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at the conference of Lucca, 273 ;
his second consulship, 274; his
estrangement from Cæsar, 276–
278; allies himself to the Op-
timates, 279; driven from Italy
by Cæsar, 282; bis last cam-
paign in Epirus, 284; defeated
at Pharsalus, 285; murdered,

287
Pontius Telesinus, C., Samnite

general, slain at the Colline Gate,

143-144
Popilius, C. Laenas, banished by

C. Gracchus, 57
Præfectus Urbi, office of, instituted

by Cæsar, 335
Praeneste, taken by Sulla, 144
Proscription, the Sullan, 145-146
Ptolemy, Auletes, restored by Ga-

binius, 271
Quaestiones Perpetuae, see Jury-

Courts
Quinctius, T., Democratic Leader,

250

RABIRIUS, C. Postumus, prosecuted

by Cæsar, 177
Remi, the, aid Cæsar, 316
Rhodians, the, aid Sulla, 130
Roscius, S. Otho, his legislation,

175; opposes the Gabinian Law,

252
Rubicon, Cæsar crosses the, 281
Rufus, see Cælius, Sulpicius, Ruti.

lius
Rullus, P. Servilius, his Agrarian

Law, 180-181
Rutilius, Lupus P., commands

against the Italians, 109
Rutilius, P. Rufus, his unjust con-

demnation, 66, 105

SAMNITES, join the Italian revolt,

II1; their long resistance, 122;
allied to the Democrats, 127;
defeated and subdued by Sulla,

145
Sardinia, 5; C. Gracchus in, 54
Satureius,

Pos

opposes C. Gracchus, 78; puts
down the Gracchan insurgents,

83
Orchomenus, battle of, 134
PARTHIANS, Sulla's relation with,

122; Pompey's relation with,
257 ; attacked by Crassus, 196 ;

defeat him, 198–200
Pelusium, murder of Pompey at,

287
Pergamus, kingdom of, annexed by

Rome, 37
Perpenna, M., aids Lepidus, 165;

murders Sertorius, 246; put to

death by Pompey, 246
Petreius, M., sent to Spain by

Pompey, 276 ; defeated by Cæsar

at Ilerda, 327
Pharnaces,
deposes his

father
Mithradates, 260
Philippus L. Marcius, opposes the

laws of Drusus, 107; his epigram

on Pompey, 243
Piræus, siege of, by Sulla, 130-131
Pirates, their daring during the

last century of the Republic, 7;
allied to Mithradates and to
Spartacus, 249; capture Julius
Cæsar, 296–297 ; suppressed by

Pompey, 252-253
Pompeius Q. Rufus, aids Sulla,

124 ; murdered, 127
Pompeius, Gn. Strabo, his equivocal

policy in the Civil War, 237; his

death, 238
Pompeius, Gn. Magnus, his early

life, 237–238; joins Sulla, 239 ;
conquers Africa, 240 ; supports
Lepidus, 241 ; his campaign in
Cisalpine Gaul, 242; sent to
Spain, 243; his war with Ser-
torius, 245-246; his consulship
with Crassus, 174, 248; sup-
presses the Pirates, 252-253; sent
against Mithradates, 254-255;
conquers the East, 257; his return
to Rome, 187, 261; thwarted by
the Optimates, 263; joins the
First Triumvirate, 264 ; his
struggle with Clodius, 267 ;
reforms the corn supply, 269;

murders
Gracchus, 48
Saturninus, L. Appuleius, quarrels

Ti.

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with the Senate, 98; his alliance his campaign against the Demo-
with Marius, 99; his political crats, 141-145 ; his Proscription,
schemes, 99-100; his violence, 146; reforms the constitution,
101; heads an insurrection, 102 ; 147-155 ; retires from public
slain, 103

life, 156 ; his death, 160-161
Scævola, Q. Mucius, murdered by Sulpicius, P. Rufus, leads the
Democrats, 142

Democratic party113;

his
Scipio Nasica, P., see Nasica

schemes, 114; deposes Sulla,
Scipio, Q. Metellus, commands 115; attacked and slain by Sulla,

against Cæsar in Africa, 229-230 125
Septimuleius, L., sells the head of Sura, P. Bruttius, resists Mithra-
C. Gracchus, 86

dates, 129
Sertorius, Q., Marian leader, 163 ; | Syria, ceded by Tigranes to Rome,

maintains the war in Spain, 165; 257: organised as a province by
bis campaigns against Metellus Pompey, 259
and Pompey, 244–245 ; murdered
by Perpenna, 246

TARENTUM, C. Gracchus founds a
Servile War, the, 165-172; ter-
minated by Crassus, 173

colony at, 61
Sibylline books, the, consulted, 271

Tarquinius, L., informs against

Crassus, 185
Silo, Q. Pompædius, his meeting

Taxiles, defeated by Sulla, 131
with Cato, 206
Social War, causes of the, 107–108 ;

Tencteri, massacred by Cæsar, 223,

319-320
its character, 109–110; ended by

Teutons, allied with Cimbri invade
the Plautio-Papirian law, III

Gaul, 96; exterminated by
Soli (Pompeiopolis), restored by

Marius, 97
Pompey, 253

Thapsus, Cæsar's victory at, 230
Spain, Roman government in, 5,

Theodotus of Chios, plots the
8-9; Ti. Gracchus in, 14-15;

murder of Pompey, 287
campaign of Sertorius in, 165,
244–246 ; governorship of Cæsar

Tigranes, king of Armenia, sub-

mits to Pompey, 257
in, 306–307; campaign of Cæsar

Tigranes, junior (son

of last),
in, 327, 331

released by Clodius, 268
Spartacus, his rising, 165-172 ;
slain by Crassus, 173

Tilphossium, Mt., Sulla's victory at,
Statilius, P., friend of Cato, 231

130
Stoics, the, under the Empire, 337

Trebellius, L., endeavours to resist

the Gabinian Law, 252
Sulla, Faustus Cornelius, put to
death by the Cæsarians, 320

Tribuni Aerarii, placed among the

Jurors, 175
Sulla, L. Cornelius, his early life,

Tribuni Plebis, their powers, 28;
116-118; serves in Numidia and

use of their power by Ti. Gracchus,
captures Jugurtha, 120-121;
governor of Cilicia, 121-122;

29; and by C. Gracchus, 68;

Sulla cuts down their authority,
fights in the Social War, 122 ;

149-150; restored to their
appointed to command in the

former status by Pompey and
East, 123; deposed by Sulpicius,

Crassus, 175
123; marches on Rome, 124 ;

Triumvirate, the First, formed, 190,
captures the city, 125; sails for

264
the East, 127 ; his victorious
campaign in Greece, 129–134 ;
forces Mithradates to make peace, USIPETES, the, massacred by
136; his return to Italy, 140 ; Cæsar, 223, 319-320

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