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INDEX

N.B.-Romans are indexed under the name by which they are best
known, e.g. C. Julius Cæsar under Cæsar, but Gn. Pompeius Magnus
under Pompey.

ABGARUS, his treacherous advice to Antonius, M. (the Triumvir), assists
Crassus, 197

Cæsar, 326, 329
Achillas, murders Pompey, 287 Antullius, Q., murdered by the
Aedui, allied to Cæsar, 316

Democrats, 79-80
Æmilianus, P. Cornelius, put to Aquae Sextiae, battle of, 97
death by Pompey, 242

Aquilius, M', Governor of Asia, 64
Afranius, L., defeated by Cæsar in Arausio, victory of the Cimbri at,
Spain, 327

96
Africa, province of, annexed, 5; Archelaus, defeated by Sulla, 131,

colonial scheme of C. Gracchus 134
in, 61, 75; of Saturninus in, 99; Ariovistus, defeated by Cæsar, 314
conquered by Pompey, 240; con- Armenia, Pompey subdues, 257

quered by Cæsar, 230, 331 Asia, province of, 6; annexed by
Ager Publicus, the, its history, 25- Rome, 37; the tithe-farming
26; see Agrarian Laws

system introduced in, 67 ; revolts
Agrarian Laws, of Ti. Gracchus, 27- to Mithradates, 68 ; reorganised

31; renewed by C. Gracchus, 60; by Sulla, 136 ; his arrangements
of Saturninus, 100; of Drusus, in, 155 ; the tithe-system restored
105; of Rullus, 180-181; of by Pompey and Crassus, 175
Cæsar, 335

Ateius, P., his opposition to Cras-
Agriculture, decline of Italian, 15- sus, 195

20, 90-91 ; see Agrarian Laws Athens, captured by Sulla, 130–
Ahenobarbus, L. Domitius stands 131

for the consulship, 222; captured Attalus III., bequeaths his king-
by Cæsar at Corfinium, 282

dom to Rome, 37
Alesia, siege of, by Cæsar, 322 Augustus (C. Julius Cæsar Octavi.
Alexandria, Cæsar at, 331

anus), designated as his heir by
Antistius, C., praetor, saves the life Cæsar, 331; his administrative

of Pompey, 238; murdered, 240 system, 336
Antonius, M., orator, slain by Avaricum, massacre at, 319
Marius, 128

Aventine, Mt., battle on the, 83-
Antonius, C. (Hybrida), prosecuted

by Cæsar, 295
Antonius, M. Creticus, foiled by BELGÆ, Cæsar's campaign against
the Pirates, 249

the, 318, 322

84

240

200

Bestia, t. Calpurnius, his mis- Capua, projected colony of C.
conduct in Africa, 93

Gracchus at, 61 ; of Drusus at,
Bibulus, M. Calpurnius, colleague

105
of Cæsar in the consulship, op. Carbo, C. Papirius, democratic
pressed by him, 217, 310; heads

leader, 52
Pompey's
fleet, 227–228

Carbo, Gn. Papirius, aids Cinna,
Blossius, c., the tutor of Ti. 140; resists Sulla, 142 ; his
Gracchus, 24, 45

massacres, 142; driven out of
Bocchus, king of Numidia, sur- Italy, 145; executed by Pompey,

renders Jugurtha to Sulla, 120–
121

Carrhae, Crassus defeated at, 197–
Brundisium, Sulla at, 140; besieged
by Cæsar, 282

Carrinas, C., defeated by Pompey,
Brutus, L.Junius Damasippus, mas- 239 ; defeated and slain by Sulla,

sacres the Optimates, 142 ; de- 144

feated and slain by Sulla, 144 Carthage, colony at, founded by C.
Brutus, M. Junius, defeated and Gracchus, 61
executed by Pompey, 242

Catilina, L. Sergius, his connection
Byzantium, Cato at, 218-219

with Crassus, 181-183; and with

Cæsar, 299
Cælius, M. Rufus, slain for oppos- Cato, M. Porcius, his character and
ing Cæsar, 333

position, 203–205 ; anecdotes of
Caepio, Q. Servilius, defeated at his youth, 206–207 ; his military
Arausio, 96

services, 208 ; reforms the
Cæsar, C. Julius, his early life, treasury, 209; aids Cicero, 210 ;

