priests is essential to the affording the are digested and contained in our means of a moral and religious Baptismal Services, our Catechism, education for the rising generations and other documents of the Church; - that education which alone can able to shew their foundation in produce a substantial improvement Holy Writ; to lead the learner's in the individual, domestic and somind to a practical conviction of cial character of our population. their truth, and their application to
THE DESERVING POOR.
The Rev. Herbert Smith, who has Smith's Letter, appears deserving
tion to the public generally is, that direct it into a different channel they should satisfy themselves by to convert the compulsory and obinspecting them.
noxious tax of the poor-rates into • But excellent as is the general the voluntary and generous offerings management of these institutions, of the benevolent rich to the grateful and kind as is the general treatment
and contented poor. of their inmates, there is something • Whilst the poor-rates are geneof importance wanting in connexion rally felt to be a burden, who does with them, before their moral influ- not feel that the maintenance of the ence will be as beneficial as they deserving poor should not be so remight and onght to be in raising the garded? Let
consider moral character of the labouring whether a portion of them might not classes, and giving them that re- be supported by the voluntary offerspectability which they possessed in ings the real charity of those, who, former times, and which it is neces. regarding this world's riches in the sary they should again possess before the light they ought, are “ ready to we can hope for any material im- distribute, willing to communicate.” provement in the character of our Who can object to the ancient, longpeasantry.
tried, and approved charity of our • The deficiency of our workhouse ancestors, in the form of Alms. system is, that its classification has houses, the benefits of which have no reference to character, and the not passed away with their charitconsequence is that there is little able founders, but still exist as lastdifference made between the good ing monuments to guide us their and the bad, the deserving and the descendants in the beneficial disundeserving-all receive nearly the 'posal of our charity same treatment. Hence it neces- object to such a plan that to be exsarily follows, that either the deserv- tensively useful it must be extening will be treated too severely, or sively adopted; the very hopelessthe undeserving too leniently. The ness of ever succeeding so extenoriginal intention of the system was, sively is sufficient to deter the that it should be more of a strict judicious part of the community prison discipline ; but as the public, from ever attempting to commence very properly, would not consent to it. But let us lessen the difficulty such a treatment for the deserving by dividing and subdividing it, until poor, the severity of the discipline only a comparatively small share of generally has been so much relaxed, charity shall be expected from any that it will be found that the system one. And who will grudge that will only be a temporary check to which is bestowed on the deserving pauperism, and that unless some poor? Every establishment of almsother plan is commenced, and that houses will be complete in itself, the speedily, the pauperism of the coun- benefit will not be destroyed because try will be as extensive and burden- there may be but a solitary instance
of such judicious charity in the pre• The presentera is such an one of sent day. The amount thus volunchange and experiment, that a very tarily bestowed would not be altoconsiderable portion of the respect- gether an addition to the charitable able part of the community are disbursements of the rich ; as, in naturally afraid of fresh changes many instances, the deserving inand experiments. That plan should mates of workhouses, would be retherefore be sought after which shall moved into almshouses, where the not require any material change in expense of their maintenance would the New Poor Laws, but which may not be greatly, if at all, increased ; at the same time, meet the wishes of and charity would be turned into its those who desire to see charity, re- proper channel, being bestowed as ligion and morality, uniting to sup- a voluntary offering instead of a port each other. The intention of compulsatory payment, which alterthe legislature, in passing the New ation must be most gratifying both Poor Laws, was not to weaken the to the giver and receiver. kindly feelings of the rich towards Such a system would also make the poor, or to lessen the amount of a distinction between virtue and almsgiving or the charitable expen- vice, between the deserving and diture of the country ; but only to the undeserving. Let almshouses be
some as ever.