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Which o'er each object cafting various dyes,
Nor void of emblem was the mystic wall, 135
The Temple shakes, the founding gates unfold, Wide vaults appear, and roofs of fretted gold: Rais'd on a thousand pillars, wreath'd around With laurel-foliage, and with eagles crown'd: 140 Of bright, transparent beryl were the walls, The freezes gold, and gold the capitals: As heav'n with stars, the roof with jewels glows, And ever-living lamps depend in rows. Full in the paffage of each spacious gate,
The fage Hiftorians in white garments wait;
VER. 152. The youth that all things but himself fubdu'd ;] Alexander the Great: the Tiara was the crown peculiar to the Afian Princes his defire to be thought the fon of Jupiter Ammon, caused him to wear the horns of that God, and to reprefent the fame upon his coin's; which was continued by several of his fucceffors. P.
His feet on fceptres and tiara's trod,
And his horn'd head bely'd the Libyan God, ThereCæfar,grac'd with both Minerva's, shone; 155 Cæfar, the world's great mafter, and his own; Unmov'd, fuperior still in ev'ry state,
And scarce detefted in his Country's fate.
But chief were thofe, who not for empire fought,
VER. 162. Timoleon, glorious in his brothers blood;] Timoleon had fav'd the life of his brother Timophanes in the battle between the Argives and Corinthians; but afterwards killed him when he affected the tyranny, preferring his duty to his country to all the obligations of blood. P.
He whom ungrateful Athens could expell,
But in the centre of the hallow'd choir,
VER. 172. He whom ungrateful Athens, etc.] Ariftides, who for his great integrity was diftinguifhed by the appellation of the Just. When his countrymen would have banifhed him by the Oftracifm, where it was the custom for every man to fign the name of the perfon he voted to exile in an Oyfter-fhell; a peafant, who could not write, came to Ariftides to do it for him, who readily figned his own name. P.
VER. 178. But in the centre of the hallow'd choir, etc.] In the midst of the temple, neareft the throne of Fame, are placed the greatest names in learning of all antiquity. These are described in fuch attitudes as exprefs their different characters: the columns on which they are raised are adorned with fculptures, taken from the most striking fubjects of their works; which sculpture bears a refemblance, in its manner and character to the manner and character of their writings. P.
VER. 179. Six pompous columns, etc.]
Of metal that fhone not full clere, etc.
Upon a pillere faw I ftonde
That was of lede and iron fine,
Him of the fect Saturnine,
The Ebraicke Jofephus the old, etc,
Upon an iron piller ftrong,
That painted was all endlong,
Around the shrine itself of Fame they stand, 180 Hold the chief honours, and the fane command. High on the first, the mighty Homer shone; Eternal Adamant compos'd his throne;
Father of verfe! in holy fillets dreft,
His filver beard wav'd gently o'er his breast; 185
Bold was the work, and prov'd the master's fire;
With tiger's blood in every place,
The Tholofan that hight Stace,
That bare of Thebes up the name, etc. P.
Full wonder hye on a pillere
Of iron, he the great Omer,
And with him Dares and Titus, etc. P..
VER. 196, etc.].
There faw I ftand on a pillere
That was of tinned iron cleere,
Finish'd the whole, and labour'd ev'ry part,
With patient touches of unweary'd art:
The Mantuan there in fober triumph fate, 200
On Homer still he fix'd a rev'rend eye,
In living sculpture on the fides were spread
The Latian Wars, and haughty Turnus dead; 205 Eliza ftretch'd the fun'ral pyre,
Æneas bending with his aged fire:
Troy flam'd in burning gold, and o'er the throne ARMS AND THE MAN in golden cyphers fhone. Four swans fuftain a car of filver bright, 210 With heads advanc'd,and pinions stretch'd for flight:
VER. 210. Four fans fuftain, etc.] Pindar being feated in a chariot, alludes to the chariot-races he celebrated in the Grecian games. The fwans are emblems of Poetry, their foaring poiture intimates the fublimity and activity of his genius. Neptune prefided over the Ifthmian, and Jupiter over the Olympian games. P.
The Latin Poet Virgyle,
That hath bore up of a great while
And next him on a pillere was