292-295; his political début, opposes Metellus Nepos, 211–
295 ; seized by Pirates, 296 ; aids 212 ; aids Bibulus against Cæsar,
in passing the Gabinian Law, 217; sent to Cyprus by Clodius,
250; his connection with Cati- 218; heads the extreme Optim-
line, 299; aids Metellus Nepos, ates, 221; his proposal to im-
212; his governorship in Spain, peach Cæsar, 223 ; encourages
306-307 ; forms the First Trium- Pompey to resist Cæsar, 226;
virate, 309; his first consulship, his part in the campaign in
310–311 ; his Gallic campaigns, Epirus, 227; retires to Africa,
315-322; at the Conference of

229; his suicide at Utica, 231-
Lucca, 273 ; his breach with

232
Pompey, 278–279; commences the Catulus, Q. Lutatius, defeats the
Civil War, 280 ; his Italian cam- Cimbri, 121 ;

massacred by
paign, 281–282; his first Spanish Marius, 128
campaign, 327 ; his Epirot cam- Catulus, Q. Lutatius, junior, a
paign, 284 ; his Egyptian cam- prominent Optimate, 162; de-
paign, 331 ; his African cam. feats Lepidus, 164
paign, 331; his settlement of the Censorship, the, Sulla's dealings
empire, 335-337 ; personal char. with, 153 ; restored by Crassus
acteristics of, 288-291

and Pompey, 176
Cæsar, L. Julius, enfranchises the Chaeronea, Sulla's victory at, 131-

Italians, 111; murdered by the 132
Democrats, 128

Cicero, M. Tullius, supports the
Campus Martius, Lepidus defeated Manilian Law, 255; opposes
in, 164

Catiline, 183; his attitude to-
Caninius L. Gallus, aids Pompey, ward Crassus, 185; his futile
271

attempts to conciliate Pompey,

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188; quarrels with Cato, 215; absence, 179-182; his relations
banished by Clodius, 192 ; his

with Catiline, 182; estranges
return, 193; his adventure at Cicero from Pompey, 188; forms
Corcyra, 228-229

the First Triumvirate, 190; perse-
Cilicia, the Pirates of, 8; Sulla's cutes Cicero, 193; endeavours to

rule in, 121-122; Pompey's con- induce Cæsar to desert Pompey,
quests in, 253, 258

273 ; obtains a second consulship,
Cimbri, their victories over the 194; goes to the East, 195 ;

Romans, 95-96; campaign of defeated and slain by the Par-
Marius against, 97-98

thians at Carrhae, 199-201
Cinna, L. Cornelius, heads the Crassus, P. Licinius, reconciles his
Democratic Party, 127;

his father to Cicero, 193; slain at
massacres, 128; his futile legisla- Carrhae, 199
tion, 138; murdered by his Curio, C. Scribonius, partisan of
soldiers, 140

Cæsar, 326; slain in Africa, 327
Claudius, Appius, father-in-law of Cyprus, annexed by Rome, 218;

Ti. Gracchus, 14; a member of doings of Cato in, 219

the Land Commission, 36
Claudius, P. Pulcher, see Clodius DARDANUS, treaty of, between
Cleopatra, Cæsar's relations with, Sulla and Mithradates, 136
292

Delos, sacked by the fleet of Mithra-
Clodius, P. Pulcher, supported by

dates, 129
Crassus, 192; drives Cicero into Delphi, plundered by Sulla, 130
exile, 193 ; sends Cato to Cyprus, Drusus, M. Livius, opposes and
218; assails and thwarts Pompey, outbids C. Gracchus, 73-74

