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youth who had just lost his father, and carried off the second Chanand with him, to all appearance, cellor's medal from very numerous his prospect of an University edu- and able competitors. cation.

Mr. Milner having no immediate “At this favourable moment, when prospect of a fellowship, and not the disposition to serve young

young being of sufficient age for Holy Milner, in any way that should be Orders became assistant in a school deemed practicable, was pretty

and afterward in the care of his general ; when the purses of the church, to a worthy clergyman, wealthy were ready to be opened the Rev. Mr. Atkinson of Thorpin his favour; the Tutor of Ca- Arch, near Tadcaster. This countharine Hall, Cambridge, an old try situation was delightful: the acquaintance of Mr. Moore, wrote family was extremely orderly and to him to the following effect :- agreeable ; and the master of it • The office of chapel clerk with well-informed and regular. Here us will soon be vacant; and if you he contracted an intimate friendhave any clever lad, who is not ship with his son, the Rev. very rich, and whom you would Myles Atkinson, afterwards minwish to assist, send him to us.'- ister of St. Paul's at Leeds. Mr. Moore instantly communicated He always highly valued this this proposal to several of the connexion; and very often laliberal gentlemen above alluded mented that he could profit so to, who all cheerfully concurred in little by it, on account of the disit;' and Mr. Milner proceeded to

tance at which these friends were the University when eighteen years settled from each other; and the of age, though in appearance a more so, after it had pleased Alchild, so much had his youth been mighty God to unite the heads and checked by ill health. From this hearts of both of so zealously and period to the age of twenty-two, perseveringly in the same views of the native vigor of his constitution the ministerial functions. shewed itself, and he continued Here, while faithful to his entaller and stronger.

gagements and exemplary in the disDuring the whole of his acada- charge of his duties, he employed mical career Mr. Milner applied his leisure hours in constructing an himself diligently to the studies of Epic Poem on Satan's attempts to the place. The chancellor of the defeat the promise made to David, University gives annually two which he eventually completed at gold medals to the best proficients Hull, though it has never been in classical learning, provided they published. He did not indeed rebe found, at degree-time, among main long at Thorp Arch, for the SENIOR OPTIMES for mathe- while yet in Deacon's Orders he matical and philosophical know- happened to observe in the York ledge. From the first moment that Courant an advertisement for a Milner heard of these honours, he head master of the grammar sehool secretly set his heart upon obtain- of Hull. He instantly, with the ing one of them; and, accordingly, advice of all his friends, applied read Thucydides and Sophocles, for the situation and obtained it; Cicero and Horace, day and night; and very soon after was elected but yet did not neglect his mathe- afternoon lecturer of the principal matical and philosophical studies, church in the same town. His so as to run any hazard of not easy success in these applications being qualified to be a candi- was owing, partly to the splendor of date for a medal, and accordingly his character, and partly to the reat the Bachelor's commencement in commendation of powerful friends 1766 he was third Senior Optime, at Leeds—Under his auspices the

6

to grow

6

the year

school, which had dwindled almost gations at Leeds, and takes him to nothing, through the negligence under his own tuition at Hull. of the former master and assistant, Isaac's memory was not bad; for, soon acquired a very considerable though at this period he had been celebrity, which it retained for absent several

years from the many years, and as long as his Grammar school at Leeds, and was health permitted him to bestow still but a boy, he was found

perupon it the requisite attention. fectly well qualified to act as asWith the increase of scholars the sistant to his brother, in teaching master's salary received propor- the lower boys of his crowded tional augmentation, and Mr. school at Hull; so well initiated Milner's income now on the whole had he been in the Latin and amounted to upwards of 2001. Greek languages by the same Mr. per annum.

Moore. It may be useful to observe · He redoubled his diligence in how he acted upon this great order that he might make up for change of circumstances.

the lost years; and was sent to • The father of Mr. Milner was a Queen's College, Cambridge, in man of strong understanding, and

1770. Under Provihad felt, in his own case, the want dence, he owes his present hoof a good education. In conse- nourable and elevated situations quence he formed a very early re- as Dean of Carlisle, and master of solution to remedy that defect, in Queen's College, and professor of regard to his children, to the ut- mathematics in the University of most of his power, whatever incon- Cambridge-indeed, he owes all veniences he or his family might he has to the kindness of this same experience from so laudable an at- brother; and he here WILLINGLY tempt. Accordingly, his youngest acknowledges the obligation with son Isaac, when a little boy of tears of gratitude and affection.-six years old, began to accompany He made ISAAC glad with his his brother Joseph every day to the acts, and his memorial is blessed grammar school; and at ten years

for ever. of age could construe Ovid and Perhaps no two brothers were Sallust into tolerable English, and ever more closely bound to each was then beginning to learn the ru- other. Isaac, in particular, rediments of the Greek language. members no earthly thing without The premature death of their fa- being able to connect it, in some ther, above-mentioned, ruined all way, tenderly with his brother the prospects of Isaac's advance- Joseph. During all his life he has ment in learning. His mother was constantly aimed at enjoying his obliged to abandon the prosecution company as much as circumstances of her husband's plan; and, that permitted. The dissolution of such her son might acquire a livelihood, a connexion could not take place by honest industry, she wisely em- without being severely felt by the ployed him in learning several survivor. No separation was ever branches of the woollen manufac- more bitter and afflicting ; with a tory at Leeds.

