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Which o'er each object cafting various dyes,
Enlarges fome and others multiplies:

Nor void of emblem was the mystic wall, 135
For thus romantic Fame increases all.

The Temple shakes, the founding gates unfold, Wide vaults appear, and roofs of fretted gold: Rais'd on a thousand pillars, wreath'd around With laurel-foliage, and with eagles crown'd: 140 Of bright, transparent beryl were the walls, The freezes gold, and gold the capitals: As heav'n with stars, the roof with jewels glows, And ever-living lamps depend in rows. Full in the paffage of each spacious gate,

145

The fage Hiftorians in white garments wait;
Grav'do'er their feats the form of Time was found,
His scythe revers'd, and both his pinions bound.
Within ftood Heroes, who thro' loud alarms
In bloody fields purfu'd renown in arms.
High on a throne with trophies charg'd, I'view'd
The youth that all things but himself subdu'd;

NOTES.

150

VER. 152. The youth that all things but himself fubdu'd ;] Alexander the Great: the Tiara was the crown peculiar to the Afian Princes his defire to be thought the fon of Jupiter Ammon, caused him to wear the horns of that God, and to reprefent the fame upon his coin's; which was continued by several of his fucceffors. P.

His feet on fceptres and tiara's trod,

And his horn'd head bely'd the Libyan God, ThereCæfar,grac'd with both Minerva's, shone; 155 Cæfar, the world's great mafter, and his own; Unmov'd, fuperior still in ev'ry state,

And scarce detefted in his Country's fate.

But chief were thofe, who not for empire fought,
But with their toils their people's fafety bought: 160
High o'er the reft Epaminondas ftood;
Timoleon, glorious in his brother's blood;
Bold Scipio, faviour of the Roman state;
Great in his triumphs, in retirement great;
And wife Aurelius, in whofe well-taught mind 165
With boundless pow'r unbounded virtue join'd,
His own ftrict judge, and patron of mankind.
Much-fuff'ring heroes next their honours claim,
Those of lefs noify, and lefs guilty fame,
Fair Virtue's filent train: fupreme of these 170
Here ever shines the godlike Socrates:

NOTES.

VER. 162. Timoleon, glorious in his brothers blood;] Timoleon had fav'd the life of his brother Timophanes in the battle between the Argives and Corinthians; but afterwards killed him when he affected the tyranny, preferring his duty to his country to all the obligations of blood. P.

He whom ungrateful Athens could expell,
At all times juft, but when he fign'd the Shell:
Here his abode the martyr'd Phocion claims.
With Agis, not the laft of Spartan names: 175
Unconquer'd Cato fhews the wound he tore,
And Brutus his ill Genius meets no more.

But in the centre of the hallow'd choir,
Six pompous columns o'er the reft afpire;

NOTES.

VER. 172. He whom ungrateful Athens, etc.] Ariftides, who for his great integrity was diftinguifhed by the appellation of the Just. When his countrymen would have banifhed him by the Oftracifm, where it was the custom for every man to fign the name of the perfon he voted to exile in an Oyfter-fhell; a peafant, who could not write, came to Ariftides to do it for him, who readily figned his own name. P.

VER. 178. But in the centre of the hallow'd choir, etc.] In the midst of the temple, neareft the throne of Fame, are placed the greatest names in learning of all antiquity. These are described in fuch attitudes as exprefs their different characters: the columns on which they are raised are adorned with fculptures, taken from the most striking fubjects of their works; which sculpture bears a refemblance, in its manner and character to the manner and character of their writings. P.

IMITATIONS.

VER. 179. Six pompous columns, etc.]
From the dees many a pillere,

Of metal that fhone not full clere, etc.

Upon a pillere faw I ftonde

That was of lede and iron fine,

Him of the fect Saturnine,

The Ebraicke Jofephus the old, etc,

Upon an iron piller ftrong,

That painted was all endlong,

Around the shrine itself of Fame they stand, 180 Hold the chief honours, and the fane command. High on the first, the mighty Homer shone; Eternal Adamant compos'd his throne;

Father of verfe! in holy fillets dreft,

His filver beard wav'd gently o'er his breast; 185
Tho' blind, a boldness in his looks appears;

In years
he feem'd, but not impair'd by years.
The wars of Troy were round the Pillar feen:
Here fierce Tydides wounds the Cyprian Queen;
Here Hector glorious from Patroclus' fall, 190
Here dragg'd in triumph round the Trojan wall,
Motion and life did ev'ry part inspire,

Bold was the work, and prov'd the master's fire;
A ftrong expreffion most he seem'd t' affect,
And here and there disclos'd a brave neglect. 195
A golden column next in rank appear'd,
On which a shrine of pureft gold was rear'd;

IMITATIONS.

With tiger's blood in every place,

The Tholofan that hight Stace,

That bare of Thebes up the name, etc. P.

VER. 182.]

Full wonder hye on a pillere

Of iron, he the great Omer,

And with him Dares and Titus, etc. P..

VER. 196, etc.].

There faw I ftand on a pillere

That was of tinned iron cleere,

Finish'd the whole, and labour'd ev'ry part,

With patient touches of unweary'd art:

The Mantuan there in fober triumph fate, 200
Compos'd his posture, and his look fedate;

On Homer still he fix'd a rev'rend eye,
Great without pride, in modest majesty.

In living sculpture on the fides were spread

The Latian Wars, and haughty Turnus dead; 205 Eliza ftretch'd the fun'ral pyre,

upon

Æneas bending with his aged fire:

Troy flam'd in burning gold, and o'er the throne ARMS AND THE MAN in golden cyphers fhone. Four swans fuftain a car of filver bright, 210 With heads advanc'd,and pinions stretch'd for flight:

NOTES.

VER. 210. Four fans fuftain, etc.] Pindar being feated in a chariot, alludes to the chariot-races he celebrated in the Grecian games. The fwans are emblems of Poetry, their foaring poiture intimates the fublimity and activity of his genius. Neptune prefided over the Ifthmian, and Jupiter over the Olympian games. P.

IMITATIONS.

The Latin Poet Virgyle,

That hath bore up of a great while
The fame of pius Æneas:

And next him on a pillere was
Of copper, Venus clerke Ovide,
That hath fowen wondrous wide
The great God of Love's fame-
Tho faw Ion a pillere by
Of iron wrought full fternly,

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