268, 272; his murder, 277 Drusus, M. Livius, junior, his
Colline Gate, battle of the, 143-144 schemes of reform, 104-105 ; in-
Corcyra, Cato at, 228

troduces and carries laws, 107 ;
Corn-dole, the, instituted by C. is thwarted by the Senate, 107 ;
Gracchus, 59;

increased by murdered, 108
Saturninus, 99; and by Drusus, Dyrrhachium, campaign of Cæsar
106; abolished by Sulla, 155 ; and Pompey round, 227, 284, 329

restored in B.C. 70, 176
Corfinium, capture of, by Cæsar, EGYPT, the Democrats endeavour
282

to annex it, 180; Pompey offers
Cornelia (mother of the Gracchi), to go to, 269–270; murder of

Pompey in, 287; campaign of
Cotta, C. Aurelius, uncle of Cæsar,

Cæsar in, 331
175, 297

Equester Ordo, the, its early history,
Crassus, L. Licinius, orator, mur- 63–64 ; privileges bestowed on it
dered by the Marians, 128

by C. Gracchus, 65; its misuse
Crassus, M. Licinius, the Triumvir, of them, 67, 91 ; attacked by

escapes from the massacres of Drusus, 104; Sulla legislates
Marius, 166; joins Sulla, 167; against it, 154-155 ; its privileges
his military exploits, 144 ; ostra- restored by Pompey and Crassus,
cized by Sulla for corruption, 168; 175
his methods of money-making, Etruria, depopulation of, 15; cam-
169-170; commands against Spar- paigns of Sulla in, 143; of Lepidus
tacus, 172; allies himself with in, 164
Pompey to obtain the consulship,
173; laws carried by them, 175- FANNIUS, C., consul, opposes C.
176; intrigues of during Pompey's Gracchus, 72

14, 58

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Favonius, M., friend of Cato, 225
Fimbria, c. Flavius, murders L.

Flaccus, 133; invades Asia, 135;

slain by his troops, 136
Flaccus, M. Fulvius, endeavours to

enfranchise the Italians, 53 ; his
campaign in Gaul, 53 ; aids C.
Gracchus, 70; takes arms, 81;

slain by the Optimates, 84
Flaccus, L. Valerius, opposes Sulla,

133; his debt-laws, 138; mur-

dered by Fimbria, 133,
Fonteius, P., adopts Clodius, 312
Freedmen, measures of Sulpicius in

favour of, 113; dealings of Sulla

with, 149
Fregellae, revolt and destruction

of, 53
GABINIUS, A., his law to send

Pompey against the Pirates, 251-

253
Gallæci, campaign of Cæsar against

307
Gaul, conquests of M. Flaccus in,

53; campaign of Marius in,
97; character of its population,
315-317 ; conquered by Cæsar,

315-322
Glaucia, o. Servilius, demagogue,

his career and death, 99-103
Gracchus, Caius Sempronius, his

early career, 53-54; obtains the
tribunate, 55 ; bis tack on Popi.
lius and Octavius, 57-58; insti-
tutes the Corn-dole, 59; his legis-
lature concerning the Equester
Ordo, 63-65; the Asiatic tithe-
farming, 67; concerning roads, 62;
his colonial schemes, 69; his desire
to enfranchise the Italians, 70-
71; opposed by Drusus, 72–73;
his schemes frustrated, 74-75;
takes arms against the Senate,

81; slain, 85
Gracchus, Tiberius Sempronius, his

character and early career, 11-13;
his doings in Spain, 14-15; his
views on the Agrarian question,
16-19; introduces his Agrarian
Law, 27; opposed by Octavius,
31-33; deposes him, 35: carries

ILERDA, Cæsar's victory at, 327
Isauria, subdued by Pompey, 253;

his colonies in, 237
Italian franchise question, the, 69-

71 ; raised by Ti. Gracchus, 41 ;
pressed by Fulvius Flaccus, 53 ;
by C. Gracchus, 71; by Livius
Drusus, 107-108; causes the
Social War, 109-110; partly
settled by the Julian Law, III;
completely settled by the Plautio-
Papirian Law, III; dealings of
Sulpicius with the, 113

JERUSALEM, taken by Pompey, 259;

its temple plundered by Crassus,

196
Juba, king of Tumidia, opposes

Cæsar, 331
Judicia, see Jury-Courts.
Jugurtha, his war with Rome, 92-

95 ; his capture by Sulla, 121
Julia, wife of Marius, her funeral, 303
Julia, daughter of C. J. Cæsar,

married to Pompey, 266; her

death, 278
Junonia (Carthage), colony of, 61
Jury-courts, taken from the Senators

and given to the Knights, 64-65;
abuses of the, 91; dealings of
Drusus with, 105-106; multiplied
and restored to the Senators by
Sulla, 155 ; legislation of Pompey
and Crassus on, 175

KNIGHTS, see Equester Ordo.

