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little more than pagan ethics. He sentiments of him and his ministrafurther maintained, that by their tions.' fruits ye might know them; that The circumstances which proone system was fruitful in good duced and attended this change in works, and the other productive Mr. Milner, are stated at length in of pride, self-righteousness, and his Brother's Memoir, and they attachment to the ways of the well deserve serious and careful world.' To all which it should be

perusal. They are however too added, that Mr. M. had never the long for insertion, and cannot be least hesitation in owning,--that abridged without injury, he himself, during the first years Mr. Milner was, during almost of his being in holy orders, was as his whole career at Hull, diligently deeply involved as any person employed as Master of the Gramcould be in this charge of DEPART

mar School. ING from the genuine religion of

His ministerial avocations occuthe Bible and of the Establishment pied also a considerable portion of to which he belonged ;-that he his time, having not only to prepare had been active and earnest in cor- Sermons, which he always wrote rupting the most important pas- nearly at full length, but also to sages of Scripture and Articles of visit numerous sick persons. In Faith ;-tbat, though his own con- addition to these labours, he frescience never in the smallest de- quently appeared before the public gree accused him of insincerity or as an author. His first publication hypocrisy, yet his “ zeal had been was entitled, - Some remarkable without knowledge;” that the ten- Passages in the Life of William dency of his warm addresses to the Howard.' In this pamphlet he people, before his conversion, when described a very striking change he used often to bring forward the produced in an individual of propeculiarities of the gospel, must figate character by the power have been to explain away those of divine grace. This pamphlet peculiarities, and misguide his has passed through several ediaudience ;--and lastly that, in fact, tions. Mr. Milner's next work at that time, he did not under- was an answer to Gibbon, in which stand the nature of Christ's salva- he ably vindicates Christianity tion, had never experienced its against the subtle perversions of humbling operation on the mind of that deceitful historian. Mr. Mila truly penitent sinner, but was ner next produced some Essays building an edifice both of religious on the influence of the Holy Spi-. doctrine and practice on a self- rit, occasioned principally by some righteous foundation,

observations on his former pamph* The reader is to observe, that let, by Mr. Ludlam. But his the state of persecution above de- most arduous and important work, scribed, as well as the violent agi- was the commencement of.a' Histation of men's passions concerning tory of the Church of Christ,' on religious subjects, did not continue a new plan. Of this he only lived during the whole of Mr. Milner's

to complete three volumes. Three ministry. The storm subsided, a more were gradually produced, good deal, after the first seven or partly from his own Mss. but eight years; whereas the duration chiefly by his lamented brother, of Mr. Milner's serious and active the Dean of Carlisle. The pen ministry is to be reckoned from which fell from his hand, was reabout the twenty-seventh year of sumed by the late Rev. John his age to his fifty-fourth. Many Scott, who also produced three causes concurred to abate the storm

volumes, by whose early death the of prejudice, and to produce milder work is still imperfect.

ESSAYS AND DIALOGUES ON POPERY.

No. XIV.

THE RULE OF FAITH.

THE CHURCH."

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Ing. Well, my good friends, one by one; when, I think, a very what is to be the subject of our little consideration will show the discussion to-day?

entire correctness of my allegaRom. Let our friend here indi- tion, that the Romish rule is beset cate it. He has gone through two with far more serious and insuperof the points which he proposed to able difficulties, than even those establish, touching the Rule of which are erroneously attributed Faith; and has endeavoured to to the Protestant principle. prove, and perhaps has proved to Ing. Well, proceed. But may his own satisfaction,- that I ask, before we begin, what is opposition to the reception of the the chief point to be inquired into: Scriptures as the sole rule, leads

I mean, what is the chief feature, to infidelity ;-and that the diffi- touching which, the comparison culties suggested by Dr. Wiseman must be made ? are not insuperable. But he pro- Prot. It is that of inapplicamised, I think, a third argument, bility. Dr. W. asserts that the the establishment of which will, I Protestant rule is " fraught with so believe, prove more difficult than many difficulties, as absolutely to either of the former,--to wit, that render it in practice inapplicable, our principle, “ that God has ap- and void of fruit." And I shall pointed His CHURCH the infal- endeavour to show that this objeclible and unfailing depository of tion attaches in a much greater all truth,” * is “beset with not degree to the Romish rule, than only the same, but ten times grea- to the Protestant. But this I ter difficulties” than those which

must do by passing in review all have been pointed out in the Pro- the supposed " difficulties,"arrayed testant Rule.

by Dr. Wiseman against the use Prot. You are right; that is of Scripture, and inquiring whether the remaining branch of my argu-' they do not apply far more deciment, and we will, if you please, dedly to the rule and standard proceed with it this morning. which he himself proposes.

