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prehension of a mixed assembly; and therefore very im proper for theatrical representation ; in which it is no wonder that it did not meet with that success which was due to its intrinfick merit as a satire, tho' not as a comedy. And we entirely agree with Mr. Foote, that tho' he has failed of gratifying the Populum Tributim of the theatre, yet he may expect that the Primores populi will find him no disagreeable companion in the closet, et satis magnum Theatrum mihi eftis.

Those who have read Mr. Pope's inimitable satire on those Pseudo-antiquaries he has so humourously exposed in his Memoirs of Scriblerus, will be at no loss to form an idea of the principal foibles Mr. Foote has here selected for ridicule ; to which he has added that of ignorantly and blindly following à prevailing tafte, merely on account of its being the present mode. He has likewise exposed the arts and tricks by which those knavith pretenders, usually called Puffs, impose their wretched daubing artificial ruft, &c. upon the ignorant and credulous, for real antiques, and the works of the greatest and first masters.

• The objects of my fatire (says our author, pref. p. 9.) were such as I thought, whether they were considered in a moral, a political, or a ridiculous light, deserved the notice of the comic muse. I was determined to brand those Goths in science, who had prostituted the useful study of antiquity to trifting fuperficial purposes; who had blaited the progress of the elegant arts amongst us, by unpardonable frauds and absurd prejudices; and who had corrupted the minds and morals of our youth, by perfuading them that what only serves to illustrate literature was true learning, and active idleness real bufiness.'

POETRY XI. Essays, moral and miscellaneous, viz. An introductory speech from Solomon, with an ode.

A vision on a plan of the antients. A sketch of life, after the manner of the moderns. The state of man ; his passions, their objects, and end ; their use, abuse, regulation, and employment. With a poem sacred to the memory of the princes of Wales and of Orange. By . Fortefque, D. D. 8vo. 15. Baldwin.

The whole of this author's productions, contained in the above pamphlet, are of the fame stamp with the following specimen, taken from the exordium to his Speech of Wisdom, from Solomon.

• Hear o ye kings, ye judges understand,
Who rule the nations, and wl.o judge the land,

Give ear : your pow’rs descended from the Lord,
Who'll try your councils, and your acts record.
To

you O kings, this lesson I relate,
Which gives initruction to preserve your state.
In thrones and scepters place ye your delight?
Then honour wisdom, that your rule be right.
Attend th' instruction which my words shall give,
And who she is, and whence the came, receive.
To you I call, for wisdom is your friend,
Ye simple, hearken, and ye fools, attend.'

From this specimen our readers will judge what reception the author is likely to meet with from the public ; and how far that reception may induce him to go on with his publication ; for he informs us in his title page, that this pamphlet is only a brit part.

XII. Fair Rosamond, to the fair Hibernian. An epistle. Folio. 6d. Howard.

This little piece contains only fome general hints to the fair Hibernian; to caution her against the fatal effects which the ladies so often experience, from the exceflive Alactery and adulation of the men; to look upon Virtue as the chief glory of a woman ; and that to tread in her paths, is the cnly furę road to happiness: the whole deduced from the melancholy example of the famous Rojamond.

XIII. The Abuse of Poetry. A satire. 4to, I's. Manby.

We do not remember to have met with so unequal a performance as this. It contains a just invective against the -wretched verfifiers of the present time; with fome encomia on Pape, Addison, Young, &c. But the whole is such a medley of good lines and bad ; of juft fentiments and ordinary poetry, that we are at some loss what judgment to pass upon the whole; but fear the public will rank ihe author among the very people he condemns, as deriving no honour to the muses. What can be said in excuse for the following barbarous lines, where speaking of himself, he says,

I like other men,
To fhew my parts, mult trifle with my pen;
Yet know I am not He lo vain and proud,
To think whate'er I write it must be good.
Conscious of my weakness (which credit, fir,
I'm not asham'd to even heie aver.)
To proper men I fly for frank advice.'--&c.

Especially as the author, in the very next page, boasts his great care and industry in polishing his comolicions.

"I

• I too my verses read with nicest care,
Diffect my errors, and my weakness bare,
Free from self-love, the whole I ftriat explore;
The crabbed'st critic, sure ! can do no more.
I blot, I add, I alter, and refine,
And weigh the solid substance of each line.

CONTROVERSIAL.
XIV. Á Third Letter to the author of a Piece entitled, “The
Enthufiasm of Methodists and Papisis compared.' Contain:
ing some Remarks on the Third Part. 12mo. 6d. Roberts.

