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As fome late miscarriages in inoculation, tho' but very few, had stagger'd many people about a practice, which, I was firmly persuaded, was of the most salutary nature, I thought it my duty to give a state of my opinion to the public, with the reasons of it, in hopes that what had convinced me, might poflibly.convince others. Besides this, I conceived I had something new and useful to offer, at least improvements, on the common methods of manage-, ment. And seeing these things related to a diftemper at, present in this place, I cannot think unprejudiced people will judge it unseasonable.'

It'were to be wished this physician had obliged us here with an account of the numbers of the inoculated, and of the proportion of those who died in consequence of inoculation, and by the natural infection; as the apparent ratio between them is the principal argument that must finally determine a great majority of reflecting persons for or against the former. In p. 21, he says the miscarriages were tew, very few indeed: but still this is not sufficiently precise and definite.

He proposes to discuss his subject, 1. By premising some general things, and a short inquiry into the nature of the dirtemper. 2. By shewing, from such premises, what state of the body is niost favourable for the reception of it; and how the body should be prepared, both for the natural and artificial infection. 3. By enquiring, whether it be most eligible to run the hazard of the natural disease, without any previous precaution or preparation; to take it in the na-, tural way premeditately after due preparation : or by inoculation? And lastly, he proposes to conclude with a few reflections on the whole.

There is nothing so 'new or material on his first head, as to require any citation or abftract.

On the second he justly observes, with some other writers on this subject, that, as this is an inflammatory disease, soft and flexible vessels, containing a cool and temperate blood, have been found te-conftitute the moft favourable ftate of body for this disease; and such a state he supposes to be chiefly attainable by a cooling, vegetable, and milk diet, which disposes the Huids rather to an acescent than a putrefactive condition. Besides which, evacuations may be necessary in fome, which are to be prescribed and reguJated by the physician. But he thinks, and, as he says, from his own experience, that something further may be done towards a more effe&tual preparation for the small-pox.

This

This he professedly takes from Boerhaave's fuppofition, that a specific medicine against the effects of the variolous poison might be found in some fubtile, yet uncorrosive, preparation, and happy union of antimony and mercury. Such a medicine, our author fays, he has constantly used in preparation; and avers, that he never saw one so prepared, in any considerable danger from the disease : though he adds, that one of them received the confluent pock naturally. It seems then it was not preventive of eruption, which we are to suppose Boerhaave hoped it might. But our author's attributing this confluence to the patient's riding near 20 miles in cold damp weather the first day of the fever, dors not seem altogether so rational; for whatever the agitation from riding might do, we should imagine the fame exercise in sultry hot weather might have a more direct sendency to dispose to a confluence. However, the patient, who was a hale young gentleman, got very safely over it. Now, supposing the good effects of this medicine so very general, dr. Adam Thompson would deserve a liberal acknowledgment from his country, and the gratitude of his whole species, for a more explicite communication of it.

On his third head, concerning the preference of a natural or artificial infection, besides the general physical arguments, so happily corroborated by the very general success of inoculation, our author reasonably concludes it a peculiar advantage, that it determines the crisis of the fever fiom the iniemal to the external parts. This leads him to investigate the reason for the character of the small-pox, being taken from the number and condition of those in the face, which seems both new and ingenious, and it is briefly this : That the carotid arteries, which send branches to the nose and mouth, where the natural infection is generally admitted, send considerable branches also to the brain ; whence a proportional part of the same infiammatory particles, that constitute the puflules on the face, may probably be lodg'd on the membranes of the brain, and, as they are mild or otherwise, must produce more or less danger, since the face, consider'd by itself, is a place of none.'

Amongst his general reflections on the whole, he thinks it eligible to make the incisions rather in the lower than upper extremities; as the axillary arteries issue from the subclavians, which derive their origin from that trunk of the aorta, that supplies the head and a great part of the thorax with branches. He confeffes an ulcer in the leg may prove should be overlook'd; especially as he affirms, that a few doses of the bark seldom or never fail to dispose it to a kindly, healing condition. He adds, that tho' inoculation has been proved to be much the safest way of receiving the infection, yet it has sometimes proved mortal; and indeed, considering how precipitately it is often applied, he is surprized it has not been much more frequently the case, Inoculation seems to be considered, he observes, as a mere chirurgical operation ; and accordingly almost every one, who knows how to handle a lancet, is incrusted with the whole management of it. But it has been Mewn, he says, that what ought to be done on this occasion for the security of the patient, a judicious and skilful physician can only judge. Upon the whole, the author seems a rational practitioner, who has confidered this subject with attention; and tho' his expression, as a physical writer, might here and there admit of improvement, he appears better qualified in fome branches of medical erudition, than it is to be apprehended a majority of the American practitioners may be.

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MONTHLY CATALOGUE,

For April 17526
MISCELLANEOUS
Emarks' on the life and writings of dr. John Hill,
Inspector-general of Great Britain, &c. 8vo. 1 s.

