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INDEX

N.B.-Romans are indexed under the name by which they are best
known, e.g. C. Julius Cæsar under Cæsar, but Gn. Pompeius Magnus
under Pompey.

ABGARUS, his treacherous advice to Antonius, M. (the Triumvir), assists
Crassus, 197

Cæsar, 326, 329
Achillas, murders Pompey, 287 | Antullius, Q., murdered by the
Aedui, allied to Cæsar, 316

Democrats, 79-80 .
Æmilianus, P. Cornelius, put to Aquae Sextiae, battle of, 97 .
death by Pompey, 242

Aquilius, M', Governor of Asia, 64
Afranius, L., defeated by Cæsar in Arausio, victory of the Cimbri at,
Spain, 327

96
Africa, province of, annexed, 5; Archelaus, defeated by Sulla, 131,

colonial scheme of C. Gracchus 134
in, 61, 75; of Saturninus in, 99; Ariovistus, defeated by Cæsar, 314
conquered by Pompey, 240; con Armenia, Pompey subdues, 257

quered by Cæsar, 230, 331 Asia, province of, 6; annexed by
Ager Publicus, the, its history, 25 Rome, 37; the tithe-farming
26; see Agrarian Laws

system introduced in, 67 ; revolts
Agrarian Laws, of Ti. Gracchus, 27 to Mithradates, 68 ; reorganised

31; renewed by C. Gracchus, 60; by Sulla, 136 ; his arrangements
of Saturninus, 100; of Drusus, in, 155; the tithe-system restored
105; of Rullus, 180-181; of by Pompey and Crassus, 175
Cæsar, 335

Ateius, P., his opposition to Cras-
Agriculture, decline of Italian, 15 sus, 195

20, 90-91 ; see Agrarian Laws Athens, captured by Sulla, 130-
Ahenobarbus, L. Domitius stands 131

for the consulship, 222; captured Attalus III., bequeaths his king.
by Cæsar at Corfinium, 282

dom to Rome, 37
Alesia, siege of, by Cæsar, 322 Augustus (C. Julius Cæsar Octavi.
Alexandria, Cæsar at, 331

anus), designated as his heir by
Antistius, C., praetor, saves the life Cæsar, 331 ; his administrative

of Pompey, 238; murdered, 240 system, 336
Antonius, M., orator, slain by Avaricum, massacre at, 319
Marius, 128

Aventine, Mt., battle on the, 83-
Antonius, C. (Hybrida), prosecuted

by Cæsar, 295
Antonius, M. Creticus, foiled by | BELGE, Cæsar's campaign against
the Pirates, 249

the, 318, 322

84

Bestia, L. Calpurnius, his mis- | Capua, projected colony of C.
conduct in Africa, 93

Gracchus at, 61 ; of Drusus at,
Bibulus, M. Calpurnius, colleague 105

of Cæsar in the consulship, op Carbo, C. Papirius, democratic
pressed by him, 217, 310; heads leader, 52
Pompey's fleet, 227–228

Carbo, Gn. Papirius, aids Cinna,
Blossius, C., the tutor of Ti. 140; resists Sulla, 142 ; his
Gracchus, 24, 45

massacres, 142; driven out of
Bocchus, king of Numidia, sur Italy, 145; executed by Pompey,

renders Jugurtha to Sulla, 120 240
121

Carrhae, Crassus defeated at, 197–
Brundisium, Sulla at, 140; besieged 200
by Cæsar, 282

Carrinas, C., defeated by Pompey,
Brutus, L. Junius Damasippus, mas 239 ; defeated and slain by Sulla,
sacres the Optimates, 142; de 144

feated and slain by Sulla, 144 Carthage, colony at, founded by C.
Brutus, M. Junius, defeated and Gracchus, 61

executed by Pompey, 242 | Catilina, L. Sergius, his connection
Byzantium, Cato at, 218-219

with Crassus, 181-183; and with

Cæsar, 299
CÆLIUS, M. Rufus, slain for oppos- | Cato, M. Porcius, his character and
ing Cæsar, 333

position, 203–205; anecdotes of
Caepio, Q. Servilius, defeated at his youth, 206,207; his military
Arausio, 96

services, 208 ; reforms the
Cæsar, C. Julius, his early life, treasury, 209; aids Cicero, 210;