Inq. But how do we commence Ing. Will you then, on Dr. its consideration ? To make a just Wiseman's part, recapitulate the and strict comparison, it will be heads of his argument, and I will necessary to pass again in review endeavour to note them down for all Dr.Wiseman's objections to our further consideration. the use of Holy Scripture as a rule. Rom. Willingly. Dr. Wise

Prot. I think we may ma- man, desirous to submit himself to nage this, with ease, much more whatever rule Christ really meant briefly. Let our friend here go to extablish, contends that the over, as succinctly as possible, books of Scripture cannot have the leading points of objection been intended to constitute that taken by Dr. W. to the Rule, for the following reasons : of Scripture ; and do you take 1. That the adoption of such a a pencil and a slip of paper, and rule implies a necessity, on the then give them out, afterwards, part of every individual receiving Wiseman's First Lecture, p. 20.

it, of a long investigation into the JANUARY 1838.

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use

or still

vour.

genuineness and authenticity of heard of the propriety and wisdom those books :

of placing in men's hands a code, 2. Also, of a further enquiry, or rule, which it was impossible as to whether no other books of

for the greater portion of them to equal authority have been lost or comprehend ?” excluded, so as to leave the Rule Such, then,” says the Docincomplete :

tor, “ are the difficulties regarding 3. Also, whether it be beyond the application of this rule: a doubt, that these books were not difficulty of procuring and preonly the real productions of their serving the proper sense of the alleged authors, but were actually original correct translations ; a difgiven by Divine Inspiration. ficulty of bringing this translation

And, considering that these within the reach of all; a diffithree points include a vast field of culty, not to say an impossibility, enquiry and laborious investiga- of enabling all to understand it."* tion, the Doctor asks, “ Can a Ing. Well, I have noted down rule, in the approach to which you these several points, upon which must pass through such a laby- Dr. Wiseman rests his conclusion, rinth of difficulties, be that which that the Scriptures were not inGod has given us as a guide to the tended as a sole or sufficient rule poorest, the most illiterate, aud of faith. You are now to show, the simplest of his creatures ?" I think, that the same

4. But the supposition that greater difficulties attend the ad“ God gave his Holy Word to be mission of the Romish rule. the only rule of faith to all men,' Prot. That will be my endealeads to another difficulty; it must But let us understand, dis“ be translated into every language, tinctly, what we are to bring into that all men may have access to it.' comparison with the scriptures, as Now, says Dr. Wiseman, you furnishing mankind with a safer aware of the difficulty of undertak- and more unerring guide than God's ing a translation of it? Whenever own revealed word ? the attempt has been made in mo- Rom. I think I

may

describe it dern times; in the first instance it in Dr. Wiseman's words, as has generally failed, and even after Church of Christ, which has been many repeated attempts, it has appointed by God to take charge proved unsatisfactory.” “ And we of, and keep safe, those doctrines, cannot suppose that God would committed to her from the beginstake the whole usefulness and va

ning', to be taught, at all times, to lue of his rule upon the private or all nations." + particular abilities of man.”

Prot. Then let us proceed at 5. Again, consider the paucity once to consider Dr. Wiseman's of copies of the Bible, until mo- first objection, and to inquire whedern times. “ God could not mean, ther his own rule is free from the that for 1400 years man was to be difficulty which he professes to without a guide; and that man- find in the use of the Holy Scripkind should have to wait until hu

tures. man genius had given efficacy to it Inq. Dr. Wiseman's first obby its discoveries and inventions. jection is, that, - if all men, even Such cannot be the qualities or the most illiterate, have a right to conditions of the rule.**

study the word of God,- if it be 6. Lastly ; “ To be the rule of not only the right, but the duty of faith, it cannot be sufficient that even the most ignorant, to study men should

possess and read it, but that word, and thence to draw his they must surely be able to com

* Wiseman's Second Lecture, p. 48. prehend it. In fact, who ever | Wiseman's Third Lecture, p. 61.

are

66 the

as

as

belief;—it is likewise his duty to every corner of the carth this one satisfy himself that it is the word book is known, and is accepted of God.” And“ in the first place, by all sorts and kinds of Chrisbefore any one can even commence

tians,

God's own revealed the examination of that rule, word. which the church proposes to him,

All the visible churches, of every le must have satisfied himself that description, unite in this one great all the books and writings which point. The Romish church, are collected together in that vo- whether in Italy, in Belgium, in lume, are really the genuine works Ireland, in Mexico, or in Malabar, of those whose names they bear.”* declares this book to be the word

Prot. Keep this practical diffi- of God. The Greek churches, culty, then, fixedly in view, and from St. Petersburg to Athens, endeavour to follow me while I from Armenia to Alexandria, all, shew that the rule which Dr. unite in the same testimony. The Wiseman proposes as

a more ex- ancient Syrian churches, the Macellent

way, is far, very far, more ronites, and the Waldenses, alike difficult of application than that agree with all the daughters of the, to which he himself objects. Reformation ; and wherever a pro.