Owen. Those who expect to be entertained with learning, wit, or humour in this pamphlet, will find themselves miserably disappointed, upon the perusal of it. The writings of dr. Hill really deserve a good criticism; and that ingenious gentleman would doubtless profit by it. But such a wretched shapsody of dulness and scurrility, as the work now before us, is inexpressibly below contempt: it is impossible to read it, without conceiving a bad opinion of so abusive a man, as its author appears to be.

The doctor has doubtless his faults as a writer, and as a man; and had these faults been candidly represented to him, it might have tended to his reformation, instead of provoking him to resentment, as this injurious attack might be expected to do, except for the II. The adventures of captain Greenland.'' 12mo. 4 vols.

.

12 s. Baldwin.

To

13y Gordace.

To avoid a repetition of the same characteristics, we refer the reader back to our accounts of Jihn Daniel, Howel ap David Price, Charles Osborne, esq; and Party Saunders; to whose distinguish'd names, we may add that of

III. Cleora : or, the fair inconstant, &c. 12mo. 35. Cooper.

İV. The comedies of Terence, translated into English prose. By mr. Gordon. 12mo. 3 s. Longma", &c.

As a specimen of what this mr. Gordon is able to do as a translator of the Latin classics, take the ignaram artis meretricia of Terence, (See Clitipho's poliloquy, Self-Tormentor, Ax II. Scene I.) which mr. Gordon renders, quite a ' ftranger to the trade of these BITCHES.'

V. Examples of the interposition of providence in the de. tection and punishment of murder. With an introduction and conclufion, by Henry Fielding, efq; is. Millar.

These examples are chiefly collected from a well-known book, entitled, God's revenge against murder, and from Turner's bistory of remarkable providences. This small collection is well enough adapted for the amusement and admonition of the common people.

VI. A catalogue and description of the etchings of Rembrandt Van-Rhyn, with some account of his life. To which is added, a lift of the best pieces of this mafter, for the ufe of those who would make a select collection of his works. Written originally by the late Mr. Gersaint ; and publiced by mefl. Helle and Glomy, with confiderable additions and improvements.

Translated from the French. I 2mo. 3 s. Jeffries, at Charing-cross.

The editor informs us, that mr. Gerfaint drew up this catalogue, &c. from a collection of Rembrandt's works, in the possession of the ingenious mr Houbraken of Amsterdam, As the pieces of this great artist are now sold at a very high price, and his manner imitated so nearly as to deceive good judges, this catalogue may be of use, by enabling the curious to reject all the spurious pieces which have been or Thall be intruded into collections of his works ; and disappoint the artifices of those who, thu' they do not impose upon the unwary a bath-metal ring for gold, do yet fell counterfeits of another kind, with the same intention to defraud.

VII. Horace, b. II. far. VII. imitated, and inscribed to Richard Owen Cambridge, ela; by Sir Nicholas Nemo, knt, 410. Is. Owen.

In our last we mention'd mr. Cambridge's imitation of this Satire of Horace; which gave rise to this similar attempt, wherein the ingenious author has more scrupulously adhere to his original.

VIII. A supplement to the Memoirs of Brandenburg : containing a preliminary discourse to the whole work, and two dissertations: the first, on the ancient and modern government of Brandenburg ; the second, on the reasons for the enucting and repealing of laws. By the author of the Memoirs. 12mo. Is. Nourse..

Having given a sufficient account of the Memoirs, (See Review, vol. IV. p. 201.) we think it unneceilary to enlarge upon this fupplement; of which we shall therefore say nothing more, than that we believe it to be genuine, and that it is proper to be bound up with the memoirs.

IX. Remarks on Letters concerning MIND. (See Review, Vol. III. p. 463.) 8vo. 19. Rivingtor.

These remarks, as we are told in the preface to them, are taken from the original characters of the author of the Letters; and referred to passages in those letters, in order to illustrate or explain them. Tho', says the editor, the letters, and these papers were written for private use, (See Review, referr'd to as above); yet it is presumed they may be serviceable to mankind; and, at the fame time, preserve the memory of a worthy and good man.'

X. Happiness revealed, &c. Being the sequel to the æconomy of human life. 8vo. 1 s., James.

A weak and trivial performance, by no means worthy the notice of lord Chesterfield, to whom the author has inicribed it.

CONTROVERSIAL. XI. Predestination calmly considered. By John Wefley, M. A. 8 d. Trye.

In this work mr. Welloy smartly, and, in our opinion, successfully encounters the doctrine of absolute unconditional election and reprobation : In opposition, particularly to dr. Gill.

XII. The bishop of Exeter's answer to mr. J. Wesley's letter to his lordship. 8vo. 2 d. Knapton.

This epistle is written, to corroborate a charge brought against mr. Wesley, in the 3d part of the enthusiasm of the methodifts and papists compared ; concerning his behaviour to the miftress of an inn in Cornwall: from which charge Mr. Il’esley endeavoured some time ago to clear himself, See the prefatory epistle to the bishop's fecond letter to the author of the entbufiajm, &c.

XIII. A

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