Defensor Pacis: Marsilius of Padua

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Columbia University Press, 2001 - 466 pages

As Cary J. Nederman writes in the foreword to this new edition, "Marsilius continues to speak to many of the salient issues of modern political life, expressing his doctrines in a language that has resonance and relevance. Whether in addressing the role of citizenship as a buffer between individual and community, or in explicating the foundations of religious toleration, the Defensor pacis (and Marsilius' other writings) affords a distinctive theoretical perspective that rivals that of any of the great thinkers of the Western political tradition."

 

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Kasutaja arvustus  - thcson - LibraryThing

This is an incredibly acerbic 14th century thesis against the papacy's pretension of world dominion. Copies of this book must have been carefully hidden by generations of diligent dissidents to keep ... Read full review

Contents

Preface
xvii
Reason Power and the Peoples Will
xxx
Religion and Politics
xlvi
Language and Translation Ixvi
lxvi
List of Frequent References and Abbreviations xciji
xciii
On the First Questions in This Book and the Distinction
8
On the Differentiation of the Parts of the State and the Necessity
15
On the Final Cause of a Certain Part of the State the Priesthood
21
On the Differentiation of the Meanings of Certain Terms
187
On the Status of Supreme Poverty Which Is Usually called
196
On the Differentiation of the Priestly Office According to
215
and That No Priest Is Inferior to a Bishop in Essential
233
On the Equality of the Apostles in Each Office or Dignity
241
On the Authority to Appoint the Bishops and Other Ministers XVII
254
On the Origin and First Status of the Christian Church
267
On Certain Preliminary Considerations Needed for
274

On the Genera of Polities or Regimes the Temperate and
27
Sense and That No Ruler However Virtuous or Just Should
37
On the Demonstrable Efficient Cause of Human Laws and Also
44
On the Efficient Cause of the Best Method of Establishing
61
Whether It Is More Expedient for the Polity to Appoint Each
68
On the Numerial Unity of the Supreme Government of
80
On the Correction of the Ruler and for What Cause How
87
DISCOURSE
98
Which Compose the Questions to Be Decided
102
On the Canonic Statements and Other Arguments Which Seem
108
On the Canonic Utterances of the Apostles and the Expositions
127
On the Authority of the Priestly Keys and What Kind of Power
140
Summary of the Statements Made in the Preceding Chapter
152
On the Relation of Human Acts to Divine Law and to the Judge
163
On the Coercive Judge of Heretics Namely to Whom It Pertains
173
To Whom Belongs or Has Hitherto Belonged the Coercive
287
In What Sense the Roman Bishop and His Church Are
299
On the Modes of Plenitude of Power and the Manner
313
How in Particular the Roman Bishop Has Used His Assumed
321
How in Particular the Roman Bishop Has Used His Assumed
331
How the Roman Bishop Has Used This Plenary Power
344
On Some Objections to the Conclusions of Chapter XV
364
Replies to the Foregoing Objections
371
Refutation of the Objections Which Were Adduced from
405
Refutation of the Rational Arguments Presented in Chapter
415
Review of the Principal Aims and Conclusions of Discourses I
425
On the Title of This Book
431
Afterword
443
Bibliography 19502000
455
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Alan Gewirth is Edward Carson Waller Distinguished Service Professor of Philosophy at the University of Chicago.

Cary J. Nederman is professor of political science at Texas A & M University.

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