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were with

you, we told

Jews who believed not fet all the city in

an uproar, and assaulted the house of Ja• fon where Pauland Silas were, and fought “ to bring them out to the people.” Acts xvii. 5. The epistle declares, “when we


before that we should suffer tribulation ; even as it came to pass, and ye know" (iii. 4.)

The history brings Paul and Silas and Timothy together at Corinth, soon after the preaching of the gospel at Thessalonica: 66 And when Silas and Timotheus were : “ come from Macedonia (to Corinth), Paul “ was pressed in spirit.” A&s xviii. 5. The epistle is written in the name of these three persons, who consequently must have been together at the time, and speaks throughout of their ministry at Thessalonica as a recent transaction : “We, brethren, being taken from you for a fhort time, in presence “ not in heart, endeavoured the more “ abundantly to see your face with great “ desire,” (ii. 17).

The harmony is indubitable; but the points of history in which it consists, are so expressly set forth in the narrative, and


so directly referred to in the epistle, that it becomes necessary for us to shew, that the facts in one writing were not copied from the other. Now amidst some minuter difcrepancies, which will be noticed below, there is one circumstance which mixes itself with all the allusions in the epistle, but does not appear in the history any where; and that is of a visit which St. Paul had intended to pay to the Thessalonians during the time of his residing at Corinth : " Wherefore we would have come unto

you (even I Paul) once and again, but “ Satan hindered us,” (ii. 18.) “ Night and “ day praying exceedingly that we might “ see your face, and might perfect that “ which is lacking in your faith. Now “ God himself and our Father, and our “ Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto

you,” (iii. 10, 11.) Concerning a design which was not executed, although the person himself, who was conscious of his own purpose, should make mention in his letters, nothing is more probable than that his historian should be silent, if not ignofant. The author of the epistle could not


however have learnt this circumstance from
the history, for it is not there to be met
with ; nor, if the historian had drawn his
materials from the epistle, is it likely that he
would have passed over a circumstance,
which is amongst the most obvious and pro-
minent of the facts to be collected from that
fource of information.

No. IV.

Chap. iii. 1-7. “ Wherefore when we " could no longer forbear, we thought it

good to be left at Athens alone, and sent “ Timotheus, our brother and minister of “ God, to establish you,

and to comfort

you “ concerning your faith;—but now when " Timotheus came from you unto us, and < brought us good tidings of your faith and “ charity, we were comforted over you in - all our affliction and distress by your 66 faith.”

The history relates, that when Paul came out of Macedonia to Athens, Silas and Timothy staid behind at Berea : " The bre6 thren sent away Paul to go as it were to

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“ the sea; but Silas and Timotheus abode “ there still; and they that conducted Paul “ brought him to Athens.” Acts, ch. xvii. ver. 14, 15. The history farther relates, that after Paul had tarried some time at Athens, and had proceeded from thence to Corinth, whilst he was exercising his ministry in that city, Silas and Timothy came to him from Macedonia, Acts, ch. xviii. ver. 5. But to reconcile the history with the clause in the epistle which makes St. Paul say,“ I thought “ it good to be left at Athens alone, and to “ send Timothy unto you,” it is necessary to suppose that Timothy had come up with St. Paul at Athens : a circumstance which the history does not mention. I remark therefore, that, although the history do not expressly notice this arrival, yet it contains intimations which render it extremely probable that the fact took place. First, as soon as Paul had reached Athens, he fent a message back to Silas and Timothy < for " to come to him with all speed.” Afts, chap. xvii. ver. 15. Secondly, his stay at Athens was on purpose that they might join him there: “ Now whilst Paul waited for


" them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in “ him," Acts, ch. xvii. ver. 16. Thirdly, his departure from Athens does not appear to have been in any fort hastened or abrupt. It is said, “ after these things,” viz. his difputation with the Jews, his conferences with the philosophers, his discourse at Areopagus, and the gaining of some converts, “ he departed from Athens and came to “ Corinth.” It is not hinted that he quitted Athens before the time that he had intended to leave it; it is not suggested that he was driven from thence, as he was from many cities, by tumults or persecutions, or because his life was no longer safe. Observe then the particulars which the history does notice that Paul had ordered Timothy to follow him without delay, that he waited at Athens on purpose that Timothy might come up with him, that he staid there as long as his own choice led him to continue. Laying these circumstances which the history does disclose together, it is highly probable that Timothy came to the apostle at Athens, a fact which the epistle, we have seen, virtually afferts

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