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forth in this passage, the arrival at Corinth of brethren from Macedonia during St. Paul's first residence in that city, is explicitly recorded, Ac, chap. xviii. ver. 1,5:
66 After “.these things Paul departed from Athens, « and came to Corinth. And when Silas 66 and Timotheus were come from Macedo
nia, Paul was pressed in spirit, and testi“ fied to the Jews that Jesus was Christ.'
The above quotation from the Acts proves that Silas and Timotheus were assisting to St. Paul in preaching the gospel at Corinth. With which correspond the words of the epistle (chap. i. ver. 19): “ For the son of
God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me,
and Sylva“ nus, and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, “ but in him was yea.” I do admit that the correspondency, considered by itself, is too direct and obvious; and that an impostor with the history before him might, and probably would, produce agreements of the fame kind. But let it be remembered, that this reference is found in a writing, which from
many discrepancies, and especially from those noted No. II. we may conclude, was not composed by any one who had consulted, and who pursued the history. Some observation also arises upon the variation of the name. We read Silas in the Acts, Silvanus in the epistle. The fimilitude of these two names, if they were the names of different persons, is greater than could easily have proceeded from accident; I mean that it is not probable, that two persons placed in situations so much alike, should bear names so nearly resembling each other*. On the other hand, the difference of the name in the two passages negatives the supposition of the passages, or the account contained in them, being transcribed either from the other.
Chap. ii. ver. 12, 13.
" When I came “ to Troas to preach Christ's gospel, and a “ door was opened unto me of the Lord,
* That they were the same person is farther confirmed by i Theff. chap. i. ver. I, compared with Acts, chap. xvii. ver. Io.
66. I had
" I had no rest in my spirit, because I found s not Titus my brother ; but taking my o leave of them, I went from thence into “ Macedonia."
To establish a conformity between this passage and the history, nothing more is necessary to be presumed, than that St. Paul proceeded from Ephesus to Macedonia, upon the fame course by which he came back from Macedonia to Ephesus, or rather to Miletus in the neighbourhood of Ephesus; in other words, that, in his journey to the peninsula of Greece, he went and returned the fame way. St. Paul is now in Macedonia, where
, he had lately arrived from Ephesus. Our quotation imports that in his journey he had stopped at Troas. Of this, the history says nothing, leaving us only the short account, " that Paul departed from Ephesus, for to go " into Macedonia.” But the history says, that in his return from Macedonia to Ephefus, “ Paul sailed from Philippi to Troas; and that, when the disciples came together on the first day of the week to break bread, Paul preached unto them all night; that from Troas he went by land to Affos ;, from
Affos, taking ship and coasting along the front of Asia Minor, he came by Mytelene to Miletus."
Which account proves, first, that Troas lay in the way by which St. Paul paffed between Ephesus and Macedonia ; secondly, that he had disciples there. In one journey between these two places, the epistle, and in another journey between the same places, the history makes him stop at this city. Of the first journey he is made to say, “ that a door was in that city opened " unto him of the Lord;" in the second we find disciples there collected around him, and the apostle exercising his ministry, with, what was even in him, more than ordinary zeal and labour. The epistle therefore is in this instance confirmed, if not by the terms, at least by the probability of the history; a species of confirmation by no means to be despised, because, as far it reaches, it is. evidently uncontrived.
Grotius, I know, refers the arrival at Troas, to which the epistle alludes, to a different period, but I think very improbably; for nothing appears to me more certain, than that the meeting with Titus, which St. Paul
expected at Troas, was the same meeting which took place in Macedonia, viz. upon Titus's coming out of Greece. In the
quotation before us, he tells the Corinthians, - When I came to Troas, I had no rest in
my spirit, because I found not Titus, my s brother ; but, taking my leave of them, I “ went from thence into Macedonia." Then in the seventh chapter he writes, “ When
we were come into Macedonia our flesh " had no rest, but wewere troubled on every “ fide; without were fightings, within were " fears; nevertheless God, that comforteth " them that are cast down, comforted us by " the coming of Titus." These two pafsages plainly relate to the same journey of Titus, in meeting with whom St. Paul had been disappointed at Troas, and rejoiced in Macedonia.
And amongst other reasons which fix the former paffage to the coming of Titus out of Greece, is the consideration, that it was nothing to the Corinthians that St. Paul did not meet with Titus at Troas, were it not that he was to bring intelligence, from Corinth. The mention of the disapa