The Doctor himself is dealing fessing Christian is to be found, no with the case of one who is in matter of what nation or of what your own circumstances; that is, of communion, there you have a one who has not yet finally received witness to the fact, that all Christhe Scriptures as the word of God. tendom accepts the Holy ScripAnd he argues that if, instead of tures the revealed word of first submitting himself to the God. Church, and then receiving the But mark how woefully you Scriptures on her authority, the have darkened your prospect, when inquirer begins by endeavouring to you turn away from this proposed satisfy himself as to the divine Rule, on the score of the supposed authority of the sacred writings, difficulty of ascertaining its gehe will find the difficulties so great, nuineness, and take up, instead, the and the investigation so tedious, pretensions of either the Romish, as to make it manifest that this or any other visible church. was not the course intended by I presented to you a Bible; God; but that the Church is to which

you

and lay hold be first submitted to as our guide, upon, and read, and consider. Here and then the Scriptures received was something tangible, and someon her guarantee and recommeu- thing as to the divine character of dation.

which you had the united testiNow try this course for a few mony of all Christians, throughout moments, and see if you have all ages, and in all places. Now really changed for the better. what does my opponent offer to

The very instant you set out, you, as a preferable guide ? I ask you find that you have not im- him to state his own position. proved, but considerably deterio- Rom. I can only repeat what rated, your prospects of success. I just now told you.

Our rule is I had proposed to you THE “The Church of Christ, which has BIBLE as your rule and guide. been appointed of God to take Now at least there was a remark- charge of, and keep safe, the docable concurrence of testimony in trines committed to her from the behalf of this book. There is but beginning.” one Bible in the world, and in Prot. Then you see at once

how materially your position is * Wiseman's Sccond Lecture, p. 32.. changed for the worse. The Rule

could see,

or Guide I proposed to you, was is Scripture and Tradition ; and one which you could yourself con- these propounded and explained sult, peruse, consider; and in the by the Catholic Church.” Now, truth of which all Christendom, of Scripture you can easily have, but all churches, and all nations, were that taken alone we hold to be an agreed. Instead of which Rule imperfect Rule, and its use in this you now have one offered you way we consider to be dangerous. which is an impalpable shadow; a

And tradition has never been remere ideal thing; which you can

duced to

a system,-a second neither see nor hear, nor in any Bible; nor can we put it into your practical way consult; and re- hands, or direct you to any single specting the truth and authority of work in which you can find it. which, Christendom is greatly Ing. Well, but you add, “ as divided.

propounded and explained by the Ing. How do you mean that Catholic Church.” Now where the Romish rule is one which can has the Church propounded this neither be seen, nor beard, nor Rule? By the Dr's, language one consulted ?

might almost suppose, that the Prot. I mean that the Bible is Church had added Tradition to here, and you may at once sit Scripture, by way of a Commendown and study it; but where is tary or Appendix, and that thus à • the Church," which our friend perfect Rule was obtained. here recommends to you as a more

Rom. No, I am sorry to say safe and eligible guide? Where that there is no such work. The can you see or hear this Church; and Church has never put forth any in what mode or by what channel Commentary; nor any system or does she speak? In a word, my code of faith and morals, on infalopponent tells you of a Rule,-a lible authority ; although many inGuide:-ask him to put you in dividuals, upon their own private possession of it, and to give you a responsibility, and without prepractical example of its use and of tending to infallibility, have writutility.

ten such treatises. Ing. Well, I ask you, then, Ing. Well, of course it is usewho offer me this Rule, more easy

less to refer to mere human proof application, more simple, and ductions; as we are now seeking more intelligible than the Bible.--I for something better than what ask you to enable me at once to you admit to be the word of God. apply it to a practical use. I wish But surely you will tell me, as to receive, as soon as possible, sa- she has not spoken, authoritatively, tisfaction on several important by a written work, where and how points. Tell me, then, where is

“ hear the church ;”—as you your Rule; that I may first inves- seem to think I must hear her, to tigate its claims, and then proceed be in the safe road to salvation. to apply it to practice. What is Rom. I confess I feel a degree it, that, instead of this Bible, you of difficulty here. I know that offer me as a guide to my en- some of our brethren have argued quiries ?

that “ He who established his Rom. Why I must confess that church, has appointed her pastors there is a little difficulty,- if you to rule, govern, and teach in his require a document, a book, - to name; and has promised that he furnish you with any substitute for will watch over these his ministhe Bible. The description given ters, and be ever with them, and by Dr. Milner of our Rule will that his Spirit shall lead them into explain to you this difficulty. He all truth. He has therefore comsays,

“ The Catholic Rule of Faith manded all to follow their guid

I can

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