292-295; his political début, opposes Metellus Nepos, 211-
295 ; seized by Pirates, 296 ; aids 212; aids Bibulus against Cæsar,
in passing the Gabinian Law, 217; sent to Cyprus by Clodius,
250; his connection with Cati 218; heads the extreme Optim-
line, 299; aids Metellus Nepos, ates, 221; his proposal to im-
212; his governorship in Spain, peach Cæsar, 223 ; encourages
306–307 ; forms the First Trium Pompey to resist Cæsar, 226;
virate, 309; his first consulship, his part in the campaign in
310-311 ; his Gallic campaigns, Epirus, 227; retires to Africa,
315-322; at the Conference of 229; his suicide at Utica, 231-
Lucca, 273; bis breach with 232
Pompey, 278–279; commences the Catulus, Q. Lutatius, defeats the
Civil War, 280; his Italian cam Cimbri, 121; massacred by
paign, 281–282; his first Spanish Marius, 128
campaign, 327 ; his Epirot cam Catulus, Q. Lutatius, junior, a
paign, 284; his Egyptian cam. prominent Optimate, 162; de-
paign, 331 ; his African cam. feats Lepidus, 164
paign, 331; his settlement of the Censorship, the, Sulla's dealings
empire, 335-337 ; personal char. with, 153 ; restored by Crassus
acteristics of, 288-291

and Pompey, 176
Cæsar, L. Julius, enfranchises the Chaeronea, Sulla's victory at, 131-

Italians, 111; murdered by the 132
Democrats, 128

Cicero, M. Tullius, supports the
Campus Martius, Lepidus defeated Manilian Law, 255; opposes
in, 164

Catiline, 183; his attitude to-
Caninius L. Gallus, aids Pompey, ward Crassus, 185; his futile

attempts to conciliate Pompey,

271

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188; quarrels with Cato, 215; absence, 179–182; his relations
banished by Clodius, 192 ; his with Catiline, 182; estranges
return, 193; his adventure at Cicero from Pompey, 188; forms
Corcyra, 228-229

the First Triumvirate, 190; perse.
Cilicia, the Pirates of, 8; Sulla's cutes Cicero, 193; endeavours to

rule in, 121-122; Pompey's con induce Cæsar to desert Pompey,
quests in, 253, 258

273; obtains a second consulship,
Cimbri, their victories over the 194; goes to the East, 195;

Romans, 95-96; campaign of defeated and slain by the Par-
Marius against, 97-98

thians at Carrhae, 199-201
Cinna, L. Cornelius, heads the Crassus, P. Licinius, reconciles his

Democratic Party, 127; his father to Cicero, 193; slain at
massacres, 128; his futile legisla Carrbae, 199
tion, 138; murdered by his Curio, C. Scribonius, partisan of
soldiers, 140

Cæsar, 326 ; slain in Africa, 327
Claudius, Appius, father-in-law of Cyprus, annexed by Rome, 218;

Ti. Gracchus, 14; a member of doings of Cato in, 219

the Land Commission, 36
Claudius, P. Pulcher, see Člodius DARDANUS, treaty of, between
Cleopatra, Cæsar's relations with, Sulla and Mithradates, 136
292

Delos, sacked by the fleet of Mithra-
Clodius, P. Pulcher, supported by dates, 129

Crassus, 192; drives Cicero into Delphi, plundered by Sulla, 130
exile, 193; sends Cato to Cyprus, Drusus, M. Livius, opposes and
218; assails and thwarts Pompey, outbids C. Gracchus, 73-74

268, 272; his murder, 277 Drusus, M. Livius, junior, his
Colline Gate, battle of the, 143-144 schemes of reform, 104-105; in-
Corcyra, Cato at, 228

troduces and carries laws, 107;
Corn-dole, the, instituted by C. is thwarted by the Senate, 107;
Gracchus, 59; increased by murdered, 108
Saturninus, 99; and by Drusus, Dyrrhachium, campaign of Cæsar
106; abolished by Sulla, 155 ; and Pompey round, 227, 284, 329

restored in B.C. 70, 176
Corfinium, capture of, by Cæsar, EGYPT, the Democrats endeavour
282

to annex it, 180; Pompey offers
Cornelia (mother of the Gracchi), to go to, 269–270; murder of
14, 58

