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INDEX

N.B.-Romans are indesed under the name by which they are best
known, e.g. C. Julius Cæsar under Cæsar, but Gn. Pompeius Magnus
under Pompey.

96

ABGARUS, his treacherous advice to Antonius, M. (the Triumvir), assists
Crassus, 197

Cæsar, 326, 329
Achillas, murders Pompey, 287 Antullius, Q., murdered by the
Aedui, allied to Cæsar, 316

Democrats, 79-80
Æmilianus, P. Cornelius, put to Aquae Sextiae, battle of, 97
death by Pompey, 242

Aquilius, M', Governor of Asia, 64
Afranius, L., defeated by Cæsar in Arausio, victory of the Cimbri at,

Spain, 327
Africa, province of, annexed, 5; Archelaus, defeated by Sulla, 131,
colonial scheme of C. Gracchus

134
in, 61, 75; of Saturninus in, 99; Ariovistus, defeated by Cæsar, 314
conquered by Pompey, 240 ; con- Armenia, Pompey subdues, 257

quered by Cæsar, 230, 331 Asia, province of, 6; annexed by
Ager Publicus, the, its history, 25- Rome, 37; the tithe-farming
26; see_Agrarian Laws

system introduced in, 67; revolts
Agrarian Laws, of Ti. Gracchus, 27- to Mithradates, 68 ; reorganised

31; renewed by C. Gracchus, 60; by Sulla, 136; his arrangements
of Saturninus, 100; of Drusus, in, 155 ; the tithe-system restored
105; of Rullus, 180-181 ; of by Pompey and Crassus, 175
Cæsar, 335

Ateius, P., his opposition to Cras-
Agriculture, decline of Italian, 15- sus, 195

20, 90-91 ; see Agrarian Laws Athens, captured by Sulla, 130-
Ahenobarbus, L. Domitius stands

131
for the consulship, 222; captured Attalus III., bequeaths his king-
by Cæsar at Corfinium, 282

dom to Rome, 37
Alesia, siege of, by Cæsar, 322 Augustus (C. Julius Cæsar Octavi.
Alexandria, Cæsar at, 331

anus), designated as his heir by
Antistius, C., praetor, saves the life Cæsar, 331 ; his administrative

of Pompey, 238; murdered, 240 system, 336
Antonius, M., orator, slain by Avaricum, massacre at, 319
Marius, 128

Aventine, Mt., battle on the, 83–
Antonius, C. (Hybrida), prosecuted

by Cæsar, 295
Antonius, M. Creticus, foiled by BELGÆ, Cæsar's campaign against
the Pirates, 249

the, 318, 322

84

Bestia, L. Calpurnius, his mis-

conduct in Africa, 93
Bibulus, M. Calpurnius, colleague

of Cæsar in the consulship, op-
pressed by him, 217, 310 ; heads

Pompey's feet, 227–228
Blossius, c., the tutor of Ti.

Gracchus, 24, 45
Bocchus, king of Numidia, sur-

renders Jugurtha to Sulla, 120-
Brundisium, Sulla at, 140; besieged

by Cæsar, 282
Brutus, L. Junius Damasippus, mas-

sacres the Optimates, 142; de-

feated and slain by Sulla, 144
Brutus, M. Junius, defeated and

executed by Pompey, 242
Byzantium, Cato at, 218-219

121

CELIUS, M. Rufus, slain for oppos.

ing Cæsar, 333
Caepio, Q. Servilius, defeated at

Arausio, 96
Cæsar, C. Julius, his early life,

292-295; bis political début,
295; seized by Pirates, 296 ; aids
in passing the Gabinian Law,
250; his connection with Cati.
line, 299; aids Metellus Nepos,
212; his governorship in Spain,
306–307 ; forms the First Trium-
virate, 309; his first consulship,
310-311 ; his Gallic campaigns,
315-322; at the Conference of
Lucca, 273 ; his breach with
Pompey, 278–279; commences the
Civil War, 280 ; his Italian cam-
paign, 281-282; his first Spanish
campaign, 327 ; his Epirot cam-
paign, 284 ; his Egyptian cam-
paign, 331 ; his African cam.
paign, 331; his settlement of the
empire, 335-337 ; personal char-

acteristics of, 288-291
Cæsar, L. Julius, enfranchises the

Italians, 111; murdered by the

Democrats, 128
Campus Martius, Lepidus defeated

in, 164
Caninius L. Gallus, aids Pompey,

271

Capua, projected colony of C.