constitution long shattered by disBut THE BOWELS OF JOSEPH ease, he never expects to recover YEARNED UPON

YOUNGER from that wound. BROTHER; and as soon as we find • The dutiful and kind attentions him in a situation to do him service, of Joseph Milner were not confined and to prosecute the excellent sys

to his brother Isaac. His good tem of the father, he loses not a and' valuable mother was growing moment's time, but instantly re- old at that time. She had gone leases him from his temporary obli- through a variety of bardships,

HIS

and was now living at Leeds in a great favourite with his patrons, very contracted circumstances. He the Mayor and Aldermen of Hull, sent for her to Hull, to live with and with the leading gentlemen of him and to manage his house ; the town, for the space of three which she did with great cheerful- years from the time of his election; ness and activity for upwards of and it is equally certain, that twenty years. He also sent for about that time a most important two indigent orphans, the children revolution in his sentiments and of his eldest brother, and took ef- couduct took place ; which revofectual care of their education. lution, if it had happened before he

• Mr. Milner, from his first going was elected to the school and lecinto Orders, was a very earnest and tureship, would, in all probability, zealous preacher ; but, as he himself have prevented his having a single used to say,—he preached himself, vote for either of those situations. and not Jesus Christ :'-Yet even His aged mother might have died then, in his first compositions, there in want: his nephew and niece was much more of the peculiari- might have remained destitute ties of Christianity than is usually orphans, and uneducated; and his to be found in the general strain of brother Isaac, instead of being discourses from the pulpit. Se- employed in writing these pages in veral truly religious persons have the master's lodge of Queen's Colthought that he was really enlight- lege, or in the Deanery of Carened in the nature of the Gospel lisle, might at this moment have of Christ, when he first came to been labouring with his hands in Hull. But it may be presumed the manufactories of Yorkshire. that, in such a matter as this, he But all these are poor insignificant himself must have been the best trifles, compared with what rejudge: and he always urged it as mains to be mentioned. · The po-, no inconsiderable proof of the con- pulous town of Hull might have trary, ' that he was universally ap- continued in the dark, irreligious, plauded at that time, which, con- state in which he found it. Thoutinued he, never happens among sands might have died without ever large and mixed congregations, hearing the glad tidings of the when the truth, as it is in Jesus, is gospel properly stated; and the set forth with distinctness and with succession of truly worthy and energy. The first sermon which he evangelical preachers, who have preached at Hull gained him the been his pupils or cotemporaries, hearts of the people, and is sup- might never have taken place. posed to have contributed much to • Mr. Milner's company did not secure his election to the school. continue long to be called for in Some years afterwards, when his genteel and convivial meetings. ideas of Christianity were mate

The man who was grown insuprially altered, he took this very portable in the pulpit, ceased to be sermon into the pulpit, read several a desirable guest at the table; and parts of it, and endeavoured to indeed his own heart was now so make his meaning clearly under- much engaged in different branches stood by a free avowal of the ER- of practical religion, that he had RORS which that composition, for- little time and no taste for trifling merly so much applauded, con- company.

He was

constantly tained ; and, by contrasting them seeking opportunities to say with his altered sentiments at the word in season. He had left off latter period.

playing at cards; he was no longer • How inscrutable and how won- seen at the playhouse or the assemderful are the ways of providence! bly; his presence checked and Certain it is that Mr. Milner was rebuked indecent conversation, ,

a

It was

seen

and irregularities of every kind, the winter evenings of Sundays, and when a company, by being after he had heated himself by less trifling, or by some ill-natured delivering a long sermon with the attack on religion, presented an utmost exertion. Embarrassing and opening for grave conversation, difficult cases were frequently proMr. Milner would often express posed to him, where heads of himself with so much seriousness families or superiors insisted on and so much just admonition, that their dependants, leaving off their

men of the world” no longer felt religious practices. Many are alive, themselves at ease in his presence.

who well remember that an inunThey, on the one hand, did not dation of persecution in various choose to bè thus exposed to his ways broke in and continued for a censures, nor to have their con

long time.' sciences made uneasy by him. He

• Mr. M's labours were not conon the other, devoted the little fined to the town of Hull. He time which he could spare from was curate, for upwards of sevenabsolute duty, or from private teen years, of North Ferriby, and study, to those social visits which afterwards vicar of the same. This had the express design of promo- beautiful little village lies near to ting the interests of religion. the Humber, about nine miles from These and similar causes con

