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CHAPTER LXV.

NATIVE CURRENCY.

Title and application.

(P. No. 14–1902.) 1. This Ordinance may be cited as “The Native Currency Ordinance," and shall apply only to the Central and Eastern Provinces of the Protectorate.

Definitions.

2. In this Ordinance and in any Orders or Rules made thereunder where not inconsistent with the context

“ Brass rods used as currency means the rods of brass or other metal or compound in use as a medium of exchange in the Protectorate, and whether bent or straight.

“Manillas” means any kind of manilla used in the Protectorate and known by the following native names :(a) The Atorni or Wa-a-hono manilla, used more particularly

at Bonny, Opobo, and Akwete. (b) The Ama-ogono-igbiki manilla, used more particularly in

the New Calabar district. (c) The Prince manilla, used more particularly in New Calabar

and Okrika. (d) The Perekule or Ono-odo manilla, used in the past at

Akwete, Ohumbele, Asa, and Obunco. (e) The Awo-nawo manilla, used more particularly in New

Calabar district.

“ Protectorate” means that part of the Protectorate to which this Ordinance applies.

Importation 3. It shall be unlawful for any person to import into the Proof manillas, tectorate any manillas or brass rods used as currency, except with &c., except with sanction the sanction in writing of the Governor. of Governor, prohibited.

4. Any person importing any manillas or brass rods used as Penalty for importing

currency into the Protectorate except under the conditions of manillas, &c., Section 3 of this Ordinance, shall be liable on conviction before a in contraven. District Commissioner to a penalty not exceeding fifty pounds or tion of Section 3.

to imprisonment not exceeding three months, and the said manillas and brass rods shall be liable to confiscation.

a

5. Any person importing any kind of brass rods into the Pro- Declaration tectorate for purposes other than for use as currency,

shall make

to be made by declaration on oath before a District Commissioner or other officer, brass rods.

importer of as may be directed by the Governor, that the said brass rods are not to be used, sold, or transferred by the importer in any way whatever for use as currency, and shall in such declaration state for what purposes the said rods are imported.

6. Any person importing brass rods into the Protectorate with- Penalty for out making the necessary declaration under Section 5 of this importing Ordinance shall be liable on conviction to a penalty not exceeding without fifty pounds or to imprisonment not exceeding three months. making

declaration.

7. In all payments in all native markets in which brass rods Legal tender used as currency and manillas, or any kinds or kind thereof, have in native or has hitherto been current, tender of payment in current money of the United Kingdom, brass rods used as currency and manillas or any kinds or kind thereof, hitherto current therein, shall be deemed and taken to be a legal tender.

8. In all payments in all native markets and other places in the Rate of exProtectorate in which brass rods used as currency have hitherto change of been current, brass rods used as currency shall pass and be current used as as being of the full value and equivalent to current money of the currency in United Kingdom at the following rate, that is to say, four brass native marrods used as currency, at the rate of one shilling sterling.

elsewhere.

9. In all payments in all native markets, and in all markets not Rates of being native markets, in which manillas or any kinds or kind exchange of thereof hereinafter mentioned have or has hitherto been current, native and such manillas or kinds or kind thereof shall pass and be current as other markets. being of the full value and equivalent to current money of the United Kingdom at the following rates, that is to say :(1) Twelve Atorni or Wa-a-hono manillas, at the rate of one

shilling sterling; (2) Twenty-four Ama-ogono-igbiki manillas, at the rate of one

shilling sterling; (3) Twelve Prince manillas, at the rate of one shilling sterling; (4) Four Perekule or Ono-odo manillas, at the rate of one shil

ling sterling; and (5) Six Awo-nawo manillas, at the rate of one shilling sterling.

(Amended by Order of 18th January, 1906.)

Governor to

10. The Governor in Council may from time to time, by Order, Power of do all or any of the following things, namely:

make order. (1) Fix the rates at which in all payments in any place or places (1) Fixing in the Protectorate, not being a native market or native rate of

exchange. markets aforesaid, manillas or any kinds or kind thereof

(2) Altering rates.

(3) Specifying
the markets,
&c. subject
to this Ordi.

named in such Order and hitherto current therein, shall
pass and be current as being of the full value and equiva-

lent to current money of the United Kingdom ;
(2) Alter the rates fixed by this Ordinance or any Order there-

under, at which manillas or brass rods used as currency
or any kind thereof shall

pass

and be current as aforesaid
in any native markets and other places or any of them ;
(3) Specify the native markets and other places which are sub-

ject to the provisions of this Ordinance as being native
markets and places in which manillas and brass rods used
as currency or any kinds or kind thereof have or has

hitherto been current;
(4) Exclude from the operation of this Ordinance any native

markets and other places or any of them to which this

Ordinance otherwise applies; and
(5) Alter, revoke or suspend any Order made under this section.

