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selves with laying before the reader the following account of Albuquerque's death, and the endeavours of his enemies to ruin him in the esteem of Emmanuel : This we shall give in the translator's own words.

• It is the misfortune of princes to be often surrounded with a number of persons, who delight in envy and detraction; thus it happened that Emmanuel had some prejudices instilled into him against his viceroy in India. Albuquerque had at this time brought all the Indian coast from the river Indus to Cape Comorin, under the Portuguese power. He had also conquered Malacca, and settled every thing in the island of Ormus on a fure footing. In short, by his prudence and bravery, he had spread the name of Emmanuel far and near: Nor could the Indian nations help thinking, that the king, who had a general of such extraordinary abilities, mult himself be somewhat of a divinity.

Emmanuel of himself was very well disposed towards Albuquerque, yet by the insinuations of a certain set of envious detractors, he at last began to harbour fome fufpicions against this great man. These persons incessantly buzzed in the king's ears, that Albuquerque was a rath hot-headed man, and of the most intolerable ambition, nay, they even accused him of treacherous designs; for they said he aimed at sovereignty, and to make himself lord of all India, that by the number of his relations and dependants, and the fame he had acquired among the Indian princes, his wealth and power was already much greater than that of any subject ought to be ; for whilft a man's income is moderate, he can brook a higher authority, but when he arrives at an extraordinary pitch of wealth and power, he then cannot endure the thoughts of a superior.

· Albuquerque, relying upon his innocence, took no pains to refute these calumnies; so that his enemies at length prevailed on the king to recall himn from India, Lopez Suareo Alvarenga being fent to succeed him. When Albuquerque received this news, he could not contain himself; but lífting up his hands, “ O Heavens! said he, how can I extricate myself from the difficulties which surround me? Iflobey my king, I incur the odium and contempt of mankind : and if I study to please men, then I fall under the displeasure of my royal master. To thy grave, old man, to thy grave!” These last words he repeated often, which shewed the agony and disorder he was in. However, afterwards when his mind came to be more composed, he expressed himself in the following manner : “I am persuaded,

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said he, that the king has a divine foreknowledge in many things, otherwise he could not have acted in the present affair with so much foresight. I am now wearing towards death; and if he had not at this time appointed my succes. sor, the affairs of India might have been greatly endangered.”

• Being extremely ill, he wrote the following short letter to Emmanuel. " I now write you this last letter, fetching my breath with difficulty, and with all the symptoms of inevitable death upon me. I have only one son; him I recommend to your majesty, hoping that in consideration of my services, you will take him under your royal protection and favour. What I have done for your honour and interest, the deeds themselves will testify." He soon after died with a great deal of composure and satisfaction, having always testified his desire to die in India.

• It is not easy to say, whether he excelled most in the arts of war or peace. In the former he behaved in such a manner that he was justly reckoned an expert general, and, in settling the affairs of India he gave the strongest proofs of his skill in the art of government. His funeral rites were performed with the greatest magnificence, amidst the cries and lamentations of the people of Goa, who lamented his death as that of a tender parent.

« Emmanuel, when he received the news of his death, could not help thewing the utmost regrer; and immediately sent for his fon Blas Albuquerque, whom in remembrance of his father, he ordered to be called Alphonfo; he likewiss bestowed on him several dignities, and procured him a very honourable marriage.'


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2 vols.


ART. xxx. The Female Quixote : or, The Adventures of
Arabella. t12mo.

6 s. Millar.
HE character of Arabella is a counter imitation of

that of Cervantes's Don Quixote. As the adventurės of the Spanish knight were written to expo'e the absurdities of romantic chiva!ry ; so those of the English heroine are deligned to ridicule romantic love, and io thew the tendency that books of knight-errantry hare to turn the heads of even their female readers. Arabella, lowever, does not run the extravagant lengths of Don Quixote, i. e. does not fancy a fork of theep to be an army of men, or take wind-mills for giants. Having had her education in the most retired part of the country, and taken her notions of the world from old romances, me persuades berseif, that the times she read of, were the same with those fine lived in, and that the characters the found in her manuals of chivalry, were no other than such as the should meet with, whenever the should quit the recess she was brought up in. Hence, in ter entrance into the great world, to speak in the language of some modern travellers, She is led to conclude, that every man she comes nigh, is a hero, or a lorer, or a ravilher, or &c. And on occasion of every f.ncied adventure, the conducts herself as Mandana or Statira would have done, in the same circumstances. Whether a plan, and charader, of this kind, be agreeable to nature, or to the age and the country we live in, our readers w ll determine for themselves.

ia D.

The reader's curiosity is no doubt by this time fufficiently raised, to expect a specimen of the extravagant behaviour of a lady of Arabella's character, which he will find delineated with much accuracy in the following passage, taken from the first book. • Though the Marquis (Arabella's father) had resolved to give Arabella to his nephew (Mr. Glanville), yet he was desirous he should first receive some impresions of tenderness from her, before he absolutely declared his resolution; and ardently wilbed he might be able to overcome that reluctance which she seemed to have for marriage: but, though Glanville in a very few days became passionately in love with his charming cousin, yet the discovered so strong a diflike to him, that the Marquis feared it would be difficult to make her receive him for an husband: he observed she took al opportunities of avoiding his conversation; and seemed always out of temper, when he addressed any thing to her; but was well enough pleased, when he discoursed with him; and would listen to the long conversations they had together, with great attention.

