Page images

Church had been governed by its own
Bishops for near six hundred years, that is,

from the first introduction of the Gospel,
independently of any foreign authority. The
British Bishops acknowledged no spiritual
jurisdiction, but that of their own metropo-
litan. But Gregory had, it scems, « in-
rested Austin with an extensive jurisdiction
over all the Bishops of the Britons;" and
Austin had now been long enough in the
Island * for him and his commission to be
well known even to the inhabitants of the
West. The British Bishops, therefore in
rejecting the authority of Austin, disavowed
įhe supremacy and jurisdiction of the Pope,
who sent him.

What does the Scripture say of the first Christian commission ? " He that despiseth you, despiseth me; and he that despiseth me, despiseth him, that sent

However great the difference in the two commissions, the conclusion is the same, from the rejection of the person sént, to the disavowal of liis authority, who sent him.

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

*« Treading in the footsteps of his predecessor Celestine, who two centuries before

* He landed in the isle of Thanet, A. D. 597.' The' conference betwçen him and the British Bishops was in ile year, 603 .


[ocr errors]

had appointed 'the Monk Palladius to the government of the Scottish Church, he invested Augustine with an extensive juris

diction over all the Bishops of the Britons*." E From this passage the unwary reader may be

led to suppose that the Popes exercised spiritual jurisdiction in Britain before the arrivai of Austin ; and that having interposed in the government of the North British Church, they now only extended their jurisdiction over all the rest of the British Bishops. But this was not the case. The Scoti, or Scotii, to whom Palladius preached the Gospel, were inhabitants of Ireland, and did not settle in Britain, till long after the time of Celestine. Ireland was the putria Scotorum, as is affirmed by Orosius, Isidore, Bede, &c. And to Iren land Palladius was undoubtedly sent, not to

North Britain, as will be evident from a few 3 of the passages collected by Usher on the

subject it. Though from the passages below

* Lingard's Anglo-Saxon Church, Vol. I. p. 64.

+ Eccles. Britan. Antiq. p. 320, 797-816. Prosper says: “ Ad Scotos in Christum credentes ordinatur a

Papa Celestino Palladius, et primus Episcopus inittitur. Ľ Possevinus calls Palladius primus' Hiberniæ episcopus.

M. Florilegus says: Missus est Palladius ad Scotos: and then distinguishes Scotia from Britain : Qui primo verbum Dei in Scotia prædicans, tandem Britanniam pervenit, et in terra Pictorum defunctus est. Joscelin says : Præniserat Papa Celestinus prædicandi causa in


quoted it

appears that Palladius was sent by the Pope to Ireland, yet this mission does not seem to have established any dependence on the Pope or Church of Rome ; for we learn from Bede, as will be seen presently, that, at the commencement of the seventh century, the Irish (Scoti) were as averse to the Church of Rome, as the Britons were. When Ninian, who was educated at Rome, converted the Picts in Britain, and Palladius was sent to the Scots in Ireland, Popery did not exist. The religion of Rome was then the religion of the Church universal.

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

But “ the independence of their church was” not “ the chief object of their soliciIt is evident from the testimony

of the old Chronicle quoted by Bishop Davies

tude *

Hiberniam Palladium.

An Anonymous writer of the acts of Patricius says : Celestinus ordinavit Palladium et ad Scotos convertendos ad Christum in Hiberniam misit.-Est autem Hibernia insula omnium insularum post Britanniam maxima. Hæc jam insula proprie Scotorum est patria. The distinction between Scotia major (Ireland) and Scotia minor (Scotland) is illustrated by Usher, p. 797, 798. Bede says, (Eccl. Hist. L. II. c.4.) Veterum Britanniæ incolarum, nec non et Scottorum, qui Hiberniam insulam Britanniæ proximam incolunt, Camden says, Nomen Scoticum non potuit alicui Britanniæ genti competere ante annum 855. (Epistolæ p. $62.) * Lingard's Anglo-Saxon Church, Vol. I. p. 67.


in his Letter to Archbishop Parker *, that the Britons not only rejected the authority, of Austin, but the doctrines and usages of his Church. The Chronicle says, that they would hold no communication with the Saxons, when converted by Austin, because " they corrupted with superstition, images, and idolatry, the true religion of Christ." This is surely a rejection not only of the authority of Austin, but of his Church, and therefore of the Pope.

The account, which the Chronicle gives of the sentiments of the British Church is consonant with the testimony of Bede, respecting the conduct of the Irish as well as of the Britons. “ That primitive plainness and simplicity of worship was still retained, at the arrival of Austin by the Britons, by the Scots, [Irish] and the Picts t, who were so shocked at the many pagan superstitions and ceremonies introduced by that Monk into the Saxon worship, that they looked upon it as no better than Paganism; and avoided, as

* Letter to the Clergy of the Diocese of St. David's,

p. 46.

+ Bede makes no mention of the Picts in the passage, which Bower professes to follow. The Picts seem to have been inconsiderately added by Bower, on the supposition, that by the Scots were meant the North Britons,


[ocr errors]

Ecus urns us, the communion of those, su terou home to establish it, as they semici e cernon ct Pagans; nay so reżü "as ce version, that the Scots (Irish]

dinlewer bure tu ai the Roman Mission... Claus i Biscop of that nation, Lovi Predeau cins with them at the . Leta 'il nesand ot even lodge with home runde roul* The words of

e cum usque hodie moris

wein reilytonemque Anglovocant

waitwtre, deque in aliquo eis 2. Medidicale ruam paganis. (L. II.

Seiltes vero ver Daganum Episcotenid tue's utena superius nominavimus,

bulutloanun Jovarem in Gailos Petite cock illy pati discrepare a Brittonibus, in . Wortada pelo restione diurnus. Vam Dagalumns 2 come's tenens non solum cibum

ice podem hospitio, quo "w.bonita", "wild. e rouit. "; ve

(L. II. c. 1)

[ocr errors]

bines this account on the authority 3.13:4520 was one of the missionacità iccompanied Austin, and was his Sie successor in the Ste of Cunter

i jetor authority we need not seek de cuisine inuependence of the Britisa

cu's Bris of the Popes, Vol. II. p. 597.

« EelmineJätka »