Gracchus at, 61 ; of Drusus at,

105
Carbo, C. Papirius, democratic

leader, 52
Carbo, Gn. Papirius, aids Cinna,

140; resists Sulla, 142 ; his
massacres, 142; driven out of
Italy, 145; executed by Pompey,

240
Carrhae, Crassus defeated at, 197–

200
Carrinas, C., defeated by Pompey,

239; defeated and slain by Sulla,

144
Carthage, colony at, founded by C.

Gracchus, 61
Catilina, L. Sergius, his connection

with Crassus, 181-183; and with

Cæsar, 299
Cato, M. Porcius, his character and

position, 203–205; anecdotes of
his youth, 206,207; his military
services, 208 ; reforms the
treasury, 209; aids Cicero, 210;
opposes Metellus Nepos, 211-
212; aids Bibulus against Cæsar,
217; sent to Cyprus by Clodius,
218; heads the extreme Optim-
ates, 221; his proposal to im.
peach Cæsar, 223 ; encourages
Pompey to resist Cæsar, 226;
his part in the campaign in
Epirus, 227; retires to Africa,
229; his suicide at Utica, 231-

232
Catulus, Q. Lutatius, defeats the

Cimbri, 121 ; massacred by

Marius, 128
Catulus, Q. Lutatius, junior, a

prominent Optimate, 162; de-

feats Lepidus, 164
Censorship, the, Sulla's dealings

with, 153 ; restored by Crassus
and Pompey, 176
Chaeronea, Sulla's victory at, 131-

132
Cicero, M. Tullius, supports the

Manilian Law, 255; opposes
Catiline, 183; his attitude to-
ward Crassus, 185; his futile
attempts to conciliate Pompey,

343

absence, 179-182; his relations
with Catiline, 182; estranges
Cicero from Pompey, 188; forms
the First Triumvirate, 190; perse-
cutes Cicero, 193; endeavours to
induce Cæsar to desert Pompey,
273; obtains a second consulship,
194; goes to the East, 195;
defeated and slain by the Par-

thians at Carrhae, 199–201
Crassus, P. Licinius, reconciles his

father to Cicero, 193; slain at

Carrhae, 199
Curio, C. Scribonius, partisan of

INDEX

188; quarrels with Cato, 215;
banished by Clodius, 192 ; his
return, 193; his adventure at
Corcyra, 228–229
Cilicia, the Pirates of, 8; Sulla's

rule in, 121-122 ; Pompey's con-

quests in, 253, 258
Cimbri, their victories over the

Romans, 95-96; campaign of

Marius against, 97-98
Cinna, L. Cornelius, heads the

Democratic party, 127; his
massacres, 128; his futile legisla-
tion, 138; murdered by his

soldiers, 140
Claudius, Appius, father-in-law of

Ti. Gracchus, 14; a member of

the Land Commission, 36
Claudius, P. Pulcher, see Clodius
Cleopatra, Cæsar's relations with,

292
Clodius, P. Pulcher, supported by

Crassus, 192; drives Cicero into
exile, 193; sends Cato to Cyprus,
218; assails and thwarts Pompey,

268, 272 ; his murder, 277
Colline Gate, battle of the, 143-144
Corcyra, Cato at, 228
Corn-dole, the, instituted by C.
Gracchus, 59;

increased by
Saturninus, 99; and by Drusus,
106; abolished by Sulla, 155 ;

restored in B.C. 70, 176
Corfinium, capture of, by Cæsar,

282
Cornelia (mother of the Gracchi),

Cæsar, 326; slain in Africa, 327
Cyprus, annexed by Rome, 218;