The publication of Mr. Perronet's two former pamphlets having escaped our notice, (either through our own inadvertency; or from their not being sufficiently advertised) we cannot properly say much of this his last production. It may therefore suffice that we only observe, that this gentleman is, in our opinion, a smart controverfiallift, and the most formidable antagonist that hath entered the lists against the COMPARER, in derence of the Methodists.

XV. A Letter to the Author of Considerations on seo veral Proposals for the better Maintenance of the Poor. * 8vo.

IS. Corbet. A judicious performance, abounding in useful remarks. The author recommends the scheme of employing the poor under the direction and controlment of Contractors; who by finding their interest depend upon the labour of the poor, would take effectual care to keep them employed; and, consequently, tendered serviceable to, inftead of an intolerable burthen upon the industrious part of the public.

XVI. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Archdea: conry of the East-Riding in the Diocese of York, at Hully Beverley, and Hunmanby, at the primary Visitation, in 1751, By the Rev. Jacques Sterne, L. L.D. &c. 6d. Knapton.

The main purport of this charge, is to set forth the malignancy of certain declamations and scandalous invece tives lately thrown out against the clergy of our established church; whom he exhorts to preserve a strict union and correspondence among themselves, as the best defence against the malice or virulence of their enemies. The Doctor also particularly complains of the Quakers for sometimes obliging the clergy to have recourse to the Law for the recovery of their Dues, and then frequently abusing them for taking the stated and legal methods for such recovery

G. * See these Confidorations mentioned in the Review for November last. p. 456.

N. B. By an error in the printer's calculation of his materials, great part of the catalogue for this month has been left out for want of room, bus will be inferiod in our next,

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Art. xi. Conclusion of the account of Mr. Hume's

Political Discourses. See our last, Art. ii.*

T

HE question concerning the populousness of antient and modern times will be readily allowed to be

equally curious and important. This question is treated with great learning and judgment in our author's tenth discourse, where he endeavours to make it appear that there are no just reasons to conclude, that antient times were more populous than the present. The manner in which he proceeds is as follows; he first confiders, whether it be probable, from what we know of the domestic and political situation of society in both periods, that antiquity must have been more populous; and secondly, whether in reality it was so.

He obferves that the chief difference betwixt the domestic ceconomy of the ancients and that of the moderns confits in the practice of slavery, which prevailed among the former, and which has been abolished for some centuries throughout the greatest part of Europe. As it is alledged that this practice was the chief cause of that extreme populousness which is supposed in ancient times, our author Thews, that flavery is in general disadvantageous both to the happiness and populousness of mankind, and that its place is much better supplied by the practice of hired servants.

* We were misinformed as to the price of this book, which is 4s, bound. Vol. VI.

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After having shewn, that with regard to domestic life and manners, we are, in the main, rather superior to the ancients, so far as ihe present question is concerned; he proceeds to examine the political customs and inftitutions of antient and modern times, and weigh their influence in retarding or forwarding the propagation of mankind. He acknowleges that the situation of affairs amongst the ancients, with regard to civil liberty, equality of fortune, and the small divisions of their states, was more favourable to propagation than that of the moderns; but observes that their wars were more bloody and destructive than ours; their governments more factious and unsettled; their commerce and manufactures more feeble and languishing; and their general police more loose and irregular. « These latter disadvantages, says he, seem to form a sufficient counterballance to the former advantages; and rather favour the opposite opinion to that which commonly prevails with regard to this subject.'

Having discussed the first point proposed to be considered, he now proceeds to the second, and acknowledges that all his preceding reasonings are but small skirmishes and frivolous rencounters, that decide nothing. • But unluckily,' says he, the main combat, where we compare facts, cannot be rendered much more decisive. The facts delivered by ancient authors are either so uncertain or so imperfect as to afford us nothing decisive in this matter. How, indeed, could it be otherwise? The very facts, which we muft oppose to them, in computing the greatness of modern states, are far from being either certain or compleat. Many grounds of calculation, proceeded on by celebrated writers, are little better than those of the emperor Heliogabulus, who formed an estimate of the immense greatness of Rome from ten thousand pound weight of cobwebs, which he had found in that city.

"'Tis to be remarked, that all kinds of numbers are un-
certain in ancient manuscripts, and have been subject to
much greater corruptions than any other part of the text;
and that for a very obvious reason. Any alteration in
other places, communly affects the sense or grammar, and
is more readily perceived by the reader and transcriber.

· Few enumerations of inhabitants have been made of any
tract of country by any ancient author of good authority ;
so as to afford us a large enough view for comparison.
''Tis probable, that there was formerly a good foundation
for the numbers of citizens afligned to any free city ; be-

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