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" ministered unto him, Timotheus and Eraf“ tus; but he himself stayed in Asia for a “ season.” A short time after this, and evidently in pursuance of the same intention, we find (chap. xx. ver. 1, 2) that “ Paul departed from Ephesus for to


into “ Macedonia; and that, when he had

gone “ over those parts, he came into Greece." . The refolution therefore of passing first through Macedonia, and from thence into Greece, was formed by St. Paul previously to the sending away of Timothy. The order in which the two countries are mentioned, shews the direction of his intended route, ss when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia.” Timothy and Erastus, who were to precede him in his progress, were sent by him from Ephesus into Macedonia. He himself a short time afterwards, and, as hath been observed, evidently in continuation and pursuance of the same defign, “ departed for to go into Macedonia.” If he had ever therefore entertained a different plan of his journey, which is not hinted in the history, he must have changed that plan before this time. But, from the seventeenth verse of the fourth chapter of the first Epistle to the Corinthians, we discover, that Timothy had been sent away from Ephesus before that epistle was written : “For this * cause have I fent unto you Timotheus, " who is my beloved son.” The change therefore of St. Paul's resolution, which was prior to the sending away of Timothy, was necessarily prior to the writing of the first Epistle to the Corinthians.


Thus stands the order of dates, as collected from the history, compared with the first epistle. Now let us enquire, secondly, how this matter is represented in the epistle be

In the fixteenth verse of the first chapter of this epistle, St. Paul speaks of the intention which he had once entertained of visiting Achaia, in his way to Macedonia : In this confidence I was minded to come

unto you before, that ye might have a sea cond benefit; and to pass by you into

Macedonia.” After protesting, in the seventeenth verse, against any evil construction that might be put upon of this intention, in the twenty-third verse he disclofes the caufe of it: “ Moreover I

66 call

fore us.



“ call God for a record upon my soul, that, “ to spare you, I came not as yet unto Co- rinth.” And then he proceeds as follows: “ But I determined this with myself, that “ I would not come again to you in heavi“ ness; for if I make you sorry, who is he “ then that maketh me glad, but the same " which is made forry by me? And I wrote this same unto you, left when I came I 6 should have forrow from them of whom " I ought to rejoice; having confidence in “ you all, that my joy is the joy of you all: “ for, out of much affliction and anguish of “ heart, I wrote unto you with many tears; 66 not that ye should be grieved, but that ye

might know the love which I have more " abundantly unto you; but if any

have “ caused grief, he hath not grieved me but “ in part, that I may not overcharge you " all. Sufficient to such a man is this

punishment, which was inflicted of many." In this quotation, let the reader first direct his attention to the clause marked by Italics, " and I wrote this same unto you;" and let him consider, whether from the context, and from the structure of the whole passage, it


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be not evident that this writing was after St. Paul had determined with himself, that “ he would not come again to them in hea“ viness?" whether, indeed, it was not in consequence of this determination, or at least with this determination upon his mind ? And, in the next place, let him consider, whether the sentence, “I determined this " with myself, that I would not come again

in heaviness,” do not plainly refer to that postponing of his visit, to which he had alluded in the verse but one before, when he said, “I call God for a record upon my

soul, that, to spare you, I came not as yet

unto Corinth;" and whether this be not the visit of which he speaks in the sixteenth verse, wherein he informs the Corinthians,

that he had been minded to pass by them “ into Macedonia ;" but that, for reasons which argued no levity or fickleness in his disposition, he had been compelled to change his purpose. If this be so, then it follows that the writing here mentioned was posterior to the change of his intention. The only question, therefore, that remains will be, whether this writing relate to the letter

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which we now have under the title of the first Epistle to the Corinthians, or to some other letter not extant? And upon this question I think Mr. Locke's obfervation decifive ; namely, that the fecond clause marked in the quotation by Italics, “I wrote unto

you with many tears," and the first clause so marked, “I wrote this fame unto you," belong to one writing, whatever that was ; and that the second clause goes on to advert to a circumstance which is found in our prefent first Epistle to the Corinthians; namely, the case and punishment of the incestuous person. Upon the whole then we fee, that it is capable of being inferred from St. Paul's own words, in the long extract which we have quoted, 'that the first Epistle to the Corinthians was written after St. Paul had determined to postpone his journey to Corinth; in other words, that the change of his purpose, with respect to the course of his journey, though expressly mentioned only in the second epistle, had taken place before the writing of the first; the point which we made out to be implied in the history, by the order of the events there recorded, and


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