« EelmineJätka »
her fincerity in the faith, no notice is taken of the other. The mention of the grandmother is the addition of a circumstance not found in the history ; but it is a circumstance which, as well as the names of the parties, might naturally be expected to be known
wn to the apostle, though overlooked by his historian.
Chap. iii. ver. 15.
" And that from a “ child thou hast known the holy scrip
tures which are able to make thee wife " unto salvation."
This verse discloses a circumstance which agrees exactly with what is intimated in the quotation from the Acts, adduced in the last number. In that quotation it is recorded of Timothy's mother, “ that she was a Jewsess.” This description is virtually, though, I am satisfied, undefignedly, recognized in the epistle, when Timothy is reminded in it, " that from a child he had known the “ holy scriptures." "The holy scriptures” undoubtedly meant the scriptures of the Old Testament. The expression bears that
sense in every place in which it occurs. Those of the New had not yet acquired the name, not to mention, that in Timothy's childhood, probably none of them existed. In what manner then could Timothy have known “ from a child” the Jewish scriptures, had he not been born, on one side or on both, of Jewish parentage? Perhaps he was not less likely to be carefully instructed in them, for that his mother alone profeffed that religion.
No. IV. Chap. ii. ver. 22. • Flee also youthful “ lufts, but follow righteousness, faith, cha“rity, peace, with them that call on the. “ Lord out of a pure heart.
“ Flee also youthful lufts.” The suitableness of this precept to the age
of the person to whom it is addressed, is gathered from 1 Tim. ch. iv. ver. 12; “Let no man de
spise thy youth.” Nor do I deem the less of this coincidence, because the propriety resides in a single epithet ; or because this, one precept is joined with, and followed by, a train of others, not more applicable to Ti
mothy, than to any ordinary convert. It is in these transient and cursory allusions that the argument is best founded. When a writer dwells and rest upon a point in which some coincidence is discerned, it may be doubted whether he himself had not fabricated the conformity, and was endeavouring to display and set it off. But when the reference is contained in a single word, unobserved perhaps by most readers, the writer passing on to other subjects, as unconscious that he had hit upon a correspondency, or, unsolicitous whether it were remarked or not, we may be pretty well assured that no fraud was exercised, no imposition intended.
Chap. iii. ver. 10, 11.
56 But thou hast “ fully known my doctrine, manner of life, “purpose, faith, long-suffering, charity, es patience, persecutions, afflictions, which
came unto me at Antioch, at Iconium, at
Lyftra; what persecutions I endured: but " out of them all the Lord delivered me." The Antioch here mentioned was not
Antioch the capital of Syria, where Paul and Barnabas resided “a long time ;” but Antioch in Pisidia, to which place Paul and Barnabas came in their first apostolic progress, and where Paul delivered a memorable discourse, which is preserved in the thirteenth chapter of the Acts. At this Antioch the history relates, that " the Jews stirred up
the devout and honourable women, " and the chief men of the city, and raised
persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and “expelled them out of their coasts. But
they shook off the dust of their feet against “ them, and came unto Iconium And “ it came to pass in Iconium, that they went “ both together into the synagogue of the “ Jews, and so fpake that a great multitude “ both of the Jews and also of the Greeks “ believed; but the unbelieving Jews stirred up
the Gentiles, and made their minds “ evil-affected against the brethren. Long " time therefore abode they speaking boldly “ in the Lord, which gave testimony unto “ the word of his grace, and granted signs " and wonders to be done by their hands. “But the multitude of the city was divided ;
“ and part
held with the Jews, and part with “ the apostles. And when there was an “ assault made both of the Gentiles and also “ of the Jews, with their rulers, to use them “ despitefully and to stone them, they were " aware ofit, and filed unto Lystra and Derbe, “cities of Lycaonia, and unto the region that “ lieth round about, and there they preached “ the gospel.... And there came thither “ certain Jews from Antioch and Iconium, “ who persuaded the people, and having “ stoned Paul, drew him out of the city, “ fuppofing he had been dead. Howbeit, " as the disciples stood round about him, he “ rose up and came into the city; and the “ next day he departed with Barnabas, to “ Derbe: and when they had preached the as gospel in that city, and had taught many, “they returned again to Lystra, and to Ico“'nium, and to Antioch." This account comprises the period to which the allufion in the epistle is to be referred. We have so far therefore a conformity between the history and the epistle, that St.Paul is afferted in the history to have suffered perfecutions in the three cities, his persecutions at which