doings of Cato in, 219
DARDANUS, treaty of, between

Sulla and Mitbradates, 136
Delos, sacked by the fleet of Mithra-

dates, 129
Delphi, plundered by Sulla, 130
Drusus, M. Livius, opposes and

outbids C. Gracchus, 73-74
Drusus, M. Livius, junior, his

schemes of reform, 104-105 ; in-
troduces and carries laws, 107;
is thwarted by the Senate, 107 ;

murdered, 108
Dyrrhachium, campaign of Cæsar

and Pompey round, 227, 284, 329

14, 58

Cotta, C. Aurelius, uncle of Cæsar,

175, 297
Crassus, L. Licinius, orator, mur-

dered by the Marians, 128
Crassus, M. Licinius, the Triumvir,

escapes from the massacres of
Marius, 166; joins Sulla, 167 ;
his military exploits, 144 ; ostra-
cized by Sulla for corruption, 168;
his methods of money-making,
169–170; commands against Spar-
tacus, 172; allies himself with
Pompey to obtain the consulship,
173; laws carried by them, 175-
176; intrigues of during Pompey's

EGYPT, the Democrats endeavour

to annex it, 180; Pompey offers
to go to, 269–270; murder of
Pompey in, 287; campaign of

Cæsar in, 331
Equester Ordo, the, its early history,
63–64; privileges bestowed on it
by C. Gracchus, 65; its misuse
of them, 67, 91 ; attacked by
Drusus, 104; Sulla legislates
against it, 154-155 ; its privileges
restored by Pompey and Crassus,

175
Etruria, depopulation of, 15; cam-

paigns of Sulla in, 143; of Lepidus
in, 164

FANNIUS, C., consul, opposes C.

Gracchus, 72

Favonius, M., friend of Cato, 225
Fimbria, c. Flavius, murders L.

Flaccus, 133; invades Asia, 135 ;

slain by his troops, 136
Flaccus, M. Fulvius, endeavours to

enfranchise the Italians, 53 ; his
campaign in Gaul, 53 ; aids C.
Gracchus, 70; takes arms, 81;

slain by the Optimates, 84
Flaccus, L. Valerius, opposes Sulla,

133; his debt-laws, 138; mur-

dered by Fimbria, 133
Fonteius, P., adopts Clodius, 312
Freedmen, measures of Sulpicius in

favour of, 113; dealings of Sulla

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with, 149

Fregellae, revolt and destruction

of, 53

ILERDA, Cæsar's victory at, 327
Isauria, subdued by Pompey, 253;

his colonies in, 237
Italian franchise question, the, 69-

71; raised by Ti. Gracchus, 41 ;
pressed by Fulvius Flaccus, 53 ;
by C. Gracchus, 71; by Livius
Drusus, 107-108; causes

the
Social War, 109-110; partly
settled by the Julian Law, III;
completely settled by the Plautio-
Papirian Law, III; dealings of
Sulpicius with the, 113

GABINIUS, A., his law to send

Pompey against the Pirates, 251-

253
Gallæci, campaign of Cæsar against

307
Gaul, conquests of M. Flaccus in,

53; campaign of Marius in,
97 ; character of its population,
315-317; conquered by Cæsar,
315-322
Glaucia, o. Servilius, demagogue,

his career and death, 99-103
Gracchus, Caius Sempronius, his

early career, 53-54; obtains the
tribunate, 55 ; bis attack on Popi.
lius and Octavius, 57-58; insti-
tutes the Corn-dole, 59; his legis-
lature concerning the Equester
Ordo, 63-65; the Asiatic tithe-
farming, 67; concerning roads, 62;
his colonial schemes, 69; his desire
to enfranchise the Italians, 70-
71; opposed by Drusus, 72–73;
his schemes frustrated, 74-75;
takes arms against the Senate,

81; slain, 85
Gracchus, Tiberius Sempronius, his

character and early career, 11-13;
his doings in Spain, 14-15; his
views on the Agrarian question,
16-19; introduces his Agrarian
Law, 27; opposed by Octavius,
31-33; deposes him, 35: carries

JERUSALEM, taken by Pompey, 259;

its temple plundered by Crassus,

196
Juba, king of Numidia, opposes

Cæsar, 331
Judicia, see Jury-Courts.
Jugurtha, his war with Rome, 92-

95; his capture by Sulla, 121
Julia, wife of Marius, ber funeral, 303
Julia, daughter of C. J. Cæsar,

married to Pompey, 266 ; her

death, 278
Junonia (Carthage), colony of, 61
Jury-courts, taken from the Senators

and given to the Knights, 64-65;
abuses of the, 91; dealings of
Drusus with, 105-106; multiplied
and restored to the Senators by
Sulla, 155 ; legislation of Pompey

and Crassus on, 175
KNIGHTS, see Equester Ordo.