Pompey in, 287; campaign of
Cotta, c. Aurelius, uncle of Cæsar, Cæsar in, 331
175, 297

Equester Ordo, the, its early history,
Crassus, L. Licinius, orator, mur 63–64; privileges bestowed on it
dered by the Marians, 128

by C. Gracchus, 65; its misuse
Crassus, M. Licinius, the Triumvir, of them, 67, 91 ; attacked by

escapes from the massacres of Drusus, 104; Sulla legislates
Marius, 166; joins Sulla, 167; against it, 154-155 ; its privileges
his military exploits, 144 ; ostra restored by Pompey and Crassus,
cized by Sulla for corruption, 168; 175
his methods of money-making, Etruria, depopulation of, 15; cam-
169-170; commands against Spar paigns of Sulla in, 143; of Lepidus
tacus, 172; allies himself with in, 164
Pompey to obtain the consulship,
173 ; laws carried by them, 175- | FANNIUS, C., consul, opposes C.
176; intrigues of during Pompey's | Gracchus, 72

with, 149

Favonius, M., friend of Cato, 225 his law, 36; its results, 37–38,
Fimbria, C. Flavius, murders L. | 49; his popularity decays, 40;

Flaccus, 133; invades Asia, 135; 1 he fails to be re-elected tribune,
slain by his troops, 136

43; the Optimates take arms
Flaccus, M. Fulvius, endeavours to against him, 47 ; his murder,
enfranchise the Italians, 53 ; his

48
campaign in Gaul, 53 ; aids C. Granius, Q., put to death by Sulla,
Gracchus, 70; takes arms, 81; 161

slain by the Optimates, 84 Greece, campaigns of Sulla in, 130
Flaccus, L. Valerius, opposes Sulla, 135

133; his debt-laws, 138; mur.
dered by Fimbria, 133

HELVETII, campaign of Cæsa
Fonteius, P., adopts Clodius, 312 against, 313
Freedmen, measures of Sulpicius in Hortensius, Q., his strange

favour of, 113; dealings of Sulla marriage, 221
Fregellae, revolt and destruction ILERDA, Cæsar's victory at, 327
of, 53

Isauria, subdued by Pompey, 253;

his colonies in, 237
GABINIUS, A., his law to send Italian franchise question, the, 69-

Pompey against the Pirates, 251 71; raised by Ti. Gracchus, 41;
253

pressed by Fulvius Flaccus, 53;
Gallæci, campaign of Cæsar against by C. Gracchus, 71; by Livius
307

Drusus, 107-108; causes the
Gaul, conquests of M. Flaccus in, Social War, 109–110; partly

53; campaign of Marius in, settled by the Julian Law, III;
97 ; character of its population, completely settled by the Plautio-
315-317; conquered by Cæsar, Papirian Law, III; dealings of
315-322

Sulpicius with the, 113
Glaucia, o. Servilius, demagogue,

his career and death, 99-103 JERUSALEM, taken by Pompey, 259;
Gracchus, Caius Sempronius, his its temple plundered by Crassus,

early career, 53-54; obtains the
tribunate, 55 ; his attack on Popi. Juba, king of Numidia, opposes
lius and Octavius, 57-58; insti Cæsar, 331
tutes the Corn-dole, 59; his legis. Judicia, see Jury-Courts.
lature concerning the Equester | Jugurtha, his war with Rome, 92-
Ordo, 63-65; the Asiatic tithe 95; his capture by Sulla, 121
farming, 67; concerning roads, 62; Julia, wife of Marius, her funeral, 303
his colonial schemes, 69; his desire | Julia, daughter of C. J. Cæsar,
to enfranchise the Italians, 70 married to Pompey, 266 ; her
71; opposed by Drusus, 72–73; death, 278
his schemes frustrated, 74-75; Junonia (Carthage), colony of, 61
takes arms against the Senate, Jury-courts, taken from the Senators
81; slain, 85