Every such Order shall be published in the Gazette, and come into
operation on the publication thereof or from the date mentioned
therein.

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11. The Governor in Council may from time to time make, and when made, alter or revoke such Rules as he may deem necessary for carrying the purposes of this Ordinance into effect. Such Rules shall be published in the Gazette, and shall come into operation on publication thereof or from the date named therein, subject to disallowance by His Majesty.

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CHAPTER LXVI.

STAMP DUTIES.

(No. 4–1888.) 1. This Ordinance may be cited as “The Stamp Ordinance,” Short title

and applicaand applies to the Colony and Protectorate.

tion.

2. In the construction of this Ordinance, the following words Interpretahave the meanings by this section assigned to them :

tion of terms. (1) “The Commissioners” means the Commissioners of Stamp

Duties, whose appointment is provided for by Section 4

of this Ordinance; (2) “Material” includes every sort of material upon which words

or figures can be expressed ; (3) “Write," “ written," and "writing” include every mode in

which words or figures can be expressed upon material;

and () “Executed ” and “ execution," with reference to instruments

not under seal, mean signed and signature.

3. From and after the commencement of this Ordinance there Grant of

duties in shall be charged on behalf of His Majesty, his heirs and successors,

Schedule. for the use of the Government of the Colony, upon the several instruments specified in the Schedule to this Ordinance, the several duties in the said Schedule specified.

The said Schedule, and everything therein contained, is to be Schedule to be read and construed as part of this Ordinance.

read as part Provided always that the said duties, or any of them, may

at

of Ordinance.

Provisoes. any time be increased, diminished, or repealed by any Order to be made by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council.

Provided also that the said Schedule may be otherwise amended or altered, both as regards the imposition of new stamp duties in respect of instruments, and as regards the discontinuance of exemptions therein contained, by any such Order as aforesaid.

4. The said duties shall be denoted by stamps, and shall be Commis. denominated Stamp Duties. The Attorney-General, the Solicitor- sioners of General, the Police Magistrates, the Treasurer, the Provincial Stamp Duties.

Treasurers, and such other officers, if any, as the Governor shall under his hand appoint, shall be Commissioners of Stamp Duties, and shall have the care and management of the duties to be taken under or by virtue of this Ordinance.

GENERAL REGULATIONS.

Custody of dies.

5. The dies for the impressed stamps to be used under this Ordinance, and a dating stamp, shall be kept in the custody of the Treasurer.

Mode of impressing stamps.

6. Before any instrument be impressed with any stamp, the actual date shall first be marked thereon with the dating stamp, and the stamp or seal shall be impressed upon and over such date.

No stamp shall be impressed on any instrument, except in the presence of one of the Commissioners.

A Commissioner to be present.

Duties may

7. The amount of duty imposed by or under this Ordinance on any document may be denoted by several stamps.

be denoted by several stamps.

How instruments to be written and stamped.

8.-(a) Every instrument written upon stamped material is to be written in such manner, and every instrument wholly or partly written before being stamped is to be so stamped, that the stamp may appear on the face of the instrument and cannot be used for or applied to any other instrument written upon the same piece of material. (b) If more than one instrument be written

upon

the same piece of material, every one of such instruments is to be separately and distinctly stamped with the duty with which it is chargeable.

Instruments
to be sepa-
rately charged
with duty in
certain cases.

9. Except where express provision to the contrary is made by this or any other Ordinance : (a) An instrument containing or relating to several distinct

matters is to be separately and distinctly charged with

duty in respect of each of such matters; (b) An instrument made for any consideration or considerations

in respect whereof it is chargeable with ad valorem duty, and also for any further or other valuable consideration or considerations, is to be charged with duty in respect of such last-mentioned consideration or considerations, as if it were a separate instrument made for such consideration or considerations only.

Facts and

10. All the facts and circumstances affecting the liability of any circumstances instrument to ad valorem duty, or the amount of ad valorem duty affecting duty with which any instrument is chargeable, are to be fully and truly

set forth in the instrument; and every person who, with intent to instruments. defraud the Colonial Government :

to be set forth in

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