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LÆLIUS, C., his views the Metellus, Q. Caecilius Nepos, his
Agrarian question, 26

strife with Cato, 211-213
Latins, receives the citizenship, III Metellus, Q. Caecilius Pius, aids
Lentulus, P. Cornelius, friend of Sulla, 126, 141 ; his campaigns in

Catiline, 176 ; executed, 210 Spain, 243, 245
Lepidus, M. Æmilius, made consul Milo, T. Annius, murders Clodius,

by Pompey's aid, 241 ; his re- 277; slain, 333

bellion and death, 164-165 Minucius L. Thermus, assists Cato,
Lucca, the conference at, 271–273 213
Luceria, Pompey at, 281–282 Mithradates, king of Pontus, con-
Lucullus, L. Licinius, his campaigns quers Asia from the Romans,

against Mithradates, 165; his final 112, 123 ; conquers Greece, 129;
failure, 249 ; opposes the demands his armies defeated by Sulla, 130-
of Pompey, 214, 263

134; makes peace with Sulla,
Lusitania, Cæsar's campaign in, 136 ; his later wars, 165; his
307

struggle with Lucullus, 249 ;

beaten by Pompey, 257; his
MACEDONIA,

annexed

by the death, 259
Romans, 5

Mithradates of Pergamus, aids
Mallius, Gn. Maximus, defeated at

Cæsar, 331
Arausio, 96

Mummius, Q., aids Ti. Gracchus,
Mamilius, C. Limetanus, impeaches

36, 44
Optimate leaders, 93

Munda, Cæsar's victory at, 331
Mancinus, C. Hostilius, defeated by Muraena, L. Licinius, defended by
the Numantines, 14-15

Cicero, 210; protects Cato, 213
Manilius, C., carries the law giving Mytilene, siege of, 295

Pompey the Eastern command,
254-255

NASICA, P. Cornelius Scipio, slays
Marius, C., obtains the recall of Ti. Gracchus, 48–49

Metellus, 94; his demagogic Nola, siege of, by Sulla, 115, 123
arts, 93-94 ; conquers Numidia, Nonius, R., murdered by Satur-
95; defeats the Cimbri, 97 ; ninus, IOI
his intrigues with Saturninus, Norbanus, C., defeated by Sulla,
98-99; his failure in politics, 140-141
103; commands in the Social Numantia, Ti. Gracchus at, 14-15
War, 110; allies himself with Numidia, wars of Metellus and
Sulpicius, 114 ; expelled by Sulla, Marius in, 93-94; wars of Cæsar
125 ; reconquers Rome, 127 ; his
massacres, 128 ; his death, 128
Marius, C., junior, defeated at OCTAVIANUS, C. Julius Cæsar, de-

Sacriportus, 142; death of at signated heir by Cæsar, 339
Praeneste, 144

Octavius, Cn., opposes the Demo-
Memmius, C., murdered by Satur-

crats, 127; murdered by the
ninus, 101

Democrats, 128
Merula, L. Cornelius, murdered Octavius, M., opposes Ti. Gracchus,
by the Democrats, 294

31; deposed by him, 34 ; attacked
Mesopotamia, invaded by Crassus, by C. Gracchus, 58
196-198

Octavius, M., admiral of Pompey,
Messius, C., his law in favour of 228
Pompey, 269

Ofella, Q. Lucretius, put to death
Metellus, Q. Caecilius, his campaign by Sulla, 156
in Numidia, 93-94

Opimius, L., takes Fregellae, 53 ;

Z

in, 331

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