Hull, and abounds with the councurred to separate Mr. Milner try seats of the opulent. more and more from people of impossible to represent the curate superior rank. They with very few or the vicar of this place as servexceptions, were never at ing the cure for the sake of filthy church when he preached; and lucre. The average annual profits he rarely met THEM, except once a were under thirty pounds, notwithyear officially, as chaplain to the standing the great wealth of the Mayor, or on some such occasions. inhabitants. On the Sunday mornHe has been heard to say that the ings, in summer, before the regular dislike of him proceeded to such a service, Mr. Milner heard the chilheight, that few

persons
who wore

dren repeat the catechism, and exa tolerable good coat, would take plained it to them in familiar notice of him when they met him in language, many grown-up persons the street. Nevertheless, the attending. When the morning common people heard him gladly.' service was ended, he returned to The large church where he preached Hull to preach in the afternoon. was crowded beyond example.

example. He continued this laborious pracThe care of the soul became the tice for many years, and as long as topic of common conversation : his health permitted him. At great seriousness prevailed: drunk- Ferriby also, as at Hull, the richer ards and debauchees were reform- sort became disgusted with his ed: the town assumed a new ap

doctrine, and impatient of his expearancē; great numbers, whose hortations; but the COMMON PEOconsciences were awakened under PLE, from all the neighbouring his preaching, earnestly enquired, parts, and not a few of the more 56 What must we do to be saved ?" substantial farmers, flocked to his The sick sent for him to their church, and heard the word with chambers for spiritual advice; and gladness. when he returned home, he found • As it was impossible for Mr. his house crowded with visitors, Milner to reside among his flock at who had the same object in view. Ferriby: and as he was sensible His strength was exhausted in this how much the probability of doing service; and his health suffered good is diminished by only seeing exceedingly by often going out in the people once in the week, how

persecu

ever faithful the preacher may be Mr. Milner's publications will on the Sunday, his zeal for men's most effectually satisfy the ineternal welfare induced him to quiry. The author, “though dead, visit this country village on the yet speaketh :” And, as no man week days, as often as a holiday on earth ever wrote, preached, allowed of his absence from his or conversed with less disguise, school, and generally on the after- let the serious reader consult his noons of Saturdays. Many of his various writings. A more just, own parishioners and other serious

more concise, and more intelpersons used to meet him at his

ligible account cannot be given of lodgings, or at some other con- his principles, than that he was venient house ; and on these occa- truly a sincere member of the sions he read and explained the Church of England. He believed Scriptures, and exhorted his peo- the Articles of the Church in their ple and prayed with them.

plain, literal, and grammatical • Many years ago a neighbour- sense; and all his sermons were ing clergyman of a most notoriously penned according to that interprebad character, was so incensed at tation of scripture which they conthis practice of Mr. Milner, that he

tain and express.

With

many brought him before the mayor of persons, unacquainted with the hisHull by an information under the tory of religious controversy in conventicle act. The mayor and these kingdoms, a sort of puzzle the greater part of the aldermen may still remain how such sevtidisliked Mr. Milner's proceedings; ments could on the one hand probut they despised and detested the duce all this dislike and informer; and as they did not tion from some of the people, and sufficiently feel their ground, they this resentment from his clerical adjourned the consideration of the

brethren ; and on the other, could affair : before the next hearing Mr. occasion such flocking to his Milner had procured the best legal churches. To explain this diffiinformation which the kingdom culty in detail and with minuteafforded ; and he came into court ness, is neither pleasant nor neceswith a confidence grounded on sary in this place; but it may in knowledge. With great respect some measure open the eyes of the he informed the mayor and alder- intelligent to suggest,' that our au

• that be obeyed their sum- thor certainly did believe and mainmons merely out of civility to his tain that the clergy of the estapatrons; but that the whole matter blishment, in general, had very respecting bis conduct in this in- much deviated from the principles stance was so circumstanced, as not which they profess, and to which to come under their jurisdiction or they subscribe their assent: That authority: that if an offence had the reading desk and the pulpit been committed, it was of an eccle- were often at variance; and that siastical nature; and lastly that he instead of setting forth to the unspoke advisedly, and was well derstanding with plainness, and assured that by meeting his own pressing upon the conscience with parishioners in his own parish, he energy, the great and peculiar had done nothing contrary to any truths of the gospel, such as the law whatsoever.

doctrines of Original Sin, of Jus. Does the reader desire to be tification by Faith, and of Regesatisfied more particularly neration by the Holy Spirit, as specting the cause, which pro- stated in the Articles and Hoduced all this prodigious alteration milies of the Church of England, both in Mr. Milner's own mind, the clergy in general were substiand the regards of his people? tuting in their place a system of

men

re

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