and given to the Knights, 64-65;
Gracchus, Tiberius Sempronius, his abuses of the, 91; dealings of

character and early career, 11-13; Drusus with, 105-106; multiplied
his doings in Spain, 14-15; his and restored to the Senators by
views on the Agrarian question, Sulla, 155 ; legislation of Pompey
16-19; introduces his Agrarian and Crassus on, 175
Law, 27; opposed by Octavius,
31-33 ; deposes him, 35: carries | KNIGHTS, see Equester Ordo.

196

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LÆLIUS, C., his views on the | Metellus, Q. Caecilius Nepos, his
Agrarian question, 26

strife with Cato, 211-213
Latins, receives the citizenship, III Metellus, Q. Caecilius Pius, aids
Lentulus, P. Cornelius, friend of Sulla, 126, 141 ; his campaigns in
Catiline, 176; executed, 210

Spain, 243, 245
Lepidus, M. Æmilius, made consul Milo, T. Annius, murders Clodius,

by Pompey's aid, 241 ; his re 277 ; slain, 333

bellion and death, 164-165 Minucius L. Thermus, assists Cato,
Lucca, the conference at, 271-273 213
Luceria, Pompey at, 281–282 Mithradates, king of Pontus, con-
Lucullus, L. Licinius, his campaigns quers Asia from the Romans,

against Mithradates, 165; his final 112, 123; conquers Greece, 129;
failure, 249 ; opposes the demands his armies defeated by Sulla, 130-
of Pompey, 214, 263

134; makes peace with Sulla,
Lusitania, Cæsar's campaign in, 136; his later wars, 165; his
307

struggle with Lucullus, 249 ;

beaten by Pompey, 257; his
MACEDONIA, annexed by the death, 259
Romans, 5

Mithradates of Pergamus, aids
Mallius, Gn. Maximus, defeated at Cæsar, 331
Arausio, 96

Mummius, Q., aids Ti. Gracchus,
Mamilius, C. Limetanus, impeaches - 36, 44
Optimate leaders, 93

Munda, Cæsar's victory at, 331
Mancinus, C. Hostilius, defeated by Muraena, L. Licinius, defended by
the Numantines, 14-15

Cicero, 210; protects Cato, 213
Manilius, C., carries the law giving Mytilene, siege of, 295

Pompey the Eastern command,
254-255

Nasica, P. Cornelius Scipio, slays
Marius, C., obtains the recall of Ti. Gracchus, 48–49

Metellus, 94; his demagogic Nola, siege of, by Sulla, 115, 123
arts, 93-94 ; conquers Numidia, Nonius, R., murdered by Satur-
95 ; defeats the Cimbri, 97; ninus, foi
his intrigues with Saturninus, Norbanus, C., defeated by Sulla,
98-99; his failure in politics, 140-141
103; commands in the Social Numantia, Ti. Gracchus at, 14-15
War, 110; allies himself with Numidia, wars of Metellus and
Sulpicius, 114 ; expelled by Sulla, Marius in, 93-94 ; wars of Cæsar
125; reconquers Rome, 127 ; his |

in, 331
massacres, 128 ; his death, 128
Marius, C., junior, defeated at OCTAVIANUS, C. Julius Cæsar, de-

Sacriportus, 142; death of at signated heir by Cæsar, 339
Praeneste, 144

Octavius, Cn., opposes the Demo-
Memmius, C., murdered by Satur crats, 127; murdered by the
ninus, 101

Democrats, 128
Merula, L. Cornelius, murdered Octavius, M., opposes Ti. Gracchus,
by the Democrats, 294

31; deposed by him, 34 ; attacked
Mesopotamia, invaded by Crassus, by C. Gracchus, 58
196-198

Octavius, M., admiral of Pompey,
Messius, C., his law in favour of

228
Pompey, 269

Ofella, Q. Lucretius, put to death
Metellus, Q. Caecilius, his campaign by Sulla, 156
in Numidia, 93-94

Opimius, L., takes Fregellae, 53 :

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