• The truth is, she had too much discernment not to see Mr. Glanville had a great deal of merit. His person was perfectly bandsome ; he pofliled a great share of underftanding, an easy temper, and a vivacity which charmed every one but the infenfible Arabella. She often wondered, that a man, who, as she told her confidant Lucy, was mafter of so many fine qualities, stould have a difpofition so little capable of feeling the pallion of love, with the delicacy and fervour she expected io inspire: or, that he, whose conversation was so pleasing on every other subject, should

make make so poor a figure when he entertained her with maiter of gallantry. However, added the, I should be to blame, to desire to be beloved of Mr. Glanville; for I am persuaded that paffion would make no reformation in the coarseness of his manners to ladies, which makes him so disagreeable to me, and might possibly increase my aversion.

· The Marquis, having studied his nephew's looks for several days, thought he saw inclination enough in them for Arabella, to make him receive the knowledge of his intention with joy: he therefore called him into his closet, and told him in few words, that, if his heart was not preengaged, and his daughter capable of making him happy, he resolved to bestow her upon him, together with all his estate, The being his only child. Mr. Glanville received this agreeable news with the strongest expressions of gratitude; assuring his uncle, that lady Bella, of all the women he had ever seen, was moft agreeable to his taste; and that he felt for her all the tenderness and affection his soul was capable of. I am glad of it, my dear nephew, said the Marquis, 'embracing him: I will allow you, added he smiling, but a few weeks to court her : gain her heart as soon as you can, and when you bring me her consent, your marriage shall be folemnized immediately.

• Mr. Glanville needed not a repetition of so agreeable a .command: he left his uncle's closet, with his heart filled with the expectation of his approaching happiness; and, understanding Arabella was in the garden, he went to her, with a resolution to acquaint her with the permifiion her father had given him, to make his addresses to her. He found his fair cousin, as usual, accompanied with her women; and seeing that, notwithstanding his approach, they still continued to walk with her, and impatient of the reftraint they laid him under, I beseech you, cousin, said he, let me have the pleasure of walking with you alone: what neceflity is there for always having so many witnesses of our conversation? You may retire, said he, speaking to Lucy and the other women; I have something to say to your lady in private. Stay, I command you, faid Arabella, blushing at an insolence so unknown, and take orders from no one but myself. I pray you, Sir, pursued she frowning, what intercourse of secrets is there between you and me, that you expect I should favour you with a private conversation? An advantage which none of your sex ever boasted to have gained from me; and which, haply, you fhould be the last upon whom I should bestow it. You


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have the strangest notions, answer'd Glanville, smiling at the pretty anger she discovered : certainly you may hold a private conversation with any gentleman, without giving offence to decorum ; and I may plead a right to this happiness, above any other, since I have the honour to be your relation.

• It is not at all surprizing, resuni'd Arabella gravely, that you and I should differ in opinion upon this occasion : I don't remember that ever we agreed in any thing; and, I am apt to believe, we never shall

. Ah! don't say so, Lady Bella, interrupted he: what a prospect of misery you Jay before me! For, if we are always to be opposite to each other, it is necessary you must hate me, as much as I admire and love you.

These words, which he accompanied with a gentle pressure of her hand, threw the astonilh'd Arabella into fuch an excess of anger and shame, that, for a few moments, she was unable to utter a word. At length, recovering herself, the cried out, What a horrid violation this, of all the laws of gallantry and respect, which decree a lover to fuffer whole years in filence before he declares his fame to the divine object that causes it; and then with awful trembling and submissive protestations at the feet of the offended fair! Arabella could hardly believe her senses, when she heard a declaraiion, not only made without the usual forms; but also, that the presumptuous. criminal waited for her aníwer, without seeming to have any apprehension of the punishment to which he was to be doomed ; and that, instead of deprecating her wrath, he looked with a smiling wonder upon her eyes, as if he did not fear their lightening would strike him dead. Indeed it was scare poffible for him to help smiling and wondering ton, at the extraordinary notion of Arabella : for, as soon as he had pronounced those fatal words, she ftarted back two or three fieps; cast a look at him full of the higheft indignation ; and, lifting up her fine eyes to Heaven, seemed, in the language of romance, to accuse the gods, for subjecting her to so cruel an indignity.

« The tumult of her thoughts being a little fettled, the turned again towards Glanville; whose countenance expresling nothing of that confusion and anxiety common to an adorer in so critical a circumstance, her rage returned with greater violence than ever. If I do not express all the resentment your insolence has filled me with, said the to him, affecting more scorn than anger, 'tis because I hold you too mean for my resentment: but never hope for my


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