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on

LELIUS, C., his views the Metellus, Q. Caecilius Nepos, his
Agrarian question, 26

strife with Cato, 211-213
Latins, receives the citizenship, III Metellus, Q. Caecilius Pius, aids
Lentulus, P. Cornelius, friend of Sulla, 126, 141 ; his campaigns in

Catiline, 176; executed, 210 Spain, 243, 245
Lepidus, M. Æmilius, made consul Milo, T. Annius, murders Clodius,

by Pompey's aid, 241 ; his re- 277 ; slain, 333

bellion and death, 164-165 Minucius L. Thermus, assists Cato,
Lucca, the conference at, 271–273 213
Luceria, Pompey at, 281–282 Mithradates, king of Pontus, con-
Lucullus, L. Licinius, his campaigns quers Asia from the Romans,

against Mithradates, 165; his final 112, 123 ; conquers Greece, 129;
failure, 249 ; opposes the demands his armies defeated by Sulla, 130-
of Pompey, 214, 263

134; makes peace with Sulla,
Lusitania, Cæsar's campaign in, 136 ; his later wars, 165; his
307

struggle with Lucullus, 249 ;

beaten by Pompey, 257 ; his
MACEDONIA, annexed by the

death, 259
Romans, 5

Mithradates of Pergamus, aids
Mallius, Gn. Maximus, defeated at

Cæsar, 331
Arausio, 96

Mummius, Q., aids Ti. Gracchus,
Mamilius, C. Limetanus, impeaches

36, 44
Optimate leaders, 93

Munda, Cæsar's victory at, 331
Mancinus, C. Hostilius, defeated by Muraena, L. Licinius, defended by
the Numantines, 14-15

Cicero, 210; protects Cato, 213
Manilius, C., carries the law giving Mytilene, siege of, 295

Pompey the Eastern command,
254-255

Nasioa, P. Cornelius Scipio, slays
Marius, C., obtains the recall of Ti. Gracchus, 48–49

Metellus, 94; his demagogic Nola, siege of, by Sulla, 115, 123
arts, 93-94 ; conquers Numidia, Nonius, Q., murdered by Satur-
95; defeats the Cimbri, 97 ; ninus, foi
his intrigues with Saturninus, Norbanus, C., defeated by Sulla,
98-99 ; his failure in politics, 140-141
103; commands in the Social Numantia, Ti. Gracchus at, 14-15
War, 110; allies himself with Numidia, wars of Metellus and
Sulpicius, 114 ; expelled by Sulla, Marius in, 93-94; wars of Cæsar
125 ; reconquers Rome, 127 ; his
massacres, 128 ; his death, 128
Marius, C., junior, defeated at OCTAVIANUS, C. Julius Cæsar, de-

Sacriportus, 142; death of at signated heir by Cæsar, 339
Praeneste, 144

Octavius, Cn., opposes the Demo-
Memmius, C., murdered by Satur- crats, 127 ; murdered by the
ninus, 101

Democrats, 128
Merula, L. Cornelius, murdered Octavius, M., opposes Ti. Gracchus,
by the Democrats, 294

31; deposed by him, 34; attacked
Mesopotamia, invaded by Crassus, by C. Gracchus, 58
196-198

Octavius, M., admiral of Pompey,
Messius, C., his law in favour of 228
Pompey, 269

Ofella, Q. Lucretius, put to death
Metellus, Q. Caecilius, his campaign by Sulla, 156
in Numidia, 93-94

Opimius, L., takes Fregellae, 53 :

Z

in, 331

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